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Archival description
United States
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Records of Secretary-General U Thant

Includes:
-The text of a statement by Achkar Marot, the Guinea representative to the UN, with reference to Nelson Mandela's imprisonment on Robben Island.
-A response by the South African government to two articles published in the "UN Monthly Chronicle," which discusses the South African government's position on the Rivonia Trial, including Nelson Mandela's statement from the dock.
-The conclusion and recommendations of the International Seminar on Apartheid, Racial Discrimination and Colonialism in Southern Africa held in Kitwe, Zambia (1967). The conference recommended special campaigns around the incarceration of outstanding leaders such as Nelson Mandela, Walter Sisulu, Robert Sobukwe and Bram Fischer.

U Thant

Records of the Foreign Office: Rivonia Trial

These records fall under: Foreign Office: Political Departments: General Correspondence; African, West and Central (J): South Africa (JS) subseries.
Includes:
-CVs of Rivonia Trialists written by Nadine Gordimer (April 1964)
-Nelson Mandela speech from the dock (scheduled for 20th April)
-Analysis (8 April 1964)
-Rivonia Trial (notes from Ethiopian Ministry of Foreign affairs, 10 April 1964)
-Nigerian government's concern for the Rivonia accused (notes, 10 April 1964)
-Potential intervention by the British government (discussions, no date)
-Possible intervention by German government in Rivonia trial (note, 16 April 1964)
-Rivonia trial defence (newspaper articles, various April 1964)
-Kenyan's government's anxiety about Rivonia trail (note, no date)
-African leaders plan on demonstrations if Nelson Mandela is executed (notes, 7 May 1964)
-Ethiopia asks for Belgium to exert pressure on South African government (note, 6 may 1964)
-Nelson Mandela's speaking in Addis Ababa - exhibit R13 in the Rivonia trial (notes of Nelson Mandela, May 1963)
-Note on Bram Fischer's defence statement (20 April 1964)
-The likely outcome of the Rivonia Trial (discussion document, no date)
-"The Revolutionary way out" (statement of the SACO, no date)
-"Should the British Prime Minister send a private message to Verwoed about Rivonia?" (correspondence, 7 May 1964; reply on 14 May saying it would be inadvisable)
-Letter enclosing Nelson Mandela's statement from the dock (correspondence from, 6 May 1964)
-Van den Bergh of BOSS does not expect a death sentence to be passed in the Rivonia Trail (note, 20 May 1964

UK Foreign Office

Mandela Manuscripts

Presented to Lloyd Cutler by South Africa’s Chief Justice Arthur Chaskalson in 1997. Lloyd Cutler was founding partner of the WilmerHale Law Firm and a civil rights activist in the US. They were to recognise the firm's role in the fight to end Apartheid.

Papers include transcripts of his speech at the 1963-64 Rivonia Trial, notes that Mandela made in his own handwriting both during his trial and as he sat in prison on the night before he heard the sentence on his life. These are copies of originals donated by President Mandela to Bram Fischer Library (now held at Historical Papers, University of Witwatersrand).

Untitled

Africana Collection

The Library collection of roughly 200,000 books, pamphlets, maps and microform units covers all areas and disciplines. There is an emphasis on the socio-economic development and history of sub-Saharan Africa, with special emphases (reflecting faculty interests) on Ethiopia/Eritrea, Zimbabwe, South Africa, the Sahel region of West Africa, and Nigeria (especially the Eastern Region).

Materials related to the Rivonia Trial include:
- A number of video recordings relating to the life story of Nelson Mandela and thus mentioning the Rivonia Trial in the Audio-Visual Materials on Africa
-Microform and photocopies of Kathrada Collection (originals at UWC-Robben Island Mayibuye Centre) in Special Collections. Over 100 fiche in 13 boxes. DT1949.K38A4 1996; also on film: SPEC COLL RARE BOOKS XX 27823 Microfilm. Guide (1995) available at DT1949.K38S35 1995
-The Voice of Nelson Mandela (SABC, 1999), which includes extracts from the Statement from the Dock. In general library holdings (MSU DIGITAL/MEDIA AUDIODISC, 4 WEST - PT1974 .M36 1999 Audio disc)

Untitled

Reddy (ES) Papers

The papers consist of correspondence and printed material relating to South Africa and Namibia and document E. S. Reddy's work with anti-apartheid organizations around the world.
Subject file entitled "Rivonia Trial 1964" (Box 7, folder 342).

Reddy, Enuga S.

Pamphlet Collection

A collection of pamphlets from African, South American, Latin American, Asian, European, and North American countries which include material relating to politics, economics, social conditions, agriculture, legal topics, religious activities, history, government operations, education, and other areas. The collection is particularly strong in the area of African materials, with several nations represented. This collection is keyworded as containing Rivonia Trial material but the references are unclear.

Palm World: Voices of Mandela

Offering an intimate look at one of the world’s most revered human rights figures from his childhood to his election as South Africa’s first black president, the feature-length film produced by Jonathan Demme was nominated for the 1997 Academy Award for Best Documentary. A 26-track CD soundtrack includes South African legends Hugh Masekela, Johnny Clegg & Saluki, Vusi Mahlasela, The Manhattan Brothers, Brenda Fassie and many more. The 48-page book and National Geographic Map chronicle the political and cultural history of South Africa.

Palm World Voices: Mandela includes:

48-page Book
Telling the compelling story of the extraordinary life of Nelson Mandela is a beautiful, 48-page book filled with dozens of photos and art images, and an essay by acclaimed British journalist Robin Denselow.

20” X 30” Poster Map exclusively created by the National Geographic Society

About Palm World Voices
Exploring contemporary music and culture from musically rich areas of the globe, each release in the Palm World Voices series features a 60 minute DVD of music and beautiful contextual footage, a full-length CD, an essay booklet filled with history and information on each region, and an exclusively-designed 20” x 30” poster map created by The National Geographic Society to enhance the visual knowledge of the region.
Palm World Voices: Mandela

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DVD: Mandela: Son of Africa, Father of a Nation

A Captivating view of the indomitable spirit if one of the world’s most fascinating figures, this full-length documentary follows Nelson Mandela from his early days and tribal education to his election as South Africa’s first black president. Providing insights into his early life, the film takes us through Mandela’s childhood, adolescence, career in law and first marriage. Mandela is an absorbing look at the courageous life, tribulations and fortitude of Mandela the leader, while never forgetting the engaging and charismatic spirit of Mandela the man. Film features exclusive interviews and narration from Mandela himself.

Directed by Jo Menell and Angus Gibson and produced by Jonathan Demme, Edward Saxon and Jo Menell.

Total Run Time: 118 minutes

Menell, Jo

Madiba -1990

Radio South Africa Actuality President George Bush of the United States speaking on relations with South Africa and the visit of Mr Nelson Mandela to the United States.

RECORDBC 19900621

SABC Sound Archives

South Africa Black Consciousness Movement Collection

A pamphlet produced for the march to Pollsmoor Prison in 1985, containing a message intended for Nelson Mandela. In the collection, there is a copy of the speech read by Zindzi Mandela on behalf of her father rejecting the regime's offer of conditional release.

Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture (Photographs and Prints Division)

MALP Nelson and Winnie Mandela Tribute Collection

Flyers and programme brochure for a tribute to Nelson and Winnie Mandela organised by the Friends of Nelson and Winnie Mandela [United Black Appeal], held at the Abyssian Baptist Church, November 25 1985. Also includes a letter of thanks from Winnie Mandela to Arlene W. Oxford, in which the death of Samora Machel is mentioned.

Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture (Photographs and Prints Division)

South Africa Conspiracy Trial

Copies of records of the Delmas Treason Trial. Members of the 22 accused included Baleka Kgositsle, Popo Molefe, Patrick "Terror" Lekota and Moses Chikane. The records include references to, and police reports on the Release Mandela Campaign of the 1980s, Rivonia, and campaigns for the release of Nelson Mandela and all political prisoners. The records also include state prosecution assessments of witness statements.

Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture (Photographs and Prints Division)

Vanderbilt University Archive

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on channels such as CBS, CNN, ABC and NBC. Includes footage and reports of honours conferred on Nelson Mandela:
Celebrations in South Africa of the tenth anniversary of Nelson Mandela's release from prison. The awarding of the Congressional Gold Medal to Nelson Mandela by US President Bill Clinton. The conferment of an honorary degree on Nelson Mandela by Harvard University. The awarding of the Nobel Peace Prize to Nelson Mandela and F W De Klerk. A referendum in Boston calling for a separate city encompassing black neighbourhoods. Stevie Wonder’s acceptance of an Oscar award in honour of Nelson Mandela.

ABC

Vanderbilt University Archive

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on news channels such as CNN, NBC, ABC, CBS and Nightline. Includes footage and reports on political violence in South Africa in the early 1990s period:
The threat to political stability in South Africa from right wing Afrikaners and Inkatha. Inkatha reportedly blocking Nelson Mandela and a peace delegation from entering Thokoza township. Details of conflict between African National Congress (ANC) and Inkatha supporters. Nelson Mandela campaigning for the first democratic elections in the strife-torn areas of Kwa- Zulu-Natal. Living conditions and political / pre-election violence in the KwaZulu-Natal region. The opposition of Inkatha leaders, King Goodwill Zwelithini and Mangosuthu Buthelezi, to the 1994 election. Emergency meetings held between Nelson Mandela, FW De Klerk, King Goodwill Zwelethini and Mangosuthu Buthelezi. The declaration of a State of Emergency in KwaZulu-Natal. The Inkatha march through the streets of central Johannesburg, which ended in a street battle with ANC supporters. Comments by Nelson Mandela on an investigatory report that white police in South Africa were supporting violence against the ANC by Inkatha. Comments by Nelson Mandela on deaths in Bophuthatswana following violence in the region. Violence in the townships of Alexandra, Tembisa, Thokoza, Phola Park, Swannieville, Sebokeng, Kwa- Thema and Katlehong, and visits by Nelson Mandela to townships in an attempt to stop the violence. The storming of the World Trade Centre in Johannesburg by white extremists, the site of negotiations on ending apartheid. Meetings between Nelson Mandela and Buthelezi. The assassination of ANC leader, Chris Hani, and police investigations of right wing plots to murder Nelson Mandela, Winnie Mandela and Joe Slovo. The Boipatong massacre in the Ciskei, and tributes by Nelson Mandela to the victims of the massacre.

ABC

Vanderbilt University Archive

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on channels such as ABC, CBC, CNN, NBC and Nightline. Includes footage and reports on the following:
Reports of the Reagan Administration’s support of the release of Nelson Mandela from prison. President Reagan’s attitude towards Nelson Mandela and his views on negotiations with the African National Congress (ANC). Senator Edward Kennedy’s tour of South Africa, which included a meeting with Winnie Mandela. A report that the CIA was instrumental in Nelson Mandela’s arrest. Oliver Tambo and Nelson Mandela as leaders of the ANC. US Congress delegation visit to South Africa, and meeting with Foreign Minister Pik Botha, and their request to visit Nelson Mandela not permitted. The impact of economic sanctions against South Africa, with Nelson Mandela mentioned. US Secretary of State George Shultz’s visit to South Africa, and an explanation by him on US policy towards South Africa, including a demand for the release of Nelson Mandela. Anti-apartheid demonstrations in New York, with calls for the release of Nelson Mandela. Nelson Mandela’s visit to the US after his release from prison. Nelson Mandela reported as being inspired by the American ideal.
The amount of money raised for the ANC during Mandela’s US visit. Visits by Nelson Mandela to Oakland, Los Angeles, Miami, Atlanta, Boston and New York City. Nelson Mandela addressing the US Congress. The meeting of Nelson Mandela with President Bush at the White House, and reportedly urging President Bush to maintain economic sanctions against South Africa. Remarks by Nelson Mandela about Libyan leader Muammar Kadhafi, Palestinian Liberation Organisation Leader Yasser Arafat and Cuban leader Fidel Castro. Senator Edward Kennedy with Nelson Mandela. People commenting on what Nelson Mandela symbolises. The meeting of Nelson Mandela with Secretary of State James Baker and other national leaders.
Comments by George Bush on Nelson Mandela's release from prison. A celebration of Independence Day in the US, where President Bill Clinton awards medals to Nelson Mandela and FW De Klerk. Nelson Mandela speaking about the challenge in Africa for the US. Statements by President Mandela and President Clinton during Nelson Mandela’s first official visit to the US and the welcoming ceremony at the White House. President Nelson Mandela’s address to a joint session of Congress. Mandela’s meeting with Louis Farrakhan US Vice President Al Gore’s visit to South Africa, and his meeting with Nelson Mandela. Hillary Clinton’s visit to South Africa with scenes shown from Robben Island. Bill Clinton’s visit to South Africa, and his meetings with Nelson Mandela. The White House reception held for Nelson Mandela in the latter part of his Presidency. The awarding of the Congressional Gold Medal to Nelson Mandela by Clinton. A statement by Mandela that Muammar el-Kadhafi has promised to turn over the suspects in the bombing of Pan AM Flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland. Nelson Mandela commenting on the relationship between the US and Iraq, saying that no country should be allowed to take the law into their own hands. Statements by Nelson Mandela that President Bush is undermining the United Nations.

ABC

Vanderbilt University Archive

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on channels such as ABC, CNN and NBC. Includes footage and reports on the South African Truth and Reconciliation Commission:
Nelson Mandela's acceptance of the final report of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, and his comments on the future. A plan to assassinate Nelson Mandela by Daan Goosen, using biological weapons. FW De Klerk's apology to the Truth and Reconciliation Commission for the Apartheid regime, in which he recalled the release of Nelson Mandela. The initial proposal by Nelson Mandela to set up a Truth and Reconciliation Commission.

ABC

Vanderbilt University Archive

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on channels such as NBC, CNN and ABC. Includes footage and reports on sporting events and occasions:
Nelson Mandela's return to Robben Island for the Olympic torch relay (2004). Nelson Mandela's being called to testify in court concerning allegations of racism and corruption in the South African Rugby Football Union (1998). Mandela's support for the Cape Town Olympic Bid (2004). Scenes from South Africa's hosting of the 1996 rugby world cup, and Nelson Mandela's welcome to participating countries. Scenes of Nelson Mandela and Fidel Castro at the 1992 Olympic games.

ABC

Vanderbilt University Archive

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on news channels such as CNN, NBC and CBS. Includes footage and reports on HIV/AIDS:
Nelson Mandela addressing international AIDS conferences in Bangkok, Thailand (2004) and Durban, South Africa (2000). Nelson Mandela addressing the crowd at the 466/64 international AIDS awareness concert held in Cape Town, South Africa (2003). Request by Nelson Mandela for easier access to anti-retroviral treatment for AIDS patients (2002). Nelson Mandela speaking about the death of Nkosi Johnson (2001). Comments by Nelson Mandela on the seriousness of AIDS in response to a United Nations report on the extent of AIDS in Southern Africa (1998). Comments by Nelson Mandela on the impact of poverty and the conflict in KwaZulu-Natal province of South Africa, with scenes of AIDS orphan (1996).

CNN

United Nations Special Committee on Policies of Apartheid

Leaflet issued by the African National Congress in South Africa in reply to the South African police statement that the African National Congress has been smashed. Enclosure mentions that the ANC is alive and demands the release of South African leaders- Free Mandela, Free Sisulu, Free Mbeki, Free Sobukwe, Free Kathrada. Also mention the Treason and the Rivonia trail.

AABN

Files of United Nations Secretary-General, U Thant

Files of the United Nations (UN) Secretary-General, U Thant, include:
UN press statement calling for the abandonment of the Rivonia Trial and the release of leaders such as Nelson Mandela and Walter Sisulu. Letter from Chief Albert Luthuli, President of the African National Congress, sent to the UN Secretary-General, U Thant, about the South African crisis. Albert Luthuli's letter refers the Rivonia Trial and the danger that some or all of the accused could be given the death sentence, and requests that the UN help to save the lives of the Rivonia Trialists. Statement by the UN Special Committee against Apartheid, with reference to the Rivonia Trialists. A record of the 1128th meeting of the UN Security Council, with commentary from Mr. such, the Chinese representative, saying that the Rivonia accused are "on their way to becoming apartheid martyrs." International Committee for the Red Cross (ICRC) memorandum about relief for the victims of political persecution in South Africa, with reference to the ongoing Rivonia Trial of Nelson Mandela, Walter Sisulu and others.

U Thant

Files of United Nations Secretary-General, U Thant

Files of the United Nations (UN) Secretary-General, U Thant, including:
UN Security Council resolutions on decolonisation and apartheid, many of which call for the release of all South African political prisoners, 1964 - 1965. UN Special Committee Against Apartheid recommendations to the Security Council, including calls for the release of all political prisoners, 1962 - 1969. A report to the Secretary-General by the Expert Group on South Africa, with reference to opposition to South Africa being constituted as a republic, and Nelson Mandela's role in the call for a nationwide stay-at-home strike as a means of protest. Nelson Mandela's renewal of the call for a national convention, following the call made at the All in Africa Conference of African Leaders (Pietermaritzburg, 1961), and a quote by Nelson Mandela against racism from his 1962 trial, 1961 - 1964. The text of a letter from Mary Benson to the UN Special Committee Against Apartheid enclosing a statement made by Abram Fischer, Q.C., with reference to the Defiance Campaign, Congress of the People, Treason Trial, Nelson Mandela in hiding, the formation of Umkhonto we Sizwe, the purchasing of the Lilliesleaf Farm and the Rivonia Trial, 1966.

U Thant

Files of United Nations Secretary-General, U Thant

Text of Resolution 2 (XXIII) as adopted by the United Nations (UN) Commission on Human Rights at its 914th meeting on 06 March 1967, including a request that statements delivered by Nelson Mandela at the Rivonia Trial, and by Bram Fischer in his recent trial, be given the widest publicity.

U Thant

National Security Archive Declassified Document Set

Memoranda, reports, statements, cables and project statements covering the following:
United States Embassy (South Africa) reports that the African National Congress (ANC) was created to carry out sabotage, stating that the arrest of Nelson Mandela occurred after he planned subversive activities (1962). A memorandum issued by the Summit Conference of Independent African States held in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia (1963), agreeing to provide funding to help South African liberation movements and calling for the release from prison of Nelson Mandela, Robert Sobukwe and all other political prisoners. A memorandum on the Rivonia Trial providing biographical information on the Rivonia Trialists, and in which Nelson Mandela argues that opposition groups resorted to armed struggle only after avenues for peaceful change were blocked (1964). A report in which ANC and Pan Africanist Congress (PAC) leaders, including Nelson Mandela, Michael Harmel and Walter Sisulu are described as Communists, and documents presented during the Rivonia Trial are cited as evidence of the contacts between the ANC, PAC, the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and the Communist Party of the People's Republic of China (1964). A memorandum of conversation in which Cecil Eprile characterises black leaders like Nelson Mandela as careless and prone to bad judgment (1965). A cable relating to Resolution 473 of the United Nations Security Council urging South Africa to release all political prisoners, including Nelson Mandela (1980). Biographic sketch information on Nelson Mandela provided by the US Department of State (1983). A cable on the awarding of the international Simon Bolivar prize to Nelson Mandela by the United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) (1983). Correspondence to the South African Ambassador to the United States, calling for the release of Nelson Mandela (1984). A cable about the Johannesburg Star Newspaper reports that the arrest of Nelson Mandela 25 years ago occurred after he was betrayed by a US Central Intelligence Agency agent posing as a diplomat of the United States Consulate General in Durban (1986). A statement in which Chester A. Crocker calls for the release of Nelson Mandela (1986). A report in which the US Department of State Secretary of State's Advisory Committee on South Africa asserts that the first steps taken by South Africa must be the release of Nelson Mandela, Walter Sisulu, Govan Mbeki and all other political prisoners (1987).

US State Department

Capital District Coalition Against Apartheid and Racism records

Collection includes a series of ANC documents created between 1989 and 1994. Subjects covered are procedures for drawing up a new constitution for South Africa, the Convention for a Democratic South Africa (CODESA) talks, the ANC's proposed economic policy for South Africa, and the lifting of sanctions against South Africa. This includes a statement by Nelson Mandela, dated July 2 -7-1991.

Capital District Coalition Against Apartheid and Racism

African Poster Collection

Collection of Nelson Mandela posters, most of which were produced by international anti-apartheid organisations. The posters cover campaigns for the release of Nelson Mandela and all South African political prisoners, Nelson Mandela birthday tributes, as well as profiles of the Rivonia Trialists. The collection also includes ANC election campaign posters.

Oliver Tambo Papers

A collection of Oliver Tambo Papers, 1960-1992, also at the University of Fort Hare, African National Congress Archives. The collection has correspondence with Nelson Mandela speeches on behalf of Mr. Nelson Mandela by Oliver Tambo receiving the Bolivar prize. In the collection there are campaigns such as the release Mandela campaign, Nelson Mandela reception committee, visits to various parts of the world, requests for interviews, invitations, statements and speeches.

Tambo, Oliver Reginald

Recipient of the Gulen Institute Peace Award 2010

The Gulen Institute Peace Awards are presented biennially to individuals or institutions that have significantly contributed to peace along with its foundations, such as social justice, social harmony, social welfare, interfaith and intercultural dialogue and conflict resolution
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