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Western Cape
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South African Newspaper Collection

Collection of South African newspapers. More comprehensive than collection in Pretoria branch. Request relevant dates or publications to find coverage on Rivonia Trail.

National Library of South Africa

Jack and Ray Simons

Communist party of South Africa, SACP, Young Communist League of South Africa,, Herenigde
National Party van SA, Liberal party of SA, National party of SA, Progressive party of SA,
United party of SA, Labour party of SA, labour extra parliamentary organisations. Simons, Jack and Ray Microfilm

Simons, Jack

Cape Argus/Cape Times Clippings Collection

Newspaper clippings in subject files were created by Cape Times and Cape Argus newspapers and transferred to the National Library.

Subject entries under 53138 Treason Trials 1961-1970 for Cape Argus and Treason 1963 may have items relating to the Rivonia Trial.

Cape Times

Ruth First Papers

The personal papers of Ruth First
The collection is made up of background material, correspondence and reviews concerning "No Easy Walk to Freedom" edited by Ruth First. Printed copies of Nelson Mandela’s speech at the Rivonia Trial. Drafts of sections of the book, and a typescript of Mary Benson’s statement before the UN Special Committee on Apartheid in 1964, with handwritten alterations. Correspondence, mainly between Ruth First and Heinemann Publishers, as well as clippings of newspaper reviews.
Material on political detention between 1963 and 1970, including a copy of the 1963 Detention Act, a radio script by Mary Benson entitled "Nelson Mandela and the Rivonia Trial," and notes produced by Ruth First. Press releases and conference papers concerning the Symposium on the exploitation of Blacks in South Africa and Namibia, organized by the United Nations in 1978, with observances of the 60th birthday of Nelson Mandela.
Transcripts of interviews with Robben Island political prisoners. Correspondence from friends and acquaintances, and materials from South African newspapers concerning the Rivonia Trial.

First, Ruth

Jack and Ray Simons Papers

This extensive collection reflects the immense contribution made by the Simons' to the political, trade union and intellectual life of South Africa. F9.3 Trials: Treason and terrorism, 1957-1989 has one item related to the Rivonia: an ANC booklet entitled "South Africa on Trial: Behind the Rivonia Case." It outlines the trial, the history of the case, defendants' biographies. The aim was to encourage pressure not to impose the death penalty. It was printed in the UK. A further item may be related to the Rivonia Trial or to previous trials (it is undated): Typed notes (with manuscript additions) on High Treason and the South African Law.

Simons, Jack

Brian Bunting

Brian Bunting Papers 1930's -1980's. SACP and ANC history. Includes correspondence, news cuttings, papers, bound volumes of the Guardian (1937-1948), New Age (1956-1957) pamphlets. Material collected for the Moses Kotane biography.

Bunting, Brian Percy

Dr Yusuf Mohammed Dadoo

Dr Yusuf Mohammed Dadoo Papers donated by Brian Bunting. Papers from years in exile in London. Papers reflect activity in the South African national liberation movement. Strong with regards to the SACP and ANC and also cover the World Peace Council, SACTU and the Anti- Apartheid movement, as well as Indians in South Africa. Correspondence (handwritten and typed) Minutes of meetings, printed material, financial documents literary works including manuscripts and speeches.

Dadoo, Yusuf Mohamed

Brian Bunting Papers

  • ZA UWCRIMA MR-RT-057
  • Collection
  • 1930 - 1980
  • Part of Rivonia Trial

SACP and ANC history. Includes correspondence, newspaper cuttings, papers, bound volumes of the Guardian (1937-1948), New Age (1957). Subject file on: "Rivonia and other political trials". 2.39.1 on Rivonia contains biographies of nine accused, press clippings from The Economist and Statist (June 1964), The AA Movement: Nelson Mandela, Focus on Resistance, Southern Africa Feature Service: The Rivonia trial, UN Unit on Apartheid notes and documents: The Rivonia Trial - ten years after, World Campaign for the release of South African political prisoners: The Men of Rivonia (press statement 12 June 1964).

Also newspaper clippings (1.38 box 88) on Rivonia and Fischer Trials; Government publications 5.2.2 has a copy of Nelson Mandela's speech at the Trial with notes and marking; Correspondence 11.4.2 includes letters by Govan Mbeki from 1970s to his family (not directly related to Rivonia) and 11.5 includes letters re Robben Island and former prisoners ((not directly related to Rivonia).

Bunting, Brian Percy

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Photographic Collection

  • ZA UWCRIMA MR-RT-123
  • Collection
  • 1940 - 1990
  • Part of Rivonia Trial

This collection was built up by the London-based IDAF, which was the nerve centre of the international anti-apartheid information campaign from the 1960s, and its photographs have been used in countless publications and productions over the past three decades.

The photographs related to the Rivonia Trial are all black and white photographs. The photographers are largely unknown. Subjects include:
-Scenes at the Rivonia Trial (LA55-33; LA271-2-4; LA272-2-1 and LA272-2-2: protestors with police; A42-6-1: protests on hearing verdict; A21-1-3: Winnie Mandela outside court; A14-4-1; A14-4-5; H10-2-1: Ruth First addressing post Rivonia rally; A1-3-1: Mandela's mother and Zinzi Mandela with Sheila Weinberg outside court; LA793-2-1: Joe Slovo and Yusuf Dadoo with placards during Trial; LA856-3-3: June Mlangeni wife of Andrew Mlangeni)
-Photographs of all the Trialists (LA242-6-4; LA271-2-5)
-Media reports (LA56-1, LA56-2)
-Photographs of the accused (LA26-3 and LA271-4-5: Denis Goldberg in disguise; LA26-5 and LA271-4-2: Rusty Bernstein; LA26-6: Ahmed Kathrada in disguise; LA26-9 and LA271-5-3: James Kantor; LA271-2-1: Walter Sisulu in disguise; LA271-2-2: Nelson Mandela; LA271-3-2: Bob Hepple; LA271-3-3: Arthur Goldreich; LA271-4-1: Raymond Mhlaba; LA271-4-3: police photo of Ahmed Kathrada; LA271-4-4: police photo of Govan Mbeki; LA271-5-4: Elias Motsoaledi; LA271-5-5: Andrew Mlangeni; EW21-1-2 and EW21-2-1: portrait of Ahmed Kathrada)
-Others involved or present (LA271-1-1: T B Vorster; LA271-1-2: Luit. Van Wyk; LA271-1-3: Dirker; LA271-1-4: Judge De Wet; LA271-1-5: Percy Yutar; LA271-3-1: Joe Slovo; LA271-7-5: security forces inspect Liliesleaf)
-Rivonia/Liliesleaf Farm (LA271-5-2: map of Rivonia area; LA271-6-2: interior of Liliesleaf House; LA271-6-3: plan of Liliesleaf Farm; LA271-7-4: Radio transmitter found by security forces)
-Miscellaneous (LA271-7-2: Mountainview house; LA271-7-3: Cover of 'Rivonia Masker AF!' book; LA272-1-1: petrol bomb; LA272-1-5: outline of Operation Mayibuye; LA272-1-2: diagram of weapon; LA272-1-3: weapons; LA272-1-4: diagram of hand grenade; LA272-2-3: letter of support to Sisulu from Canon Collins; LA272-2-4: house damaged by bomb blast; LA272-2-5: electricity pylons damaged by bomb blast)

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

Brian Bunting Collection

Correspondence, pamphlets, newsletters, publications and press statements concerning the following:
The Rivonia Trial, including a summarized version of Nelson Mandela’s defence statement at the trial and the script of a radio broadcast on the Rivonia Trial (36 min.) (1964 - 1975). The World Campaign for the Release of South African Political Prisoners, and a summary of support for the campaign (1964). The persecution of Winnie Mandela (1971). Political prisoners in South Africa (1975). The Treason Trial, including schedules C and D of the indictment, a list of the accused and their association with certain speeches, gatherings and publications (1956 - 1961). Biographical profiles of Nelson Mandela, Govan Mbeki, Andrew Mlangeni, Raymond Mhlaba, Dennis Goldberg, Walter Sisulu, Lionel Bernstein, Elias Motsoaledi and Ahmed Kathrada. Appeals for the release of Nelson Mandela including an appeal to the people of South Africa smuggled out from Robben Island, with an introduction from Oliver Tambo (1980). A copy of the international declaration for the release of Nelson Mandela, initiated by Archbishop Trevor Huddleston, as well as a list of signatories to the declaration (1981). The Sunday Post campaign for Nelson Mandela’s release(1980 - 1981). United Nations notes on the Release Mandela Campaign, a statement by Chief Albert Luthuli on the sentencing of the Rivonia Trialists (1964), extracts from an address by H.E. Mr. B Akporode Clark to non-governmental organisations at UN headquarters (1980), biographical profiles on Nelson Mandela, and the Free South African Political Prisoners Campaign (1980). A survey of events and actions in honour of and for the release of Nelson Mandela, prepared by the British Anti-Apartheid Movement, October 1984. Observances of Nelson Mandela’s 60th birthday (1978).
The collection also consists of bound volumes of Spark, Guardian and New Age newspapers, for which Brian Bunting served as editor. They include newspaper reports on Nelson Mandela’s 1962 Africa trip showing photographs of Nelson Mandela together with Oliver Tambo in Algeria, Nelson Mandela’s tour of Algerian army camps and headquarters together with Robert Resha, Nelson Mandela meeting with Tunisian government representatives, and Nelson Mandela together with Colonel Tadenesse Biru in Ethiopia.

Bunting, Brian Percy

Vasson Mukesh

Documents and press cuttings relating to student struggles in the early 1980's. Focuses strongly
on the Azanian Students Organisation. The news cuttings also report on the student struggles in
the Bantustans. They also refer to the differences between AZASO and AZAPO and the
cooperation between AZASO and COSAS. Newscuttings on the Mpondo revolt of 1960. A draft thesis and related research material exploring the power relations in Pondoland during the revolt. This collection gives a focused analysis of the changing face role of the chieftaincy & tribal
authoritarianism in the former Transkei. The focus is on Flagstaff & Lusikisiki. Two unrelated items in the collection are i) Mass Democratic movement statement on Winnie Mandela and ANC 1949 Programme of action.

Vasson, Mukesh

Toni Strassburg Papers

  • ZA UWCRIMA MR-RT-064
  • Collection
  • 1950 - 1960
  • Part of Rivonia Trial

One folder of press cuttings on Treason Trial, bannings and arrests, and Rivonia Trial. Rivonia Trial reports in New York Times and South African newspapers. Also article on Bernstein escape after rearrest after acquittal and escape of Wolpe and Goldreich.

Strassburg, Toni

Roskam Karel

Roskam Karel Papers. Articles, radio texts, books journals etc.

Roskam, Karel

Reg September

Correspondence, treason trial, discussion papers, ANC, UDF, Five Freedoms forum, Broederbond, Black Sash.

September, Reg

Toni Strassburg

Press cuttings- 1960 State of emergency, Treason trail, Rivonia trial press cuttings re banning and house arrests: Hilda an Lionel Bernstein; Helen Joseph; Barbara Harmel; Michael Harmel;
Rica Hodgson; Jack Hodgson; Ann Nicholson; Brian Bunting; Roley Arenstein; Cecil Williams
Scrapbook containing miscellaneous news clippings mainly during the 1950's/ 60's period and
relating primarily to detentions
Toni Strassburg Papers, 1950-1960

Strassburg, Toni

Jurgen Schadeberg Photographic Archive

Collection of photographs of Nelson Mandela, including: An early photograph of Mandela in his law office that he shared with Oliver Tambo. Nelson Mandela at the Defiance Campaign Trial 1952.
Photographs taken during the Treason Trial 1956 -1961. Mandela’s return visit to his cell on Robben Island (1994).
Portraits of Mandela.
Featured alongside Mandela in the photographs are Moses Kotane, James Moroka, Yusuf Dadoo and Ruth First.

Schadeberg, Jürgen

Records of the American Committee on Africa (ACOA)

35mm. Originals at the Amistad Research Centre, Tulane University, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA. Documents the pioneering anti-apartheid group in the US from its establishment in the 1950s. Reels related to Rivonia Trial are:
4:0827: Campaign against South African Apartheid: Memos, draft letters to and lists of sponsors, resolutions and declarations, flyers, clippings and notes 1963 (1960-1964). 87 frames. Major topics: Appeal for action against Apartheid, Rivonia arrests and trials, international boycott of South African goods etc.
15:1071: 108/5: African National Congress Pamphlets. 27 frame. Includes 1072: South African on Trial: Behind the Rivonia Case (no date). 13 frames.
22:1205: 111/12. Mandela, Nelson (ca. 1964). 31 frames. Major topic: Rivonia trial.
41:0798: 118/35. World Campaign for the Release of South African Political Prisoners: Rivonia Trial: Newsletters, statements, press releases, brochure (1963-1964). 31 frames.
42:0784: 119/23. Writings: Chief Albert Luthuli (1957 and 1964). 9 frames. Major topics: Racial situation, Rivonia trial, ANC.
42:0841: 119/26. Writings: Nelson Mandela (1961 and 1964). 70 frames. Major topics: 1961 Stay-at-home demonstration, Rivonia trial.

American Committee on Africa

Eli Weinberg Collection

Collection of photographs covering Nelson Mandela's role in some of the major political events of the 1950s and early 1960s period. The collection has documents on Anti-pass law demonstrations and the Defiance Campaign. The collection also includes a series of photographs of the wedding of Nelson and Winnie Mandela, and various portraits of Nelson Mandela.

Weinberg, Eli

Ahmed Kathrada Collection

  • ZA UWCRIMA MR-RT-062
  • Collection
  • 1954 - 2002
  • Part of Rivonia Trial

This collection is in two accessions. The first accession contains mainly prison correspondence, study materials from jail, other manuscripts and documents from Kathrada’s prison years, a large number of ANC and other documents from the years following his release, as well as a number of books and artefacts. There are microfilm copies of the prison letters. The only material related directly to the Rivonia Trial in this section is 11. 5, a copy of part of the Rivonia Trial record signed by Mandela, Sisulu, Kathrada and Motsoaledi given to them after their move to Pollsmoor Prison.

The second accession consists of prison artefacts, correspondence, documents and study materials from imprisonment (1964- 1989), as well as records from his release reflecting a number of the positions he held in public office and his various interests (1989-2002). There are only a few items from the period prior to his imprisonment. Records related to the Rivonia Trial are: A2.8: part of Rivonia Trial record (unsigned and unbound) with Robben Island Prison stamp on it (Judgement); A1.6.3.10: Letter to The Head of Prisons Pollsmoor Maximum Prison requesting permission to spend his 60th birthday with Rivonia Trial colleagues (4 August 1989) and follow-up letter (20 August 1989); and B3.6.3: Information re documentary called "Rivonia" from 1990s.

Kathrada, Ahmed Mohamed (Kathy)

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers

Treason Trial and other cases
Notes on legislation involved in the trial.
Fund-raising campaigns by the South African Legal Defence Committee under the auspices of
Christian Action
Correspondence include Canon Collins, Solly Sachs, Dr Guy Rout
Defence Aid Fund summaries of income and expenditure
Biographical information about judges in the trial, including Justice Rump, Justice Luxor, Justice
Kennedy
Lists of 61 released
Detailed summaries of preparatory examinations
Brief biographies of some of the accused including: Oliver Tambo, Z.K. Matthews, James Calata,
Walter Sisulu, Nelson Mandela, W Conco, Leslie Masina, Chief Luthuli, Kesval Moonsamy, Dickson
Fuyani, Billy Nair, Duma (Philemon) Nokwe, Wilton Mkwayi, Elloitt Mfaxa, Len Lee- Warden, Helen Joseph Florence Matomela
"Difficulties and hardships as results of the arrests and the trial" - document
Full list of accused persons
Professions and status of the accused
Statement by Canon Collins concerning the arrests of the Treason Trialists
Excerpts from speeches made at an ANC meeting held on 7/4/1954, as reported for the
prosecution by Detective Sergeant Mistake Mesilla
Condition of the above: very fragile

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers

Correspondence, notes, campaign materials, legal accounts and other documentation concerning the Treason Trial in which 156 members of the Congress Alliance were charged. These include a statement by Canon Collins concerning arrests of the treason Trialists, a document on the difficulties and hardships encountered as a result of arrests and the trial, notes on the legislation involved in the trial, detailed summaries of the preparatory examination, the full list of the 61 accused who were
acquitted after preparatory examination, the professions and status of the accused, Defence and
Aid Fund summaries of income and expenditure, and documentation concerning fund- raising
campaigns by the South African legal Defence Committee under the auspices of Christian Action.
There is also biographical information about the judges in the trial including justice Rumpff, Justice Ludorf and Justice Kennedy, as well as biographies of some of the accused, including Oliver Tambo,
Z.K. Matthews, James Calata, Walter Sisulu, Nelson Mandela, William Conco, Leslie Masina, Chief Albert Luthuli, Billy Nair, Duma Nokwe, Wilton Mkwayi, Helen Joseph and Florence Matomela.
Also included are excerpts from speeches made at an ANC meeting held on 7 April 1954, as reported for the prosecution by Detective Sergeant Matseke Malesela, Correspondents include
Canon John Collins, E S ( Solly ) Sachs and Dr Guy Ruth.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

Ahmed Kathrada

Collection of prison artefacts, correspondence, documents and study materials from Ahmed Kathrada's imprisonment (1964- 1989), as well as records from his release reflecting a number of the positions he held in public office and his various interests (1989-2002). Few items from the period prior to his imprisonment. Records related to Nelson Mandela from the prison years include letters to prison officials or Government signed by a number of prisoners protesting on bad condition. Requests to prison officials to spend time with Mandela once transferred from Pollsmoor. Lists of purchases requested by prisoners, signed copy of the Rivonia trial record. References to Nelson Mandela in letters to friends and family, document re Marxism and the ANC introduction by Nelson Mandela in letters to friends and family; documents re Marxism.
Records related to Nelson Mandela after their release includes the ANC (especially from conferences, NEC and NWC meetings from 1990's) records on honours and awards received by Mandela including the Nobel peace prize in 1993); records from Kathrada's role as Parliamentary counsellor in the office of the President (especially Mandela' state visit to India in1995) invitations for various events to Mandela or those held for him; newspaper clippings and publications on Mandela

Kathrada, Ahmed Mohamed (Kathy)

Herbert Shore Collection

Collection of colour photographs of the African National Congress / Congress Alliance leaders, including Nelson Mandela, Oliver Tambo, Ahmed Kathrada, Moses Kotane, Yusuf Dadoo and Dan Tloome, gathered on the roof of Kathrada's flat at Kholvad House in Johannesburg during the 1950s.

Shore, Herbert

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Oral History and Sound Archive

  • ZA UWCRIMA MR-RT-085
  • Collection
  • 1955 - 1995
  • Part of Rivonia Trial

Collection of audio recordings, some of which were recorded by the London-based International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) for their documentary film productions. Rivonia Trial related material includes:
-Mandela Statement (excerpts): Reading of excerpts from Nelson Mandela's Statement from the Dock at the Rivonia Trail used in the film Isitwalandwe (IDAF, 1980). Open-reel tape only. (MCA5-105).
-Denis Goldberg Interview: Oral history interview with Denis Goldberg conducted by Wolfie Kodesh on 6/8/93. Includes detailed description of Rivonia Trial and experiences in prison over 22 years. 6 tapes and transcript. (MCA6-279).
-Hazel Anne Goldreich Interview: Oral history interview with Hazel Anne Goldreich (owner of farm in Rivonia) conducted by Wolfie Kodesh on 24/8/93. 2 tapes. (MCA6-281).
-Joel Joffe Interview: Oral history interview with Joel Joffe, lawyer for defence in Rivonia Trial, conducted by Wolfie Kodesh on 18/9/93. 2 tapes. (MCA6-292).
-Walter Sisulu Interviews: Three series of interviews with Walter Sisulu conducted by Herbert Shore in September 1995, January 1996 and January 1997. Topics include the Defiance Campaign, Freedom Charter conference, split with the PAC, Rivonia Trial and Robben Island. 26 cassette tapes. (MCA18-098).

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Film Archive

  • ZA UWCRIMA MR-RT-003
  • Collection
  • 1955 - 1995
  • Part of Rivonia Trial

In the mid-1970s, an appeal by IDAF to the exiled community in the United Kingdom led to the gradual retrieval of outstanding amateur film footage - largely unedited 8mm and 16mm material of key events of South African political history. Most of these films and videos were banned in South Africa before 1990. A few relate to the Rivonia Trialists, after their release from prison:
-Generations of resistance I: 1980, produced by United Nations, directed by Peter Davis, 56 min 16mm film. Contains section on the armed struggle and the Rivonia Trial (000766)
-Mandela 70th birthday event, London: 1991, produced by IDAF, 20 min, 13/5 Betacam, 13/8 umatic low band time coded. Contains O R Tambo thanking Anti-Apartheid Movement on behalf of Rivonia prisoners. (000758)
-Free Mandela: produced by IDAF, directed by Barry Feinberg, 20 min, 7/34 umatic BVU. Contains section on adoption of armed struggle and the Rivonia Trial. (000218).

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

Archbishop Trevor Huddleston

Engraved Freedom Charter - original presented to Archbishop Huddleston at the Congress of the
People in Kliptown.

Huddleston, Trevor

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers: South African Political Prisoners: The life we led 1963-1966

  • ZA UWCRIMA MR-RT-079
  • Collection
  • 1956 - 1964
  • Part of Rivonia Trial

Manuscript of "South African Political Prisoners: The Life We Led 1963-1966" by Mahlubi L Mrwetyana. Reference to Robben Island prison conditions including for Rivonia Trialists. File on Race Relations with completed questionnaires and extensive notes on prison conditions in South Africa 1956-1961; file with material on families; biographical notes on some of the persons persecuted by the government of the Republic of South Africa for their opposition to the policies of apartheid, 30 May 1964. The list includes Nelson Mandela and other Rivonia Trialists. The list is fairly extensive. File re IRC visits to South African prisons 1964; copies of the letter and reports sent to B J Vorster (Minister of Justice) by the ICRC, June 18 1964 re: conditions in South African prisons (Robben Island, State farm prison, Victor Verster, various police stations in Pretoria and Johannesburg, Pretoria Prison, Leeuwkop, Prison Vooruitsig, Kroonstad, Pretoria Prison, T B Hospital Sonderwater).

Not available for inspection at time of this audit.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers: Trials

  • ZA UWCRIMA MR-RT-080
  • Collection
  • 1956 - 1989
  • Part of Rivonia Trial

Drafts, memos, Treason Trial Defence Fund correspondence, various Treason Trial documents. Apparently also includes Rivonia Trial brief, Rivonia Trial extracts of records.

Not available for inspection at time of this audit.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

United Democratic Front (UDF)

United Democratic Front (UDF) Papers, 1956- Freedom Charter 1983; Release Mandela Campaign;
Western Cape Region

United Democratic Front (UDF)

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers

Drafts and undated memoranda concerning the 1956 Treason Trial. These include full list of the accused, typescripts on the Treason Trial arrests (presumably for publishing) , Christian Action
appeals after arrests, a list of sponsors of the South African Defence Fund, statements by Canon
Collins and Bishop Ambrose Reeves on the ending of the Treason Trial, and article entitled
" Impressions of Johannesburg" written by a foreigner who visited Johannesburg to attend the trial.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers

Manuscript of South African Political Prisoners: The life we led 1963-1966 by Mahlubi L Mrwetyana
with reference to Robben Island prison conditions
File Race Relations with completed questionnaires and extensive notes on prison conditions in
South Africa 1956-1961, File material on Families
Biographical notes on some of the persons persecuted by the government of the Republic of
South Africa for their opposition to the policies of apartheid, 30 May 1964. The list includes Nelson
Mandela and other Rivonia Trialists. The list is fairly extensive. File IRC visits to SA prisons 1964
Copies of the letter and reports sent to B.J. Vorster (Minister of Justice) by the ICRC, June 18 1964
re: conditions in South African prisons (Robben Island State farm prison Victor Verster, Various
police stations in Pretoria and Johannesburg, Pretoria Prison, Prison Leeuwkop, Prison Vooruitsig
Kroonstad, Pretoria Prison, T.B. Hospital Sonderwater)

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers

Drafts, Undated Memos, Treason Trial Defence Fund correspondence
Brief biographies of some of the accused
Court Judgment during the Treason Trial 1961
Rivonia Trial brief
Rivonia Trial extracts of records
Treason Trial case
File: Treason trial (1957-1961) mainly correspondence that includes
Letter of gratitude on behalf of the Trialists to the Treason Trial Defence Fund for support received
signed by AMK [Kathrada]
Correspondents include I.A. Maisels, Canon Collins, Neville D. Vandyk, Rev. A.G. Sidebotham, Mrs. J.F. Burstall, M. Turok, Freda Levson, Freda Nuell, Bram Fischer, (includes original letters) Ros Ainsley, Jack Barnett, Harvey Mitchell, K. Hardie, Edward Joseph. Most material deals with Treason Trial costs
Items up for auction in aid of the Treason Trial Fund. Correspondence with names of those against whom charges have been withdrawn. File Treason Trial Defence Fund accounts for the year ended 31 March 1961 and balance sheet as at that date
Bound Volume
Preparatory examination in the matter of Regina versus 153 individuals on an allegation of high
treason. Outline of crown case/ 18 000 word indictment?
File Judgment as read out to court by the presiding judge Mr. Justice FLH Rumpff on Wednesday 29
March 1961. Brief Biographies of some of the accused
File Treason Trial 1956-1961 drafts and undated memos includes:
Full list of accused, Article entitled " Impressions of Johannesburg by a foreigner"
Memoranda concerning the Treason trial Defence Fund, some of which were issued by Christian
Action, List of sponsors of the South African Defence Fund, Statement by Canon Collins on the ending of the Treason Trial, Statement by Bishop Reeves on ending the Treason Trial, Typescript on Treason trial arrests, Christian Action special appeals after arrests.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

NIZA Photograph Collection

An album of photographs of Nelson Mandela, including:
Portrait photographs of Nelson Mandela, many of which were taken by Eli Weinberg. There are photographs with Kaiser Matanzima, and of Nelson Mandela together with his son, Thembekile, as well as Nelson and Winnie Mandela on their wedding day. Includes photographs of Nelson Mandela wearing traditional beads, Mandela in boxing gear, at his law office, burning his pass, and in disguise while in hiding from the police as the "Black Pimpernel." (1950s - 1960s). Nelson Mandela after his acquittal at the treason trial, with Essop Pahad in the background. Nelson Mandela addressing the All-in-Africa Conference in Pietermaritzburg in 1961. Photographs are by Joe Gqabi. Photographs of Nelson Mandela with military officers in Algiers, and with Oliver Tambo in Addis Ababa, during his secret Africa trip in 1962. Nelson Mandela in Parliament Square, London, 1962. Photographs by Mary Benson. Nelson Mandela and Walter Sisulu on Robben Island in 1966.The concert in celebration of Mandela's 70th birthday. The 1988 artist's impression of Nelson Mandela.
Nelson Mandela's release from prison, including a scene of him addressing a mass gathering in Cape Town on the day of his release from prison. Also featured in these photographs are Winnie Mandela, Walter Sisulu and Cyril Ramaphosa. Photographers include Yunus Mohamed. Post-release portraits, some that originates from the International Defence and Aid Fund. Photographers include Pieter Boersma and Piet den Blanken. Nelson Mandela addressing meetings on his visit to the Netherlands in June 1990. Also featured in these photographs are Winnie Mandela and Thabo Mbeki. Photographers include Jan Stegeman, Pieter Boersma and Kadir van Lohuizen. Nelson Mandela being awarded an honorary doctorate at the University of the Western Cape. Featured in the photographs are Archbishop Desmond Tutu, Professor Jaap Durand and Professor Stanley Ridge. Photographs are by Rashid Lombard. Nelson Mandela alongside a mural in Cape Town. Photograph by the Cape Argus. Nelson Mandela on the platform with Tokyo Sexwale and others at an ANC election mass meeting held at the Kwamazizi Stadium, 12 March 1994. Photographs are by B. Bohler. Photographs of Winnie and Zindzi Mandela, including Winnie in traditional dress, her attendance of political funerals in South Africa in 1985, and Zindzi addressing the crowd at a mass gathering at Jabulani Stadium in 1985. Photographers include Alf Kumalo and Gideon Mendell.

Anti-Apartheid Beweging Nederland

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers

Correspondence and other documentation concerning the Treason Trial Defence Fund. Most of the documentation deals with the legal costs for the trial. It includes a letter of gratitude to the Treason Trial Defence Fund, on behalf of the Trialists by Ahmed Kathrada, a list of items up for auction in aid of the Treason Trial Defence Fund as well as a correspondence with those against whom charges were withdrawn. There are also Treason Trial Defence account for the year ended 31 March 1961 and balance sheets as at the date. Correspondents include IA Maisels Canon Collins, Neville D. Vandyke, Reverend AG Sidebotham, Mrs. JF Burnstall, Mary Turok, Freda Levson, Freda Nuell, Bram Fischer, Ros Ainsley, Jack Barnett, Harvey Mitchell, K. Hardie, and Edward Joseph.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

Episcopal Church People for a Free South Africa (USA)

Episcopal churchmen for South Africa: various issues 1956-1987
Episcopal church people for a free South Africa: various issues 1986- 1989
Special report: The church makes a decision on South Africa/ Banks, Episcopal churchmen for
South Africa, 1 September 1987
Namibia- Formula for independence? Episcopal church people for a free Southern Africa,
January 1989
Episcopal churchmen for South Africa, brochure 1958
St Christopher's school Usuthu Mission,1989
Your witness, July 1969
I am a loyal Namibian 1973
Namibia 1978
Elizabeth Schmidt : One step in the wrong direction, revised edition January 1985
Various handouts and leaflets

Episcopal Church People for a Free South Africa (USA)

Congress of Democrats

Congress of Democrats papers donated by Ben Turok
Minutes of meetings of the Johannesburg Regional Committee 1961-1962
National Consultative Committee 1961-1962
National Executive Committee 1961-1962
Transvaal Region 1962
National Consultative committee constitution
Documents relating to the South African National Convention 1961
Johannesburg City Council, South African Congress of Trade Unions
Jewish Community, Political Education and workers compensation
Correspondence, memoranda, press statements, financial records of the congress of democrats
Newsletters including congress bulletins, counter attack: Bulletin of the South African congress
of democrats, The emergent African Middle class, Combat Fighting Talk etc.
Publications re Chief Albert Luthuli, Bantustans, the Pondo Revolt
Pamphlets relating to amongst other subjects, the sabotage bill, Sharpeville, stay at home education etc.
Passports belonging to Ben Turok
Other general documents

Turok, Ben

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers

File: treason Trial Defence Fund press summary volumes 28-29
-Regular Bulletin giving a factual resume of the proceedings of the Treason Trial, issued by the
- Treason Trial Defence Fund.
- Treason Trial Defence Fund Press Summary Volumes 31-32
- Treason Trial Defence Fund Press Summary Volume 90 as above
- Treason Trial Defence Fund Press Summary Volume 95 as above
- Treason Trial Defence Fund Press Summary Volume 100 as above
- Treason Trial Defence Fund Press Summary Volume 123 as above

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

Judge Thumba Pillay Collection

  • ZA COM NMAP 2010/9
  • Series
  • 1959-01-01 - 1979-12-31
This series consists of two letters smuggled out of Robben Island in 1977. Mac Maharaj gave them to Judge Thumba Pillay of legal firm of Pillay Seedat & Co. The letters are written by Nelson Mandela and Ahmed Kathrada, both of them wishing to appoint the firm to act on their behalf in legal proceedings against the Department of Prisons. Since the authorities refused contact with their attorneys, they had to use this "illegal" method to seek legal representation. The collection includes an envelope that Judge Pillay had posted addressed to his law firm. He did this in the event that the Security Police questioned him about how he received the letters, he would be able to prove that they were posted anonymously to him.
A second donation of Judge Thumba Pillay contains correspondence and documents (mainly copies) pertaining to the case of Mandela vs Minister of Prisons.

Mandela, Nelson Rolihlahla

E - Madiba-1993

Radio 2000 -Actuality -Nobel Peace prize of Messrs FW De Klerk and Nelson Mandela acceptance of the Nobel peace prize in Oslo Norway, Music by Ladysmith Black Mambazo acceptance speeches by Nelson Mandela and FW De Klerk.
RECORD BC 19931210

SABC Sound Archives

Govan Mbeki Papers

  • ZA UWCRIMA MR-RT-063
  • Collection
  • 1960 - 1992
  • Part of Rivonia Trial

Prison letters and writings, unpublished manuscripts, and a proposal for documentary on Govan Mbeki (1992). There is no material directly related to the Rivonia Trial but this collection has been included as it provides insight into the life and personality of one of those involved in the Trial.

Mbeki, Govan Archibald Mvuyelwa

Defence and Aid Fund Papers

1960-1965. ca. 650 items. Minutes and correspondence of the State of Emergency Relief Fund, later its name changed to the Defence Aid Fund. Includes information on prisoners, detainees, case reports as well as political pamphlets.

Freda Katz

Nelson Mandela 70th birthday: pamphlets, correspondence, messages of support (International Anti- Apartheid Movement). Booklet: Your Bantu servant and you/ Johannesburg: Non- European Affairs Department 1962. Press clip re: forced removal. Photocopy of drawing re: June 16

Katz, Freda

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers

Documentation including correspondence, affidavits, reports and statements. These include a
1960 petition by white male prisoners detained under emergency regulations at the Old Fort prison
about unhygienic conditions, a list of banned women in South Africa [1963], an affidavit by Bob
Hepple (November 1965) concerning the abuse and torture of African prisoners at Pretoria local prison as witnessed by him in 1963, testimony delivered by Dennis Brutus to the UN special Committee on Apartheid (1967) concerning his political imprisonment and the conditions of political prisoners in South African prisons, statements by political prisoners on torture, the visit of South African prisons in 1967, and the documentation concerning the World Campaign for the Release of
South African Political Prisoners. Correspondents include Sylvia Neame and Sonia Bunting.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

Mfaxa, E.N.

E.N. Mfaxa papers and publications
Written memoirs re: treason trial; the political history of the PAC in exile, 1960-1990

Mfaxa, Elliot

Mandela, Nelson

Mandela, Nelson Papers
Copies of 1960 MK/ANC flyers, signed by Nelson Mandela in 1993. Letter from the Borough of Middlesbrough welcoming his release and indicating support for the strengthening of international sanctions against the apartheid government, and for a non racial democracy in South Africa,11 June 1990.

Mandela, Nelson Rolihlahla

Mbeki, Govan

Prison letters, prison writings, unpublished manuscripts, and a proposal for documentary on Govan
Mbeki (1992)

Mbeki, Govan Archibald Mvuyelwa

Irish Anti-Apartheid Movement (IAAM) Collection

  • ZA UWCRIMA MR-RT-061
  • Collection
  • 1961 - 1989
  • Part of Rivonia Trial

Includes correspondence, minutes of meetings statement, briefings, press releases, press clippings, Amandla, publications.

Records related to Rivonia:
2.1.1. Minutes of meetings 1964: Contains reference to lobbying around Rivonia Trial
2.4. Dealings with Irish Press: Contains references to Rivonia Trial in statements and press conferences
31.1.1 Correspondence with ANC: Contains brief references to Rivonia Trial
39 Press cuttings 1963-1994: Cuttings are in date order and include cuttings from Irish press re arrests at Rivonia, escape of Wolpe and Goldreich and trial.

Irish Anti-Apartheid Movement (IAAM)

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers

Publications, booklets and pamphlets. These include the following titles: General strike : a report of the three day strike in South Africa ( May29, 30.31 1961) organised by Nelson Mandela (Secretary, National Action Council of South Africa)
Prisoners of Apartheid: a biographical list of political prisoners and banned persons in South Africa/
IDAF in cooperation with UN Centre Against Apartheid South African prisoners and the Red Cross Investigation: an examination by the International
Defence and Aid Fund with prisoners' testimony. Includes general recommendations of the ICRC
sent to the SA government 18 June 1964, the SA government reply, conditions at Leeuwkop,
Robben Island, Victor Verster, Vooruitsig Prison Kroonstad and other prisons, Robert Sobukwe on
Robben Island.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

Irish Anti-Apartheid Movement (IAAM)

Irish Anti-Apartheid Movement (IAAM) Papers and publications 1961- 1989. Includes correspondence, minutes of meetings statement, briefings, campaigns, press releases, press clippings, Amandla (official) publications.

Irish Anti-Apartheid Movement (IAAM)

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers: Conditions for political prisoners in 1960s

  • ZA UWCRIMA MR-RT-078
  • Collection
  • 1961 - 1964
  • Part of Rivonia Trial

General strike: Report of the 3 day strike in South Africa (May 29, 30,31, 1961) by Nelson Mandela (Secretary, National Action Council of South Africa); prisoners of Apartheid a biographical list of political prisoners and banned persons in South Africa (IDAF in cooperation with UN Centre Against Apartheid); South African Prisons and the Red Cross Investigation and examination by the International Defence and Aid Fund with prisoners testimony. Includes general recommendations of the ICRC sent to the South African Government (18 June 1964), the SA government reply, conditions at Leeuwkop, Robben Island, Victor Verster, Vooruitsig Prison Kroonstad, and other prisons, Robert Sobukwe on Robben Island. Relates to Rivonia Trial in terms of conditions in prison for trialists once convicted.

Not available for inspection at time of this audit.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

International Defence and Aid Fund Audio Collection

Audio recording of an African National Congress (ANC) rally held at the Cape Town Civic Centre on the 13th of September 1993. The speakers included Nelson Mandela, Allan Boesak, Salie Manie and Melanie Verwoerd.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

Congress of Democrats

Correspondence, minutes, regional and branch news, publications and reports of the Congress of Democrats
Subjects covered include:
Attempts to solicit support for a National Convention in opposition to the inauguration of South Africa
as a Republic. Nelson Mandela’s participation in the PAFMECSA conference in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia in 1962. Public meetings and demonstrations, protesting the arrest of Nelson Mandela in 1962. The inauguration of the Republic of South Africa. Biographical profiles of Nelson Mandela.

Turok, Ben

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers

Pamphlets issued by Nelson Mandela on behalf of the All in African National Action Council, in
which he calls for a three day strike, in protest against the inauguration of South Africa as a republic.
These include appeals to the people of South West Africa to the student community and to members
of the Transkei an Territorial Authority.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

Newspaper Clippings

Scrapbook containing Newsclippings dated May-October 1961. Includes clippings related to the
South African politics, reported in international newspapers such as the Guardian, Daily Herald,
New York Tribune, Financial Times, Observer, Daily Telegraph and Evening Standard.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)Publications

Publications/ booklets /pamphlets
General strike : report of the 3 day strike in South Africa ( May29, 30,31, 1961) by Nelson Mandela
( Secretary, National Action Council of South Africa) Prisoners of Apartheid a biographical list of political prisoners and banned persons in South Africa/ IDAF in cooperation with UN Centre Against Apartheid. South African Prisons and the Red Cross Investigation and examination by the International Defence and Aid Fund with prisoners testimony. Includes general recommendations of the ICRC sent to the South African Government 18 June 1964, the S.A. government reply, conditions at Leeuwkop,
Robben Island, Victor Verster, Vooruitsig Prison Kroonstad, and other prisons, Robert Sobukwe on
Robben Island.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

Zwelakhe Simon Xamlashe

Collection of film and video recordings consisting of distribution prints and master materials (negatives, rushes, sound tracks and trims). The subjects covered include:
Nelson Mandela's early views on the objectives of the ANC and the liberation struggle. The reception given to Mandela's rejection of the regime's offer of conditional release, read by his daughter Zindzi to a vast gathering in Soweto on 10 February 1985. Commentary from activists and family members, including Winnie Mandela. Prison conditions on Robben Island including Mandela's cell, the daily routine of hard labour, diet in prison, isolation and Mandela's transfer to Pollsmoor Prison in 1985. The impact of international campaigns for the release of Mandela, including footage of the Free Mandela Campaign Concert held at Wembley Stadium in celebration of his 70th birthday.
The collection also includes interviews with Nelson Mandela, Winnie Mandela, Andrew Masondo, Jacob Zuma, Indres Naidoo, Philip Mathews, Mary Benson, Barbara Harmel and Barry Feinberg.
It consists of both completed productions and raw footage.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

African National Congress German Mission Records

Records of the African National Congress German Mission. The collection has
An interview with Winnie Mandela by Africa Now concerning Nelson Mandela’s imprisonment, December 1982. Correspondence, memoranda, resolutions and working principles of the Release Mandela Campaign (RMC) (1980 - 1988). Letters to Mandela from children in Germany (1988). News clippings concerning Mandela (1985 -1990). Correspondence, memoranda and statements of the Mandela International Release Committee. Correspondence and programmes in relation to Mandela’s visits to Germany (1990 - 1993). Miscellaneous materials concerning international awards conferred on Mandela such as the Nehru Award, published speeches, statements and tributes (including 70th birthday tributes) and a statement by Oliver Tambo on the conferment of the Nehru Award on Mandela.
- News clippings, including reports of CIA involvement in Mandela’s arrest in 1962.
- Nelson Mandela concert in Hamburg
- Nelson Mandela exhibition on the struggle
- Speeches 1961- 1964

African National Congress (ANC) German Mission

ANC Photographic Collection

Photographs of Nelson Mandela in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia prior to his arrest and imprisonment.

African National Congress (ANC)

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers

Correspondence concerning the State versus Nelson Mandela in1962. There is an original letter from Nelson Mandela during his incarceration at Pretoria Prison, to Canon Collins dated 5 November
1962, in which Nelson Mandela acknowledges the support received from Christian Action. Other subjects include the conduct of staff members of the Chief magistrates office during the trial and legal accounts. Correspondents include Canon John Collins, James Kantor, Harold Wolpe, Ruth Finkesltein and Alex Hepple.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers

Campaign materials, Newsclippings and press statement concerning the State versus Nelson
Mandela in 1962. These include letters to the editors of The Times (London) and The Guardian
newspapers concerning the imprisonment of Nelson Mandela and Walter Sisulu, reports on Nelson
Mandela's five-year prison sentence, press statement issued by the Anti- Apartheid in August 1962
calling for messages of support to be sent to Nelson Mandela, and extracts from Canon Collins chairperson's report at the AGM of the Christian Action in November 1962, talking betrayal of Nelson Mandela, the remarkable " Black Pimpernel"

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

Wolfie Kodesh Personal Papers

Collection of documents and photographs, including a photocopy of a biographical profile of Nelson Mandela written by Wolfie Kodesh.
Other subjects include:
The meeting between Nelson Mandela and Oliver Tambo's in Stockholm, Sweden (1990). The full text of Nelson Mandela's response to the conditional offer of freedom made in parliament by the State President PW Botha. Statement issued by Ismail Ayob, on behalf of Nelson Mandela, on the protection of Nelson Mandela's name from being abused, Nelson Mandela Freedom at 70 campaign. The full text of Nelson Mandela's speech at the Grand Parade in Cape Town on the day of his release from prison in 1990

Kodesh, Wolfie

Newspaper Clippings

Newspaper articles from The Irish Times, The Guardian, New York Herald Tribune reporting on the Rivonia or sabotage trial of 1962-1964. Includes newspaper clippings on the raids, the death and burial of Albert Luthuli in 1967.

National Archives United Kingdom

Closing case against Nelson Mandela (includes information that Mr. L.J. Blom-Cooper from Amnesty saw the magistrate leaving for lunch with the Security Branch in their car. This led to Nelson Mandela to call the magistrate to recuse himself from the trial but he refused. Confidential report from the British embassy. ( 26 October1962). Nelson Mandela's trial. Report from British embassy. Arrest of Nelson Mandela (including biographical details)
Report from the British embassy, Pretoria to the Foreign office, London.

British Embassy, Pretoria

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers: Release of RivoniaTrialists

  • ZA UWCRIMA MR-RT-076
  • Collection
  • 1962 - 1964
  • Part of Rivonia Trial

Pamphlets (international) calling for the release of the Rivonia trialists; campaigns to save lives of the Rivonia Trialists by Anti Apartheid Movement; original letter dated 5/11/1962 from Nelson Mandela to Canon Collins, acknowledging support received from Christian Action. Also records related to 1962 trial of Mandela.

Not available for inspection at time of this audit.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers

Pamphlets calling for the release of the Rivonia Trialists (international)
Campaigns to save lives of the Rivonia Trialists- Anti Apartheid Movement
Original letter dated 5/11/1962 from Nelson Mandela to Canon Collins, acknowledging support
received from Christian Action. News clippings and campaign material re: Mandela's 5 year prison sentence. Nelson Mandela's testimony at his first trial, 1962 in which he talks extensively about his African trip. Copies and pamphlets calling for 3 day strike in 1961. Newsclippings from Observer, November 1962 re: Nelson Mandela's sentencing to 5 years in prison.
State versus Nelson Mandela 1962: main count particulars to the charge, list of publications,
documents and pamphlets presented as evidence, 1st alternative charge, 2nd alternative charge. Letter to the chief magistrate 16 October 1962 from Kantor Zwarenstein and partners re: conduct
by members of staff concerning State versus Nelson Mandela trial. Correspondence between Harold Wolpe and Canon Collins, October 1962 Correspondence with Canon Collins re: account in the Mandela trial. Correspondence include Ruth Finkelstein, Alex Hepple
Correspondence concerning the trial (Harold Wolpe)
Application for a remand of the trial for two weeks due to Adv. Slovo not being able to present because of his banning orders, 1962
Explanation of charge against Mandela
Extracts from Canon Collins chairperson's report at the AGM of Christian Action, November 1962, where he talks the betrayal of Nelson Mandela the remarkable Black Pimpernel Letters to the editor of the Times, London and the Guardian 1962 concerning the imprisonment of
Nelson Mandela and Walter Sisulu
Press statement issued by the Anti- Apartheid Movement August 1962 calling for messages of
support to be sent to Nelson Mandela.
Pamphlet with Mandela's call for a three day stay away, on behalf of the National Action Council
Draft biographical sketch of Nelson Mandela
All in African National Action Council- appeal to the people of South West Africa, written by Mandela
on behalf of NAC.
As above: appeal to students and scholars
As above: to members of the Transkei Territorial Authority

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers

Legal proceedings concerning the State versus Nelson Mandela in 1962. These material include an application for the remand of the trial due to Advocate Joe Slovo not being present because of his banning orders, the main count, an explanation of the charge against Nelson Mandela particulars to the charge, a list of publications, documents and pamphlets presented as evidence, the first alternative charge, the second alternative charge and Nelson Mandela's testimony in which he refers extensively to his Africa trip.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

Oliver Tambo Papers

The personal papers of Oliver Tambo. The collection includes:
News clippings from South African and international newspapers concerning the arrest of Nelson Mandela in 1962, his court appearances, and calls for his release from prison (1962 -1988). Correspondence concerning the PAFMECSA conference held in Ethiopia addressed to all member governments, a letter from the ANC London office concerning the arrests of Mandela and Walter Sisulu, and a cable from the Somali Minister of Foreign Affairs to Tambo re: Mandela’s arrest (1962). News clippings in the build up to and aftermath of Mandela’s release from prison (1990 - 1991). News clippings, programmes and itineraries concerning Mandela’s visits to the United States, the United Kingdom, Ireland, India, Japan, Malaysia, Australia, Geneva, Botswana and other countries (1990 - 1991).
Reports on campaigns for the release of political prisoners, including reports from Robben Island, and on Lord Nicholas Bethel's meeting with Mandela. Also includes a 1970 report by Mandela about prison conditions on Robben Island (1970 - 1989). Correspondence from Mandela, written from Pollsmoor Prison, to Oliver Tambo and a number of other individuals. Original letters to Tambo, as well as transcripts of letters written to Nthato Motlana, Mangosuthu Buthelezi, Sheila Weinberg and Desmond Tutu, amongst others. Also included is a letter of thanks to Mrs. Bhalla of the Indian Council for the 1979 Jawaharlal Nehru Award and a letter of sympathy on the death of Seretse Khama (1978 - 1989). Media reports concerning Mandela, including cables. Includes reports by Radio RSA, internal media monitoring, an African National Congress (ANC) statement on Mandela’s health, and of a visit to Mandela by Robert Brown (1985 - 1990). Correspondence, reports and messages concerning international support for Mandela’s release from prison. Subjects covered include tributes on his 60th and 70th birthdays, and awards and honours conferred on Mandela, particularly through the work of the British Anti-Apartheid Movement (1984).
Statements and correspondence concerning the assassination of Chris Hani (1993). Video recordings of various events before and after Mandela’s release from prison. These include the 1990 Free Mandela Concert at Wembley Stadium and Mandela’s 1990 visit to Lusaka (1988 - 1990).
Correspondence, lists and statements by Oliver Tambo concerning awards and honours conferred on Mandela. These include honorary degrees, Freedom of the City awards, artistic attributes and facilities named after Mandela. The correspondence is primarily between Oliver Tambo and heads of / representatives of awarding countries and institutions. The awards include the Simon Bolivar Prize, the naming of a road in Mandela’s honour in Botswana, and awards conferred by the Sandinista National Liberation Front of Nicaragua, the Jamaican Human Rights Organisation, the University of Carabobo of Venezuela, and the Karl Marx University of the German Democratic Republic (1983 - 1990). Correspondence and statements concerning international calls for, and, Mandela’s release from prison. These include correspondence about a resolution passed by the African Symposium on African Orality in Nigeria, and a statement by the president of the Republic of Senegal after Mandela’s release. Other correspondents include Senator Michael J Williams of Trinidad and Tobago, OJ Masire of the Palestinian Liberation Organisation (PLO), and the Communist Party of Sweden (1989 - 1990). Correspondence from Tambo to Mandela and to the Mandela family (1991 - 1992).

Speeches delivered in Mandela’s honour.
Drafts of plays and books written about Nelson Mandela, the drafts include No Easy Walk to Freedom, Nelson Mandela and the Rivonia Trial and What is to be done’.
Published and unpublished statements and speeches of Mandela, 1962 - 1991.
Correspondence and memoranda relating to the Nelson Mandela National Reception Committee (1989 - 1990).
Biographical

Tambo, Oliver Reginald

Leo Marquard Papers

Collection by Leo Marquand include statement made in court by Nelson Mandela from The observer and a statement made by Bram Fischer from the UN general assembly.

Legassick, Martin

Martin Legassick- photocopy of an encoded letter [1967] with an attached list of prisoners from
Robben Island in the period 1963-1965.

Legassick, Martin

Masemola, Japhta

Statement to police by former Robben Island political prisoner, Japhta Masemola dated 22-04-1963
and photographs.

Masemola, Japhta

Records of the Rivonia Treason Trial

Incomplete set of records of the state vs. Nelson Mandela and nine others. The collection includes the indictment, opening address, statements, evidence, evaluation of evidence and exhibits including photographs. An important section of the collection relates to preparations of the defence. As well as Nelson Mandela, the accused include Dennis Goldberg, Govan Mbeki, Walter Sisulu, Ahmed Kathrada, Andrew Mlangeni, Raymond Mhlaba, James Kantor and Elias Motsoaledi.

The Nationalist (Tanzanian newspaper)

1964, Race war in S.A. imminent
S Africa accuses UThant of partiality. Churches urged to act on South Africa. Widespread police raids follow Job bombing. ANC praises Mwalimu's stand on South Africa. Freedom leader asks for S.A. action including the release of Nelson Mandela, South African issue, South African police resume raids on Cape Town Homes increased prison repression on political prisoners. We regret to announce their deaths, Vuyisile Mini, Wilson Khayingo, Zinakile Mkaba ( Dulcie et decorum) Hanged in Pretoria.

Nationalist

Rivonia Trial

  • ZA CL-RU MR-RT-030
  • Collection
  • 1963 - 1964
  • Part of Rivonia Trial

Purchased from Microfile, Johannesburg. Records of the State vs. Nelson Mandela and nine others. Includes indictments, addresses, evidence and other trial records. Incomplete. There is no inventory so it is unclear which trial records are missing.

Department of Justice

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers

File: Rivonia Trial correspondence, statements, finance, etc Correspondence by Bram Fischer to Canon Collins and vice versa re: the guilty verdict and responding the messages of sympathy.
List of Robben Island clients as at 11 October 1989 with prison numbers. File Rivonia Trial 1963-1964
Walter Sisulu statement on which his evidence was led with handwritten annotations. Press clippings
Walter Sisulu: extracts of evidence : Examination by Mr. Fischer. Notes made by Govan Mbeki regarding his interrogation whilst under 90 day detention. Ahmed Kathrada: extract of evidence examination by Mr. Berrnage. Lionel Bernstein extracts of some evidence: cross examination by Percy Yuter. Pamphlet entitled " My fight is for all:" Mandela tells court of ANC objectives" extracts of Mandela's statement from the dock as printed by the Rand Daily Mail Johannesburg)
File: Collins2/6 mainly concerning the Rivonia Trial (1964) including: Handwritten notes. Correspondence from Freda Nuell, J Hadebe, Conon Collins, E.S. Reddy, Hugh Lewin, Joel Joffe Raymond Kunene, Rica Hogdson, Typescript- biography of Nelson Mandela, Draft articles concerning the imprisonment of Mandela and the Rivonia Trialists, Rivonia Trial - statements of accounts and annexure of monies received, Decision by Trialists not to appeal against their sentence, Statements against the Rivonia Trial sentences by Conon Collins and others, Christian Action article entitled " Mandela: a message from prison" Press statements on the sentence issued by the Africa Bureau and by Canon Collins
Correspondence on the sentencing
Typescript of Mandela statement from the dock " Why I am ready to die" with original
annotations
Articles on the Rivonia Trial Statement issued by Mr. Tom Kellosk at a press conference called by Christian Action January 15 1964 on the Rivonia Trial. Statement by Canon Collins on behalf of Christian Action. Anti- Apartheid Movement profile of Mandela and reproductive extracts from his statement from the dock
Notes for adverts and letters re: Rivonia Trial Includes typescripts of draft articles on the Rivonia Trial some of them written by E.S. (Solly ) Sachs
A pamphlet titled the " message of Rivonia"

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers: Rivonia Trial

  • ZA UWCRIMA MR-RT-081
  • Collection
  • 1963 - 1989
  • Part of Rivonia Trial

File: Rivonia Trial correspondence, statements, finance etc:
-Correspondence by Bram Fischer to Canon Collins and vice versa re: the guilty verdict and responding to the messages of sympathy on death of Molly Fischer.

File: Rivonia Trial 1963-1964
-Walter Sisulu statement on which his evidence was led with handwritten annotations
-Press clippings
-Walter Sisulu: extracts of evidence: Examination by Bram Fischer and cross examination by Percy Yutar
-Extracts of evidence by Govan Mbeki
-Notes made by Govan Mbeki regarding his interrogation whilst under 90 day detention.
-Ahmed Kathrada: extract of evidence examination by Vernon Berrange
-Elias Motsoaledi statement at the Trial
-Lionel Bernstein extracts of some evidence: cross examination by Percy Yuter
-Pamphlet entitled " My fight is for all: Mandela tells court of ANC objectives" extracts of Mandela's statement from the dock as printed by the Rand Daily Mail

File: Collins2/6 mainly concerning the Rivonia Trial (1964):
-Handwritten notes
-Correspondence . Correspondence include Freda Nuell, J Hadebe, Canon Collins, E.S. Reddy, Hugh Lewin, Joel Joffe Raymond Kunene, Rica Hogdson
-Typescript- biography of Nelson Mandela
-Draft articles concerning the imprisonment of Mandela and the Rivonia Trialists
-Rivonia Trial - statements of accounts and annexure of monies received
-Decision by Trialists not to appeal against their sentence
-Statements against the Rivonia Trial sentences by Canon Collins and others
-Christian Action article entitled " Mandela: a message from prison"
-Press statements on the sentence issued by the Africa Bureau and by Canon Collins
-Correspondence concerning the sentencing
-Typescript of Mandela statement from the dock " Why I am ready to die" with original annotations
-Articles on the Rivonia Trial
-Statement issued by Mr. Tom Kellosk at a press conference called by Christian Action January 15 1964 concerning the Rivonia Trial
-Statement by Canon Collins on behalf of Christian Action
-Anti- Apartheid Movement profile of Mandela and reproductive extracts from his statement from the dock
-Notes for adverts and letters re: Rivonia Trial

Also includes:
-Typescripts of draft articles on the Rivonia Trial some of them written by E.S. (Solly) Sachs
-A pamphlet entitled the " Message of Rivonia"

Not available for inspection at time of this audit.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

Records of the Rivonia Treason Trial

Records of the State vs. Nelson Mandela and nine others (Walter Sisulu, Dennis Goldberg, Govan Mbeki, Ahmed Kathrada, Lionel Bernstein, Raymond Mhlaba, James Kantor, Elias Motsoaledi and Andrew Mlangeni).

Supreme Court of South Africa

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers

Copies of legal proceedings of the Rivonia trial, the state versus Nelson Mandela and nine others. These include the statement by Walter Sisulu 's evidence led with original handwritten annotations, by Walter Sisulu, extracts of evidence (examination by Bram Fischer) extracts of the cross examination of Walter Sisulu by Percy Yuter, Govan Mbeki extracts of evidence (examination by Bram Fisher), Ahmed Kathrada extracts of evidence (examination by Vernon Berrange). Lionel Bernstein extracts of evidence (cross examination by Percy Yuter), Elias Motsoaledi's statement at the trial. The file also includes notes made by Govan Mbeki regarding his interrogation while under 90 day detention, a typescript of an article about the arrests at Rivonia and the start of the Rivonia trial that week (presumably published), news clippings on the trial and a pamphlet entitled " My
fight is for all: Mandela tells court of ANC objectives" containing extracts of Nelson Mandela's statement from the dock as published by the Rand Daily Mail in Johannesburg. 1963-1964.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers

File: Prisons 2, includes 1963 List of banned women in South Africa
Affidavit: Bob Hepple ( November 1965), in which he gives testimony to the abuse and torture of
African prisoners, as witnessed by him at Pretoria local prison during his imprisonment in 1963
1960 petition by white male prisoners ay the Old Fort ( detained under emergency regulations)
re: unhygienic conditions.
Also a second petition about the outbreak of diarrheal. Sent to the Officer Commanding at the Fort
Testimony of Dennis Brutus to the UN Special committee on Apartheid 27 February 1967, in which
he speaks about his political imprisonment and the conditions of political prisoners in South African
Prisons including his imprisonment in Robben Island. Correspondence and statements relating to the World Campaign for the Release of South African Political Prisoners including Nelson Mandela.
Statements by political prisoners about torture. Mary Benson prison conditions
Extensive information on prison conditions , and reports/ statement on inhumane treatment by former
detainees and prisoners.
The visits of South African judges to SA prisons, 1967. Correspondence and notes. Correspondents include Sylvia Neame and Sonia Bunting.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

Rivonia Trial

Partial record of the State versus Nelson Mandela and nine others. Bound volumes. Provenance unknown. Contains: State's Concluding Address (volumes 1-4): vol.1: A factual analysis of the documentary exhibits handed in and of the oral testimony given, by the state witnesses, vol.2: The persons who were parties to the conspiracy and the implementation thereof, vol.3: n Kritiese ontleding van sekere dokumentere bewysstukke, vol.4: A factual analysis of the defence case and of the further documentary exhibits produced in the course thereof; and Judgement and Sentence (1 volume).

Department of Justice

Nelson Mandela Papers

  • ZA UWCRIMA MR-RT-082
  • Collection
  • 1963 - 1967
  • Part of Rivonia Trial

Small collection of 1 hanging file. Includes copies of 1960s Umkhonto we Sizwe and ANC flyers signed in 1993 by Mandela. Although not directly related to Rivonia Trial, material like this was evidence used by state against the accused in the trial.

Untitled

Radio RSA: English Service

A recording of proceedings at the Rivonia Trial, the State versus Nelson Mandela and nine others, including the verdict and passing of sentences, as well as FW De Klerk's announcement of Nelson Mandela's release from prison in 1990.

South African Broadcasting Corporation [DO NOT USE]

The Tanganyika Standard (Daily Newspaper in Tanzania )

Newspaper articles on South Africa 1963
Hard bargaining between western powers and South African States: Arms embargo on South Africa. Liberation a burden for all Africa, More arms support arms embargo to South Africa, End trading with South Africa Nyerere, South Africa urged to heed U.N. and strive for racial harmony: Uthant attacks apartheid, S.A. on brink of disaster, Four escape S.A. police, Escape trio on way, Cell guards coshed in escape - police: SA. Exits watched, Expel S. Africa call to U.N.: Arms blockade suggested, Mystery fire at airport delays Goldreich's arrival in Dar, Escapers due in second freedom flight, Airline doubts over safety: EAA recalls rescue plane: flight To Mbeya, Goldreich and Wolpe fly out: Stops in Federal territory avoided, ANC fearful of another kidnap plot, Beware of the avalanche South Africa told. The Hodgsons in Tanganyika and fighting on, Goldreich and Wolpe "evil traitors, Scandinavians give Verwoed a chance: Find alternative to apartheid. Daily Newspaper in Tanzania on South Africa.

Tanganyika Standard

Norwegian Action Against Apartheid

Correspondence, memoranda, newsletters, pamphlets, reports, publications and other campaign materials concerning:
The World Campaign for the Release of South African Political Prisoners (1964 - 1967). The Rivonia Trial, and a call to save South Africa's resistance leaders, including Nelson Mandela, from the death penalty. Nelson Mandela's statement from the dock at the Rivonia Trial, translated into Norwegian.
Amnesty International reports on prison conditions in South Africa (1965).

Norwegian Action Against Apartheid

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers

Mandela Vigil St Paul's June 1964
Correspondence (June 1964) concerning the vigils held at St Paul's and outside the South African
embassy in London to coincide with the sentencing of the Rivonia Trialists. Correspondence include Canon Collins, Manuela Sykes, Dorothy Robison, Archbishop of Canterbury. Campaigns by Christian Action and the Anti- Apartheid Movement
Lists of suggested contacts in connection with the vigil.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

The State versus Nelson Mandela and Nine Others

Partial record of the State versus Nelson Mandela and nine others. Contains only State's Concluding Address: vol.1: A factual analysis of the documentary exhibits handed in and of the oral testimony given, by the state witnesses.

Department of Justice

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers

ICRC including Letter from Canon Collins to ICRC in 1964, requesting an inspection of Robben Island prison conditions after reports of ill- treatment. Summary of the report of the ICRC visit to prisons in S.A, 1966, issued by the World Campaign for the Release of Political Prisoners.- Correspondence re: ICRC visit.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers

Correspondence (1964) about an article on Nelson Mandela to be published in the volume Sudafrika
und Apartheid (Germany). Correspondence include Phyllis Altman, Kurt Busch.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers

Correspondence and reports concerning the International Committee for the Red Cross inspection of
South African prisons. There is a letter from Canon Collins to the ICRC requesting an inspection of
Robben Island prison (1964), as well as a summary of the ICRC report on the visit to prisons in South
Africa (1966), issued by the World Campaign for the release of political prisoners. 1964-1966.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers

Correspondence, statements and financial documents concerning the Rivonia Trial. There is
correspondence between Bram Fischer and Canon Collins about the guilty verdict, as well as
Bram Fischer's responses to a message of sympathy from Cannon Collins on the death of Molly
Fischer. Also included in this file is a list of Robben Island Prisoners as at 11 October 1989 with
prison numbers.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

Irish Anti-Apartheid Movement

Correspondence, reports, campaign documents, press statements and speeches on Irish Anti-Apartheid Movement campaigns for the release of Nelson Mandela. Calls made by the Irish government for Nelson Mandela's release from prison. The unveiling of a Mandela sculpture in Merrion Square, Dublin, and the conferment of the Freedom of the City of Dublin to Mandela.
70th birthday tributes. Preparations for Nelson Mandela's release from prison in 1990 and the organising of a celebration rally in Ireland. Nelson Mandela’s visit to Dublin in 1991.
Correspondents includes Dr. Kader Asmal and Louise Asmal, ES Reddy, Ismail Ayob, Ruth Mompati, Sipho Pityana, Frank Aiken (Ireland Minister of External Affairs), Senator George O’Brien, Barry Desmond ,Honorary Secretary, Anti-apartheid Movement) and President Alhaji Shehu Shagari of Nigeria.

Irish Anti-Apartheid Movement (IAAM)

Rivonia Trial

Records of the State vs. Nelson Mandela and nine others. Microfilm, 35 mm. Originals in South African Institute of Race Relations Archive at University of Witwatersrand (see AD1844). The microfilm is identical to the set of records at Wits and is missing the same volumes. Includes charge sheets, the indictment, opening address, statements, evidence, evaluation of evidence and exhibits, bail applications, sentencing. An important section of the collection relates to preparation of the defence as this was the defence team's set of records pertaining to the trial.

Department of Justice

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers: Mandela Vigil St Paul's June 1964

Correspondence (June 1964) concerning the vigils held at St Paul's and outside the South African embassy in London to coincide with the sentencing of the Rivonia trialists. Correspondents includes Canon Collins, Manuela Sykes, Dorothy Robison, Archbishop of Canterbury. Campaigns by Christian Action and the Anti- Apartheid Movement. Lists of suggested contacts in connection with the vigil.

Not available for inspection at time of this audit.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers: Biographical notes on Rivonia Trialists

Part of International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers. Biographical notes on some of the people persecuted by the South African government for their opposition to the policies of apartheid, 30 May 1964. The list includes Nelson Mandela and other Rivonia trialists.

Available for inspection at time of audit.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers

Biographical notes on some of the people persecuted by the South African government for their
opposition to the policies of apartheid, 30 May 1964. The list includes Nelson Mandela and other
Rivonia Trialists.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers

Copies of the letter and reports sent to JB Vorster ( Minister of Justice), by the International Committee for the Red Cross, June 18 1964, concerning conditions in South African prisons (Robben Island, Victor Verster, various police stations in Pretoria and Johannesburg, Pretoria Prison Leeuwkop, Kroonstad and Sonderwater TB Hospital)

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International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

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