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Archival description
Johannesburg Collection
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Mandela: An Audio History

  • ZA SABC SA MR-RT-011
  • Collection
  • 1964 - 2004
  • Part of Rivonia Trial

SAFM documentary in two parts for The Inner Ear Programme. Details the role played by Nelson Mandela and the ANC in the struggle for freedom in South Africa. Compiled by Joe Richardson and Sue Johnson and presented by Will Bernard. Dated 9 May 2004.

Part 1 deals with the call for armed struggle, the creation of Umkhonto we Sizwe, the arrests at Rivonia. Mandela as the first witness in the Trial, four hour statement from the dock made at the Trial, sentencing to life imprisonment, meaning of Rivonia Trial.

South African Broadcasting Corporation (SABC)

Rivonia Trial: Sentencing

  • ZA SABC SA MR-RT-012
  • Collection
  • 1963 - 1990
  • Part of Rivonia Trial

SABC English Service broadcast. A short summary of the Rivonia Trial case, the verdict and the passing of sentence by Judge President Quartus De Wet. Dated 11 June 1963.

South African Broadcasting Corporation (SABC)

Harold and Annemarie Wolpe Papers

Donated by Annemarie Wolpe.
-Mostly newscuttings scrapbooks, albums and folders re Harold Wolpe's escape, Annemarie's arrest, Kantor's arrest and refused bail application, family reaction to arrests, Kantor's acquittal etc. Also cuttings re Rivonia Trial generally.
-Documents including escape story, pamphlets, articles, manuscript of Annemarie's book "The Long Way Home", documents re the Wolpe's becoming citizens of the UK, Harold Wolpe's academic papers, Annemarie Wolpe's prison file.

These papers do not necessarily form a collection discrete from other Liliesleaf Farm collections but have been listed as such for ease of reference. Also see entries for James Kantor Papers, Liliesleaf Farm Audio-Visual Collection, Liliesleaf Farm Artefact Collection, Liliesleaf Farm/Rivonia Trial Research Collection, Percy Yutar Papers.

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Percy Yutar Papers

Acquired from the Yutar family.
-Eight scrapbooks labelled "The Rivonia Trial 11 July 1963-12 June 1964 as reported by the press from 28 August 1963 to 13 June 1999". They contain a timeline of events, clippings labelled with the date. Also seven scrapbooks labelled "Soweto Riots". It is unclear whether Yutar compiled the scrapbooks or only collected the clippings.
-One lever arch file containing a manuscript for a book by Percy Yutar entitled "The Rivonia Trial - The Facts (based in authentic documentary exhibits)". The manuscript contains a preface and a breakdown of chapters but the bulk does not read like a book but rather appears to be a reproduction of the State's trial records (indictment, State's opening address, evidence for the State, evidence for the Defence, judgement, evidence in mitigation of sentence etc).
-One volume: A factual analysis of the documentary exhibits handed in and other oral testimony given at the so-called Rivonia Trial. Inscribed: "With appreciation from B G Fourie, Secretary for Information"
-Scrapbook with clippings, photographs etc. Mostly of Yutar's career after the Rivonia Trial but a few clippings relate to the Trial from May 1964.
-Press clippings in folder in plastic sleeves re Yutar's legal career, Rivonia Trial, Excelsior case, Moodie case and others.

These papers do not necessarily form a collection discrete from other Liliesleaf Farm collections but have been listed as such for ease of reference. Also see entries for Harold and Annemarie Wolpe Papers, Liliesleaf Farm Audio-Visual Collection, Liliesleaf Farm Artefact Collection, Liliesleaf Farm/Rivonia Trial Research Collection, James Kantor Papers. There are also prosecution records from the Yutars in the personal collection of businessman Douw Steyn and in the National Archives (transferred from Brenthurst Library).

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Rivonia Trial: Quartus De Wet/Bram Fischer/Dr Percy Yutar

SABC English Service broadcast. Recordings of the proceedings during the Rivonia Trial. Includes recordings of Judge President Quartus De Wet, the prosecutor Dr Percy Yutar and counsel for the defence Bram Fischer. Mandela appears as Accused number 1. Dated 3 December 1963.

South African Broadcasting Corporation (SABC)

South African History Archive Poster Collection

Forms part of Struggles for Justice Archival Collection at SAHA. In the formative years, SAHA was managed by non-archivists, who applied library techniques to their collection, arrangement and description activities. Materials were catalogued by subject and/or physical medium, with very little attention paid to preserving documentation in accordance with its original context or what is referred to as ‘provenance’ in archival discourse. This approach saw the emergence of six collections one of which was the Poster Collection. The collection dates mainly from the 1980s and 1990s. There are duplicate copies for a substantial proportion of the items. Posters acquired by Historical Papers are also included in this collection. All items are retrievable on a database. The book Images of Defiance: South African Resistance Posters of the 1980s (Raven Press, Johannesburg, 1991)
reproduced 327 items from the collection. Slides of the latter are also available
(see AL2432). A few individual posters relating to the Rivonia Trial are: Poster 181 (SN1096) "Release Mandela Campaign Remembers Rivonia Trial" from 1985 (?) from Release Mandela Campaign and Poster 1049 (SN599) "We remember Rivonia and life-serving prisoners: Release all political prisoners" from Release Mandela Campaign, UDF, COSATU, SAYCO from 1987 (?).

South African History Archive (SAHA)

Liliesleaf Farm/Rivonia Trial Research Collection

Contains:
-Books and other published material related to Rivonia Trial including "Rivonia Unmasked" by Lauritz Strydom (Voortrekker Pers, Johannesburg). Published in January 1965 immediately after the Rivonia Trial, this book puts across the State's view of the trial. It has a Foreword by B J Vorster and an Introduction by Percy Yutar.
-Archival documents, maps and photographs from other institutions used as research and/or for displays
-Documents re Liliesleaf Farm development.

These records do not necessarily form a collection discrete from other Liliesleaf Farm collections but have been listed as such for ease of reference. Also see entries for Harold and Annemarie Wolpe Papers, Liliesleaf Farm Audio-Visual Collection, Liliesleaf Farm Artefact Collection, James Kantor Papers, Percy Yutar Papers.

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Denis Kuny Papers

Court records and other documents relating to trials in which Kuny (an advocate) was involved, including the Rivonia Trial where Denis Kuny was junior counsel. One box of Rivonia Trial material contains: A1.1 Indictments 1963 ; A1.2 Motion to quash the indictment 1963 ; A1.3 Defence requests for further particulars and the State's reply thereto; A1.4 Documents relating to Accused no 8 (James Kantor) including affidavit, request for particulars, petition, notes and a press cutting.

Records still in process.

Kuny, Denis

Records of the Centre for Applied Legal Studies (CALS)

Memoranda and other documents on political trials, conscientious objection, detentions, repression and the ANC Constitutional Committee. Section P1 Political Trials contains reports and documents concerning political trials in South Africa, including amongst others:
-Treason Trial (from: Political Science Quarterly)
-Mandela speech from the Dock (Rivonia Trial 1964)
-State vs. Dean of Johannesburg (1972)
-The trial of the 13 (Ngkungwana and others) By Shauna Westcott
-Ebrahim Ismail Ebrahim vs. the Apartheid State. By Rudi Boon
-The Passtoors trial. By Willem C van Manen
-Political Trials, South Africa 1976-1979. By Glenn Moss
-Security and related Trials in SA July 1976-May 1977 (SAIRR)
-Security Trials 1978 by Linda Ensor
-Letter from Judge Didcott to John Dugard re Andrew Zondo
-Delmas Trial 1980s
-Upington (Paballelo) 1989
-‘The Sun Will Rise’ statements from the dock by SA political prisoners (Sobukwe, Mandela, Sisulu, Motsoaledi, Mlangeni, Mkwayi, Fischer, ja Toivo, Tuhadeleni, April, Lekota, Mokoape, Suttner, Sexwale, Tsiki, Ramokgadi, Seko, Nkosi, Mothlanthe) Ed Mary Benson, 1981
-Political trials seminar. 19-21 May 1989
-Political prisoner status: Namibia 1989/1990

Centre for Applied Legal Studies (CALS)

Records of the Students' Resource Centre, University of Witwatersrand

Reports, pamphlets, minutes, publications, statements and photographs relating to NUSAS and SASPU, as well as miscellaneous information on various anti-apartheid and other organisations. A19.3 Publications and Media contain two items on Rivonia: A19.3.4: Rivonia - Tweny Years: A Resource Pack (published by ADAC) and A19.3.7: An Overview: Rivonia Trial (pamphlet).

Students' Resource Centre, University of the Witwaterand

Records of the African National Congress (ANC)

Constitution, minutes, reports, resolutions, Treason Trial legal records, press statements, speeches, correspondence, press clippings, pamphlets, periodicals, notes, and items on the A.N.C. Youth League and the A.N.C. Women's League together with other organisations such as the All African Convention, All African People's Conference and the South African Congress of Democrats. Subjects are apartheid, African nationalism, passes, education, Freedom Charter and the activities of the ANC in exile. Forms part of the archives of the South African Institute of Race Relations. Two items relate to the Rivonia Trial under Fa: Policy statements by ANC and related organisations (1946-1973): Fa46 "Stand by our leaders" (1964, 1 p.Ts. Asking for a boycott for 12 June when Rivonia Trialists will be sentenced) and Fa47 "The message of Rivonia" (1964, 1p. Ts.).

African National Congress (ANC)

Liliesleaf Farm Artefact Collection

Artefacts and fragments from archaeological dig conducted at Liliesleaf Farm; artefacts in exhibits in the Museum; Hinterland truck used to smuggle arms into South Africa in 1980s and documentation on it; Awaiting Trial card from 1963 and notes passed between accused and lawyers during the Trial. For example, "Jimmy Kantor, Jolly Good Work. Denis"

These artefacts do not necessarily form a collection discrete from other Liliesleaf Farm collections but have been listed as such for ease of reference. Also see entries for Harold and Annemarie Wolpe Papers, Liliesleaf Farm Audio-Visual Collection, James Kantor Papers, Liliesleaf Farm/Rivonia Trial Research Collection, Percy Yutar Papers.

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Madiba -1990

TV 1- Actuality - Mr Nelson Mandela the deputy president of the ANC answers questions put to him by a panel of journalists. The questions focus on:-
1. Violence in the country relationship between the ANC and Inkatha- Education-
2. The issue of economic sanctions- nationalisation- religion- the relationship between the ANC and the SACP-
3. Multiparty democracy- the possibility of an alliance
4. The ANC relationship with homeland leaders
5. The fears of the conservative whites.

RECORDBC 19900812

SABC Sound Archives

Madiba -1990

Service - Radio South Africa - Actuality Radio Today- Violence in the townships- report by Herman Steyn on a meeting between the deputy president of the ANC Mr Nelson Mandela and the representatives of the South African Police about the violence in the black townships. - An Actuality of Mr Nelson Mandela and the minister of law and order Mr A.J. Blok-on allegations made by the police.

RECORDBC 1990817

Report by Herman Steyn on a meeting between the deputy president of the ANC Mr. Mandela
and the representatives of the South African police

SABC Sound Archives

Madiba -1990

Radio South Africa report on Radio Today by Douglas Mc Clure on the life and career of ANC leader Mr Nelson Mandela.

RECORDBC 19900209

SABC Sound Archives

Madiba -1990

Radio South Africa actuality of the state president of South Africa Mr Willem de Klerk who announces the release of political prisoner Mr Nelson Mandela from the Victor Verster prison near Paarl.

RECORDBC1990021

SABC Sound Archives

D- Madiba 1992

Radio 2000 actuality - Complete recordings at CODESA 2

Contents E 93/14-23 (Day one)
(Day two)

SABC Sound Archives

D- Madiba-1992

Service RSN Speech: An extract from a speech in Pretoria in which the President of the ANC Mr Nelson Mandela gives details of demands by the ANC before negotiations resum - The speech was made at the Union Buildings.

RECORDBC19920805

SABC Sound Archives

D- Madiba- 1992

Radio South Africa - Report Radio Today
ANC government summit - report by Manas Tshungu on the successful summit meeting between the State President Mr FW De Klerk and the President of the ANC Mr Nelson Mandela both provide details of the record of understanding which promises the release of all remaining political prisoners. The fencing of twenty-eight hostels, a ban on the carrying of weapons and the formation of the National Government Unity.

RECORD BO 1992 0908

SABC Sound Archives

Mandela -196+

English Service Actuality Rivonia Trial- Quartu De Wet/ Bram Fischer/Dr Percy Yuter
Recordings of the proceedings during the Rivonia trial sabotage Trial with actuality by the Judge president Quartus De Wet, the public prosecutor, Percy Yuter and counsel for defence, Bram Fischer( State's case) Mandela appears as accused no.1.

RECORDBC 19631203

South African Broadcasting Corporation [DO NOT USE]

Radio Suid-Afrika

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on programmes such as Monitor, Spitstyd and Kaleidoscope. Includes reports and interviews on the following:
Biographical history of Nelson Mandela. The release of Nelson Mandela from prison, and reactions of political leaders in parliament to the news of his release. Statements and addresses by Nelson Mandela to the US congress. Nelson Mandela's visit to West Germany. African National Congress (ANC) policies. The ANC's first national congress held in South Africa after it's unbanning. The South African negotiation process, the CODESA talks and the Government of National Unity. The relationship between the ANC and the South African Communist Party. Political violence in the 1990s, including the Boipatong massacre.

South African Broadcasting Corporation [DO NOT USE]

Radio Sesotho

Programmes broadcast on Radio Sesotho.
Subjects include Nelson Mandela's release from prison and his inauguration as the first democratically elected President of South Africa.
Language: Sesotho

South African Broadcasting Corporation [DO NOT USE]

Radio Xhosa

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on the Breakfast Show. Includes reports and interviews on the following:
Meetings between Nelson Mandela and FW De Klerk. The 1994 elections. The inauguration of Mandela as the first democratically elected President of South Africa. The opening of parliament. The new constitution of South Africa . Commemoration of the 1976 uprisings. Memorial service of Chris Hani. Mandela birthday celebrations, as well as New Year messages delivered by him. Nelson Mandela’s visits to New York, and his addresses to the United Nations General Assembly.
Language/s: English and Xhosa

South African Broadcasting Corporation [DO NOT USE]

Ligwalagwala

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on the radio programme, Letiphuma Embiteni. Includes reports and interviews on:
Nelson Mandela's family life and his imprisonment on Robben Island. The USAID donation of R35 million to the Nelson Mandela Children's Fund, for its HIV/AIDS programme. The World Aids Conference held in Durban, South Africa, 2000. The Middle East peace talks, 2000. The politics of George W. Bush.
Languages: Swazi and English

South African Broadcasting Corporation [DO NOT USE]

SA FM

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on AM Live, PM Live, Scoreboard and Woman Today. Includes reports and interviews on the following:
Nelson Mandela's international visits to South East Asia, the United Kingdom, Japan and Singapore. Reports on Mandela's tour of Southern Africa. Conflict in Zaire and the role of the South African government in peace talks. The 50th anniversary of the United Nations. Tony Blair's visit to South Africa. The 12th Non-Aligned Movement summit held in Durban, South Africa. Mandela's farewell as Head of State, to the international community, and addresses to the United Nations General Assembly. The South African intervention in the Lesotho conflict. The unveiling of the tombstone of Chris Hani. The funeral of Harry Gwala. Messages by Nelson Mandela on the first democratic elections in South Africa. New Year and Christmas messages by Nelson Mandela. The new constitution of South Africa and Nelson Mandela's signing of the new constitution into law. Comments by Nelson Mandela on the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, and Mandela signing the Truth and Reconciliation Commission into law. Truth and Reconciliation Commission hearings, including the Pollsmoor March to free Mandela in 1996. Gains made by the new South African government. Freedom Day celebrations. Workers Day. Nelson Mandela's last official speech to the South African Parliament, as Head of State. The 1999 South African elections. The Broudi Commission of Enquiry opposed in court by the South African Rugby Football Union (SARFU).
The ANC national conference held in Port Elizabeth in 2000.

South African Broadcasting Corporation [DO NOT USE]

SABC Sound Archive Collection

Speeches, interviews and reports, including:
Nelson Mandela's speech after the African National Congress (ANC) victory in South Africa's first democratic election. Nelson Mandela's first 100 days in office as President of South Africa. The opening of parliament. The opening of the Constitutional Court by President Mandela. The handing over of the final Truth and Reconciliation Commission report to President Nelson Mandela by Archbishop Desmond Tutu. Bill Clinton's visit to South Africa and his address to the South African parliament. The visit of Yasser Arafat to South Africa.
Extracts from famous speeches by Nelson Mandela.

South African Broadcasting Corporation [DO NOT USE]

H. K. Zulfikar

An interview with Nelson Mandela on Sports Hour, about the progress of South African sport and Mandela's love for sport.

South African Broadcasting Corporation [DO NOT USE]

Radio Sonder Grense

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on programmes such as 'Land en sand,' 'Monitor' and news programmes. Includes reports and interviews on:
Violence in Richmond, KwaZulu-Natal. The US-targeted bombings in Kenya and Tanzania. The 12th Non-Aligned Movement Summit held in Durban, South Africa. The death of Princess Diana. The 1997 Comrades Marathon. South Africa's second and third democratic elections, held in 1999 and 2004, respectively. The inauguration of Thabo Mbeki as President in 1999.
Languages: English and Afrikaans

South African Broadcasting Corporation [DO NOT USE]

Drum Magazine Photographic Archive

Collection of photographs covering major political events, including:
The 1952 Defiance Campaign. The Bantu Education Boycott of 1955. Organising for the 1956 Women's March to the Union Buildings in Pretoria. Treason Trial 1956 - 1961, and photographs taken during this period such as Nelson Mandela at Jerry Moloi’s boxing gym in Orlando. Photographs of Nelson Mandela and fellow comrades at meetings. The All in Africa Conference held in Pietermaritzburg in December 1961. Photographs of family and friends at the funeral of Thembekile Mandela, July 1969. Scenes of Nelson Mandela’s visit to Ghana in November 1994. Also featured in the photographs are: Jerry Moloi, a professional featherweight boxer; James Phillips; Ahmed Kathrada; Barney Desai; Ruth First; Joe Slovo; Sonia Bunting; Evelyn Mandela; Winnie Mandela; Aziz Pahad; Helen Joseph; Moses Kotane; Peter Nthite; Walter Sisulu; Harrison Motlana; Ghanaian Head of State, John Jerry Rawlings; and Togolese Prime Minister, Joseph Kokou Koffigoh. Photographers include: Gopal Naransamy, Bob Gosani, Peter Magubane and Jurgen Schadeberg.

Drum Magazine

African National Congress Video Unit

African National Congress
Footage on Nelson Mandela, s travels throughout the world after his release from prison -dates from 1990- 1997.

African National Congress (ANC) Video Unit

Ballinger Family Papers

Ballinger papers focussing on Anti- Apartheid and trade union struggles, in the collection there is correspondents Department of native Affairs Messrs Mandela and Tambo (Attorneys and the Native Commissioner (Zeerust) disputes between of the Bahurutse. Correspondence requesting help for Nelson Mandela Studying LLB at the University of the Witwatersrand.

Ballinger

Edwin Cameron

Correspondence to Nelson Mandela from Cameron 5 December re history of living with HIV & AIDS (accompanied by correspondence with Dr. Malegapuru Makgoba). Speech by Nelson Mandela during the centenary celebrations of the Rhodes Trust 02 July 2003 (accompanied by a BBC news internet article)

Cameron, Edwin

Centre for Applied Legal Studies 1980-1999

Report and correspondence of the commission of inquiry on the demonstration of May 21 1991 in relation to the suspension of Winnie Mandela and the members of the women's league.
ANC speeches, statements including the speech delivered by Nelson Mandela on his release on 11 February 1990.

Centre for Applied Legal Studies (CALS)

Ecumenical Monitoring

The Ecumenical Monitoring programme was established to monitor South African events up to the National elections in 1994. In the collection there is a Joint Statement by Nelson Mandela and Mangosuthu Buthelezi at the Royal Hotel in March 1 1994.

Ecumenical monitoring

End Conscription Campaign

Material of the End Conscription Campaign, correspondence includes a letter to Nelson Mandela and lobbying letters to organisations.

End conscription campaign

Helen Joseph

Collection of papers built by Helen Joseph during her lifetime, these relate to her personal fight against
apartheid. The collection has papers on her involvement in politics, the Human rights Welfare Committee, the 1956 Treason trial, banning banishment, house arrests relationship with Nelson Mandela and his family - Nelson and Winnie Mandela - Release Mandela Campaign

Joseph, Helen

Lillian Ngoyi

Papers of Lillian Masediba Ngoyi the collection is made up of Lillian Ngoyi's biography, Newsclippings and lots of correspondence that Mrs Ngoyi wrote to Mr. and Mrs. Allan in Switzerland among the letters expressing there are two letters referring to Mr. Nelson Mandela. In one letter Mrs. Ngoyi expresses pleasure that the South African authorities granted her permission to visit Nelson Mandela. The other letter is written while travelling in the train to Cape Town to meet Nelson Mandela, Mrs Ngoyi describes the scenery in detail and expresses the joy of being able to travel without any restrictions and further explains that he expects to be see Madiba on the 25th August 1973.

Ngoyi, Lilian

Alan Stewart Paton Collection

The state vs. Nelson Mandela and the others. 12 June 1964. Evidence and address by A. Paton in mitigation of sentence,

Paton, Alan

Records of the Rivonia Treason Trial

Incomplete set of records of the state vs. Nelson Mandela and nine others. The collection includes the indictment, opening address, statements, evidence, evaluation of evidence and exhibits including photographs. An important section of the collection relates to preparations of the defence. As well as Nelson Mandela, the accused include Dennis Goldberg, Govan Mbeki, Walter Sisulu, Ahmed Kathrada, Andrew Mlangeni, Raymond Mhlaba, James Kantor and Elias Motsoaledi.

Robert Sobukwe

Robert Sobukwe papers, in the collection there is a copy of the correspondence to the Commanding Officer Robben Island enclosing R100 books for Nelson Mandela and a publication with the title The South Africa Mandela - ANC dialogue euphoria.

Sobukwe, Robert Mangaliso

South African Council of Churches

South African Council of churches records include: Address by Arch Bishop Desmond Tutu calling for Mandela to be released, the Release Mandela Campaign, speeches by Nelson Mandela, memoranda sent by Brigalia Bam to Nelson Mandela on crime and violence, TRC minutes on crime and violence (meeting with President Mandela, moral leadership of the church and statements by Nelson Mandela on TRC.

South African Council of Churches (SACC)

South African Institute of Race Relations

SAIRR correspondence and memorabilia to and from the South African Institute of Race relations.. Correspondence includes New Age article of the letter by Ntsu Mokhehle to Nelson Mandela on the Attack 28 August 1961. Nelson Mandela correspondencewith Si De Villiers Graaf on the inauguration of the Republic

South African Institute of Race Relations

Oliver Tambo Papers

The collection includes correspondence, addresses/ statements, Appeal for Action Against Apartheid, Arrest of Nelson Mandela, Mandela -Wembley Concert, Nelson Mandela - Freedom at Seventy, Nelson Mandela 70thth Birthday Tribute to Nelson Mandela, Release of Nelson Mandela and the unbanning of the ANC, Nelson and Winnie Mandela, Nelson Mandela’s visits, tributes, prizes and awards to Nelson Mandela.
Winnie Mandela footage and interviews,
Winnie Mandela, Footage, interview s for BBC TV News affair

Tambo, Oliver Reginald

A. B. Xuma

A.B. Xuma Papers amoung the papers there is a list of ANC list of youth league office bearers. Correspondence form the Youth League.

Xuma, A.B.

South African Institute of Race Relations

SAIRR memoranda, circulars. Letters minutes addresses and printed items relating to subject of Apartheid, Race relations, socialism and communism, includes a file on correspondence with Allan Paton, Nelson Mandela, Dr Essellen, Patric Duncan, Prof Jabavu, Prof Du Plessies, Naidoo etc.

South African Institute of Race Relations

Madiba -1990

Radio South Africa- Actuality- Report by Connie Lawn on the arrival of the deputy president of the ANC Mr Nelson Mandela who refers to the issue of sanctions.

RECORDBC19900625

SABC Sound Archives

E - Madiba-1993

Sir David Frost, in conversation with the president of the ANC Mr. Nelson Mandela, about the political situation in South Africa.

SABC Sound Archives

E - Madiba-1993

Radio Today concept report by Charlton Andrews on a news conference held by the president of the ANC Mr. Nelson Mandela who expresses his concern about the then Apartheid South African government 's interference in the selection of the SABC board.

SABC Sound Archives

Records of the Rivonia Trial

Incomplete set of records of the State vs. Nelson Mandela and nine others. The collection includes charge sheets, the indictment, opening address, statements, evidence, evaluation of evidence and exhibits, including photographs, bail applications, sentencing. An important section of the collection relates to preparation of the defence. Also includes a VHS video (no soundtrack) of the cells and court room where the Rivonia Trial was held. This was filmed a long time after the trial. Its reference code is AD1844, D.

Missing volumes are: Volume 21: Walter Sisulu's Evidence (vol. 2); Volume 22: Walter Sisulu's Evidence (vol. 3); Volume 23: Walter Sisulu's Evidence (vol. 4); Volume 27: Denis Goldberg's Evidence; Volume 35: Exhibit: Plan of Liliesleaf and Rivonia. Incomplete: Volume 29: Elias Motsoaledi's Statement. It is not clear why these volumes are missing.

The records in this collection are the Defence set donated originally by Joel Joffe. They are part of the archives of the South African Institute of Race Relations (SAIRR).

Joffe, Joel

Julie Frederikse Collection

Sound recordings and interview transcripts. Julie Frederikse worked as a journalist for National Public Radio (NPR) in the USA covered politics in South Africa. The collection includes a taped interview with Denis Goldberg and a file on him. The file contains newspaper clippings of his release in 1985; stickers re his release and release of all political prisoners; transcript of the interview (mostly on his life including rationale behind joining armed struggle) and a biography. The interview does not go into detail about the Rivonia Trial itself.

Fredrickse, Julie

Bailey's African History Archive

The entire collection at Bailey's emanates from Drum Magazine. It includes a full set of South African Drum (1951-1984), issues of its sister publications, Drum from other African countries, and an extensive archive of Drum photographers.

A number of articles in various issues of South African Drum relate to the Rivonia Trial:
-August 1963 "The Raid" accompanied by artist Lennie Saks' drawings, re the arrests at Liliesleaf.
-December 1963 "South Africa goes on Trial" with photos and text about main protagonists (Vorster, Mandela)
-January 1964 entitled "They made the news in 1963" and "While the world watches 40 fight for their lives" about the three sabotage trials (Rivonia Trial in Johannesburg, Cape Town, Pietermaritzburg) with photographs and captions about each person (available online).
-June 1964 "The Rivonia men" with a profile of Mandela, Kathrada, Bernstein, Goldberg, Sisulu, Mbeki and "Rivonia - the three mystery men" profiling Mhlaba, Mlangeni, Motsoaledi.
-July 1964 "After the Trial - Sabotage!" and "I'll never forget Rivonia" by Aggrey Klaaste
-August 1964 "The strange world after Rivonia"

An article in the Post related to Rivonia:
-September 1963 "Kill Goldreich Plot - The one who got away" (available online)

Photographs are arranged under subject headings and are by Drum photographers:
Envelope under subject of "Rivonia Trial/Winnie Mandela/Liliesleaf Farm, Drum December 1963-January 1964":
-Includes photos of family members outside the court in 1963, mostly Winnie Mandela, Mrs Mandela (Mandela's mother), contact sheets, various shots of the crowd and police cordoning off crowd with dogs, policemen at Liliesleaf Farm entrance.

Two envelopes under subject " Winnie Mandela"
-Various pictures of Winnie Mandela and children at different times, these include some from the outside the court during Rivonia Trial (mostly same as in Rivonia Trial envelope)

No Rivonia Trial photos were found under other trialists' names in subject folders. The photographs that exist of them come mostly from the Treason Trial.

Photographs online include ones mentioned above and photo of Lionel Bernstein and photographs of Liliesleaf Farm (search "Rivonia" in online search).

Drum Magazine

Liliesleaf Farm Audio-Visual Collection

VHS, Betacams, DVDs, audio cassettes, CDs. Interviews with various people including Arthur, Hazel and Paul Goldreich, Caroline Motsoaledi, Vivian Ezra (re purchase of Liliesleaf Farm), Bob Hepple, Annemarie Wolpe, Raymond Mhlaba, Ahmed Kathrada, Denis Goldberg. Transcripts available for some interviews. Also two reels of tape from Arthur Goldreich. It is not clear what it contains.

Various photographs of James Kantor and family, aerial photographs of Liliesleaf Farm in 1950s and 1960s

Newspaper clippings of the Rivonia Trial, photocopies of Rand Daily Mail coverage at the time of the arrests in 1963.

These records do not necessarily form a collection discrete from other Liliesleaf Farm collections but have been listed as such for ease of reference. Also see entries for Harold and Annemarie Wolpe Papers, James Kantor Papers, Liliesleaf Farm Artefact Collection, Liliesleaf Farm/Rivonia Trial Research Collection, Percy Yutar Papers.

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Hilda and Rusty Bernstein Papers

Rusty (Lionel) Bernstein's Papers include personal correspondence to family and comrades, professional documentation relating to his career as an architect and inventor, and a large collection of writing, including drafts and material for his political biography "Memory Against Forgetting" as well as articles, essays and literature relating to prominent events in the liberation struggle (the 1946 Mine Workers Strike, The Freedom Charter and the Rivonia Trial). The collection also includes written material relating to his political career in the Communist Party and involvement with the ANC and as editor/contributor to journals like Fighting Talk and The African Communist and a lecture series given in Moscow to young militants of the ANC. Hilda Bernstein's papers include a series of journals dating from 1967 to 2001 and personal diaries written whilst in prison, and on travels throughout South Africa and Europe. A large part of the collection marks her involvement with women's rights and work for the ANC Women's League. There is also a considerable collection of art records documenting her career in London and Europe. The bulk of the collection is comprised of records relating to Hilda's extensive writings - books, articles and political literature. Of particular prominence is material collected for her most recent book "The Rift", which captures the experiences of South African exiles. There is also a large collection of correspondence both personal and professional and political brochures relating to her position as City Councillor for the Communist Party in Johannesburg from 1943 to 1946. The records kept by Hilda (viewed as 'evidence' of Hilda's activities) far outnumber those kept by Rusty. It would be misleading to presume that this is in any way a complete archive of the Bernstein's activities.

Records directly related to the Rivonia Trial are:
D1.2 Sketches, Rivonia Trial done by Hilda on scraps of paper in black pen during the trial. There are drawings of the judge, Special Branch policemen, court scenes and the back of the heads of the accused.
F2.18 Article by Hilda: "The Rivonia Trial" (1 December 1963), 4 pages of a reflection on the trial
F2.23 Article by Hilda: "The Men Who Many Die" (8 March 1964)
F2.25 Article by Hilda: "Rivonia" Landmark in SA Liberation Struggle" (24 June 1964) detailing what happened at Rivonia
F3.36 Article by Hilda: "The Trials of Nelson Mandela" (undated)
R3.1 Article in Sechaba 1989: "Rivonia: Telling it as it was"
V2.1 Transcript of Judge's remarks when passing sentence in the trial (photocopy)
V2.2 "Rivonia: The Story of Accused No. 11" by Bob Hepple. Memoirs (manuscript) with letters from Sisulu and Joffe as appendix.

Minor references to the Rivonia Trial are:
B2.1 Diary notes where Hilda refers visiting Rusty in jail, going to court and consulting with lawyers amongst other things
I11.1.2 Letter addressed to Rusty from Hilda in Pretoria Jail. Aside from address, not reference to trial or Rivonia events.
N4 Correspondence re his inventions and other business between Rusty and Hilda while he was in prison during the Rivonia Trial
Q1 Draft Novel by Rusty written in Pretoria Local Prison during the trial in 1963/4. Content not related to Trial in any way.

Bernstein, Robert L

Trials

Press summaries and bulletins of the Treason Trials' Defence Fund 1958-1961; press clippings on the Rivonia Trial (including on Nelson Mandela and Walter Sisulu) 1964, Abram Fischer 1965-1966, trial of 22 (including Winnie Mandela) 1969-1970, S Cooper and others 1975, Breyten Breytenbach 1977, Solomon Mahlangu 1977-1978; record of proceedings of W W Twala and Others in the Supreme Court of South Africa (Transvaal Provincial Division) 1978-1979 (pages 1-2554).

Institute of Race Relations (IRR)

South African History Archive Photograph Collection

Forms part of Struggles for Justice Archival Collection at SAHA. This collection was opened by Julie Frederikse whilst researching her book The Unbreakable Thread. The 1210 photographs she collected, form the bulk of this collection. SAHA photographs are incorporated into the broader Historical Papers photograph collection stored in the Ephemera room. A few individual photographs relating to the Rivonia Trial are in this collection under 21A including the front page of "The Argus" newspaper with a report on the verdict (21A.10).

South African History Archive (SAHA)

Records of the United Democratic Front (UDF)

Established in 1983 to coordinate opposition to the Apartheid State's reforms, the UDF promoted links between various organisations, region and parties. The UDF Collection was created by adding together material from various sources: individuals, the UDF Information Office and UDF offices from around the country. Gaps are evident. The National Reception Committee which was created to deal with the release of the Rivonia trialists operated from the UDF offices. There is a small amount of material related to this: A1.13.4 Statements and Press Releases (1988, 1989) including on the release of Rivonia leaders (1 file, 10 items) and A1.18.8 Profiles of various people including of Rivonia leaders (1 file, 8 items).

United Democratic Front (UDF)

Madiba -1990

Radio South Africa report by Freek Robinson on an international conference in Oslo Norway where Mr Nelson Mandela criticises actions of South African Police and the deputy minister of foreign
affairs Mr Leon Wessels says Apartheid was a dreadful mistake.

RECORDBC 19900828

SABC Sound Archives

Madiba -1990

Service RSN
Actuality - Meeting of SA government and ANC News conference after the historic meeting between the South African government delegation and the African National Congress delegation in Cape Town.

RECORDBC 19900504

SABC Sound Archives

Madiba -1990

RSN Interview by reverend Ngcobo with Chief Minister of Kwa Zulu and president of Inkatha Dr. Mangosuthu Buthelezi about an incident in which eight people who were killed in Natal. In the interview, he voices his views on
multi-party democracy and his relationship with Mr. Nelson Mandela.

RECORDBC 19900620

SABC Sound Archives

Madiba -1990

RSN Actuality
Report by Clement Ntombela on a press conference where the deputy president of the ANC Mr Nelson Mandela gives his views on the violence in Natal and also reacts to the steps announced the State President to curb the violence.

RECORDBC 19900403

SABC Sound Archives

Madiba -1990

Service Radio RSA general- Class actuality- meeting between the SA government and ANC. Concept news conference in Pretoria after a meeting between the SA government. The ANC- concept news - conference in Pretoria after meeting between the South African Government and the African National Congress.

RECORDBC1990086

SABC Sound Archives

Madiba -1990

RSN Class actuality- concept report by Freek Robinson on the Mandela tribute concert at Wembley in London with the actuality of Mr Nelson Mandela who attacks the Thatcher government's stand on sanctions.

RECORDBC 19900416

SABC Sound Archives

Madiba -1990

Radio South Africa Actuality President George Bush of the United States speaking on relations with South Africa and the visit of Mr Nelson Mandela to the United States.

RECORDBC 19900621

SABC Sound Archives

Madiba -1990

Radio South Africa actuality on violence in Worcester, deputy President of the ANC Mr Nelson Mandela spoke about the violence throughout the country during a rally in Worcester.

RECORDBC 19900918

SABC Sound Archives

Madiba -1990

Radio South Africa Actuality - Report by Trevor Grundy on the visit of the deputy president of the ANC Mr Nelson Mandela to Zimbabwe. Actuality of excited crowds and minister of foreign affairs of Zimbabwe Mr Nathan Shamuyarira.

RECORDBC 19900305

SABC Sound Archives

E - Madiba-1993

Radio 2000 Funeral of Oliver Tambo the former president of the African National Congress (ANC) Mr. Oliver Tambo - Commentary and speech delivered by Nelson Mandela; prayers; singing.

SABC Sound Archives

Madiba -1990

RSN - Speech report by Anthony Sibambo on the visit to Kangwane homeland by of deputy president of the ANC Mr Nelson Mandela who accuses farmers of exploiting their workers and saying the homeland policy is the root of this problem.

RECORDBC 19900324

SABC Sound Archives

Madiba -1990

Radio South Africa Speech Actuality of the deputy president of the ANC Mr Nelson Mandela rejecting the concept of group rights at a rally in Soweto- Mr Nelson Mandela also refers to the discussion between the South African government and the ANC.

RECORDBC 19900507

SABC Sound Archives

Madiba -1990

Radio South Africa - Report of the of the arrival in London of the deputy president of the ANC Mr Nelson Mandela by Keith Chalkey Arrival of deputy president of the ANC Mr Nelson Mandela and, the Rev Jesse Jackson- to attend a pop concert in the honour of the deputy president of the ANC Mr Nelson Mandela,

RECORDBC 19900416

SABC Sound Archives

In celebration of Madiba

Mail and Guardian tribute site in celebration of Madiba. The 20 year archive includes speeches, statements, newspaper articles, photographs, video clips, cartoons and ANC related articles.

Madiba -1990

Radio South Africa- Actuality- Radio Today- Nelson Mandela report by Conrad Burke on the return of the deputy president of the African National Congress Mr Nelson Mandela after his fourteen nations World tour. An actuality of Mr Nelson Mandela who refers to the armed struggle, sanctions and the success of the efforts to raise funds for the ANC - An actuality of the director for information and publicity of the ANC Mr Thabo Mbeki.

RECORDBC 19900719

SABC Sound Archives

Madiba -1990

Radio South Africa - Actuality- Radio today - Nelson Mandela/ George Bush- Report by Connie Lawn on the meeting between President George Bush of the United States and the Deputy President of the African National Congress Mr Nelson Mandela. An actuality of Mr Nelson Mandela who refers to the success of his talks with President Bush.

RECORDBC 19900626

SABC Sound Archives

Madiba -1990

Service RSN- Special report by Cliff Saunders on operation iron fist -.An actuality of a spokesman of the South African Police, Brig Leon Mellet and the deputy president of the ANC Mr Nelson Mandela.

RECORDBC 1990918

SABC Sound Archives

Madiba -1990

RSN Interview- Unknown - New Constitution- Interview by Lehana Tsotetsi with the state president Mr F.W. De Klerk about negotiations for a new constitution, the role of the government and the ANC. Violence in South Africa, reforms that have taken place, the issue of sanctions and Mr De Klerk's opinion of Mr Nelson Mandela.

RECORDBC 1990000

SABC Sound Archives

Madiba -1990

RSN Actuality- report by Manas Tshungu on a meeting between the government and the ANC at the Union building in Pretoria , An actuality of the deputy president of the ANC Mr Nelson Mandela who refers to the violence in South Africa, efforts to bring about peace and the responsibility of the government to bring an end to the violence.

RECORDBC 19900911

SABC Sound Archives

Madiba -1990

Radio South Africa Actuality Program Radio Today- Armed Struggle- Report by Linda van Tilburg on the talks between the South African government and the African National Congress. An actuality of the deputy president of the ANC, Mr Nelson Mandela and the State president Mr FW De Klerk- Mr Mandela announcing that the armed struggle has been terminated.

RECORDBC 19900807

SABC Sound Archives

Madiba -1990

Radio South Africa - report on Radio Today by Sting Pretter on the consultative conference of the African National Congress - An actuality of the chief of staff of Umkhonto We- Sizwe Mr Chris Hani, the deputy president of the ANC, Mr Nelson Mandela, the head of the Department of International affairs Mr Thabo Mbeki and the commander of Umkhonto We- Sizwe Mr Joe Modise

RECORDBC 19901217

SABC Sound Archives

E - Madiba-1993

Radio South Africa report on Radio Today - meeting between ANC and IFP by Manas Tshungu on the historic meeting between the president of the ANC, Mr Nelson Mandela and the president of the IFP, Dr Mangosuthu Buthelezi and Mr Nelson Mandela both stress the importance of the meeting. An actuality of Bishop Desmond Tutu who brought the two political leaders together.

SABC Sound Archives

Madiba -1990

Service -Radio South Africa- Mr Nelson Mandela who addresses a rally at Atteridgeville near Pretoria and asks whites to support the State President, Mr FW de Klerk

RECORD BC 19900528

SABC Sound Archives

E - Madiba-1993

Radio 2000 - Actuality funeral of Mr Chris Hani former secretary general of the South African Communist Party- Speeches - main Speech by Mr Nelson Mandela; Commentary; singing and toyi toying ; Sermon; Singing.

SABC Sound Archives

E - Madiba-1993

Radio South Africa actuality program Mr Nelson Mandela receiving the Fulbright Prize; speech by Mr Nelson Mandela who says that he has done duty for his people.
RECORDBC 199306242

SABC Sound Archives

Mandela -196+

Radio South Africa - Interview of Chris Stoffel Johann Van der Merwe by Chris Buchanan with the
Minister of Information, broadcasting and the film industry, Dr CJ Van der Merwe, about the meeting
between the State President, Mr PW Botha and the political prisoner and leader Mr. Nelson
Mandela.

RECORDBC 1989 0710

SABC Sound Archives

Madiba-1990

Radio South Africa Actuality - Release of Nelson Mandela -report by Connie Lawn on the reaction in
the United States to the coming release of the political prisoner Mr. Nelson Mandela, with actuality of
the secretary of the State of the United States, Mr. James Baker.

RECORDBC19900202

SABC Sound Archives

D- Madiba 1992

Service Radio South Africa- Class Actuality Program Radio Today Mr. Nelson Mandela answers questions during a news conference and reacts to a statement by the government that there is no alternative to negotiations- Mr. Nelson Mandela refers to the massacre at Boipatong , mass action, negotiations, the demands of the ANC and the struggle inside South Africa for democracy

RECORDBC 19920624

SABC Sound Archives

Mandela -196+

Radio South Africa- Interview
Radio Today- Dr M Buthelezi, Mr. F.W. De Klerk
Report by Manas Tsungu on a meeting between the State President of South Africa, Mr. FW
De Klerk and chief Mangosuthu Buthelezi of Kwa Zulu with actuality of the two leaders who refer to
the issue of negotiations and the possible release of Nelson Mandela.

RECORDBC 19891130

South African Broadcasting Corporation [DO NOT USE]

Channel Africa

Programmes and programme segments broadcast by Channel Africa, including:
Comments by Nelson Mandela on the National Party's walkout from the Government of National Unity in 1995. The situation in Sudan, 1997. An interview with Carl Niehaus on Nelson Mandela's book, 'Long Walk to Freedom.'

South African Broadcasting Corporation [DO NOT USE]

Thobela FM

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on Hlokwa la tsela. Includes reports and interviews on the following:
A speech by Nelson Mandela about peace in KwaZulu-Natal during local government elections. The unveiling of the statue of Samora Machel in Mozambique in 1998. The South African Rugby Football Union (SARFU) enquiry in 1998 in which Nelson Mandela was requested to testify in court. Bill Clinton's visit to South Africa in 1998.
Languages: Sepedi and English

South African Broadcasting Corporation [DO NOT USE]

Jurgen Schadeberg Photographic Archive

Collection of photographs of Nelson Mandela, including: An early photograph of Mandela in his law office that he shared with Oliver Tambo. Nelson Mandela at the Defiance Campaign Trial 1952.
Photographs taken during the Treason Trial 1956 -1961. Mandela’s return visit to his cell on Robben Island (1994).
Portraits of Mandela.
Featured alongside Mandela in the photographs are Moses Kotane, James Moroka, Yusuf Dadoo and Ruth First.

Schadeberg, Jürgen

Oral History Project

The man who drove Mandela: 1 copy of the documentary 12 Audio cassettes of the soundtrack of the film.

Trial- State vs. Nelson Mandela

Nelson Mandela’s charges of inciting workers to strike and for leaving South Africa without a valid travel document. Includes a request for further particulars and a reply, application for postponement, exhibits, the statement made by Nelson Mandela, correspondence and press cuttings. Mainly photocopies.

Sylvia Neame Papers

Sylvia Neame papers, in the collection there are three items on Nelson Mandela these include the letter Nelson Mandela wrote on the ICU, Release Mandela call, a copy of the letter from Nelson Mandela from prison during the Rivonia trial on the expulsion of Communists from the ICU.

Kairos Collection

Kairos collection ranges from the year 1970- 2002. In the collection there is a list of banned individuals, political prisoners, letter from Winnie to Mary Benson presented at the United nations, free Mandela and all the other political prisoners detention and trials

Gordimer Nadine

Collection of letters,events, and book chapters by Nadine Gordimer. The collection includes the White house dinner event attended by Nelson Mandela in October 1994 , correspondence on the chapter Beyond the Myth Mandela's mettle 1993, preparations for attendance to public events etc.

South African Campaign to ban landmines (SACBL) Records

Minutes, correpsondence, press statements of the South African Campaign to ban landmines including an open letter to President Mandela and an appeal to President Nelson Mandela, statement on landmines by the Catholic Archbishop of Cape Town, South Africa’s position regarding landmines, Open Society Institute Landmine Project, conference on a landmine-free Africa in Kempton Park in May 1997.

Black Sash

Black Sash material has Black Sash activities includes Nelson Mandela Speaks', Mandela's speech on his release from prison :includes a tribute to the Black SASH. Treason trial, sanctions, Mandela, Tambo.

Black Sash Movement

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