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Gauteng Collection
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The Treason Trial and other Trials

The Treason Trial. The State versus F Adams and others. In Special Criminal Court constituted in terms of government no. 1701 of 1958. The collection includes the Proceedings 1959 - 1961 (sixty-one volumes) Exhibits 1960 (three volumes)Reasons for Judgment 1961 (four volumes).

Umhlobo Wenene

Records of the State vs. Nelson Mandela and nine others (Walter Sisulu, Dennis Goldberg, Govan Mbeki, Ahmed Kathrada, Lionel Bernstein, Raymond Mhlaba, James Kantor, Elias Motsoaledi and Andrew Mlangeni).

Nelson Mandela Trial

Trial of Nelson Mandela, State versus Nelson Mandela, October 1962, in the Magistrate's Court for the regional division of Transvaal, Pretoria.

Supreme Court of South Africa

The Treason Trial and other Trials

Rivonia Trial. The State versus Nelson Mandela and nine others, in the Supreme Court of South Africa Transvaal Provincial Division. The collection includes the Indictment; Annexure and Opening address; State's Concluding Address (part 1 to 4); and Judgment and Sentence.

Supreme Court of South Africa

Voices from Robben Island

16 mm Film with separated sound, unedited footage of interviews with former Robben Island prisoners. The footage used in the making of the documentary, "Voices from Robben Island." Interviewees include Nelson Mandela, Walter Sisulu, Ahmed Kathrada, Andrew Mlangeni, Govan Mbeki, Mac Maharaj, Neville Alexander, Eddie Daniels Kwedie Mkallipi, Jacob Zuma, Seth Mazibuko, Terror Lekota, James Gregory, Mike Green, Sisulu's and Mlangenis visiting the island,Wild Sounds buzz, Wedding cake, Maqoma burial, and Steve Tshwete. Also includes scenes of prison life on Robben Island, and interviews with warders.

Schadeberg, Jürgen

Wits Convocation

A biographical file that includes documentation concerning Nelson Mandela's nomination for chancellorship of the University of the Witwatersrand in 1982. There are forms signed by the nominees, as well as an acceptance of the nomination, signed by Mr. Nelson Mandela.

University of the Witwatersrand

Nelson Mandela Speeches and writings

Articles by Nelson Mandela on the defiance campaign 1952 - 1956. Leaflets issued by the National Action Council calling for a nationwide stay away. April - May 1961. Letter by Nelson Mandela to Sir De Villiers Graaf leader of the white opposition - United party. 23 may 1961 Message from Nelson Mandela to the second national conference 16 June 1985

Mandela, Nelson Rolihlahla

African National Congress Video Unit

African National Congress
Footage on Nelson Mandela, s travels throughout the world after his release from prison -dates from 1990- 1997.

African National Congress (ANC) Video Unit

In celebration of Madiba

Mail and Guardian tribute site in celebration of Madiba. The 20 year archive includes speeches, statements, newspaper articles, photographs, video clips, cartoons and ANC related articles.

Nelson Mandela: his life in his own words

Documentary describing the milestones in the life of Nelson Mandela- from his younger days through his political activities for the ANC, his long imprisonment up to the achievement of the Nobel Peace Prize and his nomination to be the first black president of South Africa.

Metrodome Productions

Nelson Mandela video and audio

The collection from the times documenting
1. Helen Suzman on her first meeting with Nelson Mandela on Robben Island
2. The day Madiba was released from prison outside Victor Verster Audio clips on Nelson Mandela statement on January 8 1994 plus slides by Peter Magubane

Ruth First Papers

The personal papers of Ruth First
The collection is made up of background material, correspondence and reviews concerning "No Easy Walk to Freedom" edited by Ruth First. Printed copies of Nelson Mandela’s speech at the Rivonia Trial. Drafts of sections of the book, and a typescript of Mary Benson’s statement before the UN Special Committee on Apartheid in 1964, with handwritten alterations. Correspondence, mainly between Ruth First and Heinemann Publishers, as well as clippings of newspaper reviews.
Material on political detention between 1963 and 1970, including a copy of the 1963 Detention Act, a radio script by Mary Benson entitled "Nelson Mandela and the Rivonia Trial," and notes produced by Ruth First. Press releases and conference papers concerning the Symposium on the exploitation of Blacks in South Africa and Namibia, organized by the United Nations in 1978, with observances of the 60th birthday of Nelson Mandela.
Transcripts of interviews with Robben Island political prisoners. Correspondence from friends and acquaintances, and materials from South African newspapers concerning the Rivonia Trial.

First, Ruth

Interviews: Denis Goldberg

Interviews with Denis Goldberg on his life. Also interview with George Bizos on Goldberg's role and involvement in the Rivonia Trial. Forms part of individual's research. Transcription in process.

Untitled

Ahmed Kathrada Interviews with Nelson Mandela

These recordings were generated in the preparation and editing of the "Long Walk to Freedom" book and Anthony Sampson's authorised biography. In both of these projects, Ahmed Kathrada worked closely with Sampson and Stengel (who provided professional support for "Long Walk to Freedom") and Mandela. Transcription and digitisation is in process.

One transcribed extract (extract 5) relates to the Rivonia Trial as Mandela tells Kathrada about a conversation he had with a warder at Pretoria Local Prison during the trial about the fate of the accused.

There may be references to the Rivonia Trial in other recordings and in NMPP2009/57 Rick Stengel Interviews with Nelson Mandela.

Kathrada, Ahmed Mohamed (Kathy)

Times Media Collection

Black and white negatives from Rand Daily Mail and Sunday Times newspapers. Selected prints also available. Rivonia Trial photographs consists of: police roadblocks stopping people on their way to hear judgement (11 June 1964); crowds outside the court awaiting judgement; Winnie Mandela, Albertina Sisulu, Mandela's mother, Leslie Minford, Annie Goldberg, Hilda Bernstein arriving to hear judgement (11 June 1964); police and Winnie Mandela outside the courtroom, pictures of the accused (Mandela, Sisulu, Mhlaba, Mlangeni, Motsoaledi, Bernstein, Hepple, Kathrada, Mbeki, Goldberg) and others (Ben Turok, Moses Kotane, J B Marks, Tennyson Makiwane, Dr Arthur Letele, Joe Slovo). Also one picture of police at Liliesleaf Farm (PH2003-773).

Rand Daily Mail

Mandela Materials Database

The Mandela Materials Database is a guide to the Mandela archive located with the Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory and Dialogue and elsewhere. Both local and international repositories have been surveyed for any material on Mr Mandela to include in the database. The purpose of this database is to point researchers to the relevant repositories holding the actual archival material. Although much of the material identified in the database does not relate directly to the Rivonia Trial, it has been referenced here as Mandela was one of the main protagonists in the Rivonia Trial. Any material directly related to the Rivonia Trial as been cross-referenced in this database.

Nelson Mandela Foundation (NMF)

The State versus Nelson Mandela and Nine Others

  • ZA ASC-UNISA MR-RT-028
  • Collection
  • 1963 - 1964
  • Part of Rivonia Trial

In Special Collections section of the UNISA Library. The records of the Supreme Court of South Africa (Transvaal Provincial Division) on the proceedings of the Rivonia Trial. The collection contains: Indictment: Annexures and Opening address (1 volume); State's Concluding Address (volumes 1-4): vol.1: A factual analysis of the documentary exhibits handed in and of the oral testimony given, by the state witnesses, vol.2: The persons who were parties to the conspiracy and the implementation thereof, vol.3: n Kritiese ontleding van sekere dokumentere bewysstukke, vol.4: A factual analysis of the defence case and of the further documentary exhibits produced in the course thereof; and Judgment and Sentence (1 volume).

Department of Justice

Denis Goldberg Collection

  • ZA ASC-UNISA MR-RT-102
  • Collection
  • 1980 - 1989
  • Part of Rivonia Trial

Part of Documentation Centre for African Studies at UNISA Library. Denis Goldberg donated sound cassettes and videos about his life during the Struggle, as well as on his work after he was released. The only part of the collection directly related to the Rivonia Trial are the sound cassettes which have been put on CD (CD numbers correspond with cassette numbers). CDs re Rivonia Trial:
2A, 2B, 3A, 3B (1985): Interview of Denis Goldberg by John Pampallis including discussion of start of armed struggle, Liliesleaf, Rivonia Trial, imprisonment and release.
7A, 7B (1985/6): Discussion with R and C Boon re struggle time, Rivonia Trial, armed struggle.
26A, 26B (1993): Reconstruction of Rivonia for Radiowerf Amsterdam (?). New owners of Liliesleaf talk. Dutch narrative with English in background.

Goldberg, Denis Theodore

Carter-Karis Collection of South African Materials

  • ZA ASC-UNISA MR-RT-107
  • Collection
  • 1960 - 1980
  • Part of Rivonia Trial

This extensive collection was purchased by UNISA from Cooperative Africana Microfilm Project (CAMP). It is housed in Documentation Centre for Africa Studies. A microfilm reel guide is also available there. Rivonia Trial material is found at 2:YR2:84, 92, 97, and 99. It contains reaction to Rivonia, the States' "A factual analysis of the documentary exhibits handed in and of the oral testimony given at the so-called Rivonia Trial", documents seized in searched connected with the Rivonia Trial, and newspaper clippings.

Karis, Thomas

Drum Magazine Photographic Archive

Collection of photographs covering major political events, including:
The 1952 Defiance Campaign. The Bantu Education Boycott of 1955. Organising for the 1956 Women's March to the Union Buildings in Pretoria. Treason Trial 1956 - 1961, and photographs taken during this period such as Nelson Mandela at Jerry Moloi’s boxing gym in Orlando. Photographs of Nelson Mandela and fellow comrades at meetings. The All in Africa Conference held in Pietermaritzburg in December 1961. Photographs of family and friends at the funeral of Thembekile Mandela, July 1969. Scenes of Nelson Mandela’s visit to Ghana in November 1994. Also featured in the photographs are: Jerry Moloi, a professional featherweight boxer; James Phillips; Ahmed Kathrada; Barney Desai; Ruth First; Joe Slovo; Sonia Bunting; Evelyn Mandela; Winnie Mandela; Aziz Pahad; Helen Joseph; Moses Kotane; Peter Nthite; Walter Sisulu; Harrison Motlana; Ghanaian Head of State, John Jerry Rawlings; and Togolese Prime Minister, Joseph Kokou Koffigoh. Photographers include: Gopal Naransamy, Bob Gosani, Peter Magubane and Jurgen Schadeberg.

Drum Magazine

Bailey's African History Archive

The entire collection at Bailey's emanates from Drum Magazine. It includes a full set of South African Drum (1951-1984), issues of its sister publications, Drum from other African countries, and an extensive archive of Drum photographers.

A number of articles in various issues of South African Drum relate to the Rivonia Trial:
-August 1963 "The Raid" accompanied by artist Lennie Saks' drawings, re the arrests at Liliesleaf.
-December 1963 "South Africa goes on Trial" with photos and text about main protagonists (Vorster, Mandela)
-January 1964 entitled "They made the news in 1963" and "While the world watches 40 fight for their lives" about the three sabotage trials (Rivonia Trial in Johannesburg, Cape Town, Pietermaritzburg) with photographs and captions about each person (available online).
-June 1964 "The Rivonia men" with a profile of Mandela, Kathrada, Bernstein, Goldberg, Sisulu, Mbeki and "Rivonia - the three mystery men" profiling Mhlaba, Mlangeni, Motsoaledi.
-July 1964 "After the Trial - Sabotage!" and "I'll never forget Rivonia" by Aggrey Klaaste
-August 1964 "The strange world after Rivonia"

An article in the Post related to Rivonia:
-September 1963 "Kill Goldreich Plot - The one who got away" (available online)

Photographs are arranged under subject headings and are by Drum photographers:
Envelope under subject of "Rivonia Trial/Winnie Mandela/Liliesleaf Farm, Drum December 1963-January 1964":
-Includes photos of family members outside the court in 1963, mostly Winnie Mandela, Mrs Mandela (Mandela's mother), contact sheets, various shots of the crowd and police cordoning off crowd with dogs, policemen at Liliesleaf Farm entrance.

Two envelopes under subject " Winnie Mandela"
-Various pictures of Winnie Mandela and children at different times, these include some from the outside the court during Rivonia Trial (mostly same as in Rivonia Trial envelope)

No Rivonia Trial photos were found under other trialists' names in subject folders. The photographs that exist of them come mostly from the Treason Trial.

Photographs online include ones mentioned above and photo of Lionel Bernstein and photographs of Liliesleaf Farm (search "Rivonia" in online search).

Drum Magazine

GALA Oral History Project

GALA's Oral History Project was launched in co-operation with journalist Mark Gevisser to provide background material for Gevisser's film biography of Cecil Williams (The Man who Drove with Mandela). Williams was a well-known theatre director in South Africa in the 1950s. He was also a communist, underground activist and gay. These interviews form the bulk of the collection (Series A). It consists of more than 60 interviews on audio cassette with lesbians and gay men older than 60 at the time of the interview. Some of the interviews have been transcribed, and include some photographs and memorabilia. The interviews keyworded "Rivonia treason trial" are A1.12, A1.18, A1.32 and A1.49. A.1. are all interviews with gay men and lesbians about their lives in South Africa in the 1950s and 1960s. Restrictions apply.

Gay and Lesbian Archive (GALA)

Institute for Security Studies

The ISS has worked with the OAU and has, amongst others, released a CD-ROM containing all OAU Council of Ministers and Summit decisions, declarations and commitments from 1963 to 2001. The CD also contains the key documents for the following regional organisations: SADC, ECOWAS, IGAD and COMESA. It is a work in progress, and will be updated with documents from other sub-regional organisations and more recent documentation, as it becomes available.

Jurgen Schadeberg Photographic Archive

Collection of photographs of Nelson Mandela, including: An early photograph of Mandela in his law office that he shared with Oliver Tambo. Nelson Mandela at the Defiance Campaign Trial 1952.
Photographs taken during the Treason Trial 1956 -1961. Mandela’s return visit to his cell on Robben Island (1994).
Portraits of Mandela.
Featured alongside Mandela in the photographs are Moses Kotane, James Moroka, Yusuf Dadoo and Ruth First.

Schadeberg, Jürgen

Oral History Project

The man who drove Mandela: 1 copy of the documentary 12 Audio cassettes of the soundtrack of the film.

Archbishops of Cape Town Part iii

The records of Anglican church in South Africa includes: correspondence, circulars of amoung the letters there is the ANC letter to Mr. De Klerk, address by Nelson Mandela. Joint undertaking between Nelson Mandela and Mangosuthu Buthelezi on peace and the democratic process 1993. Documents on Nelson Mandela 1990 and correspondence between Archbishop Tutu and Pastor Ray Macauley on rights to enquire about Nelson Mandela's religious conviction.

Tutu, Desmond Mpilo

Human Rights Commission

Human Rights Commission is a big collection that has material on Nelson and Winnie Mandela statements, correspondence, prifiles, press cuttings, statements and publications.

Legal Resources Centre

Nelson Mandela 's commission of inquiry by Kriegler commission of inquiry 1994 into unrest in prisons.

Trial- State vs. Nelson Mandela

Nelson Mandela’s charges of inciting workers to strike and for leaving South Africa without a valid travel document. Includes a request for further particulars and a reply, application for postponement, exhibits, the statement made by Nelson Mandela, correspondence and press cuttings. Mainly photocopies.

Delmas Treason

Delmas Treason trial includes Nelson Mandela's response to P W Botha's conditional release offer. Publication with Nelson Mandela's biography. Notes on Release Mandela campaign by Curtis Nkondo.
Release Mandela Campaign Meeting, Regina Mundi, 8 July 1984. UDF Meeting in honour of Bishop Tutu, and the reading of Nelson Mandela's message, Jabulani, 10 February 1985. RMC leaflet: invitation to prayer meeting in solidarity with Nelson Mandela and commemorating death of Luthuli. ANC pamphlet: Nelson Mandela will be 65 tomorrow, 18 July 1983. Newspaper clippings on Release Mandela Campaign.

Sylvia Neame Papers

Sylvia Neame papers, in the collection there are three items on Nelson Mandela these include the letter Nelson Mandela wrote on the ICU, Release Mandela call, a copy of the letter from Nelson Mandela from prison during the Rivonia trial on the expulsion of Communists from the ICU.

Kairos Collection

Kairos collection ranges from the year 1970- 2002. In the collection there is a list of banned individuals, political prisoners, letter from Winnie to Mary Benson presented at the United nations, free Mandela and all the other political prisoners detention and trials

Gordimer Nadine

Collection of letters,events, and book chapters by Nadine Gordimer. The collection includes the White house dinner event attended by Nelson Mandela in October 1994 , correspondence on the chapter Beyond the Myth Mandela's mettle 1993, preparations for attendance to public events etc.

South African Campaign to ban landmines (SACBL) Records

Minutes, correpsondence, press statements of the South African Campaign to ban landmines including an open letter to President Mandela and an appeal to President Nelson Mandela, statement on landmines by the Catholic Archbishop of Cape Town, South Africa’s position regarding landmines, Open Society Institute Landmine Project, conference on a landmine-free Africa in Kempton Park in May 1997.

African National Congress (ANC) Collection 1928-1975

African National Congress papers 1928-1975. The collection correspondence from Organising Secretary, ANC Klerksdorp to Messrs. Mandela and Tambo, 9 November 1955, National Action Council: a review of the stay-at-home demonstration May 29th, 30th, 31st, 1961, travel expenses of officials and delegates and legal expenses due to Mandela and Tambo, attorneys and speech by Nelson Mandela Nelson cautions that the Youth League must not use schools as a platform for political organisation. Speech at the conclusion of his trial in Pretoria, 7 November 1962.

African National Congress (ANC)

African National Congress (ANC) Collection

ANC presidents office material hasSpeeches and statements by ANC president Oliver Tambo includes a letters from Bobben Island and Pollsmoor by Nelson Mandela nd, 1978-1988, Nelson Mandela International tribute, Release Nelson Mandela and all the political prisoners campaign, Nelson Mandela's reply to PW Botha. Statement of the opening of the conference by Nelson Mandela.

African National Congress (ANC)

Elections 1994 Records and Posters

Posters with Nelson Mandela images
1. Mandela for President
2.. Now is the Time, Ke Nako, Sekujalo
3. Mandela for President : The People's Choice
4. Message from Mandela
5. Happy Birthday (Nelson Mandela)
Bagde with image of Nelson Mandela: Mandela for President

African National Congress (ANC) elections unit

Auden House

National Consultative Committee pamphlets set our leaders free. Memoranda and letters. Minutes. ANC Campaigns - potato boycott. SACTU Stay at home 1961. Multi racial Conference; Anti - Union Festival Committee; Honor Luthuli Committee; Treason Trial. Defence Fund, Human rights and Civil Liberties. All in Africa Conference - Letter from Nelson Mandela the Secretary of All in Africa Confererence 26 March 1961, National Action Council re National Convention to the Secretary SACOD Johannesburg 25 April 1961Personal papers includes treason trial documents- Microfilms

Auden House

Ballinger Family Papers

Ballinger papers focussing on Anti- Apartheid and trade union struggles, in the collection there is correspondents Department of native Affairs Messrs Mandela and Tambo (Attorneys and the Native Commissioner (Zeerust) disputes between of the Bahurutse. Correspondence requesting help for Nelson Mandela Studying LLB at the University of the Witwatersrand.

Ballinger

Jeremy Baskin

Jeremy Baskin collection is made up of workers related issues has material on speech by Nelson Mandela on the release and ado0cument presented by Mandela on violence and the armed struggle. Address to COSATU workshop. Records of the summit convened by President Nelson Mandela on Job creation.

Baskin, Jeremy

Black Sash

Black Sash material has Black Sash activities includes Nelson Mandela Speaks', Mandela's speech on his release from prison :includes a tribute to the Black SASH. Treason trial, sanctions, Mandela, Tambo.

Black Sash Movement

History Workshop

Collection of social history in South Africa includes photos of ANC funeral and Nelson Mandela's photos and the wedding photo with Winnie.

Callinicos, Luli

Edwin Cameron

Correspondence to Nelson Mandela from Cameron 5 December re history of living with HIV & AIDS (accompanied by correspondence with Dr. Malegapuru Makgoba). Speech by Nelson Mandela during the centenary celebrations of the Rhodes Trust 02 July 2003 (accompanied by a BBC news internet article)

Cameron, Edwin

Centre for Applied Legal Studies 1980-1999

Report and correspondence of the commission of inquiry on the demonstration of May 21 1991 in relation to the suspension of Winnie Mandela and the members of the women's league.
ANC speeches, statements including the speech delivered by Nelson Mandela on his release on 11 February 1990.

Centre for Applied Legal Studies (CALS)

CASE

Community Agency for Social Change papers includes Goldstone Commission submission. Address by Nelson Mandela at the ANC /IFP summit1991 National Peace accord

Community Agecny for Social Change CASE

Ecumenical Monitoring

The Ecumenical Monitoring programme was established to monitor South African events up to the National elections in 1994. In the collection there is a Joint Statement by Nelson Mandela and Mangosuthu Buthelezi at the Royal Hotel in March 1 1994.

Ecumenical monitoring

End Conscription Campaign

Material of the End Conscription Campaign, correspondence includes a letter to Nelson Mandela and lobbying letters to organisations.

End conscription campaign

David Everatt

Collection of David Everatt papered has documents, transcripts of interviews, publications and correspondence. Amoung the collection the are Nelson speeches.

Everatt, David

Bernstein Hilda and Rusty Papers 1931-2006

Rusty Bernstein's Papers includes personal correspondence to family and comrades, professional documentation relating to his career as an architect and inventor, and a large collection of writing, including drafts and material for his political biography Memory Against Forgetting as well as articles, essays and literature relating to prominent events in the liberation struggle (The 1946 Mine Workers Strike, The Freedom Charter and the Rivonia Trial). The collection also includes written material relating to his political career in the Communist Party and involvement with the ANC and as editor/contributor to journals like Fighting Talk and The African Communist and a lecture series given in Moscow to young militants of the ANC.
Hilda Bernstein's papers include a series of journals dating from 1967 to 2001 and personal diaries written whilst in prison, and on travels throughout South Africa and Europe. A large part of the collection marks her involvement with women's rights and work for the ANC Women's League. There is also a considerable collection of art records documenting her career in London and Europe. The bulk of the collection is comprised of records relating to Hilda's extensive writings - books, articles and political literature. Of particular prominence is material collected for her most recent book The Rift, which captures the experiences of South African exiles. There is also a large collection of correspondence both personal and professional and political brochures relating to her position as City Councillor for the Communist Party in Johannesburg from 1943 to 1946.

The records kept by Hilda (viewed as 'evidence' of Hilda's activities) far outnumber those kept by Rusty. It would be misleading to presume that this is in any way a complete archive of the Bernstein's activities.
On the contrary, there are large gaps. For example, there is very little in the collection relating directly to the Freedom Charter, in which Rusty played a major part in the organizing committee and was responsible for drafting the country-wide submissions that would become the Charter. Consideration should also be made for the possibility that Hilda is a more conscientious record keeper than Rusty was, or that due to persistent banning and arrest Rusty was forced to destroy evidence of his activities or resist the documentation of these activities. In truth, the reasons for the shape of this collection are too numerous and extensive to state. As it stands, the researcher can at best make this deduction - that Hilda's work and influence in the liberation struggle, particularly in the role assigned to woman, is vast and unique, and deserves attention beyond the shadow cast by Rusty's political career. In Hilda's case it is a matter of the biography that has yet to be written.

Hilda and Rusty Bernstein Papers

Joel Joffe

A copy of the book written by Joel Joffe, the Rivonia Story, accompanied by copies of documents in Nelson Mandela's handwriting. The documents include his application for remand in the Pretoria Regional Court on 15 October 1962, and a typed account of his speech in the Pretoria Regional Court.

Joffe, Joel

Helen Joseph

Collection of papers built by Helen Joseph during her lifetime, these relate to her personal fight against
apartheid. The collection has papers on her involvement in politics, the Human rights Welfare Committee, the 1956 Treason trial, banning banishment, house arrests relationship with Nelson Mandela and his family - Nelson and Winnie Mandela - Release Mandela Campaign

Joseph, Helen

Denis Kuny Papers

Court records judgement in a matter Regina vs. N Mandela where Mandela was accused of promoting the aims of the defiance campaign and given a suspended sentence.

Kuny, Denis

Nelson Mandela Papers

Application challenging the right of the court over him. Preparatory notes, statement from the dock, final clauses from statement from the dock, Nelson Mandela's defence statement.

Legal Resources Centre

Israel (Isie) Maisels

Family records, correspondence and letters relating to Isie Maisels work as an advocate ( Maisels led the defence at the Treason trial) correspondence includes letters from Albert Luthuli, Mandela and others thanking him for his defence.

Maisels, Israel

Nelson Mandela

Handwritten speeches and papers by Nelson Mandela for the Pretoria Regional Court Trial (1962) and the Rivonia Trial (1963 - 1964).
The collection includes further notes by Nelson Mandela for his defence. Application for the remand of the trial. Application challenging the right of the court to try him and his preparatory notes. Notes written by Nelson Mandela and intended to use if sentenced to death.

Mandela, Nelson Rolihlahla

Nelson Mandela

Letter written by Nelson Mandela while in Victor Verster prison, to Moses [Mayekiso] congratulating him on his acquittal on a charge of high treason, 28 June 1989.

Mandela, Nelson Rolihlahla

Lillian Ngoyi

Papers of Lillian Masediba Ngoyi the collection is made up of Lillian Ngoyi's biography, Newsclippings and lots of correspondence that Mrs Ngoyi wrote to Mr. and Mrs. Allan in Switzerland among the letters expressing there are two letters referring to Mr. Nelson Mandela. In one letter Mrs. Ngoyi expresses pleasure that the South African authorities granted her permission to visit Nelson Mandela. The other letter is written while travelling in the train to Cape Town to meet Nelson Mandela, Mrs Ngoyi describes the scenery in detail and expresses the joy of being able to travel without any restrictions and further explains that he expects to be see Madiba on the 25th August 1973.

Ngoyi, Lilian

Alan Stewart Paton Collection

The state vs. Nelson Mandela and the others. 12 June 1964. Evidence and address by A. Paton in mitigation of sentence,

Paton, Alan

Benjamin Pogrund

Benjamin Pogrund Material on banning orders; civil rights campaigns rule by police, social change.; repression in South Africa; telegrams sent to Winnie Mandela 1987; the message of Rivonia

Pogrund, Benjamin

Ronnie Press

Nelson Mandela 's Memorabilia- Bronze medal 70cm dia. Written in French.

Press, Ronnie

Reddy E.S

Anti-apartheid collection of news clippings, press releases, memoranda and printed items issued outside of South Africa. The subjects covered include Anti-Apartheid activities in various countries, particularly the work of the United Nations Special Committee against Apartheid, and its campaigns for the release of Nelson Mandela.

Reddy, Enuga S.

Records of the Rivonia Treason Trial

Incomplete set of records of the state vs. Nelson Mandela and nine others. The collection includes the indictment, opening address, statements, evidence, evaluation of evidence and exhibits including photographs. An important section of the collection relates to preparations of the defence. As well as Nelson Mandela, the accused include Dennis Goldberg, Govan Mbeki, Walter Sisulu, Ahmed Kathrada, Andrew Mlangeni, Raymond Mhlaba, James Kantor and Elias Motsoaledi.

Peter Soal Collections

Peter Soal papers made up of speeches, press statements, and correspondence the collection includes the African National Congress material on the 75th anniversary speech( O. R. Tambo, interview with Chris Hani a record of understanding between F.W. De Klerk and Nelson Mandela, 1992 anti- ANC material.

Soal, Peter

Robert Sobukwe

Robert Sobukwe papers, in the collection there is a copy of the correspondence to the Commanding Officer Robben Island enclosing R100 books for Nelson Mandela and a publication with the title The South Africa Mandela - ANC dialogue euphoria.

Sobukwe, Robert Mangaliso

South African Institute of Race Relations

SAIRR petitions, protests statements letters and condemnations regarding riots. The collection includes correspondence by Winnie Mandela as well correspondence with banned people and SAIRR participation in a petition by the Personal Liberties Defence Committee.

South African Broadcasting Corporation [DO NOT USE]

World Conference on Religion and Peace

Collection of the conference on religion and peace includes a text of Mandela’s speech with religious leaders on the morals summit and attendance list.

South African Congress of Trade Unions (SACTU)

South African Council of Churches

South African Council of churches records include: Address by Arch Bishop Desmond Tutu calling for Mandela to be released, the Release Mandela Campaign, speeches by Nelson Mandela, memoranda sent by Brigalia Bam to Nelson Mandela on crime and violence, TRC minutes on crime and violence (meeting with President Mandela, moral leadership of the church and statements by Nelson Mandela on TRC.

South African Council of Churches (SACC)

South African Institute of Race Relations

SAIRR correspondence and memorabilia to and from the South African Institute of Race relations.. Correspondence includes New Age article of the letter by Ntsu Mokhehle to Nelson Mandela on the Attack 28 August 1961. Nelson Mandela correspondencewith Si De Villiers Graaf on the inauguration of the Republic

South African Institute of Race Relations

South African Institute of Race Relations

Archives of the South African Institute of Race Relations the collection has a folder on the correspondence between Bantu Welfare Trust and Nelson Mandela 1946-1958 digitised

South African Institute of Race Relations

South African Institute of Race Relations

South African Institute of race Relations press clippings 1928 (1940-1970)-1985 the collection has material on the ANC, treason trial, and Rivonia trial. Correspondence with Mandela Family between 1954- 1962; 1964- 1984

South African Institute of Race Relations

Helen Suzman

Collection includes documentation concerning the following:
Helen Suzman's visits to Robben Island and Victor Verster prisons (1967, 1982, and 1985). Reports on prison conditions at Robben Island, submitted by Nelson Mandela and Neville Alexander (1967). Law text books to be sent to Nelson Mandela (1974). Robben Island geographical information, conditions and treatment of prisoners. Lord Nicholas Bethell's interactions with Nelson Mandela. Includes documents about the possible release of Nelson Mandela.

Suzman, Helen

Oliver Tambo Papers

The collection includes correspondence, addresses/ statements, Appeal for Action Against Apartheid, Arrest of Nelson Mandela, Mandela -Wembley Concert, Nelson Mandela - Freedom at Seventy, Nelson Mandela 70thth Birthday Tribute to Nelson Mandela, Release of Nelson Mandela and the unbanning of the ANC, Nelson and Winnie Mandela, Nelson Mandela’s visits, tributes, prizes and awards to Nelson Mandela.
Winnie Mandela footage and interviews,
Winnie Mandela, Footage, interview s for BBC TV News affair

Tambo, Oliver Reginald

Raymond Tucker

Has documents on
Mandela, Winnie Nomzano 1965- 1977
Record of an appeal against her conviction for breaking a banning order, (another copy at AD1901)
and heads of argument, opinion, judgement, correspondence. 1970 (see also: 21)
Various documents in connection with WN Mandela’s banning orders and house arrest. 1965-1971
Arrangements for WN Mandela to visit her husband on Robben Island 1970-71. Statement by a Financial Times journalist on a visit to Mrs Mandela in Brandfort 1977 Naidoo, Shantavothie 1 box 1969-1971.
Documents relating to S Naidoo’s arrest for refusing to give evidence in the Trial of 22 (Ndou et al.
Accused under the Suppression of Communism Act, later the Terrorism Act). Also records relating to
the government’s refusal to grant her an exit permit. (See also AD1901)

Tucker, Raymond Jack

Archbishop Desmond Tutu

Archbishop Demond Tutu Papers from Archbishop's media secretary. The collection has memorabilia, correspondence, statements, notes, lectures and speeches

Tutu, Desmond Mpilo

Nelson Mandela

Collection consisting mainly of Nelson Mandela’s student records, including:
Correspondence between Nelson Mandela and the University of the Witwatersrand registrar’s Office, as well as correspondence between the registrar’s office and the Secretary for Bantu Education concerning Mandela’s registration. Includes the 1952 suspension of Mandela’s registration as an LLB student (1952 - 1980).
News clippings from various South African newspapers, covering subjects such as Mandela’s class of 1946 re-union at Wits University, a suspected bid to kill Mandela on Robben Island in 1969 and Mandela’s autobiography, Long Walk to Freedom.
Correspondence programmes, speeches, invitations and photographs concerning the special graduation ceremony in which Mandela was awarded an honorary doctorate in law at the University of the Witwatersrand, September 1991. Also featured in the collection are photographs of Winnie Mandela, Oliver Tambo, Alfred Nzo, Jacob Zuma, Frene Ginwala, Mongane Wally Serote, Gertrude Shope, Peter Mokaba, Yusuf and Amina Cachalia.
Correspondence, extracts of speeches, news clippings and photographs concerning the special re-union of Mandela’s class of 1946, held in his honour.
A speech delivered by Mandela on the installation of Professor Colin Bundy as Vice Chancellor of the university.

University of the Witwatersrand

University of Witwatersrand Student Representative Council, Resource Centre

Records belonging to the National Union of South African Students 1933 -1992. Includes document sent to the university from Nelson Mandela, 9 December 1949- Crisis at Wits, M.D.M. Statement on Winnie Mandela 1989, Release Mandela Campaign, Free-NUSAS welcomes Nelson Mandela home pamphlets, Speeches delivered by Nelson Mandela, including the Rivonia Treason trial

University of the Witwatersrand

Allison Wessels George Champion Papers

The papers of Alison Wessels Champion was known as AWG Champion he was one of the leaders of ICU and was also a member of the ANC. In the collection there is correspondence with Nelson Mandela in August 1950.

Wessels, Allison

A. B. Xuma

A.B. Xuma Papers amoung the papers there is a list of ANC list of youth league office bearers. Correspondence form the Youth League.

Xuma, A.B.

Ivan Raymond May

Collection of Dr. Ivan May has a bill of rights presentation poster with the original signatures of Nelson Mandela, FW De Klerk, Roelf Meyer, Cyril Ramaphosa and Arthur Chaskalson.

May, Ivan

South African Institute of Race Relations

SAIRR memoranda, circulars. Letters minutes addresses and printed items relating to subject of Apartheid, Race relations, socialism and communism, includes a file on correspondence with Allan Paton, Nelson Mandela, Dr Essellen, Patric Duncan, Prof Jabavu, Prof Du Plessies, Naidoo etc.

South African Institute of Race Relations

South African Institute of Race Relations Photograph Collection

Forms part of archives of South African Institute of Race Relations. Photographs mainly from Drum Magazine relating to politics and political figures. Photographs related to Rivonia Trial are under 15 personalities: 2. Arthur Goldreich (bearded), 3. Goldreich with Abdulhay Jassat (29/9/63), 4. Goldreich with ? (possibly Harold Wolpe) as refugees in Francistown? 1963, 5a Arthur Goldreich, 5b-d Contact prints of Goldreich and others; 26. Trials: 6-7 Women demonstrating during the Rivonia Trial 1964.

South African Institute of Race Relations

Records of the Rivonia Trial

Incomplete set of records of the State vs. Nelson Mandela and nine others. The collection includes charge sheets, the indictment, opening address, statements, evidence, evaluation of evidence and exhibits, including photographs, bail applications, sentencing. An important section of the collection relates to preparation of the defence. Also includes a VHS video (no soundtrack) of the cells and court room where the Rivonia Trial was held. This was filmed a long time after the trial. Its reference code is AD1844, D.

Missing volumes are: Volume 21: Walter Sisulu's Evidence (vol. 2); Volume 22: Walter Sisulu's Evidence (vol. 3); Volume 23: Walter Sisulu's Evidence (vol. 4); Volume 27: Denis Goldberg's Evidence; Volume 35: Exhibit: Plan of Liliesleaf and Rivonia. Incomplete: Volume 29: Elias Motsoaledi's Statement. It is not clear why these volumes are missing.

The records in this collection are the Defence set donated originally by Joel Joffe. They are part of the archives of the South African Institute of Race Relations (SAIRR).

Joffe, Joel

Nelson Mandela Papers

Handwritten speeches and papers by Nelson Mandela for the Pretoria Regional Court Trial (1962) and the Rivonia Trial (1963-1964). The collection includes further notes by Nelson Mandela for his defence; the application for the remand of the trial; an application challenging the right of the court to try him and his preparatory notes. Rivonia Trial records are a typed copy of Mandela's statement from the dock (signed); final clause of statement from the dock (manuscript); notes that Mandela intended to use if he were sentenced to death when asked if he had anything to say (manuscript). There are copies of these in the Legal Resources Centre, Bram Fischer Library, Johannesburg.

Mandela, Nelson Rolihlahla

Joel Joffe Papers

Joel Joffe was one of the defence lawyers in the Rivonia Trial. This collection contains a copy of the book written by him on the Rivonia Trial, The Rivonia Story, accompanied by copies of documents in Nelson Mandela's handwriting. The documents include his application for remand in the Pretoria Regional Court on 15 October 1962, a typed account of his speech in the Pretoria Regional Court, first draft of his speech and notes to be used if he was sentenced to death.

Joffe, Joel

James Kantor Papers

There are legal documents relating to the Rivonia Trial and to Kantor's law firm, personal papers, correspondence and notes from prison, and research and manuscripts for his book. The papers are not fully sorted or listed but some are in numbered folders. They do not necessarily form a collection discrete from other Liliesleaf Farm collections but have been listed as such for ease of reference. Also see entries for Harold and Annemarie Wolpe Papers, Liliesleaf Farm Audio-Visual Collection, Liliesleaf Farm Artefact Collection, Liliesleaf Farm/Rivonia Trial Research Collection.

Legal papers from the Trial include cross examination of Makda in the Rivonia Trial, charges, request by defence for further particulars, replies to request for further particulars by accused #9 and 10, motion to quash the indictment (with ms notes) 26 October 1963, bail application for Kantor and Yutar's reply, Annexure A to the indictment, Annexure B to the indictment, extract of evidence of Kantor. Also Yutar's reply to application to quash, bail application for Kantor and for Bernstein, judgment on bail application (p.1-90 and p.140-144 missing), comments on the evidence by Sergeant C D van Rensburg and Lieutenant Victor, statements by Berman, Fine, Greef, Tlale, Van Niekerk, Williams.

Financial statements from Kantor, Zwarenstein and Partners Law Firm. Payments shown by Kathrada, Wolpe, Hodgson, Ezra. Shows deposit for Liliesleaf Farm. Also other legal documents including transfer of Liliesleaf Farm in November 1961 from D B Fyfe to Novian Pty Limited. Also, a copy of letter from Kantor to staff at his law firm that he had to close it due to the Trial

Personal documents of James Kantor: passport, Defence Force Card, handwritten statement entitled "Details of my trip to Liliesleaf Farm" (5 pages with diagram of farm), personal history and career summary, correspondence (including from prison while being tried), will and other personal papers. Handwritten biographies of Trialists apparently written for Kantor while they were in prison during the trial (laminated), notes written in prison during the trial some on scraps of a chocolate box. One note reads: "Welcome! If that's the right word. What the hell are you doing here? You should be out defending us. Here's a pencil. Guard it with your life. It's worth its weight in gold"

Original typed manuscript for book "A Healthy Grave", various versions of this book some with manuscript additions sometimes called "The Reluctant Revolutionary", research for the book.

Articles: "Introduction to demolition and theory of explosives", newspaper clippings about Wolpe and Goldreich's escape.

These papers do not necessarily form a collection discrete from other Liliesleaf Farm collections but have been listed as such for ease of reference. Also see entries for Harold and Annemarie Wolpe Papers, Liliesleaf Farm Audio-Visual Collection, Liliesleaf Farm Artefact Collection, Liliesleaf Farm/Rivonia Trial Research Collection, Percy Yutar Papers.

Rivonia Trial

UNISA bought the microfilm from CAMP (Cooperative Africana Microfilm Project). These were transferred from the Archives and Special Collections.

Reel FI4059:
-Starts on list of evidence and exhibits (incomplete)
-Charge
-First indictment
-Annexure B to Indictment: The defence request for further particulars and State's reply thereto Part I and II
-Notice of application to quash indictment (27 October 1963)
-Heads of argument re application to quash by Bram Fischer and Percy Yutar's reply
-Second indictment
-Annexure A to indictment: Particulars to the counts set out in the indictment
-Annexure C
-Annexure B
-Notice to quash (22 November 1963)
-Heads of argument
-Bail applications of Bernstein and Kantor and judgment on application
-Opening address by Percy Yutar
-Index to state witnesses and exhibits
-Statements by witnesses including, amongst others, Makda, Mtolo, Davids, Mashiloane, Sulliman, Jaantjies, Jelliman. Card
-Notes on state witnesses evidence taken by defence (volumes 1-4 and extra piece in volume 5). Incomplete.

Reel FI4060:
-Continuation of witness statements including Mtolo,
-Notes on state witnesses evidence taken by defence
-Record of state witnesses in regard to James Kantor: Makda, Gibson, Kleynhans, Cox, First, Fenn, van Rensburg
-Analysis of state evidence by defence
-Defence opening address and Nelson Mandela's (sic) Statement from the Dock
-Walter Sisulu's evidence volume 1 (p.1-155), volume 2 (p. 156-296)

Reel FI4061:
-Walter Sisulu's evidence volume 3 (p. 297-356), volume 4 (p. 357-464)
-Ahmed Kathrada's evidence
-Raymond Mhlaba's evidence
-Lionel Bernstein's evidence (with notes)
-Denis Goldberg's evidence and cross examination by Mr Krog
-Govan Mbeki's evidence (includes notes passed between defence (?) team

FI4062:
-Elias Motsoaledi's statement (4 pages)
-Andrew Mlangeni's statement
-Analysis of defence evidence and notes on argument
-Judgement
-Evidence in mitigation of sentence and judgement on sentence
-Photographs of Rivonia
-Index of accused and co-conspirators and photographs
-Plans of Mountain view and Liliesleaf Farm
-List of documents found by police in raids
-Statement prepared by Nelson Mandela in his handwriting
-Evidence prepared by Sisulu in his handwriting
-Handwritten statement prepared by Sisulu in event of receiving the death sentence

It appears that these microfilms are a defence set and, according to the archivist, the originals came from Joel Joffe. However, they are not identical to the defence set of trial records at Wits (AD1844). That set contains some material that these microfilm do not and this set contains some material that Wits' does not (most notably, Sisulu's evidence and Goldberg's evidence are both complete in UNISA's and not at Wits). The reason for the differences are not known.

Untitled

Freedom Park Oral History Collection

Freedom Park has conducted oral history interviews with many veterans of the struggle for freedom in South Africa, including with the remaining veterans of the Rivonia Trial. Transcription in progress.

Untitled

Rivonia Trial Records

Contains papers relating to Rivonia Trial made available by Joel Joffe. Copies housed in the Bram Fischer Library. Originals at Historical Papers, University of Witwatersrand, A2519 Nelson Mandela Papers: Handwritten speeches and papers by Nelson Mandela for the Pretoria Regional Court Trial (1962) and the Rivonia Trial (1963-1964). The collection includes further notes by Nelson Mandela for his defence; the application for the remand of the trial; an application challenging the right of the court to try him and his preparatory notes. Rivonia Trial records are a typed copy of Mandela's statement from the dock (signed); final clause of statement from the dock (manuscript); notes that Mandela intended to use if he were sentenced to death when asked if he had anything to say (manuscript).

Mandela, Nelson Rolihlahla

South African Newspaper Collection

Collection of South African newspapers. Focus is newspapers from Johannesburg, Pretoria and surrounds. Collection includes coverage of the transfer of Mandela to Pretoria before the Trail, the arrests, Rivonia Trial, sentencing etc. Request relevant dates or publications. Newspapers which covered the trial extensively include Sunday Times, Pretoria News, Rand Daily Mail, Die Vaderland etc.

National Library of South Africa

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