Long Walk Original Manuscript (Image #237) - Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory
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Title: Long Walk Original Manuscript (Image #237)
Transcript: the government rejected some of the more important recommendations of that body.
No attempt was made to implement the recommendation that Africans in both the rural and urban areas be given freehold tenure and more than twenty years after the publication of the Report no professional farming class has emerged in any of the Bantustans. By the end of 1966 there was not even a completed topographical survey or classification of the minaral and other natural resources of the "homelands".
The government has demarcated certain areas along the borders of the Bantustans to which it would shift some of the industrial and commercial establishments in the white sector. In this way they hopw to stop the influx of Africans into the industrical areas of South Africa. But the response from the industrialists has been very poor and the contribution of the State even worse.
In 1966 a noted economist made some observations on the economic implications of territorial segregation in South Africa based on an essay that was awarded the J.B.Ebden Prize. He pointed out that in 1960 about 4 1/2 million Africans regarded the Reserves as their home and that if we supposed, as did the Tomlinson Commission, that just over one half would have to be removed to allow the establishment of an efficient agricultural system, then we would have to provide jobs to support 2 1/2 million people. He calculated that over a 40 year period, and making an allowance for population increase, jobs would have to be created for approximately 80 000 people every year to ensure the end of the flow of African labout into the present industrial areas of the country. He
Extent and Medium: 1 page