Showing 7559 results

People and Organisations

Lekhanyane, Barnabas

  • ZA-COM-06063
  • Person
Leader of the Zion Christian Church (ZCC).

Liberal Party

  • ZA-COM-06075
  • Corporate body
  • 1953–1968
Formed in 1953, the Liberal Party advocated gradual extension of the franchise to all, later calling for immediate universal suffrage. In 1968 the party disbanded rather than comply with legislation that went against non-racialism.

Mabandla, Brigitte

  • ZA-COM-06127
  • Person
  • 1948–
Activist, legal academic and politician. Left South Africa in the mid-1970s, studied law in Zambia and lectured in Botswana. She advised the ANC’s Legal and Constitutional Affairs Department and in 1990 became a member of the ANC's Constitutional Committee and its negotiating team. From 1994 she served in government as: deputy minister of arts & culture; minister of public enterprise, of justice & constitutional development, and of housing. As activist, her focus was promoting the rights of women and children.

Mabhida, Moses

  • ZA-COM-06128
  • Person
  • 1923–1986
Anti-apartheid activist. A member of the Communist Party who became its General Secretary and was a leading member of the ANC, SACP and COSATU. He played a big part in the preparations for the historic Congress of the people in 1955 where the Freedom Charter was adopted.

Mahabane, Zacchaeus Richard

  • ZA-COM-06148
  • Person
  • 1881–1971
Priest and anti-apartheid activist. He was elected president of the African National Congress (ANC) of the Cape Province in 1919. He was president of the ANC twice, first during 1924 to 1927 and again from 1937 to 1940.


  • ZA-COM-06157
  • Corporate body
  • circa1780–1819
Prophet and warrior. He was imprisoned on Robben Island for leading an attack on Grahamstown. In 1819 Makana with about thirty other prisoners, attempted to escape from Robben Island in three boats. The boats capsized and Makana, while marshalling and urging his men to swim to shore, drowned. The island is sometimes referred to as Makana Island with Makana being a lasting symbol of resistance.

Mampuru, Kgosi

  • ZA-COM-06172
  • Person
  • d.1883
King of the Bapedi. He was forced to flee his kingdom by his half- brother Sekhukhuni who he later defeated and killed. Mampuru was sentenced to death by hanging and executed for rebelling against the colonial regimes and for the murder of his brother.
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