Long Walk Original Manuscript (Image #366) - Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory
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Title: Long Walk Original Manuscript (Image #366)
Transcript: The PAc launched their movement of "positive action" with a "status campaign". The object was to achieve a position of dignity and self respect for the African people. One of the aims envisaged was to secure fair and dignified and courteous treatment for Africans shopping in white stores and bazaars. Demands were made that Africans be addressed as "Sir" and "Madam". Shops not complying with this requirement were to be boycotted. This campaign hardly got off the ground.
Some PAC leaders have a penchant for the dramatic and the spectacular. They saw their oppotunity in the ANC AntiPass Campaign which was rapidly gaining momentum throughout the country.
The December 1959 ANC annual conference was held in Durban at the height of the anti pass demonstrations in Natal. It was a conference at which many familiar faces were absent. Apart from hundreds who were banned under the Suppression of Communism Act, there were scores of others who could not attend because they were accused in the Treason Trial, one of the bail conditions being that they should not attend meetings. This was the right place to hold the conference at the time for the people of that city were boycotting passes, beer halls and municipal buses and the struggle in the country areas against Bantu Authorities and a host of other irksome measures of repression was still raging fiercely. The campaign against passes would be a real test of strength for the ANC and the African people and would require thorough going organisation and the creation of a proper machinery throughout the country as well as working out of effective counter measures against what the enemy would certainly try to do. Conference decided on a gigantic anti pass campaign throughout the country. Although it was not explicitly stated in the resolution it was
Extent and Medium: 1 page