The Southern African Development Coordination Conference (SADCC), which was the forerunner of the Southern African Development Community (SADC), was formed in Lusaka, Zambia, on 1 April 1980. It grew from the Frontline States, an alliance of countries in Southern Africa formed in 1970 to aid the liberation movements in South Africa and Namibia and to form a front against apartheid. Some of the main goals of the SADCC were to lessen the dependency on apartheid South Africa and to introduce programmes and projects which would influence the Southern African region. It was renamed SADC in 1992.
The OAU was founded in 1963 to work towards unity and solidarity amongst African countries and act as a collective voice for the African continent. It worked towards the eradication of all forms of colonialism. The OAU's Coordinating Committee for the Liberation of Africa (Liberation Committee) organised diplomatic support and channeled financial, military and logistical aid to liberation movements. The OAU was disbanded in 2002 and replaced by the African Union (AU).
Closing case against Nelson Mandela (includes information that Mr. L.J. Blom-Cooper from Amnesty saw the magistrate leaving for lunch with the Security Branch in their car. This led to Nelson Mandela to call the magistrate to recuse himself from the trial but he refused. Confidential report from the British embassy. ( 26 October1962). Nelson Mandela's trial. Report from British embassy. Arrest of Nelson Mandela (including biographical details) Report from the British embassy, Pretoria to the Foreign office, London.
The Treason Trial. The State versus F Adams and others. In Special Criminal Court constituted in terms of government no. 1701 of 1958. The collection includes the Proceedings 1959 - 1961 (sixty-one volumes) Exhibits 1960 (three volumes)Reasons for Judgment 1961 (four volumes).
Records of the State vs. Nelson Mandela and nine others (Walter Sisulu, Dennis Goldberg, Govan Mbeki, Ahmed Kathrada, Lionel Bernstein, Raymond Mhlaba, James Kantor, Elias Motsoaledi and Andrew Mlangeni).
Rivonia Trial. The State versus Nelson Mandela and nine others, in the Supreme Court of South Africa Transvaal Provincial Division. The collection includes the Indictment; Annexure and Opening address; State's Concluding Address (part 1 to 4); and Judgment and Sentence.
Records of the African National Congress ( South Africa) the records are held by the Tanzanian Military Museum. Detailed biography of Nelson Mandela, Birth date, Studies, Youth league - Volunteers, Treason trial, Prison, Release. Keynote address of Nelson Mandela, Negotiations Umkhonto we Sizwe Statement.
African National Congress (SA). Proceedings of the ANC 48th National Conference 1991. Statement of the deputy president of the African National Congress at the opening of the ANC National Conference July 1991. Strategy and tactics document. Rebuilding the organisation- document. Closing address of Nelson Mandela
Missions and establishment of foreign representation of ANC in Tanzania for South African Freedom fighter on behalf of the oppressed people. 1961. Alfred Nzo statement to the OAU 6 June mentions Nelson Mandela 1963. Correspondence to the OAU liberation committee 1964. Statement to the OAU coordinating committee 1966. Bantustans and the meaning of Verwoerd's Bantustans. Press release to Mandela by I.B. Tabata addressing the society of young Africans. APDUSA report 1967. Correspondence on the South African freedom fighters by HIA Ugwa 1967. Correspondence with ANC- PAC 1967. Correspondence to Mbele from the OAU liberation committee 1971. A clarion call on all South Africans on a united struggle : South African refugee. Memorandum from the South African freedom fighters to Hon Manana- Presidents personal assistant state house - Dar es Salaam Cancellation of the united front 1974.
16 mm Film with separated sound, unedited footage of interviews with former Robben Island prisoners. The footage used in the making of the documentary, "Voices from Robben Island." Interviewees include Nelson Mandela, Walter Sisulu, Ahmed Kathrada, Andrew Mlangeni, Govan Mbeki, Mac Maharaj, Neville Alexander, Eddie Daniels Kwedie Mkallipi, Jacob Zuma, Seth Mazibuko, Terror Lekota, James Gregory, Mike Green, Sisulu's and Mlangenis visiting the island,Wild Sounds buzz, Wedding cake, Maqoma burial, and Steve Tshwete. Also includes scenes of prison life on Robben Island, and interviews with warders.
A biographical file that includes documentation concerning Nelson Mandela's nomination for chancellorship of the University of the Witwatersrand in 1982. There are forms signed by the nominees, as well as an acceptance of the nomination, signed by Mr. Nelson Mandela.
Articles by Nelson Mandela on the defiance campaign 1952 - 1956. Leaflets issued by the National Action Council calling for a nationwide stay away. April - May 1961. Letter by Nelson Mandela to Sir De Villiers Graaf leader of the white opposition - United party. 23 may 1961 Message from Nelson Mandela to the second national conference 16 June 1985
ANC, CODESA, Bill of Rights, personal legal cases 1956-1965, regulations used in preparing cases, documents re Defence and Aid Fund, publications Treason trial defence fund press summary. Albie Sachs Papers and publication
Collection of gifts and awards presented to Nelson Mandela during his tenure as the first democratically elected President of South Africa. The collection includes gifts from Heads of State, well-known personalities, and ordinary citizens from across the world. There are gifts from former US President Bill Clinton, current US President George W. Bush, Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi, and the late Yasser Arafat. There are gifts from children ranging between the ages of 3 and 18 from across the world, as well from former anti-apartheid activists. The awards include honorary fellowships, Freedom of the City awards, honorary citizenships, honorary degrees, peace and human rights awards, literary awards, media awards and orders of merit from more than 50 countries around the world. Amongst these are the Nobel Peace Prize, one of thirteen existing facsimiles of the Salisbury Magna Carta, and the Official Presidential Medallion commemorating President Nelson Mandela’s inauguration in 1994.
Memorandum by Duma Nokwe Statement made by Duma Nokwe to the liberation committee mentions Nelson Mandela ( 22 June 1963) ANC statement on the "freedom fighters " -Statement made by Duma Nokwe on the Freedom fighters and the others ( 1964). Memorandum by Duma Nokwe on the military 22 June 1963. Duma Nokwe statement to the coordination committee 22 June 1963. Newspaper article on The Nationalist 21 April 1964 (court proceedings). Duma Nokwe correspondence to Tennyson Makiwane 1964 -Report on the 4thn session of the African liberation committee by Duma Nokwe 1964. J. J. Hadebe statement on Arusha 1963. Correspondence with the liberation Committee Mzwai Piliso, O.R. Tambo, Mendi Msimang 1968. Alfred Nzo NEC report on the Morogoro conference 1969. ANC Correspondence with Hashim Mbita 1986-1987. ANC Correspondence 1982-1983
Documentary describing the milestones in the life of Nelson Mandela- from his younger days through his political activities for the ANC, his long imprisonment up to the achievement of the Nobel Peace Prize and his nomination to be the first black president of South Africa.
The collection from the times documenting 1. Helen Suzman on her first meeting with Nelson Mandela on Robben Island 2. The day Madiba was released from prison outside Victor Verster Audio clips on Nelson Mandela statement on January 8 1994 plus slides by Peter Magubane
Correspondence sent to the Permanent mission of Ireland to the United Nations from the Secretary Department of External Affairs includes a publication " Apartheid and repressive measures in South Africa"
Newspaper articles from The Irish Times, The Guardian, New York Herald Tribune reporting on the Rivonia or sabotage trial of 1962-1964. Includes newspaper clippings on the raids, the death and burial of Albert Luthuli in 1967.
The personal papers of Ruth First The collection is made up of background material, correspondence and reviews concerning "No Easy Walk to Freedom" edited by Ruth First. Printed copies of Nelson Mandela’s speech at the Rivonia Trial. Drafts of sections of the book, and a typescript of Mary Benson’s statement before the UN Special Committee on Apartheid in 1964, with handwritten alterations. Correspondence, mainly between Ruth First and Heinemann Publishers, as well as clippings of newspaper reviews. Material on political detention between 1963 and 1970, including a copy of the 1963 Detention Act, a radio script by Mary Benson entitled "Nelson Mandela and the Rivonia Trial," and notes produced by Ruth First. Press releases and conference papers concerning the Symposium on the exploitation of Blacks in South Africa and Namibia, organized by the United Nations in 1978, with observances of the 60th birthday of Nelson Mandela. Transcripts of interviews with Robben Island political prisoners. Correspondence from friends and acquaintances, and materials from South African newspapers concerning the Rivonia Trial.
These recordings were generated in the preparation and editing of the "Long Walk to Freedom" book and Anthony Sampson's authorised biography. In both of these projects, Ahmed Kathrada worked closely with Sampson and Stengel (who provided professional support for "Long Walk to Freedom") and Mandela. Transcription and digitisation is in process.
One transcribed extract (extract 5) relates to the Rivonia Trial as Mandela tells Kathrada about a conversation he had with a warder at Pretoria Local Prison during the trial about the fate of the accused.
There may be references to the Rivonia Trial in other recordings and in NMPP2009/57 Rick Stengel Interviews with Nelson Mandela.
Black and white negatives from Rand Daily Mail and Sunday Times newspapers. Selected prints also available. Rivonia Trial photographs consists of: police roadblocks stopping people on their way to hear judgement (11 June 1964); crowds outside the court awaiting judgement; Winnie Mandela, Albertina Sisulu, Mandela's mother, Leslie Minford, Annie Goldberg, Hilda Bernstein arriving to hear judgement (11 June 1964); police and Winnie Mandela outside the courtroom, pictures of the accused (Mandela, Sisulu, Mhlaba, Mlangeni, Motsoaledi, Bernstein, Hepple, Kathrada, Mbeki, Goldberg) and others (Ben Turok, Moses Kotane, J B Marks, Tennyson Makiwane, Dr Arthur Letele, Joe Slovo). Also one picture of police at Liliesleaf Farm (PH2003-773).
Online selection of images and caption stories from the pages of the Sunday Times including the following from Rivonia Trial: -ANC, POQO, Spear, smashed says Col. V.d, Bergh (14 July 1963) re arrests at Liliesleaf Farm in Rivonia -Rivonia: The Inside Story (14 June 1964) re outcome of the Trial Sunday Times newspapers can also be accessed at the National Library in Pretoria and Cape Town.
The Mandela Materials Database is a guide to the Mandela archive located with the Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory and Dialogue and elsewhere. Both local and international repositories have been surveyed for any material on Mr Mandela to include in the database. The purpose of this database is to point researchers to the relevant repositories holding the actual archival material. Although much of the material identified in the database does not relate directly to the Rivonia Trial, it has been referenced here as Mandela was one of the main protagonists in the Rivonia Trial. Any material directly related to the Rivonia Trial as been cross-referenced in this database.
Episcopal churchmen for South Africa: various issues 1956-1987 Episcopal church people for a free South Africa: various issues 1986- 1989 Special report: The church makes a decision on South Africa/ Banks, Episcopal churchmen for South Africa, 1 September 1987 Namibia- Formula for independence? Episcopal church people for a free Southern Africa, January 1989 Episcopal churchmen for South Africa, brochure 1958 St Christopher's school Usuthu Mission,1989 Your witness, July 1969 I am a loyal Namibian 1973 Namibia 1978 Elizabeth Schmidt : One step in the wrong direction, revised edition January 1985 Various handouts and leaflets
Episcopal Church People for a Free South Africa (USA)
Collection of materials including: News clippings in English from newspapers in the US and UK concerning the situation in South Africa during the 1960's. Text of Nelson Mandela's Rivonia Trial speech published by Christian Action and printed by A G Bishop & Sons Ltd (Kent, UK). Draft resolutions by the Executive Council of Episcopal Church on the Church's financial involvement with American banks that are members of a consortium extending credit to the South African government . Two copies dated 1968 and 1969 of newsletters published by the Information Service of South Africa. Open letter from The World Student Christian Federation titled The Banks and Apartheid. Testimony of Reverend Robert Chapmen presented at the hearing of the Executive and Finance Committee of the Executive Council of the Episcopal Church in 1969.
People for Southern Collection of material including: News clippings on the situation in South Africa in the mid 1980s including violent incidences in different parts of South Africa, unrest in townships, riot police clashes with protesters, resistance campaigns by students, press statements condemning the apartheid system by both Zenani Mandela as well as Allan Boesak. Appeals to support for Winnie Mandela by the Episcopal Church Africa.
Collection of materials including: News clippings on the situation in South Africa in the mid 1980s the South African governments views on releasing Nelson Mandela and possibility of the negotiation between the ANC, South African government. The blockade of Lesotho, the arrest of Mrs. Winnie Mandela and Nelson Mandela's rejection of conditional release offer. Publication "Talking the ANC" dated June 1986 Press release by ANC's observer mission to the United Nations dated 26 June 1985.
Collection of materials including: News clippings on the situation in South Africa in 1990 regarding the negotiations processes. Report from a working group of the Groote Schuur Minute. Journal article titled "Negotiations about what in South Africa?" by Heribert Adam and Kogila Moodley published in 1989 in the Journal of Modern African Studies Vol. 27 No. 3. Analysis report on the Pretoria Minute by the Southern Africa Project of the Lawyers' Committee for Civil Rights under Law.
Collection of materials including: News clippings on the situation in South Africa in the 1991 regarding, among others, pledges by foreign governments to support the ANC. Public perceptions of the ANC as a political force, ANC's fundraising campaigns, Reports of police agents amongst the ANC official structures, reports of violence in townships, tensions between SACP and ANC, and Mr. Nelson Mandela's overseas visits to push for the continuation of sanctions. Press statement by the ANC dated June 1991. A copy of "Front File" publication dated August 1991.
Collection of materials including: News clippings on the situation in South Africa in 1991 regarding, among others, ANC National working committee nominations, reports of spies within the ANC. Discussion document on structures and principles of a constitution for a Democratic South Africa. Press statements by the ANC. Statements by Nelson Mandela and Oliver Tambo during an ANC national conference held between second and 7th July 1991 in Durban, South Africa. ANC resolutions on various issues including strategy and tactics, building the ANC, violence, negotiations, and foreign policy. Correspondence with Jennifer Davis of the Africa Fund.
Rivonia Trial materials include: Unit 66 Ref 0398 -News clippings in English from newspapers in the US and UK concerning the situation in South Africa during the 1960's -Text of Nelson Mandela's Rivonia Trial speech published by Christian Action and printed by A G Bishop & Sons Ltd (Kent, UK)
Unit 85 Ref 0494 -Correspondence on "Free Mandela" appeals from the Committee of Southern Africa and responses from the US Department of State -Correspondence on "Free Mandela" appeals from Centre against Apartheid -Correspondence "Free Mandela" appeals from Africa Resource Center (CA, USA) -Correspondence "Free Mandela" appeals from General Theological Seminary (NY, USA) -Correspondence from The Episcopal Churchmen for Southern Africa (NY, USA) to among others, the US President, advocating for freeing of South African and Namibia political prisoners -Several leaflet copies of the "Free Mandela" campaign -Text of Nelson Mandela's Rivonia Trial speech published by Christian Action and printed by A G Bishop & Sons Ltd (Kent, UK) -News clippings on Mrs. Helen Suzman's visit of Robben Island and meeting Mr. Nelson Mandela and Mr. Toivo Ja Toivo, restricted family visits by Winnie Mandela, free Mandela campaigns conducted both in South Africa and around the world.
An album of photographs of Nelson Mandela, including: Portrait photographs of Nelson Mandela, many of which were taken by Eli Weinberg. There are photographs with Kaiser Matanzima, and of Nelson Mandela together with his son, Thembekile, as well as Nelson and Winnie Mandela on their wedding day. Includes photographs of Nelson Mandela wearing traditional beads, Mandela in boxing gear, at his law office, burning his pass, and in disguise while in hiding from the police as the "Black Pimpernel." (1950s - 1960s). Nelson Mandela after his acquittal at the treason trial, with Essop Pahad in the background. Nelson Mandela addressing the All-in-Africa Conference in Pietermaritzburg in 1961. Photographs are by Joe Gqabi. Photographs of Nelson Mandela with military officers in Algiers, and with Oliver Tambo in Addis Ababa, during his secret Africa trip in 1962. Nelson Mandela in Parliament Square, London, 1962. Photographs by Mary Benson. Nelson Mandela and Walter Sisulu on Robben Island in 1966.The concert in celebration of Mandela's 70th birthday. The 1988 artist's impression of Nelson Mandela. Nelson Mandela's release from prison, including a scene of him addressing a mass gathering in Cape Town on the day of his release from prison. Also featured in these photographs are Winnie Mandela, Walter Sisulu and Cyril Ramaphosa. Photographers include Yunus Mohamed. Post-release portraits, some that originates from the International Defence and Aid Fund. Photographers include Pieter Boersma and Piet den Blanken. Nelson Mandela addressing meetings on his visit to the Netherlands in June 1990. Also featured in these photographs are Winnie Mandela and Thabo Mbeki. Photographers include Jan Stegeman, Pieter Boersma and Kadir van Lohuizen. Nelson Mandela being awarded an honorary doctorate at the University of the Western Cape. Featured in the photographs are Archbishop Desmond Tutu, Professor Jaap Durand and Professor Stanley Ridge. Photographs are by Rashid Lombard. Nelson Mandela alongside a mural in Cape Town. Photograph by the Cape Argus. Nelson Mandela on the platform with Tokyo Sexwale and others at an ANC election mass meeting held at the Kwamazizi Stadium, 12 March 1994. Photographs are by B. Bohler. Photographs of Winnie and Zindzi Mandela, including Winnie in traditional dress, her attendance of political funerals in South Africa in 1985, and Zindzi addressing the crowd at a mass gathering at Jabulani Stadium in 1985. Photographers include Alf Kumalo and Gideon Mendell.
The series consists of 31 photographs with Madiba and great-grandson Ziyanda Manaway taken on 10 September 2009 for the launch of the children's version of Nelson Mandela's autobiography, Long Walk to Freedom.
Sahm Venter's research trip to Addis Ababa, tracing back Nelson Mandela’s journey when he secretly left South Africa to undergo military training in Ethiopia. Includes interviews with Ethiopian generals who helped Nelson Mandela in 1962. Included are Colonel Fekadu Wakeni, Tefers Melesse, Co. Mengesh Zedwu at the Police Rapid Deployment Force base.
Nelson Mandela Foundation and representatives from various political parties paying tribute to veterans of the liberation struggle at a special luncheon in Sandton, Johannesburg. In celebration of South Africa's struggle for liberation and democracy and to remind South Africans once in a while to stop, pause and give thanks to veterans of our struggle.
Visit by the Archives team to Mrs Angelinah Hlope, one of the women who participated in the Women’s march to the Union Buildings on 9 August 1956. Mrs Angelina Hlope is also a member of the ‘Gogos for Mandela’ soccer team. The official name of the soccer team is Vakhegula Vakhegula Football Club.
Students of the General Smuts High School holding panels which make up a photograph of Nelson Mandela. Students forming the South African flag by the colours of their t-shirts. The smaller photographs are duplicates.