Long Walk Original Manuscript (Image #131) - Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory
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Title: Long Walk Original Manuscript (Image #131)
Transcript: The Campaign not only strengthened the ANC in the country but it emerged in the international plane as the foremost organisation in the liberation movement in South Africa. And world attention came to focus itself on the heart of the apartheid system the condition of the African people. Since 1946 the treatment of the people of Indian origin in South Africa had occupied a prominent place in the deliberations of the UNO as a result of the mass struggles of the Indian people under the leadership of the SAIC and through the acts of the Government of India. Now apartheid was placed in the dock and every aspect of the menaing of apartheid to the people of South Africa would come under scrutiny in the world councils. The world came to realise more than ever before that apartheid policies were not only oppressive and degrading but a menace to world peace. From now on South Africa was to be pressed from all sides to abandon her racial policies and when the influence of the Socialist and Afro Asian countries had increased South Africa was to be hounded out of many world bodies. Apartheid made South Africa a polecat in the international community.
The government could not be expected to condone the deliberate violation of its laws and regarded the unity of the Africans and Indians as a threat to the whole policy of apartheid whcih sought to drive racial groups apart. Malan in his reply to the letter of the ANC, had stated explicitly that the government would use all its powers to quell any disturbance and thereafter deal adequately with those responsible for inciting subversive activities. The State geared itself to realise this latter threat. Soon after the Campaign was launched the police began a series of arrests which culminated in trials at Johannesburg, Port Elizabeth and Kimberley. Those appearing at these trials were leading office bearers of the organisations involved in the Defiance Campaign. The twenty accused
Extent and Medium: 1 page