Occasion - Presidential address to the ANC (Transvaal) Congress Summary - The political climate has changed from the successes of the Campaign for the Defiance of Unjust Laws of 1952 and the ANC must be prepared with a new approach and with a strong and disciplined membership. The new approach is called the "M" Plan and calls for active recruitment and action at the grassroots level. This will enable the ANC to function without calling attention to itself. There is no place in the ANC for those opposed to the "M" Plan.
Occasion - Address to the Conference of the Pan-African Freedom Movement of East and Central Africa Summary - This address summaries the assistance that the international community, especially African states, has given to the freedom fighters in South Africa. It outlines the political and social situation in South Africa and the ANC's responses and move from policies of non-violence to the formation of Umkhonto we Sizwe. The people's resolve to fight is steadfast but the continued support of PAFMECA is crucial.
This statement, issued after the positive response to a three day strike, announces a second phase in the fight against Verwoerd, a country-wide campaign of non-cooperation, and announces a National Convention. It also explains his decision, in accordance with the advice of the National Action Council, to carry on his political work underground rather than leaving the country or giving himself up for arrest to a government he did not recognise.
This item consists of a letter written by Nelson Mandela to the legal firm of Seedat Pillay & Co. that was smuggled out of Robben Island Prison. Mandela wished to appoint the firm to act on his behalf in legal proceedings against the Department of Prisons. Since the authorities refused to allow him contact with his attorneys, he had to use this "illegal" method to seek legal representation.
Programme and photographs of a Nelson Mandela Foundation (NMF) and Nelson Mandela Children's Fund (NMCF) event in a school in Cape Town around HIV/AIDS. Speakers include Archbishop Desmond Tutu and Nelson Mandela.
Three (3) sub-series of photographs by Ilan Ossendryver. 1. Photos of Nelson Mandela and family took after the press conference in Soweto, probably on 13 or 14 February 1990, just after his release. Photos are taken in the front of his house with nurses greeting him, schoolgirls at the fence. Portraits and full photos of Mandela standing with a raised fist. Close-ups of Mandela with Zindzi Mandela and baby and Winnie Madikizela-Mandela. Murphy Morobe and Zwelakwe Sisulu are also in the photos.
2. Photos of Nelson Mandela casting his vote at the at the voting station in Houghton, Johannesburg. Zindziswa Mandela is in the photos.
3. Photos of Nelson Mandela attending Arbor day in Soweto holding a spade and planting a tree. Machel, Graça both seated greeting children dressed in green Arbor week T-shirts and yellow hats. Ahmed Kathrada is also in the photos.