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Archival description
Africa Collection
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Organisation of African Unity

The OAU was founded in 1963 to work towards unity and solidarity amongst African countries and act as a collective voice for the African continent. It worked towards the eradication of all forms of colonialism. The OAU's Coordinating Committee for the Liberation of Africa (Liberation Committee) organised diplomatic support and channeled financial, military and logistical aid to liberation movements. The OAU was disbanded in 2002 and replaced by the African Union (AU).

Denis Goldberg Papers

The files reflect Denis Goldberg's activities and interaction with VIPs in the country and abroad on uplifting the educational and socio-economic status of previously disadvantaged South Africans. Includes files on a wide range of issues from 1983-1995.

Although there is no material related to Rivonia Trial in this collection, it has been included as it speaks to the subsequent activities of one of the main protagonist in the Trial.

Goldberg, Denis Theodore

Mandela: An Audio History

  • ZA SABC SA MR-RT-011
  • Collection
  • 1964 - 2004
  • Part of Rivonia Trial

SAFM documentary in two parts for The Inner Ear Programme. Details the role played by Nelson Mandela and the ANC in the struggle for freedom in South Africa. Compiled by Joe Richardson and Sue Johnson and presented by Will Bernard. Dated 9 May 2004.

Part 1 deals with the call for armed struggle, the creation of Umkhonto we Sizwe, the arrests at Rivonia. Mandela as the first witness in the Trial, four hour statement from the dock made at the Trial, sentencing to life imprisonment, meaning of Rivonia Trial.

South African Broadcasting Corporation (SABC)

Rivonia Trial: Sentencing

  • ZA SABC SA MR-RT-012
  • Collection
  • 1963 - 1990
  • Part of Rivonia Trial

SABC English Service broadcast. A short summary of the Rivonia Trial case, the verdict and the passing of sentence by Judge President Quartus De Wet. Dated 11 June 1963.

South African Broadcasting Corporation (SABC)

Rivonia Trial

UNISA bought the microfilm from CAMP (Cooperative Africana Microfilm Project). These were transferred from the Archives and Special Collections.

Reel FI4059:
-Starts on list of evidence and exhibits (incomplete)
-Charge
-First indictment
-Annexure B to Indictment: The defence request for further particulars and State's reply thereto Part I and II
-Notice of application to quash indictment (27 October 1963)
-Heads of argument re application to quash by Bram Fischer and Percy Yutar's reply
-Second indictment
-Annexure A to indictment: Particulars to the counts set out in the indictment
-Annexure C
-Annexure B
-Notice to quash (22 November 1963)
-Heads of argument
-Bail applications of Bernstein and Kantor and judgment on application
-Opening address by Percy Yutar
-Index to state witnesses and exhibits
-Statements by witnesses including, amongst others, Makda, Mtolo, Davids, Mashiloane, Sulliman, Jaantjies, Jelliman. Card
-Notes on state witnesses evidence taken by defence (volumes 1-4 and extra piece in volume 5). Incomplete.

Reel FI4060:
-Continuation of witness statements including Mtolo,
-Notes on state witnesses evidence taken by defence
-Record of state witnesses in regard to James Kantor: Makda, Gibson, Kleynhans, Cox, First, Fenn, van Rensburg
-Analysis of state evidence by defence
-Defence opening address and Nelson Mandela's (sic) Statement from the Dock
-Walter Sisulu's evidence volume 1 (p.1-155), volume 2 (p. 156-296)

Reel FI4061:
-Walter Sisulu's evidence volume 3 (p. 297-356), volume 4 (p. 357-464)
-Ahmed Kathrada's evidence
-Raymond Mhlaba's evidence
-Lionel Bernstein's evidence (with notes)
-Denis Goldberg's evidence and cross examination by Mr Krog
-Govan Mbeki's evidence (includes notes passed between defence (?) team

FI4062:
-Elias Motsoaledi's statement (4 pages)
-Andrew Mlangeni's statement
-Analysis of defence evidence and notes on argument
-Judgement
-Evidence in mitigation of sentence and judgement on sentence
-Photographs of Rivonia
-Index of accused and co-conspirators and photographs
-Plans of Mountain view and Liliesleaf Farm
-List of documents found by police in raids
-Statement prepared by Nelson Mandela in his handwriting
-Evidence prepared by Sisulu in his handwriting
-Handwritten statement prepared by Sisulu in event of receiving the death sentence

It appears that these microfilms are a defence set and, according to the archivist, the originals came from Joel Joffe. However, they are not identical to the defence set of trial records at Wits (AD1844). That set contains some material that these microfilm do not and this set contains some material that Wits' does not (most notably, Sisulu's evidence and Goldberg's evidence are both complete in UNISA's and not at Wits). The reason for the differences are not known.

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Harold and Annemarie Wolpe Papers

Donated by Annemarie Wolpe.
-Mostly newscuttings scrapbooks, albums and folders re Harold Wolpe's escape, Annemarie's arrest, Kantor's arrest and refused bail application, family reaction to arrests, Kantor's acquittal etc. Also cuttings re Rivonia Trial generally.
-Documents including escape story, pamphlets, articles, manuscript of Annemarie's book "The Long Way Home", documents re the Wolpe's becoming citizens of the UK, Harold Wolpe's academic papers, Annemarie Wolpe's prison file.

These papers do not necessarily form a collection discrete from other Liliesleaf Farm collections but have been listed as such for ease of reference. Also see entries for James Kantor Papers, Liliesleaf Farm Audio-Visual Collection, Liliesleaf Farm Artefact Collection, Liliesleaf Farm/Rivonia Trial Research Collection, Percy Yutar Papers.

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Irish Anti-Apartheid Movement (IAAM) Collection

  • ZA UWCRIMA MR-RT-061
  • Collection
  • 1961 - 1989
  • Part of Rivonia Trial

Includes correspondence, minutes of meetings statement, briefings, press releases, press clippings, Amandla, publications.

Records related to Rivonia:
2.1.1. Minutes of meetings 1964: Contains reference to lobbying around Rivonia Trial
2.4. Dealings with Irish Press: Contains references to Rivonia Trial in statements and press conferences
31.1.1 Correspondence with ANC: Contains brief references to Rivonia Trial
39 Press cuttings 1963-1994: Cuttings are in date order and include cuttings from Irish press re arrests at Rivonia, escape of Wolpe and Goldreich and trial.

Irish Anti-Apartheid Movement (IAAM)

Govan Mbeki Papers

  • ZA UWCRIMA MR-RT-063
  • Collection
  • 1960 - 1992
  • Part of Rivonia Trial

Prison letters and writings, unpublished manuscripts, and a proposal for documentary on Govan Mbeki (1992). There is no material directly related to the Rivonia Trial but this collection has been included as it provides insight into the life and personality of one of those involved in the Trial.

Mbeki, Govan Archibald Mvuyelwa

Toni Strassburg Papers

  • ZA UWCRIMA MR-RT-064
  • Collection
  • 1950 - 1960
  • Part of Rivonia Trial

One folder of press cuttings on Treason Trial, bannings and arrests, and Rivonia Trial. Rivonia Trial reports in New York Times and South African newspapers. Also article on Bernstein escape after rearrest after acquittal and escape of Wolpe and Goldreich.

Strassburg, Toni

Denis Goldberg Collection

  • ZA UWCRIMA MR-RT-069
  • Collection
  • 1988 - 1999
  • Part of Rivonia Trial

This collection does not have material directly related to the Rivonia Trial. It contains material from after Goldberg was released (IDAF correspondence, ANC documents, press clippings, publications etc.). It has been included as it speaks to the post-prison involvement of one of the Trial's main accused.

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Percy Yutar Papers

Acquired from the Yutar family.
-Eight scrapbooks labelled "The Rivonia Trial 11 July 1963-12 June 1964 as reported by the press from 28 August 1963 to 13 June 1999". They contain a timeline of events, clippings labelled with the date. Also seven scrapbooks labelled "Soweto Riots". It is unclear whether Yutar compiled the scrapbooks or only collected the clippings.
-One lever arch file containing a manuscript for a book by Percy Yutar entitled "The Rivonia Trial - The Facts (based in authentic documentary exhibits)". The manuscript contains a preface and a breakdown of chapters but the bulk does not read like a book but rather appears to be a reproduction of the State's trial records (indictment, State's opening address, evidence for the State, evidence for the Defence, judgement, evidence in mitigation of sentence etc).
-One volume: A factual analysis of the documentary exhibits handed in and other oral testimony given at the so-called Rivonia Trial. Inscribed: "With appreciation from B G Fourie, Secretary for Information"
-Scrapbook with clippings, photographs etc. Mostly of Yutar's career after the Rivonia Trial but a few clippings relate to the Trial from May 1964.
-Press clippings in folder in plastic sleeves re Yutar's legal career, Rivonia Trial, Excelsior case, Moodie case and others.

These papers do not necessarily form a collection discrete from other Liliesleaf Farm collections but have been listed as such for ease of reference. Also see entries for Harold and Annemarie Wolpe Papers, Liliesleaf Farm Audio-Visual Collection, Liliesleaf Farm Artefact Collection, Liliesleaf Farm/Rivonia Trial Research Collection, James Kantor Papers. There are also prosecution records from the Yutars in the personal collection of businessman Douw Steyn and in the National Archives (transferred from Brenthurst Library).

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International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers: South African Political Prisoners: The life we led 1963-1966

  • ZA UWCRIMA MR-RT-079
  • Collection
  • 1956 - 1964
  • Part of Rivonia Trial

Manuscript of "South African Political Prisoners: The Life We Led 1963-1966" by Mahlubi L Mrwetyana. Reference to Robben Island prison conditions including for Rivonia Trialists. File on Race Relations with completed questionnaires and extensive notes on prison conditions in South Africa 1956-1961; file with material on families; biographical notes on some of the persons persecuted by the government of the Republic of South Africa for their opposition to the policies of apartheid, 30 May 1964. The list includes Nelson Mandela and other Rivonia Trialists. The list is fairly extensive. File re IRC visits to South African prisons 1964; copies of the letter and reports sent to B J Vorster (Minister of Justice) by the ICRC, June 18 1964 re: conditions in South African prisons (Robben Island, State farm prison, Victor Verster, various police stations in Pretoria and Johannesburg, Pretoria Prison, Leeuwkop, Prison Vooruitsig, Kroonstad, Pretoria Prison, T B Hospital Sonderwater).

Not available for inspection at time of this audit.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers: Trials

  • ZA UWCRIMA MR-RT-080
  • Collection
  • 1956 - 1989
  • Part of Rivonia Trial

Drafts, memos, Treason Trial Defence Fund correspondence, various Treason Trial documents. Apparently also includes Rivonia Trial brief, Rivonia Trial extracts of records.

Not available for inspection at time of this audit.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

Records of the Department of Home Affairs, Director of Publications, Cape Town (Complaints and Appeals)

  • ZA WCARS MR-RT-084
  • Collection
  • 1975 - 1990
  • Part of Rivonia Trial

This directorate was responsible for classifying documents for censorship or banning post 1970. The references below are not the actual documents but rather reports and notes written by those classifying them. Also see Records of the Publications Control Board in this database.
P89/04/08, volume 3/255: Statement from the dock, Rivonia Trial: Objectionable Literature (1989)
P84/6/15, volume 1/104: Pamphlet: Release Mandela Campaign Remembers Rivonia: Objectionable Literature (1984)
P83/2/26, volume P83/2/26: Sticker: The People's Leader, Denis Goldberg: Objectionable Object (1983)

Director of Publications

Rivonia Trial: Quartus De Wet/Bram Fischer/Dr Percy Yutar

SABC English Service broadcast. Recordings of the proceedings during the Rivonia Trial. Includes recordings of Judge President Quartus De Wet, the prosecutor Dr Percy Yutar and counsel for the defence Bram Fischer. Mandela appears as Accused number 1. Dated 3 December 1963.

South African Broadcasting Corporation (SABC)

Criminal Court Case No. 253/1963 (The State versus N Mandela and Others)

  • ZA NARSSA MR-RT-093
  • Collection
  • 1963 - 1964
  • Part of Rivonia Trial

The records of the Supreme Court of South Africa (Transvaal Provincial Division) on the proceedings of the Rivonia Trial. Transferred to National Archives in 1994. Incomplete on transfer. Existent records are:

File cover with handwritten notes, including the sentences that were passed. The clerk of the court recorded the sentences that were passed together with the names of the accused on the cover of a file in blue ink.

Extracts of evidence by state witnesses (3 vols). These volumes include records by the attorney for the accused, Mr. B Fischer, applying for the postponement of the proceedings and the reply by Dr Yutar, the State’s main prosecutor. Further records include the verbatim transcriptions of evidence given by state witnesses.

Evidence for defence (1 vol.). Include verbatim transcriptions of evidence given by Ahmed Kathrada, Raymond Mhlaba, Lionel Bernstein and Govan Mbeki.

Rivonia Exhibits (1 vol.). The exhibits include documents seized by the police at Liliesleaf and deals with topics such as the Transkei; Operation Mayibuye; the new draft programme of the South African Communist Party (SACP); names and addresses of ANC and SACP members; a copy of Sibanye, a newsletter; documents discussing problems in the democratic movement, the Nationalists invasion scare, the general predictions for 1963; handwritten notes on freedom movements elsewhere in Africa; an article by E Rosenthal on General De Wet; a syllabus on the fundamental principles of Marxism; a pamphlet named 'A Call to the Youth'; a manual on rock blasting; the rules of the SACP; sketch of Tunisia; handwritten notes on the Kenya Youth Wing Organisations; SACP newsletter on the China/India border dispute; statement by the SACP on conditions in South Africa; document on the differences in the communist movement; invoices from Ace Auto electricians; press statement by Nelson Mandela on 26 June 1961.

State’s Concluding Address (4 vols). These volumes are divided into three parts. The first part deals with a factual analysis of documentary exhibits handed in, and of oral testimony given, by state witnesses. Part two deals with a factual analysis of the documentary exhibits handed in, and of the oral testimony given, by state witnesses (continued). The third part deals with the Rivonia exhibits.

Two volumes consisting of Judge’s remarks in passing sentence; the Attorney General for the Transvaal’s statement explaining which of the accused was found guilty of what offences; a part of the judgement and verbatim transcriptions of the court proceedings

Judgement (1 vol.).

Dictabelts covering the whole case (8 vols).

These records, together with the Prosecution Records received from Brenthurst Library, will at some stage become one group.

Department of Justice

Department of Correctional Services Political Prisoner Files

  • ZA NARSSA MR-RT-094
  • Collection
  • 1964 - 1990
  • Part of Rivonia Trial

This collection consists of files, kept by prison authorities, on all political prisoners held in prisons in South Africa. The list for these files is in three parts but only the first two relate to Rivonia Trialists.
List A reflects files of nine people, including Kathrada, Mandela, Mbeki, Mhlaba, Mlangeni of the Rivonia Trialists. These files contain correspondence.

List B has many more political prisoners' files. These files contain general correspondence re prisoners, transfers etc. The only Rivonia Trialist in List B is Denis Goldberg.

List C deals with specific issues such as medical attention and education of prisoners but does not include any of the Rivonia Trialists.

Department of Correctional Services

South African History Archive Poster Collection

Forms part of Struggles for Justice Archival Collection at SAHA. In the formative years, SAHA was managed by non-archivists, who applied library techniques to their collection, arrangement and description activities. Materials were catalogued by subject and/or physical medium, with very little attention paid to preserving documentation in accordance with its original context or what is referred to as ‘provenance’ in archival discourse. This approach saw the emergence of six collections one of which was the Poster Collection. The collection dates mainly from the 1980s and 1990s. There are duplicate copies for a substantial proportion of the items. Posters acquired by Historical Papers are also included in this collection. All items are retrievable on a database. The book Images of Defiance: South African Resistance Posters of the 1980s (Raven Press, Johannesburg, 1991)
reproduced 327 items from the collection. Slides of the latter are also available
(see AL2432). A few individual posters relating to the Rivonia Trial are: Poster 181 (SN1096) "Release Mandela Campaign Remembers Rivonia Trial" from 1985 (?) from Release Mandela Campaign and Poster 1049 (SN599) "We remember Rivonia and life-serving prisoners: Release all political prisoners" from Release Mandela Campaign, UDF, COSATU, SAYCO from 1987 (?).

South African History Archive (SAHA)

Denis Goldberg Collection

  • ZA ASC-UNISA MR-RT-102
  • Collection
  • 1980 - 1989
  • Part of Rivonia Trial

Part of Documentation Centre for African Studies at UNISA Library. Denis Goldberg donated sound cassettes and videos about his life during the Struggle, as well as on his work after he was released. The only part of the collection directly related to the Rivonia Trial are the sound cassettes which have been put on CD (CD numbers correspond with cassette numbers). CDs re Rivonia Trial:
2A, 2B, 3A, 3B (1985): Interview of Denis Goldberg by John Pampallis including discussion of start of armed struggle, Liliesleaf, Rivonia Trial, imprisonment and release.
7A, 7B (1985/6): Discussion with R and C Boon re struggle time, Rivonia Trial, armed struggle.
26A, 26B (1993): Reconstruction of Rivonia for Radiowerf Amsterdam (?). New owners of Liliesleaf talk. Dutch narrative with English in background.

Goldberg, Denis Theodore

Carter-Karis Collection of South African Materials

  • ZA ASC-UNISA MR-RT-107
  • Collection
  • 1960 - 1980
  • Part of Rivonia Trial

This extensive collection was purchased by UNISA from Cooperative Africana Microfilm Project (CAMP). It is housed in Documentation Centre for Africa Studies. A microfilm reel guide is also available there. Rivonia Trial material is found at 2:YR2:84, 92, 97, and 99. It contains reaction to Rivonia, the States' "A factual analysis of the documentary exhibits handed in and of the oral testimony given at the so-called Rivonia Trial", documents seized in searched connected with the Rivonia Trial, and newspaper clippings.

Karis, Thomas

The State versus Nelson Mandela and Nine Others

Partial record of the State versus Nelson Mandela and nine others. Contains: State's Concluding Address : Part 2: The persons who were parties to the conspiracy and the implementation thereof (OP12099), Part.4: A factual analysis of the defence case and of the further documentary exhibits produced in the course thereof (OP12100); and Judgment and Sentence (1 volume: OP12098).

Department of Justice

Liliesleaf Farm/Rivonia Trial Research Collection

Contains:
-Books and other published material related to Rivonia Trial including "Rivonia Unmasked" by Lauritz Strydom (Voortrekker Pers, Johannesburg). Published in January 1965 immediately after the Rivonia Trial, this book puts across the State's view of the trial. It has a Foreword by B J Vorster and an Introduction by Percy Yutar.
-Archival documents, maps and photographs from other institutions used as research and/or for displays
-Documents re Liliesleaf Farm development.

These records do not necessarily form a collection discrete from other Liliesleaf Farm collections but have been listed as such for ease of reference. Also see entries for Harold and Annemarie Wolpe Papers, Liliesleaf Farm Audio-Visual Collection, Liliesleaf Farm Artefact Collection, James Kantor Papers, Percy Yutar Papers.

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Denis Kuny Papers

Court records and other documents relating to trials in which Kuny (an advocate) was involved, including the Rivonia Trial where Denis Kuny was junior counsel. One box of Rivonia Trial material contains: A1.1 Indictments 1963 ; A1.2 Motion to quash the indictment 1963 ; A1.3 Defence requests for further particulars and the State's reply thereto; A1.4 Documents relating to Accused no 8 (James Kantor) including affidavit, request for particulars, petition, notes and a press cutting.

Records still in process.

Kuny, Denis

Records of the Centre for Applied Legal Studies (CALS)

Memoranda and other documents on political trials, conscientious objection, detentions, repression and the ANC Constitutional Committee. Section P1 Political Trials contains reports and documents concerning political trials in South Africa, including amongst others:
-Treason Trial (from: Political Science Quarterly)
-Mandela speech from the Dock (Rivonia Trial 1964)
-State vs. Dean of Johannesburg (1972)
-The trial of the 13 (Ngkungwana and others) By Shauna Westcott
-Ebrahim Ismail Ebrahim vs. the Apartheid State. By Rudi Boon
-The Passtoors trial. By Willem C van Manen
-Political Trials, South Africa 1976-1979. By Glenn Moss
-Security and related Trials in SA July 1976-May 1977 (SAIRR)
-Security Trials 1978 by Linda Ensor
-Letter from Judge Didcott to John Dugard re Andrew Zondo
-Delmas Trial 1980s
-Upington (Paballelo) 1989
-‘The Sun Will Rise’ statements from the dock by SA political prisoners (Sobukwe, Mandela, Sisulu, Motsoaledi, Mlangeni, Mkwayi, Fischer, ja Toivo, Tuhadeleni, April, Lekota, Mokoape, Suttner, Sexwale, Tsiki, Ramokgadi, Seko, Nkosi, Mothlanthe) Ed Mary Benson, 1981
-Political trials seminar. 19-21 May 1989
-Political prisoner status: Namibia 1989/1990

Centre for Applied Legal Studies (CALS)

Records of the Students' Resource Centre, University of Witwatersrand

Reports, pamphlets, minutes, publications, statements and photographs relating to NUSAS and SASPU, as well as miscellaneous information on various anti-apartheid and other organisations. A19.3 Publications and Media contain two items on Rivonia: A19.3.4: Rivonia - Tweny Years: A Resource Pack (published by ADAC) and A19.3.7: An Overview: Rivonia Trial (pamphlet).

Students' Resource Centre, University of the Witwaterand

Records of the African National Congress (ANC)

Constitution, minutes, reports, resolutions, Treason Trial legal records, press statements, speeches, correspondence, press clippings, pamphlets, periodicals, notes, and items on the A.N.C. Youth League and the A.N.C. Women's League together with other organisations such as the All African Convention, All African People's Conference and the South African Congress of Democrats. Subjects are apartheid, African nationalism, passes, education, Freedom Charter and the activities of the ANC in exile. Forms part of the archives of the South African Institute of Race Relations. Two items relate to the Rivonia Trial under Fa: Policy statements by ANC and related organisations (1946-1973): Fa46 "Stand by our leaders" (1964, 1 p.Ts. Asking for a boycott for 12 June when Rivonia Trialists will be sentenced) and Fa47 "The message of Rivonia" (1964, 1p. Ts.).

African National Congress (ANC)

Liliesleaf Farm Artefact Collection

Artefacts and fragments from archaeological dig conducted at Liliesleaf Farm; artefacts in exhibits in the Museum; Hinterland truck used to smuggle arms into South Africa in 1980s and documentation on it; Awaiting Trial card from 1963 and notes passed between accused and lawyers during the Trial. For example, "Jimmy Kantor, Jolly Good Work. Denis"

These artefacts do not necessarily form a collection discrete from other Liliesleaf Farm collections but have been listed as such for ease of reference. Also see entries for Harold and Annemarie Wolpe Papers, Liliesleaf Farm Audio-Visual Collection, James Kantor Papers, Liliesleaf Farm/Rivonia Trial Research Collection, Percy Yutar Papers.

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Digital Innovation South Africa (DISA)

DISA is a freely accessible online scholarly resource focusing on the socio-political history of South Africa, particularly the struggle for freedom during the period from 1950 to the first democratic elections in 1994.

A search for 'The State versus Nelson Mandela' yields the following scanned documents:
Bruno Mtolo's extract of evidence (vol. 15 and vol. 16), Walter Sisulu's extract of evidence (vol. 20), Ahmed Kathrada's extract of evidence (vol. 24), Raymond Mhlaba's extract of evidence (vol. 25), Lionel Bernstein's extract of evidence (vol. 26), Govan Mbeki's extract of evidence (vol. 28), judgement, judge's remarks when passing sentence. These documents were selected and scanned from the collection at Historical Papers, University of Witwatersrand (AD1844).

A search for 'Rivonia Trial' yields a poster (linked from SAHA Poster Collection entry) and an extract from the Rivonia Trial Statement made by Nelson Mandela which appeared in the journal Dawn (Volume 7 Number 6 June 1983 page 20). There are other articles too which make mention of the significance of the Trial in passing, mostly from the African Communist magazine.

Digital Innovation South Africa (DISA)

Nelson Mandela Collection

The records of the Office of the ANC President were initially listed so that they could be used to complete the writing of Mandela’s Long Walk to Freedom. They were sent to his house in Houghton, and were returned to the ANC in 2004. The records cover the period from the time Nelson Mandela was ANC Deputy President (1990), ANC President (1991) to the time when he stepped down as ANC President (1997). It also however includes the few 1998-1999 records that were generated. The Nelson Mandela collection is divided into the following main series: Correspondence, Discussion Documents, Minutes of meeting, Reports, Statements, ANC departments, ANC Mission offices, ANC structures, Embassies, Negotiation/Elections, Organizations, Notebooks, Publications, Manuscripts, Memorabilia, and Braille material.

Although this collection does not relate to the Rivonia Trial, it has been included as it speaks to the post-prison involvement of the Trial's main accused.

Mandela, Nelson Rolihlahla

Cape Argus/Cape Times Clippings Collection

Newspaper clippings in subject files were created by Cape Times and Cape Argus newspapers and transferred to the National Library.

Subject entries under 53138 Treason Trials 1961-1970 for Cape Argus and Treason 1963 may have items relating to the Rivonia Trial.

Cape Times

Records of ANC Australia Mission

Audiocassettes of Govan Mbeki, Paul Murphy and Nelson Mandela (date unclear).

Also videos that make reference to Rivonia Trial:
-Generations of Resistance
-I Shall Never Lose Hope - interview with Winnie Mandela
-Spear of the Nation - a history of the ANC

African National Congress (ANC) Australia Mission

Sunday Times Heritage Project

Online selection of images and caption stories from the pages of the Sunday Times including the following from Rivonia Trial:
-ANC, POQO, Spear, smashed says Col. V.d, Bergh (14 July 1963) re arrests at Liliesleaf Farm in Rivonia
-Rivonia: The Inside Story (14 June 1964) re outcome of the Trial
Sunday Times newspapers can also be accessed at the National Library in Pretoria and Cape Town.

Sunday Times

Afravision / Video News Services

Unedited video footage of speeches and interviews delivered by Nelson Mandela after his release
from prison, as well as appearances at different events.
The collection includes coverage and reports on:
Mandela's isolation during the 1989 prisoner hunger strike, Celebrations of his release from prison, held at Soweto, Bisho, Durban, Port Elizabeth and Cape Town. The 48th National Conference of the African National Congress (ANC) Press briefings on various issues, such as the Inkathagate.
Mandela's address to the nation on the assassination of Chris Hani, Freedom Charter rally at Kliptown, Convention for a Democratic South Africa (CODESA).Congress of South African Trade Union (COSATU) congresses, Boipatong massacre. Interviews conducted for a five-part documentary series on the history of the ANC Ulibambe lingashoni - Hold Up The Sun

Video News Services

Trevor, Wentzel

Trevor Wentzel, Letter to the state president 8th March re: response to offer of conditional release:
List of political prisoners and in some cases prison numbers.

Wentzel, Trevor

African National Congress Video Unit

African National Congress
Footage on Nelson Mandela, s travels throughout the world after his release from prison -dates from 1990- 1997.

African National Congress (ANC) Video Unit

Ballinger Family Papers

Ballinger papers focussing on Anti- Apartheid and trade union struggles, in the collection there is correspondents Department of native Affairs Messrs Mandela and Tambo (Attorneys and the Native Commissioner (Zeerust) disputes between of the Bahurutse. Correspondence requesting help for Nelson Mandela Studying LLB at the University of the Witwatersrand.

Ballinger

Edwin Cameron

Correspondence to Nelson Mandela from Cameron 5 December re history of living with HIV & AIDS (accompanied by correspondence with Dr. Malegapuru Makgoba). Speech by Nelson Mandela during the centenary celebrations of the Rhodes Trust 02 July 2003 (accompanied by a BBC news internet article)

Cameron, Edwin

Centre for Applied Legal Studies 1980-1999

Report and correspondence of the commission of inquiry on the demonstration of May 21 1991 in relation to the suspension of Winnie Mandela and the members of the women's league.
ANC speeches, statements including the speech delivered by Nelson Mandela on his release on 11 February 1990.

Centre for Applied Legal Studies (CALS)

Ecumenical Monitoring

The Ecumenical Monitoring programme was established to monitor South African events up to the National elections in 1994. In the collection there is a Joint Statement by Nelson Mandela and Mangosuthu Buthelezi at the Royal Hotel in March 1 1994.

Ecumenical monitoring

End Conscription Campaign

Material of the End Conscription Campaign, correspondence includes a letter to Nelson Mandela and lobbying letters to organisations.

End conscription campaign

Helen Joseph

Collection of papers built by Helen Joseph during her lifetime, these relate to her personal fight against
apartheid. The collection has papers on her involvement in politics, the Human rights Welfare Committee, the 1956 Treason trial, banning banishment, house arrests relationship with Nelson Mandela and his family - Nelson and Winnie Mandela - Release Mandela Campaign

Joseph, Helen

Lillian Ngoyi

Papers of Lillian Masediba Ngoyi the collection is made up of Lillian Ngoyi's biography, Newsclippings and lots of correspondence that Mrs Ngoyi wrote to Mr. and Mrs. Allan in Switzerland among the letters expressing there are two letters referring to Mr. Nelson Mandela. In one letter Mrs. Ngoyi expresses pleasure that the South African authorities granted her permission to visit Nelson Mandela. The other letter is written while travelling in the train to Cape Town to meet Nelson Mandela, Mrs Ngoyi describes the scenery in detail and expresses the joy of being able to travel without any restrictions and further explains that he expects to be see Madiba on the 25th August 1973.

Ngoyi, Lilian

Alan Stewart Paton Collection

The state vs. Nelson Mandela and the others. 12 June 1964. Evidence and address by A. Paton in mitigation of sentence,

Paton, Alan

Records of the Rivonia Treason Trial

Incomplete set of records of the state vs. Nelson Mandela and nine others. The collection includes the indictment, opening address, statements, evidence, evaluation of evidence and exhibits including photographs. An important section of the collection relates to preparations of the defence. As well as Nelson Mandela, the accused include Dennis Goldberg, Govan Mbeki, Walter Sisulu, Ahmed Kathrada, Andrew Mlangeni, Raymond Mhlaba, James Kantor and Elias Motsoaledi.

Robert Sobukwe

Robert Sobukwe papers, in the collection there is a copy of the correspondence to the Commanding Officer Robben Island enclosing R100 books for Nelson Mandela and a publication with the title The South Africa Mandela - ANC dialogue euphoria.

Sobukwe, Robert Mangaliso

South African Council of Churches

South African Council of churches records include: Address by Arch Bishop Desmond Tutu calling for Mandela to be released, the Release Mandela Campaign, speeches by Nelson Mandela, memoranda sent by Brigalia Bam to Nelson Mandela on crime and violence, TRC minutes on crime and violence (meeting with President Mandela, moral leadership of the church and statements by Nelson Mandela on TRC.

South African Council of Churches (SACC)

South African Institute of Race Relations

SAIRR correspondence and memorabilia to and from the South African Institute of Race relations.. Correspondence includes New Age article of the letter by Ntsu Mokhehle to Nelson Mandela on the Attack 28 August 1961. Nelson Mandela correspondencewith Si De Villiers Graaf on the inauguration of the Republic

South African Institute of Race Relations

Oliver Tambo Papers

The collection includes correspondence, addresses/ statements, Appeal for Action Against Apartheid, Arrest of Nelson Mandela, Mandela -Wembley Concert, Nelson Mandela - Freedom at Seventy, Nelson Mandela 70thth Birthday Tribute to Nelson Mandela, Release of Nelson Mandela and the unbanning of the ANC, Nelson and Winnie Mandela, Nelson Mandela’s visits, tributes, prizes and awards to Nelson Mandela.
Winnie Mandela footage and interviews,
Winnie Mandela, Footage, interview s for BBC TV News affair

Tambo, Oliver Reginald

A. B. Xuma

A.B. Xuma Papers amoung the papers there is a list of ANC list of youth league office bearers. Correspondence form the Youth League.

Xuma, A.B.

South African Institute of Race Relations

SAIRR memoranda, circulars. Letters minutes addresses and printed items relating to subject of Apartheid, Race relations, socialism and communism, includes a file on correspondence with Allan Paton, Nelson Mandela, Dr Essellen, Patric Duncan, Prof Jabavu, Prof Du Plessies, Naidoo etc.

South African Institute of Race Relations

African National Congress Dar es Salaam Office

Mandela correspondence with the chief representative, ANC Department of Information and publicity Reports of the reception committee. Nelson Mandela and the future of the country. Letter to Mandela from IUS, Moeti Mpuru S.A. Rep 1992

African National Congress (ANC)

African National Congress Tanzania Mission

African National Congress Tanzania Mission office records
Address to CODESA by ANC president Nelson Mandela. Keynote address to the National Consultative conference 14 December 1991, Nelson Mandela Reception Committee. Correspondence of with Ray Selepe. Nelson Mandela visit to Tanzania March 1990. Nelson Mandela Addressing membership in Lusaka. Nelson Mandela's Opening address to ANC/ IFP summit. Messages of support to Nelson Mandela upon his release from prison.

African National Congress (ANC)

African National Congress U.S. Repatriation

The ANC- U.S. Repatriation was responsible for the repatriation of ANC comrades. Records from the U.S. repatriation office. Nelson Mandela and the Rivonia trial " a radio drama by Mary Benson two parts. Nthabiseg Mabuza talks about Nelson Mandela, Levine and Vilakazi talks about Nelson Mandela, Winnie Mandela at the twelfth Baptist church 1990

African National Congress (ANC)

African National Congress Swedish Mission

African National Congress Swedish Mission consists of the records of the ANC mission office in Sweden collection is made up of correspondence, speeches, etc.
Political prisoners 1987, "Nelson Mandela : His life in the struggle - A pictorial history" 1988- (Publications).Noble Peace laureates: F.W. De Klerk and Nelson Mandela. Profile of Nelson Mandela. Seventy -fifth birthday of Nelson Mandela 1993. Nelson Mandela Speeches 1962-1992. Nelson Mandela’s visit to Sweden ANC mission material and activities in Sweden.

African National Congress (ANC)

African National Congress Lusaka/ Zambia Mission

African National Congress Lusaka Mission
Collection of all records of the ANC in its Zambia Mission including all the parts processed. ANC Lusaka / Zambia mission office the material has Speeches by Nelson Mandela. Congratulatory messages when he was released, drawn card of Nelson Mandela with a message written " We are with you ! Free South Africa! Free all political prisoners. Speech delivered by Nelson Mandela at Soccer city. ANC mission records and on its activities in Zambia

African National Congress (ANC)

African National Congress Norway Mission

Records of the African National Congress Norway mission.
The records include correspondence, news clippings, statements and photographs concerning:
The Nelson Mandela 70th birthday concert; Congratulatory messages on Mandela’s release from prison; Nelson Mandela’s visits to Norway, and the work of the Mandela Reception Committee (1990 - 1992). The Nelson Mandela Memorial Coin (1991). The awarding of the Nobel Peace Prize to Nelson Mandela (1993).
Speeches delivered by Nelson Mandela during his visits to Scandinavian countries
Mandela Nelson -visit to Norway 1992
Athens Medical Centre: Correspondence - Invitation to Mandela to visit Greece

African National Congress (ANC) Norway Mission

Mandela Nelson - African National Congress Presidents' Office Collection

African National Congress Presidents' Office Collection
Consists of records from the office of Nelson Mandela, generated during the period when Mr. Nelson Mandela was the deputy president and then the president of the ANC.
The material dates from 1990 -1999. Few documents dating from 1998 -1999.
The material has been divided and sub divided into various categories as follows:-
Correspondence in boxes 1 – 123; Discussion documents 124 -146;
Minutes of meetings in boxes 147 -152; Reports in boxes 153 -198. Mandela Nelson Statements in boxes 225- 237; ANC departments
Mission offices ; ANC structures; Correspondence with different countries and embassies
Negotiations and Elections; Correspondence with Organisations
Notebooks - office of the president; Publications, Manuscripts of books sent to Mr. Mandela and incomplete typed manuscript of Long Walk to Freedom
Memorabilia; Braille material sent to Nelson Mandela and Audiovisual material

African National Congress (ANC) President's Office

African National Congress Senegal Mission

Records of the African National Congress Senegal Mission.
The records includes documentation concerning the Nelson Mandela International Reception Committee, and an original invitation to Nelson Mandela from the president-elect of Mali. Correspondence with Dakar president Holding Kebe. Full text of Nelson Mandela address to the people on the day of his release from prison 11th February 1990
Document de Mandela

African National Congress (ANC) Senegal Mission

African National Congress Zimbabwe

Records of the African National Congress mission in Zimbabwe
The records include correspondence and photographs on:
The Nelson Mandela Freedom at 70 campaign; The conferment of the Freedom of the City of Kabwe on Mandela; Nelson Mandela's visit to Zimbabwe; Correspondence from President Mugabe, after Nelson Mandela's release from prison.
Free Mandela campaign (photographs)
Mandela N.R - Interview

African National Congress (ANC) Zimbabwe Mission

Sylvia Neame Papers

The personal papers of Dr. Sylvia Neame, including a statement delivered by Mary Benson to the Ad Hoc Working Group on Human Rights on Nelson Mandela’s imprisonment and Robben Island prison conditions. The collection also includes biographies of ANC leaders, published statements, articles and news clippings concerning Mandela

Neame, Sylvia

President Nelson Mandela Photographs

President Nelson Mandela Photographs List of photographs donated by individuals to Nelson
Mandela while he was the president of the ANC . Photos, albums and some loose photographs.
The photographs consist of photos of unidentified individuals, some have been taken with Nelson Mandela in the picture, while some are pictures have Nelson Mandela with famous people and some were with ordinary people.
The occasions vary from rallies, weddings and just photo opportunities with Madiba.

Various

The Nationalist (Tanzanian newspaper)

1964, Race war in S.A. imminent
S Africa accuses UThant of partiality. Churches urged to act on South Africa. Widespread police raids follow Job bombing. ANC praises Mwalimu's stand on South Africa. Freedom leader asks for S.A. action including the release of Nelson Mandela, South African issue, South African police resume raids on Cape Town Homes increased prison repression on political prisoners. We regret to announce their deaths, Vuyisile Mini, Wilson Khayingo, Zinakile Mkaba ( Dulcie et decorum) Hanged in Pretoria.

Nationalist

African National Congress records in Tanzania

Memorandum by Duma Nokwe
Statement made by Duma Nokwe to the liberation committee mentions Nelson Mandela ( 22 June 1963) ANC statement on the "freedom fighters " -Statement made by Duma Nokwe on the Freedom fighters and the others ( 1964). Memorandum by Duma Nokwe on the military 22 June 1963. Duma Nokwe statement to the coordination committee 22 June 1963. Newspaper article on The Nationalist 21 April 1964 (court proceedings). Duma Nokwe correspondence to Tennyson Makiwane 1964 -Report on the 4thn session of the African liberation committee by Duma Nokwe 1964. J. J. Hadebe statement on Arusha 1963. Correspondence with the liberation Committee Mzwai Piliso, O.R. Tambo, Mendi Msimang 1968. Alfred Nzo NEC report on the Morogoro conference 1969. ANC Correspondence with Hashim Mbita 1986-1987. ANC Correspondence 1982-1983

African National Congress (ANC)

Nelson Mandela Compilation

Selection of stories on South African leader Nelson Mandela- comprises of 61 clips with Nelson Mandela in different occasions.

Mandela's USA visit 1990

ca 115 items. Press cuttings audio video recording of interviews, news broadcasts TSS of television covering Nelson Mandela's visit to the USA.

Mandela, H

Mandela, H Headman, location No 15, called Mvezo successor, Ntabezulu Mtirara

Mandela Tambo

Illiquid case payment: Mandela Tambo versus Lucretia.

Criminal Court Case No. 253/1963 (State Versus N Mandela and Others)

Records of the Rivonia trial, State versus Nelson Mandela and nine others. The accused are Nelson Mandela, Walter Sisulu, Dennis Goldberg, Govan Mbeki, Ahmed Kathrada, Lionel Bernstein, Raymond Mhlaba, James Kantor, Elias Motsoaledi and Andrew Mlangeni.
The collection includes the indictment, opening address, statements and evidence by witnesses for the State and for the accused. Evaluation of evidence, exhibits including photographs. An important component of the collection includes material confiscated at Lilliesleaf farm in Rivonia, such as Mandela's 1962 diary and other documents in his handwriting, most of them relating to armed struggle. It also includes Mandela's statement from the dock, and the State's concluding address.
A significant part of the collection includes materials used to build up the State's case against the Rivonia Trialists.

Opposed Bail Application

Correspondence on the opposed bail application Lionel Forman, Dorothy Stanley, Reginald September, Nelson Mandela, G.M Naicker and Lawrence Nkosi versus the Attorney General.

Witwatersrand Local Division of the Supreme Court (Johannesburg)

Oath of office

Mr. N. R. Mandela signs oath of office after his swearing in as the President of the new democratic South Africa.

Mandela and Tambo

Photograph of a document from the company Mandela and Tambo attorneys at law requesting the lifting of restriction on Nelson Mandela to enable him to appear on behalf of a client in Hammanskraal Native Commissioner's court. 9 x 12cm

[Unknown]

Defence and Aid Fund Papers

1960-1965. ca. 650 items. Minutes and correspondence of the State of Emergency Relief Fund, later its name changed to the Defence Aid Fund. Includes information on prisoners, detainees, case reports as well as political pamphlets.

Madiba -1990

Radio South Africa- Actuality- Report by Connie Lawn on the arrival of the deputy president of the ANC Mr Nelson Mandela who refers to the issue of sanctions.

RECORDBC19900625

SABC Sound Archives

E - Madiba-1993

Sir David Frost, in conversation with the president of the ANC Mr. Nelson Mandela, about the political situation in South Africa.

SABC Sound Archives

E - Madiba-1993

Radio Today concept report by Charlton Andrews on a news conference held by the president of the ANC Mr. Nelson Mandela who expresses his concern about the then Apartheid South African government 's interference in the selection of the SABC board.

SABC Sound Archives

Madiba -1990

TV 1- Actuality - Mr Nelson Mandela the deputy president of the ANC answers questions put to him by a panel of journalists. The questions focus on:-
1. Violence in the country relationship between the ANC and Inkatha- Education-
2. The issue of economic sanctions- nationalisation- religion- the relationship between the ANC and the SACP-
3. Multiparty democracy- the possibility of an alliance
4. The ANC relationship with homeland leaders
5. The fears of the conservative whites.

RECORDBC 19900812

SABC Sound Archives

Madiba -1990

Service - Radio South Africa - Actuality Radio Today- Violence in the townships- report by Herman Steyn on a meeting between the deputy president of the ANC Mr Nelson Mandela and the representatives of the South African Police about the violence in the black townships. - An Actuality of Mr Nelson Mandela and the minister of law and order Mr A.J. Blok-on allegations made by the police.

RECORDBC 1990817

Report by Herman Steyn on a meeting between the deputy president of the ANC Mr. Mandela
and the representatives of the South African police

SABC Sound Archives

Madiba -1990

Radio South Africa report on Radio Today by Douglas Mc Clure on the life and career of ANC leader Mr Nelson Mandela.

RECORDBC 19900209

SABC Sound Archives

Madiba -1990

Radio South Africa actuality of the state president of South Africa Mr Willem de Klerk who announces the release of political prisoner Mr Nelson Mandela from the Victor Verster prison near Paarl.

RECORDBC1990021

SABC Sound Archives

D- Madiba 1992

Radio 2000 actuality - Complete recordings at CODESA 2

Contents E 93/14-23 (Day one)
(Day two)

SABC Sound Archives

D- Madiba-1992

Service RSN Speech: An extract from a speech in Pretoria in which the President of the ANC Mr Nelson Mandela gives details of demands by the ANC before negotiations resum - The speech was made at the Union Buildings.

RECORDBC19920805

SABC Sound Archives

D- Madiba- 1992

Radio South Africa - Report Radio Today
ANC government summit - report by Manas Tshungu on the successful summit meeting between the State President Mr FW De Klerk and the President of the ANC Mr Nelson Mandela both provide details of the record of understanding which promises the release of all remaining political prisoners. The fencing of twenty-eight hostels, a ban on the carrying of weapons and the formation of the National Government Unity.

RECORD BO 1992 0908

SABC Sound Archives

Mandela -196+

English Service Actuality Rivonia Trial- Quartu De Wet/ Bram Fischer/Dr Percy Yuter
Recordings of the proceedings during the Rivonia trial sabotage Trial with actuality by the Judge president Quartus De Wet, the public prosecutor, Percy Yuter and counsel for defence, Bram Fischer( State's case) Mandela appears as accused no.1.

RECORDBC 19631203

South African Broadcasting Corporation [DO NOT USE]

Radio Suid-Afrika

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on programmes such as Monitor, Spitstyd and Kaleidoscope. Includes reports and interviews on the following:
Biographical history of Nelson Mandela. The release of Nelson Mandela from prison, and reactions of political leaders in parliament to the news of his release. Statements and addresses by Nelson Mandela to the US congress. Nelson Mandela's visit to West Germany. African National Congress (ANC) policies. The ANC's first national congress held in South Africa after it's unbanning. The South African negotiation process, the CODESA talks and the Government of National Unity. The relationship between the ANC and the South African Communist Party. Political violence in the 1990s, including the Boipatong massacre.

South African Broadcasting Corporation [DO NOT USE]

Radio Sesotho

Programmes broadcast on Radio Sesotho.
Subjects include Nelson Mandela's release from prison and his inauguration as the first democratically elected President of South Africa.
Language: Sesotho

South African Broadcasting Corporation [DO NOT USE]

Radio Xhosa

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on the Breakfast Show. Includes reports and interviews on the following:
Meetings between Nelson Mandela and FW De Klerk. The 1994 elections. The inauguration of Mandela as the first democratically elected President of South Africa. The opening of parliament. The new constitution of South Africa . Commemoration of the 1976 uprisings. Memorial service of Chris Hani. Mandela birthday celebrations, as well as New Year messages delivered by him. Nelson Mandela’s visits to New York, and his addresses to the United Nations General Assembly.
Language/s: English and Xhosa

South African Broadcasting Corporation [DO NOT USE]

Ligwalagwala

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on the radio programme, Letiphuma Embiteni. Includes reports and interviews on:
Nelson Mandela's family life and his imprisonment on Robben Island. The USAID donation of R35 million to the Nelson Mandela Children's Fund, for its HIV/AIDS programme. The World Aids Conference held in Durban, South Africa, 2000. The Middle East peace talks, 2000. The politics of George W. Bush.
Languages: Swazi and English

South African Broadcasting Corporation [DO NOT USE]

SA FM

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on AM Live, PM Live, Scoreboard and Woman Today. Includes reports and interviews on the following:
Nelson Mandela's international visits to South East Asia, the United Kingdom, Japan and Singapore. Reports on Mandela's tour of Southern Africa. Conflict in Zaire and the role of the South African government in peace talks. The 50th anniversary of the United Nations. Tony Blair's visit to South Africa. The 12th Non-Aligned Movement summit held in Durban, South Africa. Mandela's farewell as Head of State, to the international community, and addresses to the United Nations General Assembly. The South African intervention in the Lesotho conflict. The unveiling of the tombstone of Chris Hani. The funeral of Harry Gwala. Messages by Nelson Mandela on the first democratic elections in South Africa. New Year and Christmas messages by Nelson Mandela. The new constitution of South Africa and Nelson Mandela's signing of the new constitution into law. Comments by Nelson Mandela on the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, and Mandela signing the Truth and Reconciliation Commission into law. Truth and Reconciliation Commission hearings, including the Pollsmoor March to free Mandela in 1996. Gains made by the new South African government. Freedom Day celebrations. Workers Day. Nelson Mandela's last official speech to the South African Parliament, as Head of State. The 1999 South African elections. The Broudi Commission of Enquiry opposed in court by the South African Rugby Football Union (SARFU).
The ANC national conference held in Port Elizabeth in 2000.

South African Broadcasting Corporation [DO NOT USE]

SABC Sound Archive Collection

Speeches, interviews and reports, including:
Nelson Mandela's speech after the African National Congress (ANC) victory in South Africa's first democratic election. Nelson Mandela's first 100 days in office as President of South Africa. The opening of parliament. The opening of the Constitutional Court by President Mandela. The handing over of the final Truth and Reconciliation Commission report to President Nelson Mandela by Archbishop Desmond Tutu. Bill Clinton's visit to South Africa and his address to the South African parliament. The visit of Yasser Arafat to South Africa.
Extracts from famous speeches by Nelson Mandela.

South African Broadcasting Corporation [DO NOT USE]

H. K. Zulfikar

An interview with Nelson Mandela on Sports Hour, about the progress of South African sport and Mandela's love for sport.

South African Broadcasting Corporation [DO NOT USE]

Radio Sonder Grense

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on programmes such as 'Land en sand,' 'Monitor' and news programmes. Includes reports and interviews on:
Violence in Richmond, KwaZulu-Natal. The US-targeted bombings in Kenya and Tanzania. The 12th Non-Aligned Movement Summit held in Durban, South Africa. The death of Princess Diana. The 1997 Comrades Marathon. South Africa's second and third democratic elections, held in 1999 and 2004, respectively. The inauguration of Thabo Mbeki as President in 1999.
Languages: English and Afrikaans

South African Broadcasting Corporation [DO NOT USE]

Vanderbilt University Archive

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on channels such as ABC, CBC, CNN and NBC. Includes footage and reports on Robben Island:
The opening of Robben Island as a national museum and tourist destination, and visits to the Island by Nelson Mandela. The declaration of Robben Island as a national monument by Nelson Mandela. President Bill Clinton’s visit to Robben Island, accompanied by Mr. Nelson Mandela. Millennium celebrations at Robben Island, with Nelson Mandela passing a candle to Thabo Mbeki.

ABC

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