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UWC Robben Island Mayibuye Archives Western Cape Collection English
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International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers

Correspondence and other documentation concerning the education of prisoners on Robben Island,
specifically in relation to Nelson Mandela's progress in obtaining study rights for prisoners for which
he estimated that approximately 400 prisoners would require assistance. There is correspondence about the signing of the Trust Deed for the Nelson Mandela Charitable Trust, and the awarding of a prize to Mandela in Austria.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers

Documentation concerning Winnie Mandela's contravention of her banning order. These include
affidavits against Winnie Mandela and replying affidavits, the court judgment, as well as invoices
generated by Ismail Ayob and Associates for acting on Winnie Mandela's behalf.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers

UNO
Correspondence by Krish Naidoo and Associates (1989) re: Legal fees and disbursements due for
work done on behalf of Mandela family. Instructions from Victor Verster prison by Nelson Mandela 5/2/1989 concerning matters relating to the Mandela Crisis Committee: completion of affidavits, church's findings about his family, possibility of criminal activities involving his family, profiles on each youth, prevention of further publicly.
Ismail Ayob and partners: Correspondence re: disbursements- Mandela family ,1989
Text for an IDAF publication on Mandela, 1986
Correspondence between Ayob and the prisons department re: security prisoners held at Pollsmoor
prison (Mandela, Mlangeni, Kathrada, Mhlaba, Sisulu and Patrick Makhubela) - 1984
Correspondence by Ismail Ayob, re: Kathrada's quota of visits. Correspondence by Ayob, re; financial assistance for Maki Mandela (1986). Maki's divorce (1986) correspondence of court records
Nelson Mandela medical reports (1985). Nelson Mandela vs. the minister of prisons (appeal) 1983- correspondence Frank, Bernadt and Joffe, Invoices, Heads of Argument

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers

Drafts, Undated Memos, Treason Trial Defence Fund correspondence
Brief biographies of some of the accused
Court Judgment during the Treason Trial 1961
Rivonia Trial brief
Rivonia Trial extracts of records
Treason Trial case
File: Treason trial (1957-1961) mainly correspondence that includes
Letter of gratitude on behalf of the Trialists to the Treason Trial Defence Fund for support received
signed by AMK [Kathrada]
Correspondents include I.A. Maisels, Canon Collins, Neville D. Vandyk, Rev. A.G. Sidebotham, Mrs. J.F. Burstall, M. Turok, Freda Levson, Freda Nuell, Bram Fischer, (includes original letters) Ros Ainsley, Jack Barnett, Harvey Mitchell, K. Hardie, Edward Joseph. Most material deals with Treason Trial costs
Items up for auction in aid of the Treason Trial Fund. Correspondence with names of those against whom charges have been withdrawn. File Treason Trial Defence Fund accounts for the year ended 31 March 1961 and balance sheet as at that date
Bound Volume
Preparatory examination in the matter of Regina versus 153 individuals on an allegation of high
treason. Outline of crown case/ 18 000 word indictment?
File Judgment as read out to court by the presiding judge Mr. Justice FLH Rumpff on Wednesday 29
March 1961. Brief Biographies of some of the accused
File Treason Trial 1956-1961 drafts and undated memos includes:
Full list of accused, Article entitled " Impressions of Johannesburg by a foreigner"
Memoranda concerning the Treason trial Defence Fund, some of which were issued by Christian
Action, List of sponsors of the South African Defence Fund, Statement by Canon Collins on the ending of the Treason Trial, Statement by Bishop Reeves on ending the Treason Trial, Typescript on Treason trial arrests, Christian Action special appeals after arrests.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers

Correspondence, drafts articles, press statements, handwritten notes, cables campaign material and other documentation concerning the Rivonia Trial. These include correspondence concerning the
sentencing, reports on decision by the Trialists to appeal against their sentences, typescripts of
draft articles on the imprisonment of Nelson Mandela and the Rivonia Trialists some of which are
written by E.S. ( Solly) Sachs, articles on the Rivonia Trial, biographical profiles of Nelson Mandela
issued by the Anti- Apartheid Movement, statement issued by Canon John Collins, Toll Kellock and
others by the Africa bureau, a typescript of Nelson Mandela statement from the dock, " Why I am ready to die" with original annotations, a Christian Action article entitled " Mandela a message from prison"
notes for adverts and letters concerning the Rivonia Trial, a pamphlet entitled " The message of
Rivonia" and statements of accounts and annexure of monies received in relation to the Rivonia
Trial. Correspondents include Freda Nuell, J Hadebe,, Canon Collins, E.S. Reddy, Hugh Lewin, Joel Joffe, Raymond Kunene and Rica Hodgson.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers

A report by Nelson Mandela on Robben Island prison conditions, including food, medical care, studies recreation, work, the single cells section, the hot water system, the alarm system, letters and
correspondence. Other documents includes references by Mandela to the 1977 media visit to
Robben Island.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers

A letter to Winnie Mandela by Ismail Ayob (16 August 1984) on a number of matters including an
article in the Guardian newspapers, monies sent to Nelson Mandela, Dr Asvat having a story
published by Alister Sparks (saying that the clinic run by Winnie was manned by AZAPO), a
message for Zwelakhe Sisulu to contact Winnie, an application by Winnie to move to Johannesburg,
Winnie's nomination for the Politiken and Dagens Nyheters Freedom Prize, monies disbursed to family
members and the education of the Mandela children. 1984.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers

Pamphlets calling for the release of the Rivonia Trialists (international)
Campaigns to save lives of the Rivonia Trialists- Anti Apartheid Movement
Original letter dated 5/11/1962 from Nelson Mandela to Canon Collins, acknowledging support
received from Christian Action. News clippings and campaign material re: Mandela's 5 year prison sentence. Nelson Mandela's testimony at his first trial, 1962 in which he talks extensively about his African trip. Copies and pamphlets calling for 3 day strike in 1961. Newsclippings from Observer, November 1962 re: Nelson Mandela's sentencing to 5 years in prison.
State versus Nelson Mandela 1962: main count particulars to the charge, list of publications,
documents and pamphlets presented as evidence, 1st alternative charge, 2nd alternative charge. Letter to the chief magistrate 16 October 1962 from Kantor Zwarenstein and partners re: conduct
by members of staff concerning State versus Nelson Mandela trial. Correspondence between Harold Wolpe and Canon Collins, October 1962 Correspondence with Canon Collins re: account in the Mandela trial. Correspondence include Ruth Finkelstein, Alex Hepple
Correspondence concerning the trial (Harold Wolpe)
Application for a remand of the trial for two weeks due to Adv. Slovo not being able to present because of his banning orders, 1962
Explanation of charge against Mandela
Extracts from Canon Collins chairperson's report at the AGM of Christian Action, November 1962, where he talks the betrayal of Nelson Mandela the remarkable Black Pimpernel Letters to the editor of the Times, London and the Guardian 1962 concerning the imprisonment of
Nelson Mandela and Walter Sisulu
Press statement issued by the Anti- Apartheid Movement August 1962 calling for messages of
support to be sent to Nelson Mandela.
Pamphlet with Mandela's call for a three day stay away, on behalf of the National Action Council
Draft biographical sketch of Nelson Mandela
All in African National Action Council- appeal to the people of South West Africa, written by Mandela
on behalf of NAC.
As above: appeal to students and scholars
As above: to members of the Transkei Territorial Authority

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers

Legal proceedings concerning the State versus Nelson Mandela in 1962. These material include an application for the remand of the trial due to Advocate Joe Slovo not being present because of his banning orders, the main count, an explanation of the charge against Nelson Mandela particulars to the charge, a list of publications, documents and pamphlets presented as evidence, the first alternative charge, the second alternative charge and Nelson Mandela's testimony in which he refers extensively to his Africa trip.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers

Correspondence, memoranda. Notes and affidavits concerning political imprisonment in South Africa, as well as details of campaigns by the World Campaign for the release of South African political prisoners.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers

Nelson Mandela Release Campaign
Correspondence - including E.S. Reddy, Canon Collins
A document entitled Release Mandela issued by IDAF research department
IDAF circulars as part of the release campaign
UN Press Releases
UN Centre Against Apartheid notes and documents

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers

Documentation concerning legal proceedings brought by Nelson Mandela against the Minister of prisons. These include correspondence by Mandela to his legal representatives, Frank Bernadt and
Joffe, affidavits by Nelson Mandela and Stanley Kawalsky, legal opinions, memoranda concerning the removal of papers concerning Nelson Mandela' relationship with attorneys, summaries of legal consultations with Mandela and an application by Mandela to handover privileged documents to his wife or daughter.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers

Miscellaneous collection of materials including correspondence, copies of court records, medical
reports and invoices. Subjects include Ahmed Kathrada's quota of prison visits, the appeal in the
case between Nelson Mandela and the minister of prisons (1983), security prisoners held at
Pollsmoor prison in1984 (Nelson Mandela, Andrew Mlangeni, Ahmed Kathrada, Raymond Mhlaba,
Walter Sisulu and Patrick Makhubela), financial assistance to Makaziwe Mandela (1986), and the
marital divorce of Makaziwe Mandela (1986).

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers

ANC correspondence and statements, including a letter from Canon John Collins by Oliver Tambo
January 1967), acknowledging the important work of the International Defence Aid Fund for engaging in many ventures on behalf of the ANC, in particular the launch of the campaign for the release of imprisoned politicians in South Africa. There is additional correspondence concerning political prisoners and the World Campaign for the Release of South African Political Prisoners, as
well as a transcript of a letter written by a Robben Island prisoner after his release in which he talks
about Nelson Mandela and conditions on Robben Island. There is also a statement issued by the
ANC Youth and Students section ( London), entitled " Black dwarfs white trash in response to a
slanderous article that received wide publicity in white press. The response makes reference to
Mandela and other ANC leaders who received military training. Correspondents include Dennis
Brutus, Jenny Rice and Oliver Tambo.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers: Biographical notes on Rivonia Trialists

Part of International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers. Biographical notes on some of the people persecuted by the South African government for their opposition to the policies of apartheid, 30 May 1964. The list includes Nelson Mandela and other Rivonia trialists.

Available for inspection at time of audit.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers: Bram Fischer

-File on Bram Fischer. It is unclear whether this file has to do with Bram Fischer's involvement in the Rivonia Trial or his own subsequent trial.

Not available for inspection at time of this audit

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers: Conditions for political prisoners in 1960s

  • ZA UWCRIMA MR-RT-078
  • Collection
  • 1961 - 1964
  • Part of Rivonia Trial

General strike: Report of the 3 day strike in South Africa (May 29, 30,31, 1961) by Nelson Mandela (Secretary, National Action Council of South Africa); prisoners of Apartheid a biographical list of political prisoners and banned persons in South Africa (IDAF in cooperation with UN Centre Against Apartheid); South African Prisons and the Red Cross Investigation and examination by the International Defence and Aid Fund with prisoners testimony. Includes general recommendations of the ICRC sent to the South African Government (18 June 1964), the SA government reply, conditions at Leeuwkop, Robben Island, Victor Verster, Vooruitsig Prison Kroonstad, and other prisons, Robert Sobukwe on Robben Island. Relates to Rivonia Trial in terms of conditions in prison for trialists once convicted.

Not available for inspection at time of this audit.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers: Mandela Vigil St Paul's June 1964

Correspondence (June 1964) concerning the vigils held at St Paul's and outside the South African embassy in London to coincide with the sentencing of the Rivonia trialists. Correspondents includes Canon Collins, Manuela Sykes, Dorothy Robison, Archbishop of Canterbury. Campaigns by Christian Action and the Anti- Apartheid Movement. Lists of suggested contacts in connection with the vigil.

Not available for inspection at time of this audit.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers: Miscellaneous

  • ZA UWCRIMA MR-RT-004
  • Collection
  • 1978 - 1993
  • Part of Rivonia Trial

Correspondence, minutes of meetings, media strategies, pamphlets, newsletters, statements and news clippings concerning the following:
-Nelson Mandela’s 60th birthday.
-The Nelson Mandela International Reception committee, convened by Archbishop Trevor Huddleston.
-Political imprisonment in South Africa.
-Helen Suzman’s visit to Mandela (1983).
-Legal action by Mandela against the Minister of Prisons (1981).
-Legal work undertaken on behalf of the Mandela family.
-The Rivonia Trial.
-Honours conferred on Mandela.
Correspondents include Ismail Ayob, Helen Suzman, and the law firm Frank, Bernadt and Joffe.

Not available for inspection at time of this audit (c2010).

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers: Prisons

Correspondence, affidavits, reports and statements on treatment of prisoners in 1960s in South Africa and documentation concerning the World Campaign for the Release of South African Political Prisoners. Of particular relevance to the Rivonia Trial is a typed and signed original affidavit by Bob Hepple (5 November1965) concerning the abuse and torture of African prisoners at Pretoria Local Prison as witnessed by himself in 1963 (in file 2). Also, includes Kurt Danziger and R C Albino's typed statement: The Effects of Isolation and Solitary Confinement. The Defence was going to call these two psychology professors (Dr Danziger from UCT and Dr Albino from Natal) as expert witnesses to discredit the State's use of witnesses who had been held in solitary confinement prior to testifying. The judge did not allow them to testify. The statement has some handwritten corrections on it and is marked "For Mr Berrange's (?) attention"

Available for inspection at time of audit.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers: Release of RivoniaTrialists

  • ZA UWCRIMA MR-RT-076
  • Collection
  • 1962 - 1964
  • Part of Rivonia Trial

Pamphlets (international) calling for the release of the Rivonia trialists; campaigns to save lives of the Rivonia Trialists by Anti Apartheid Movement; original letter dated 5/11/1962 from Nelson Mandela to Canon Collins, acknowledging support received from Christian Action. Also records related to 1962 trial of Mandela.

Not available for inspection at time of this audit.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers: Rivonia Trial

Correspondence, finances, statements (1964). Charges against thirteen in Supreme Court (July 1963), Walter Sisulu'a statement (48 typed pages), Rivonia records (extra set).

Not available for inspection at time of this audit.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers: Rivonia Trial

  • ZA UWCRIMA MR-RT-081
  • Collection
  • 1963 - 1989
  • Part of Rivonia Trial

File: Rivonia Trial correspondence, statements, finance etc:
-Correspondence by Bram Fischer to Canon Collins and vice versa re: the guilty verdict and responding to the messages of sympathy on death of Molly Fischer.

File: Rivonia Trial 1963-1964
-Walter Sisulu statement on which his evidence was led with handwritten annotations
-Press clippings
-Walter Sisulu: extracts of evidence: Examination by Bram Fischer and cross examination by Percy Yutar
-Extracts of evidence by Govan Mbeki
-Notes made by Govan Mbeki regarding his interrogation whilst under 90 day detention.
-Ahmed Kathrada: extract of evidence examination by Vernon Berrange
-Elias Motsoaledi statement at the Trial
-Lionel Bernstein extracts of some evidence: cross examination by Percy Yuter
-Pamphlet entitled " My fight is for all: Mandela tells court of ANC objectives" extracts of Mandela's statement from the dock as printed by the Rand Daily Mail

File: Collins2/6 mainly concerning the Rivonia Trial (1964):
-Handwritten notes
-Correspondence . Correspondence include Freda Nuell, J Hadebe, Canon Collins, E.S. Reddy, Hugh Lewin, Joel Joffe Raymond Kunene, Rica Hogdson
-Typescript- biography of Nelson Mandela
-Draft articles concerning the imprisonment of Mandela and the Rivonia Trialists
-Rivonia Trial - statements of accounts and annexure of monies received
-Decision by Trialists not to appeal against their sentence
-Statements against the Rivonia Trial sentences by Canon Collins and others
-Christian Action article entitled " Mandela: a message from prison"
-Press statements on the sentence issued by the Africa Bureau and by Canon Collins
-Correspondence concerning the sentencing
-Typescript of Mandela statement from the dock " Why I am ready to die" with original annotations
-Articles on the Rivonia Trial
-Statement issued by Mr. Tom Kellosk at a press conference called by Christian Action January 15 1964 concerning the Rivonia Trial
-Statement by Canon Collins on behalf of Christian Action
-Anti- Apartheid Movement profile of Mandela and reproductive extracts from his statement from the dock
-Notes for adverts and letters re: Rivonia Trial

Also includes:
-Typescripts of draft articles on the Rivonia Trial some of them written by E.S. (Solly) Sachs
-A pamphlet entitled the " Message of Rivonia"

Not available for inspection at time of this audit.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers: South African Political Prisoners: The life we led 1963-1966

  • ZA UWCRIMA MR-RT-079
  • Collection
  • 1956 - 1964
  • Part of Rivonia Trial

Manuscript of "South African Political Prisoners: The Life We Led 1963-1966" by Mahlubi L Mrwetyana. Reference to Robben Island prison conditions including for Rivonia Trialists. File on Race Relations with completed questionnaires and extensive notes on prison conditions in South Africa 1956-1961; file with material on families; biographical notes on some of the persons persecuted by the government of the Republic of South Africa for their opposition to the policies of apartheid, 30 May 1964. The list includes Nelson Mandela and other Rivonia Trialists. The list is fairly extensive. File re IRC visits to South African prisons 1964; copies of the letter and reports sent to B J Vorster (Minister of Justice) by the ICRC, June 18 1964 re: conditions in South African prisons (Robben Island, State farm prison, Victor Verster, various police stations in Pretoria and Johannesburg, Pretoria Prison, Leeuwkop, Prison Vooruitsig, Kroonstad, Pretoria Prison, T B Hospital Sonderwater).

Not available for inspection at time of this audit.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers: The Rivonia Story

Includes typed manuscripts of "The Rivonia Story", two other manuscripts and photocopy of manuscript entitled "The State vs. Nelson Mandela and nine others", copy of the indictment signed by Nelson Mandela, statement from the dock with notes (looks like for a book?) and, notes on 1962 trial. Note on folder: " Barry I thought you should have these photocopies for your records. Nice to talk to you again. Joel 6/12"

Available for inspection at time of audit.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers: Trials

  • ZA UWCRIMA MR-RT-080
  • Collection
  • 1956 - 1989
  • Part of Rivonia Trial

Drafts, memos, Treason Trial Defence Fund correspondence, various Treason Trial documents. Apparently also includes Rivonia Trial brief, Rivonia Trial extracts of records.

Not available for inspection at time of this audit.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Photographic Collection

  • ZA UWCRIMA MR-RT-123
  • Collection
  • 1940 - 1990
  • Part of Rivonia Trial

This collection was built up by the London-based IDAF, which was the nerve centre of the international anti-apartheid information campaign from the 1960s, and its photographs have been used in countless publications and productions over the past three decades.

The photographs related to the Rivonia Trial are all black and white photographs. The photographers are largely unknown. Subjects include:
-Scenes at the Rivonia Trial (LA55-33; LA271-2-4; LA272-2-1 and LA272-2-2: protestors with police; A42-6-1: protests on hearing verdict; A21-1-3: Winnie Mandela outside court; A14-4-1; A14-4-5; H10-2-1: Ruth First addressing post Rivonia rally; A1-3-1: Mandela's mother and Zinzi Mandela with Sheila Weinberg outside court; LA793-2-1: Joe Slovo and Yusuf Dadoo with placards during Trial; LA856-3-3: June Mlangeni wife of Andrew Mlangeni)
-Photographs of all the Trialists (LA242-6-4; LA271-2-5)
-Media reports (LA56-1, LA56-2)
-Photographs of the accused (LA26-3 and LA271-4-5: Denis Goldberg in disguise; LA26-5 and LA271-4-2: Rusty Bernstein; LA26-6: Ahmed Kathrada in disguise; LA26-9 and LA271-5-3: James Kantor; LA271-2-1: Walter Sisulu in disguise; LA271-2-2: Nelson Mandela; LA271-3-2: Bob Hepple; LA271-3-3: Arthur Goldreich; LA271-4-1: Raymond Mhlaba; LA271-4-3: police photo of Ahmed Kathrada; LA271-4-4: police photo of Govan Mbeki; LA271-5-4: Elias Motsoaledi; LA271-5-5: Andrew Mlangeni; EW21-1-2 and EW21-2-1: portrait of Ahmed Kathrada)
-Others involved or present (LA271-1-1: T B Vorster; LA271-1-2: Luit. Van Wyk; LA271-1-3: Dirker; LA271-1-4: Judge De Wet; LA271-1-5: Percy Yutar; LA271-3-1: Joe Slovo; LA271-7-5: security forces inspect Liliesleaf)
-Rivonia/Liliesleaf Farm (LA271-5-2: map of Rivonia area; LA271-6-2: interior of Liliesleaf House; LA271-6-3: plan of Liliesleaf Farm; LA271-7-4: Radio transmitter found by security forces)
-Miscellaneous (LA271-7-2: Mountainview house; LA271-7-3: Cover of 'Rivonia Masker AF!' book; LA272-1-1: petrol bomb; LA272-1-5: outline of Operation Mayibuye; LA272-1-2: diagram of weapon; LA272-1-3: weapons; LA272-1-4: diagram of hand grenade; LA272-2-3: letter of support to Sisulu from Canon Collins; LA272-2-4: house damaged by bomb blast; LA272-2-5: electricity pylons damaged by bomb blast)

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)Papers

File: Press cuttings, mainly book reviews, Struggle is my life book, including: 1990-1991. Information bulletin of Anti- Apartheid bewegung in Osterreich. Ngugi wa Thiongo paying tribute to Mandela 1990 Newsletter of the University of Natal Library. Book reviews. Correspondence including Christopher Merrett.
Loose items including: Tribute to Nelson Mandela: Ireland salutes Nelson Mandela. Booklet on his release from prison, with a message from Mandela, short biography, progammme of Mandela's visit to Ireland, the Irish Anti- Apartheid movement and a history of the ANC.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)Publications

Publications/ booklets /pamphlets
General strike : report of the 3 day strike in South Africa ( May29, 30,31, 1961) by Nelson Mandela
( Secretary, National Action Council of South Africa) Prisoners of Apartheid a biographical list of political prisoners and banned persons in South Africa/ IDAF in cooperation with UN Centre Against Apartheid. South African Prisons and the Red Cross Investigation and examination by the International Defence and Aid Fund with prisoners testimony. Includes general recommendations of the ICRC sent to the South African Government 18 June 1964, the S.A. government reply, conditions at Leeuwkop,
Robben Island, Victor Verster, Vooruitsig Prison Kroonstad, and other prisons, Robert Sobukwe on
Robben Island.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

International Defence and Aid Fund Audio Collection

Audio recording of an African National Congress (ANC) rally held at the Cape Town Civic Centre on the 13th of September 1993. The speakers included Nelson Mandela, Allan Boesak, Salie Manie and Melanie Verwoerd.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

Irish Anti-Apartheid Movement

Correspondence, reports, campaign documents, press statements and speeches on Irish Anti-Apartheid Movement campaigns for the release of Nelson Mandela. Calls made by the Irish government for Nelson Mandela's release from prison. The unveiling of a Mandela sculpture in Merrion Square, Dublin, and the conferment of the Freedom of the City of Dublin to Mandela.
70th birthday tributes. Preparations for Nelson Mandela's release from prison in 1990 and the organising of a celebration rally in Ireland. Nelson Mandela’s visit to Dublin in 1991.
Correspondents includes Dr. Kader Asmal and Louise Asmal, ES Reddy, Ismail Ayob, Ruth Mompati, Sipho Pityana, Frank Aiken (Ireland Minister of External Affairs), Senator George O’Brien, Barry Desmond ,Honorary Secretary, Anti-apartheid Movement) and President Alhaji Shehu Shagari of Nigeria.

Irish Anti-Apartheid Movement (IAAM)

Irish Anti-Apartheid Movement (IAAM)

Irish Anti-Apartheid Movement (IAAM) Papers and publications 1961- 1989. Includes correspondence, minutes of meetings statement, briefings, campaigns, press releases, press clippings, Amandla (official) publications.

Irish Anti-Apartheid Movement (IAAM)

Irish Anti-Apartheid Movement (IAAM) Collection

  • ZA UWCRIMA MR-RT-061
  • Collection
  • 1961 - 1989
  • Part of Rivonia Trial

Includes correspondence, minutes of meetings statement, briefings, press releases, press clippings, Amandla, publications.

Records related to Rivonia:
2.1.1. Minutes of meetings 1964: Contains reference to lobbying around Rivonia Trial
2.4. Dealings with Irish Press: Contains references to Rivonia Trial in statements and press conferences
31.1.1 Correspondence with ANC: Contains brief references to Rivonia Trial
39 Press cuttings 1963-1994: Cuttings are in date order and include cuttings from Irish press re arrests at Rivonia, escape of Wolpe and Goldreich and trial.

Irish Anti-Apartheid Movement (IAAM)

Jack and Ray Simons

Communist party of South Africa, SACP, Young Communist League of South Africa,, Herenigde
National Party van SA, Liberal party of SA, National party of SA, Progressive party of SA,
United party of SA, Labour party of SA, labour extra parliamentary organisations. Simons, Jack and Ray Microfilm

Simons, Jack

Jacobs, Dr E.D.

E.D. Jacobs papers and publications
The collection has ANC news briefings, African Communist, Sechaba and various other publications
relating to the struggle against apartheid in South Africa. Documents correspondence, pamphlets
press statement, newsletters of the ANC and liberated organisations. Magazine, newspapers and
newspaper clippings and scrapbooks, containing miscellaneous newspaper clippings.
Signed letter from Nelson Mandela to the British public 16.04.90 thanking them for their support.

Jacobs, E.D.

Jean and Himie Bernadt Collection

Law textbooks, most signed by Nelson Mandela, these were used by Nelson Mandela for his studies at the time of his incarceration in Robben Island and at Pollsmoor Prisons.

Mandela, Nelson Rolihlahla

Jenny Schreiner

Jenny Schreiner Collection of correspondence, discussion papers, maps, pamphlets etc. re:
The United Women's organisations/ United Women's Congress and Federation of South African Women, left non-UDF organisations 1980's; UDF campaigns includes Release Mandela campaign, Woodstock Residents Association, Anti-conscription, union material 1980's. Assortment of exhibits from Yengeni trial including ANC, SACP material, Fingerprint tests done by police.

Schreiner, Jenny

Jesse Jackson Portrait Collection

Collection consisting primarily of 35mm colour transparencies, of posters protesting against the continued imprisonment of Nelson Mandela, and calling for his release from prison.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

Lapinsky Shiela

Lapinsky Shiela consists of papers and publications
Document on and by the United Democratic Front (UDF) mainly from the Western Cape
journals campaigns papers- Release Mandela Campaign administrative papers.
Umsebenzi draft constitution of the ANC : Harare declaration: a paper on addictions drugs etc.
T shirts.

Shiela, Lapinsky

Legassick, Martin

Martin Legassick- photocopy of an encoded letter [1967] with an attached list of prisoners from
Robben Island in the period 1963-1965.

Legassick, Martin

Lionel and Sadie Forman

Lionel and Sadie Forman, Congress alliance documents: Freedom Charter Johannesburg Congress of the people; Pamphlets. Lionel and Sadie Forman, Personal papers includes treason trial documents- Microfilms

Forman, Sadie

Long Walk to Freedom

Proof pages of President Mandela's autobiography " Long Walk to Freedom" as sent to Scott Mac Leads in October 1994 by Little Brown editor, Bill Phillips
Donated by Scot Mac Leod , Time Life News Service

Mandela, Nelson Rolihlahla

Lucia Research

Old material on banned people including Nelson Mandela
A list of banished people (n.d.) A pamphlet on the banned and banished entitled " The Civil Dead" that makes reference to the banning of Mrs. Winnie Mandela and charges brought against her contravening her banning order.
The box contains many lists and details of early political trials useful for any project on documenting victims of Apartheid.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

Mandela, Nelson

Mandela, Nelson Papers
Copies of 1960 MK/ANC flyers, signed by Nelson Mandela in 1993. Letter from the Borough of Middlesbrough welcoming his release and indicating support for the strengthening of international sanctions against the apartheid government, and for a non racial democracy in South Africa,11 June 1990.

Mandela, Nelson Rolihlahla

Manuel Trevor and Matthews Lynne

Trevor Manuel and Lynne Matthews papers and publications
Documents relating to the liberation struggle in the Western Cape, focusing particularly on
community organisations. Consists mainly of records of the Cape Areas Housing Action Committee (CAHAC) and its affiliate structures in Kensington/ Factreton; Valhalla Park; Bishop Lavis;
Bonteheuwel; Hanover Park and other areas in the Western Cape. Includes minutes of meetings
correspondence community newsletter, pamphlets and memoranda, policy statements, guiding
principles of (CAHAC) etc.

Manuel, Trevor

Masemola, Japhta

Statement to police by former Robben Island political prisoner, Japhta Masemola dated 22-04-1963
and photographs.

Masemola, Japhta

Mbeki, Govan

Prison letters, prison writings, unpublished manuscripts, and a proposal for documentary on Govan
Mbeki (1992)

Mbeki, Govan Archibald Mvuyelwa

Mfaxa, E.N.

E.N. Mfaxa papers and publications
Written memoirs re: treason trial; the political history of the PAC in exile, 1960-1990

Mfaxa, Elliot

Nelson Mandela

Handwritten letter by Nelson Mandela for the foreword of a book on the speeches of Oliver Tambo

Turok, Benjamin

Nelson Mandela

Handwritten document from prison by Nelson Mandela for the foreword of a book on the speeches of Oliver Tambo.

Turok, Ben

Nelson Mandela International Reception Committee

Nelson Mandela International Reception Committee
File on Nelson Mandela International Reception Committee, 1990 including Hollingsworth, Malcolm
Frazer, Jim Cason (American Committee meetings (1990)
Statement of receipts and expenditure
Media strategies
International appeals for the intensification of the campaign for Mandela's release ( January 1990)
Declaration on the release of Mandela
IRC News including calls for release of Mandela after the release of other leaders
Advertising for a mass rally with Nelson Mandela in Stockholm, Sweden 1990

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

Nelson Mandela Papers

  • ZA UWCRIMA MR-RT-082
  • Collection
  • 1963 - 1967
  • Part of Rivonia Trial

Small collection of 1 hanging file. Includes copies of 1960s Umkhonto we Sizwe and ANC flyers signed in 1993 by Mandela. Although not directly related to Rivonia Trial, material like this was evidence used by state against the accused in the trial.

Untitled

Nelson Mandela Request

Nelson Mandela's progress in obtaining study rights for prisoners on the Island, for which he estimated
that approx. 400 men would require assistance at a cost of R15 000 per annum. There is
correspondence written by Ismail Ayob and associates in the regard.1981. Correspondence from Ismail Ayob and Associates to Messrs Miller and Co. re: the signing of the Trust Deed for the Nelson Mandela Charitable Trust 1981. Ismail Ayob correspondence re: the awarding of a prize to Mandela in Austria 1982. Education of prisoners on Robben Island 1982.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

Newspaper Clippings

Scrapbook containing Newsclippings dated May-October 1961. Includes clippings related to the
South African politics, reported in international newspapers such as the Guardian, Daily Herald,
New York Tribune, Financial Times, Observer, Daily Telegraph and Evening Standard.

Omroep voor Radio Freedom

Omroep voor Radio Freedom Publications and papers
Publications relating to the anti- apartheid campaign of the Dutch Radio Freedom.

Radio Freedom

Padraig O'Malley

Audio interview with Nelson Mandela, conducted by Padraig O'Malley on the 12th December 2001. The subjects covered include:
Armed struggle and Operation Vula; Imprisonment on Robben Island and communications with the African National Congress (ANC) during the latter part of Mandela's imprisonment; Negotiations between the ANC and the Apartheid government.
Mandela's work in his post-presidential years.
Transcript available.

O'Malley, Padraig

Prison Regulations Petitions

Papers[1970]
Petition signed by political prisoners addressed to the Officer Commanding Robben Island prison
RE: Prison regulations, censorship of books and publications, censorship of letters and visits. Access to the library, warder prisoner relationships, contradictory instructions, on work days,
Medical treatment, hot water, music, film shows summary punishment, threats, etc, Photocopy

Robben Island political prisoners

Prof. Stan Ridge

Prof. Stan Ridge, Papers
UWC SRC affiliates, legal aid, student aid and funding 1988-1989, admissions Drama society
Pharmacy society, History Society, Islamic Society, constitutions of other universities.
Research requests
1990 special graduation for Nelson Mandela
Correspondence campus coordinator 1984
Cheques requisition and authorisation forms March 1991
Campus bulletin 1979-1982
Mbeki reception committee
Men's residence 1984-1986
Student teaching committee 1980-1982
Volleyball 1984-1985
Religious studies 1979
CUPC interview
Detentions 1985-1986; Detainees information sheet
UWC SRC election

Ridge, Stan

Radio Freedom Audio Archive

Programmes and programme segments broadcast by Radio Freedom, the radio station of the African Audio interviews used in the Vara Radio (Netherlands) programme "Portrait of Mandela," including an excerpt of Nelson Mandela's 1961 interview conducted by an ITN journalist, and a copy of the completed documentary. Interviewees include Winnie Mandela, Allan Boesak, Archbishop Trevor Huddleston, Lord Bethell, Brian Bunting, Albert Dhlomo, Ben Turok and C Stork.

African National Congress (ANC)

Raymond Tucker

Raymond Tucker
Correspondence concerning transfer of monies from international donor to Nelson Mandela.
Correspondents include Raymond Tucker, WH Frankel 1992.

Tucker, Raymond Jack

Reg September

Correspondence, treason trial, discussion papers, ANC, UDF, Five Freedoms forum, Broederbond, Black Sash.

September, Reg

Robben Island

Items recorded and maintained by the prisoners, including internal correspondence, minutes of meetings, reports and discussion papers, orders for equipment as well as other miscellaneous material. Sports activities the organisation and maintenance of such activities in Robben Island. The education of prisoners by prisoners, including formal education (primary and secondary schooling) political education and the Mrabulo materials.

UWC- Robben Island Museum Mayibuye Archives

Robben Island Campaign: Director's report to President and Information Service

Statement for the Kitwe United Nations Seminar by Canon L. John Collins (President of IDAF) in
which he makes reference to the imprisonment of leaders of the SA liberation movement including
Nelson Mandela, Walter Sisulu, Raymond Mhlaba and Gordon Makgothi (1966) Memoranda re the campaign for the release of imprisoned politicians in South Africa, January 1977.
Handwritten progress report and typescript concerning Robben Island prison campaign, October
1966.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

Robben Island General Recreational Committee Archive

Documents created by the General Recreational Committee that represented political prisoners on Robben Island. These include a handwritten transcript of a document by Nelson Mandela motivating that the African National Congress (ANC) and the government reach a negotiated political settlement.

-There is also a message from Mandela (during the period of his imprisonment) to Oliver Tambo.

Robben Island General Recreational Committee

Roskam Karel

Roskam Karel Papers. Articles, radio texts, books journals etc.

Roskam, Karel

Solomon Mahlangu Freedom College

Solomon Mahlangu Freedom College Papers and publications, 1970-1980. Report on the 10th anniversary celebrations of the SOMAFCO from Monday 21 August 1989 to Friday 25 August 1989 in Mazimbu, Tanzania, Education for liberation/Solomon Mahlangu Freedom College 10 years 1979-1989 publication produced by the ANC department of education, Lusaka SOMAFCO official opening 21-23 August 1985/ publication produced by the ANC SOMAFCO Department of information and publicity includes release and visit of Nelson Mandela.

Solomon Mahlangu Freedom College (SOMAFCO)

Sonia Bunting

Letter by Bram Fischer to comrades and friends smuggled from prison (1970) photocopy. What I did was right. Statement from the dock by Abraham Fischer, Q.C. in the Supreme Court. Court Pretoria March 28 1966 (photocopy) 32pp.

Bunting, Sonia

South African Clothing and Textile Workers Union

Natal Joint Crisis Committee: Reports and correspondence relating to the violence in Natal and to the meeting aimed at reducing the violence : Correspondents include E. Barayi, Mangosuthu Buthelezi, John Copelyn, Arch Bishop Denis Hurley, A. Gumede, Nelson Mandela and Willies Mchunu.

Womens' National Coalition

South African Press Clips Collection

  • ZA UWCRIMA MR-RT-065
  • Collection
  • 1970 - 1990
  • Part of Rivonia Trial

Newspaper cuttings collected by Barry Streek. Topics that include material on Rivonia include: "Biographies", "Extra Parliamentary Politics", and "International."

Streek, Barry

South African Pressclips Collection

Collection of news clippings concerning the following:
Campaigns for Nelson Mandela’s release from prison (1980- 1989). Nelson Mandela and Robert J. Brown, Nelson Mandela being diagnosed with tuberculosis, his 70th birthday, and the Free Mandela Concert held at Wembley Stadium (1988). The Mandela family (1988- 1989). Nelson Mandela’s release from prison, and worldwide reaction to his release (1990). Speeches and statements by Nelson Mandela (1990-1991). Tours undertaken by Nelson Mandela, including visits to the USA, Canada, Europe, Africa, South America (Brazil, Spain, Cuba, Venezuela, Mexico), the Far East and Australia (1990 - 1991). Victor Verster prison, visits to Nelson Mandela at Victor Verster, and his meeting with PW Botha (1989).
Biographical profiles Nelson of Mandela.

Tim Jenkin

Tim Jenkins, Papers re: Escape from Pretoria, drawings diagrams, keys, escape routes etc. Manuscript prepared for publication of the book mentions Nelson Mandela and his imprisonment.

Jenkin, Tim

Toni Strassburg

Press cuttings- 1960 State of emergency, Treason trail, Rivonia trial press cuttings re banning and house arrests: Hilda an Lionel Bernstein; Helen Joseph; Barbara Harmel; Michael Harmel;
Rica Hodgson; Jack Hodgson; Ann Nicholson; Brian Bunting; Roley Arenstein; Cecil Williams
Scrapbook containing miscellaneous news clippings mainly during the 1950's/ 60's period and
relating primarily to detentions
Toni Strassburg Papers, 1950-1960

Strassburg, Toni

Toni Strassburg Papers

  • ZA UWCRIMA MR-RT-064
  • Collection
  • 1950 - 1960
  • Part of Rivonia Trial

One folder of press cuttings on Treason Trial, bannings and arrests, and Rivonia Trial. Rivonia Trial reports in New York Times and South African newspapers. Also article on Bernstein escape after rearrest after acquittal and escape of Wolpe and Goldreich.

Strassburg, Toni

Trevor, Wentzel

Trevor Wentzel, Letter to the state president 8th March re: response to offer of conditional release:
List of political prisoners and in some cases prison numbers.

Wentzel, Trevor

Umkhonto we Sizwe

Collection of photographs of Nelson Mandela meeting Umkhonto we Sizwe cadres in African National Congress (ANC) camps, after his release from prison. Nelson and Winnie Mandela are featured in the photographs, and are wearing military uniforms.

Umkhonto weSizwe (MK)

Umkhonto we Sizwe

Umkhonto we Sizwe
Publication: Submit or fight: 30 years of Umkhonto we Sizwe/the history of the people's army/
Published by the political Education Section of the ANC, 29pp.
Newsletters - Umkhonto we Sizwe 30 fighting years 16 December 1961- 16 December 1991/
Issued by the ANC department of information and publicity, Marshalltown.
Umkhonto we Sizwe born of born of the people issued by ANC Lusaka- Statement of the NEC of the ANC delivered by President O R Tambo on heroes day, December 16 1986 on the 25th anniversary of MK.
Dawn / Journal of Umkhonto we Sizwe Souvenir Issue/ 25th anniversary of MK 56pp.
Photographs: released Robben Island political prisoners April 1991 including Ashley Forbes,
Vincent Diba, Nikko Pedro, Anwa Dramat, Mabulala Nene, Meyiwa, Mxolisi Petane, Joseph Ngoma; Nelson Mandela in MK camps [1990]

Umkhonto weSizwe (MK)

United Democratic Front (UDF)

United Democratic Front (UDF) Papers, 1956- Freedom Charter 1983; Release Mandela Campaign;
Western Cape Region

United Democratic Front (UDF)

University of the Western Cape, Robben Island Museum / Mayibuye Archives

The archives of the Robben Island Museum are housed at and managed by the UWC/RIM Mayibuye Archives. Some are located on the island, but the bulk is at the UWC Campus in Belville, Cape Town. The archives hold a large collection of artifacts, documents, photographs, artworks, personal papers and audio-visual materials. Although the emphasis is on South African organisations and people, many AAMs (national and international) and other international anti-apartheid organisations are represented in the collection. The IDAF, for example, deposited its entire archive at UWC/RIM Mayibuye.

Vasson Mukesh

Documents and press cuttings relating to student struggles in the early 1980's. Focuses strongly
on the Azanian Students Organisation. The news cuttings also report on the student struggles in
the Bantustans. They also refer to the differences between AZASO and AZAPO and the
cooperation between AZASO and COSAS. Newscuttings on the Mpondo revolt of 1960. A draft thesis and related research material exploring the power relations in Pondoland during the revolt. This collection gives a focused analysis of the changing face role of the chieftaincy & tribal
authoritarianism in the former Transkei. The focus is on Flagstaff & Lusikisiki. Two unrelated items in the collection are i) Mass Democratic movement statement on Winnie Mandela and ANC 1949 Programme of action.

Vasson, Mukesh

Willie Hofmeyr

UDF News, newsletter of the Western Cape region January 1990, Defiance campaign, Release Mandela campaign pamphlets, stickers and guidelines: Stoffel will not silence us issued by the Save the press campaign, Boycott the All Blacks, do not support racist sport.

Hofmeyr, Willie

Winne Mandela

Mandela, Files
Ismail Ayob and partners, disbursement re: Mandela family (1990). Charges against Winnie Mandela for kidnapping (counts 1-4); and assaults with intent to do grievous bodily harm (counts5-8) as well as witnesses (includes Paul Verryn, Martin Cornell). Ayob Invoices

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

Winnie Mandela

Legal correspondence (Ismail Ayob and Associates) 1 (1989)
Financial income and expenditure ( Ayob and Associates (1990) including Mandela family
disbursements. Charges against Winnie Mandela for contravening her banning order and replying to affidavits. Affidavits against Winnie Mandela re: The contravention of her banning order and replying
affidavits.
Court judgments
Invoices by Ismail Ayob Associates, for acting on behalf of Winnie's behalf.
Letter to Thabo (28 September 1991) by Horst Kleinschmidt re: The trial of Winnie Mandela
and more specifically the claims made by Ismail Ayob.
Correspondence to IDAF from Ayob re: above( 4 September 1991)
Correspondence from IDAF ( Horst Kleinschmidt to Ayob) (2nd September 1991)
Correspondence from Ayob to Pennington's re: monies received ( Aug 16 1991)
Statement of account (Ayob) 1990
Mandela trial files 1986, including
Jugdement against Winnie Mandela ( contravention of banning order)
Affidavit by Winnie Mandela. Affidavits by others

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

Winnie Mandela

Correspondence re: Zindzi Mandela's admission to the University of Swaziland, 1981. Correspondence re: Channelling monies to Winnie Mandela. Correspondence re: disbursement in the State versus N.W. Mandela. Correspondence re: State vs. Zolile Sishuba and Winnie Mandela 1978
Correspondents are Ismail Ayob and Associated Messrs Miller and Co Merrs. Cole & Cole
Correspondence mainly on fees and includes copies of charge sheets and affidavits
File Mandela and Motlana vs. Matlare
Correspondence summons judgment etc. in respect of defamation uttered by Dr. Matlare to the
Collie Commission of inquiry during 1977. (1981). File Mandela, W banning order
Correspondence, charge sheets, etc. re: Winnie Mandela's banning orders and the contravention
of her banning orders, 1981. Key correspondents include Ismail Ayob and Associates and Merrs
Miller & Co.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

Wolfie Kodesh Personal Papers

Collection of documents and photographs, including a photocopy of a biographical profile of Nelson Mandela written by Wolfie Kodesh.
Other subjects include:
The meeting between Nelson Mandela and Oliver Tambo's in Stockholm, Sweden (1990). The full text of Nelson Mandela's response to the conditional offer of freedom made in parliament by the State President PW Botha. Statement issued by Ismail Ayob, on behalf of Nelson Mandela, on the protection of Nelson Mandela's name from being abused, Nelson Mandela Freedom at 70 campaign. The full text of Nelson Mandela's speech at the Grand Parade in Cape Town on the day of his release from prison in 1990

Kodesh, Wolfie

Zindzi Mandela

File on Zindzi Mandela (1984-1987)
Correspondence on
Monies advanced to her (E. Moosa)
Memo re: police questioning of William Dibetle (1985)
Passport application (Ismail Ayob and Associates)
Winnie Mandela application for interdict against SA police
Correspondence and memoranda, charge sheet re: Charges brought against Zindzi for
travelling to and from Swaziland with a forged document (1982) mostly legal correspondence
Legal correspondence re: Raid in Mandela home (1982) (Ayob)
Application for restraining order against Patrick Moshidi (1984) including statement by Zindzi.
Affidavit by Winnie Mandela, Azhar Cachlia and Ntozakhe Sishuba in this regard.
Letter to Zami by Ismail Ayob (16 August 1984) on a number of matters including an article in
Guardian newspaper, monies sent to Nelson Mandela, Dr Asvat having a story published by
Alister Sparks (saying that the clinic run by Winnie was manned by Azapo); message for
Zwelakhe Sisulu to contact Winnie an application by Winnie to move to Johannesburg;
Winnie's nomination for the Politiken and Dagens Nyheters Freedom Prize; monies disbursed to
family members; education of the children. Speech of acceptance of the prize prepared for Zeni to be given in Copenhagen (1984).

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

Zwelakhe Simon Xamlashe

Collection of film and video recordings consisting of distribution prints and master materials (negatives, rushes, sound tracks and trims). The subjects covered include:
Nelson Mandela's early views on the objectives of the ANC and the liberation struggle. The reception given to Mandela's rejection of the regime's offer of conditional release, read by his daughter Zindzi to a vast gathering in Soweto on 10 February 1985. Commentary from activists and family members, including Winnie Mandela. Prison conditions on Robben Island including Mandela's cell, the daily routine of hard labour, diet in prison, isolation and Mandela's transfer to Pollsmoor Prison in 1985. The impact of international campaigns for the release of Mandela, including footage of the Free Mandela Campaign Concert held at Wembley Stadium in celebration of his 70th birthday.
The collection also includes interviews with Nelson Mandela, Winnie Mandela, Andrew Masondo, Jacob Zuma, Indres Naidoo, Philip Mathews, Mary Benson, Barbara Harmel and Barry Feinberg.
It consists of both completed productions and raw footage.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

Zwelakhe Simon Xamlashe

Xamlashe, Zwelakhe Simon Writings
re: Involvement in the liberation struggle and imprisonment on Robben Island. Correspondence from Walter Sisulu's office May 1993 A tribute to Nelson Mandela.

Xamlashe, Zwelakhe Simon

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