Long Walk Original Manuscript (Image #230) - Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory
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Title: Long Walk Original Manuscript (Image #230)
Transcript: Socio Economic Development of the Bantu Areas within the Union of South Africa, under the chairmanship of Professor F.R.Tomlinson of Pretoria University. This issue dominated our discussion at the time and immediatly after considering my report we turned to the Commission Report. Since it is the blueprint of the whole policy of separate develpment it is necessary to set out fairly fully some of its principal recommendations.
The central point that dominated the whole Report was the rejection of the policy of complete integration in favour of the separate development of the African and the white races, and that the initial step towards the practical realisation of that goal lay in the full scale development of the African areas, embracing a fully diversified economy and comprising development in the primary, secondary and tertiary spheres. The Commission pointed out that any programme of development which did not aim at providing opportunities of development for Africans in their own areas would be of little social or political development.
The Commission further recommended the development of a true African farming class settled on farm units which would ensure the full means of existence to each family. It also recommended the developmnet of a true African urban population which would require a comprehensive programme of industrial development. The Commission called for an alteration in the system of land tenure for both rural and urban population based on private rights. The development programme should be a balanced one and should emphasise the various social facets of human development such as acclesiastical, educational, medical and other welfare services taking into account the cultural
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