Long Walk Original Manuscript (Image #422) - Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory
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Title: Long Walk Original Manuscript (Image #422)
Transcript: year when we considered the form the strike should take. The point was repeatedly made that "we had failed non violence, not he other way round" and that in spite of the methods the enemy had used against us on numerous occasions there was still plenty of scope for the use of non violence. The meeting lasted the whole night and in spite of disagreements we were able to reach a unanimous decision in the end.
The need for new methods and the importance of the ANC taking the initiative in launching the new phase of activities was appreciated. I was asked by the ANC to take the initiative in the formation of the organisation that would wage acts of violence and in due course units were formed in various centres. In the meantime the Communist Party had formed its own units and in October the same year they cut telephone and electricity cables in Johannesburg and on the Witswaterrand. Later when MK was formed the CP dissolved its units and the members joined MK. I was chairman of the National High Command of the Umkhonto We Sizwe (MK) and on the 16th December 1961 MK announced its existence amidst a spate of bomb explosions in Johannesburg, Port Elizabeth and Durban (Refer to MK manifesto).
A chapter had been closed and a new page was turned. December 16th is the historic day when Dingane, head of the most powerful African state that ever existed south of the Limpopo was defeated by the forefathers of the Afrikaners. This Zulu State was not crushed, as Afrikaner history claim, and was still powerful enough under Cetywayo in 1879 to score a sensational victory against the British at Isandhlwana. The Afrikaners used to celebrate the day as marking the defeat of our
Extent and Medium: 1 page