In the mid-1970s, an appeal by IDAF to the exiled community in the United Kingdom led to the gradual retrieval of outstanding amateur film footage - largely unedited 8mm and 16mm material of key events of South African political history. Most of these films and videos were banned in South Africa before 1990. A few relate to the Rivonia Trialists, after their release from prison: -Generations of resistance I: 1980, produced by United Nations, directed by Peter Davis, 56 min 16mm film. Contains section on the armed struggle and the Rivonia Trial (000766) -Mandela 70th birthday event, London: 1991, produced by IDAF, 20 min, 13/5 Betacam, 13/8 umatic low band time coded. Contains O R Tambo thanking Anti-Apartheid Movement on behalf of Rivonia prisoners. (000758) -Free Mandela: produced by IDAF, directed by Barry Feinberg, 20 min, 7/34 umatic BVU. Contains section on adoption of armed struggle and the Rivonia Trial. (000218).
Correspondence, minutes of meetings, media strategies, pamphlets, newsletters, statements and news clippings concerning the following: -Nelson Mandela’s 60th birthday. -The Nelson Mandela International Reception committee, convened by Archbishop Trevor Huddleston. -Political imprisonment in South Africa. -Helen Suzman’s visit to Mandela (1983). -Legal action by Mandela against the Minister of Prisons (1981). -Legal work undertaken on behalf of the Mandela family. -The Rivonia Trial. -Honours conferred on Mandela. Correspondents include Ismail Ayob, Helen Suzman, and the law firm Frank, Bernadt and Joffe.
Not available for inspection at time of this audit (c2010).
Includes typed manuscripts of "The Rivonia Story", two other manuscripts and photocopy of manuscript entitled "The State vs. Nelson Mandela and nine others", copy of the indictment signed by Nelson Mandela, statement from the dock with notes (looks like for a book?) and, notes on 1962 trial. Note on folder: " Barry I thought you should have these photocopies for your records. Nice to talk to you again. Joel 6/12"
SACP and ANC history. Includes correspondence, newspaper cuttings, papers, bound volumes of the Guardian (1937-1948), New Age (1957). Subject file on: "Rivonia and other political trials". 2.39.1 on Rivonia contains biographies of nine accused, press clippings from The Economist and Statist (June 1964), The AA Movement: Nelson Mandela, Focus on Resistance, Southern Africa Feature Service: The Rivonia trial, UN Unit on Apartheid notes and documents: The Rivonia Trial - ten years after, World Campaign for the release of South African political prisoners: The Men of Rivonia (press statement 12 June 1964).
Also newspaper clippings (1.38 box 88) on Rivonia and Fischer Trials; Government publications 5.2.2 has a copy of Nelson Mandela's speech at the Trial with notes and marking; Correspondence 11.4.2 includes letters by Govan Mbeki from 1970s to his family (not directly related to Rivonia) and 11.5 includes letters re Robben Island and former prisoners ((not directly related to Rivonia).
Includes correspondence, minutes of meetings statement, briefings, press releases, press clippings, Amandla, publications.
Records related to Rivonia: 2.1.1. Minutes of meetings 1964: Contains reference to lobbying around Rivonia Trial 2.4. Dealings with Irish Press: Contains references to Rivonia Trial in statements and press conferences 31.1.1 Correspondence with ANC: Contains brief references to Rivonia Trial 39 Press cuttings 1963-1994: Cuttings are in date order and include cuttings from Irish press re arrests at Rivonia, escape of Wolpe and Goldreich and trial.
Prison letters and writings, unpublished manuscripts, and a proposal for documentary on Govan Mbeki (1992). There is no material directly related to the Rivonia Trial but this collection has been included as it provides insight into the life and personality of one of those involved in the Trial.
This collection does not have material directly related to the Rivonia Trial. It contains material from after Goldberg was released (IDAF correspondence, ANC documents, press clippings, publications etc.). It has been included as it speaks to the post-prison involvement of one of the Trial's main accused.
Manuscript of "South African Political Prisoners: The Life We Led 1963-1966" by Mahlubi L Mrwetyana. Reference to Robben Island prison conditions including for Rivonia Trialists. File on Race Relations with completed questionnaires and extensive notes on prison conditions in South Africa 1956-1961; file with material on families; biographical notes on some of the persons persecuted by the government of the Republic of South Africa for their opposition to the policies of apartheid, 30 May 1964. The list includes Nelson Mandela and other Rivonia Trialists. The list is fairly extensive. File re IRC visits to South African prisons 1964; copies of the letter and reports sent to B J Vorster (Minister of Justice) by the ICRC, June 18 1964 re: conditions in South African prisons (Robben Island, State farm prison, Victor Verster, various police stations in Pretoria and Johannesburg, Pretoria Prison, Leeuwkop, Prison Vooruitsig, Kroonstad, Pretoria Prison, T B Hospital Sonderwater).
Not available for inspection at time of this audit.
This collection is in two accessions. The first accession contains mainly prison correspondence, study materials from jail, other manuscripts and documents from Kathrada’s prison years, a large number of ANC and other documents from the years following his release, as well as a number of books and artefacts. There are microfilm copies of the prison letters. The only material related directly to the Rivonia Trial in this section is 11. 5, a copy of part of the Rivonia Trial record signed by Mandela, Sisulu, Kathrada and Motsoaledi given to them after their move to Pollsmoor Prison.
The second accession consists of prison artefacts, correspondence, documents and study materials from imprisonment (1964- 1989), as well as records from his release reflecting a number of the positions he held in public office and his various interests (1989-2002). There are only a few items from the period prior to his imprisonment. Records related to the Rivonia Trial are: A2.8: part of Rivonia Trial record (unsigned and unbound) with Robben Island Prison stamp on it (Judgement); A184.108.40.206: Letter to The Head of Prisons Pollsmoor Maximum Prison requesting permission to spend his 60th birthday with Rivonia Trial colleagues (4 August 1989) and follow-up letter (20 August 1989); and B3.6.3: Information re documentary called "Rivonia" from 1990s.
There is no direct link between this material and Harold Wolpe's political activities at the time of the arrest at Rivonia, his subsequent arrest on the border of British Bechuanaland (now Botswana) or his ultimate escape but it is included as it speaks to the interests of one of those involved in activities at Liliesleaf farm. In fact, Harold Wolpe handled the purchase of the famous Rivonia farm. This collection mostly comprises academic papers and articles related to economics, sociology, women, development labour etc. It also contains reports and journals.
General strike: Report of the 3 day strike in South Africa (May 29, 30,31, 1961) by Nelson Mandela (Secretary, National Action Council of South Africa); prisoners of Apartheid a biographical list of political prisoners and banned persons in South Africa (IDAF in cooperation with UN Centre Against Apartheid); South African Prisons and the Red Cross Investigation and examination by the International Defence and Aid Fund with prisoners testimony. Includes general recommendations of the ICRC sent to the South African Government (18 June 1964), the SA government reply, conditions at Leeuwkop, Robben Island, Victor Verster, Vooruitsig Prison Kroonstad, and other prisons, Robert Sobukwe on Robben Island. Relates to Rivonia Trial in terms of conditions in prison for trialists once convicted.
Not available for inspection at time of this audit.
Correspondence (June 1964) concerning the vigils held at St Paul's and outside the South African embassy in London to coincide with the sentencing of the Rivonia trialists. Correspondents includes Canon Collins, Manuela Sykes, Dorothy Robison, Archbishop of Canterbury. Campaigns by Christian Action and the Anti- Apartheid Movement. Lists of suggested contacts in connection with the vigil.
Not available for inspection at time of this audit.
File: Rivonia Trial correspondence, statements, finance etc: -Correspondence by Bram Fischer to Canon Collins and vice versa re: the guilty verdict and responding to the messages of sympathy on death of Molly Fischer.
File: Rivonia Trial 1963-1964 -Walter Sisulu statement on which his evidence was led with handwritten annotations -Press clippings -Walter Sisulu: extracts of evidence: Examination by Bram Fischer and cross examination by Percy Yutar -Extracts of evidence by Govan Mbeki -Notes made by Govan Mbeki regarding his interrogation whilst under 90 day detention. -Ahmed Kathrada: extract of evidence examination by Vernon Berrange -Elias Motsoaledi statement at the Trial -Lionel Bernstein extracts of some evidence: cross examination by Percy Yuter -Pamphlet entitled " My fight is for all: Mandela tells court of ANC objectives" extracts of Mandela's statement from the dock as printed by the Rand Daily Mail
File: Collins2/6 mainly concerning the Rivonia Trial (1964): -Handwritten notes -Correspondence . Correspondence include Freda Nuell, J Hadebe, Canon Collins, E.S. Reddy, Hugh Lewin, Joel Joffe Raymond Kunene, Rica Hogdson -Typescript- biography of Nelson Mandela -Draft articles concerning the imprisonment of Mandela and the Rivonia Trialists -Rivonia Trial - statements of accounts and annexure of monies received -Decision by Trialists not to appeal against their sentence -Statements against the Rivonia Trial sentences by Canon Collins and others -Christian Action article entitled " Mandela: a message from prison" -Press statements on the sentence issued by the Africa Bureau and by Canon Collins -Correspondence concerning the sentencing -Typescript of Mandela statement from the dock " Why I am ready to die" with original annotations -Articles on the Rivonia Trial -Statement issued by Mr. Tom Kellosk at a press conference called by Christian Action January 15 1964 concerning the Rivonia Trial -Statement by Canon Collins on behalf of Christian Action -Anti- Apartheid Movement profile of Mandela and reproductive extracts from his statement from the dock -Notes for adverts and letters re: Rivonia Trial
Also includes: -Typescripts of draft articles on the Rivonia Trial some of them written by E.S. (Solly) Sachs -A pamphlet entitled the " Message of Rivonia"
Not available for inspection at time of this audit.
Correspondence, affidavits, reports and statements on treatment of prisoners in 1960s in South Africa and documentation concerning the World Campaign for the Release of South African Political Prisoners. Of particular relevance to the Rivonia Trial is a typed and signed original affidavit by Bob Hepple (5 November1965) concerning the abuse and torture of African prisoners at Pretoria Local Prison as witnessed by himself in 1963 (in file 2). Also, includes Kurt Danziger and R C Albino's typed statement: The Effects of Isolation and Solitary Confinement. The Defence was going to call these two psychology professors (Dr Danziger from UCT and Dr Albino from Natal) as expert witnesses to discredit the State's use of witnesses who had been held in solitary confinement prior to testifying. The judge did not allow them to testify. The statement has some handwritten corrections on it and is marked "For Mr Berrange's (?) attention"
Pamphlets (international) calling for the release of the Rivonia trialists; campaigns to save lives of the Rivonia Trialists by Anti Apartheid Movement; original letter dated 5/11/1962 from Nelson Mandela to Canon Collins, acknowledging support received from Christian Action. Also records related to 1962 trial of Mandela.
Not available for inspection at time of this audit.
Collection of audio recordings, some of which were recorded by the London-based International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) for their documentary film productions. Rivonia Trial related material includes: -Mandela Statement (excerpts): Reading of excerpts from Nelson Mandela's Statement from the Dock at the Rivonia Trail used in the film Isitwalandwe (IDAF, 1980). Open-reel tape only. (MCA5-105). -Denis Goldberg Interview: Oral history interview with Denis Goldberg conducted by Wolfie Kodesh on 6/8/93. Includes detailed description of Rivonia Trial and experiences in prison over 22 years. 6 tapes and transcript. (MCA6-279). -Hazel Anne Goldreich Interview: Oral history interview with Hazel Anne Goldreich (owner of farm in Rivonia) conducted by Wolfie Kodesh on 24/8/93. 2 tapes. (MCA6-281). -Joel Joffe Interview: Oral history interview with Joel Joffe, lawyer for defence in Rivonia Trial, conducted by Wolfie Kodesh on 18/9/93. 2 tapes. (MCA6-292). -Walter Sisulu Interviews: Three series of interviews with Walter Sisulu conducted by Herbert Shore in September 1995, January 1996 and January 1997. Topics include the Defiance Campaign, Freedom Charter conference, split with the PAC, Rivonia Trial and Robben Island. 26 cassette tapes. (MCA18-098).
Part of International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers. Biographical notes on some of the people persecuted by the South African government for their opposition to the policies of apartheid, 30 May 1964. The list includes Nelson Mandela and other Rivonia trialists.
Small collection of 1 hanging file. Includes copies of 1960s Umkhonto we Sizwe and ANC flyers signed in 1993 by Mandela. Although not directly related to Rivonia Trial, material like this was evidence used by state against the accused in the trial.
This collection was built up by the London-based IDAF, which was the nerve centre of the international anti-apartheid information campaign from the 1960s, and its photographs have been used in countless publications and productions over the past three decades.
The photographs related to the Rivonia Trial are all black and white photographs. The photographers are largely unknown. Subjects include: -Scenes at the Rivonia Trial (LA55-33; LA271-2-4; LA272-2-1 and LA272-2-2: protestors with police; A42-6-1: protests on hearing verdict; A21-1-3: Winnie Mandela outside court; A14-4-1; A14-4-5; H10-2-1: Ruth First addressing post Rivonia rally; A1-3-1: Mandela's mother and Zinzi Mandela with Sheila Weinberg outside court; LA793-2-1: Joe Slovo and Yusuf Dadoo with placards during Trial; LA856-3-3: June Mlangeni wife of Andrew Mlangeni) -Photographs of all the Trialists (LA242-6-4; LA271-2-5) -Media reports (LA56-1, LA56-2) -Photographs of the accused (LA26-3 and LA271-4-5: Denis Goldberg in disguise; LA26-5 and LA271-4-2: Rusty Bernstein; LA26-6: Ahmed Kathrada in disguise; LA26-9 and LA271-5-3: James Kantor; LA271-2-1: Walter Sisulu in disguise; LA271-2-2: Nelson Mandela; LA271-3-2: Bob Hepple; LA271-3-3: Arthur Goldreich; LA271-4-1: Raymond Mhlaba; LA271-4-3: police photo of Ahmed Kathrada; LA271-4-4: police photo of Govan Mbeki; LA271-5-4: Elias Motsoaledi; LA271-5-5: Andrew Mlangeni; EW21-1-2 and EW21-2-1: portrait of Ahmed Kathrada) -Others involved or present (LA271-1-1: T B Vorster; LA271-1-2: Luit. Van Wyk; LA271-1-3: Dirker; LA271-1-4: Judge De Wet; LA271-1-5: Percy Yutar; LA271-3-1: Joe Slovo; LA271-7-5: security forces inspect Liliesleaf) -Rivonia/Liliesleaf Farm (LA271-5-2: map of Rivonia area; LA271-6-2: interior of Liliesleaf House; LA271-6-3: plan of Liliesleaf Farm; LA271-7-4: Radio transmitter found by security forces) -Miscellaneous (LA271-7-2: Mountainview house; LA271-7-3: Cover of 'Rivonia Masker AF!' book; LA272-1-1: petrol bomb; LA272-1-5: outline of Operation Mayibuye; LA272-1-2: diagram of weapon; LA272-1-3: weapons; LA272-1-4: diagram of hand grenade; LA272-2-3: letter of support to Sisulu from Canon Collins; LA272-2-4: house damaged by bomb blast; LA272-2-5: electricity pylons damaged by bomb blast)
One folder of press cuttings on Treason Trial, bannings and arrests, and Rivonia Trial. Rivonia Trial reports in New York Times and South African newspapers. Also article on Bernstein escape after rearrest after acquittal and escape of Wolpe and Goldreich.
AKZA was a national organisation based in the Flemish-speaking part of Belgium. It operated from 1972-1991 and developed out of progressive student organisations. It started as the Flemish Angola Committee and supported the liberation movements directly. They organised numerous boycott campaigns and was instrumental in the formation of the largest social action coalition in Flanders, the Flemish Anti-Apartheid Coalition (Vlaamse Anti-Apartheid Koalitie - VAAK). It also collaborated with other AAMs and was part of the Liaison Group of Anti-Apartheid Movements within the European Community (known as the Liaison Group).
Amnesty International was founded in 1961 in London as an independent organisation to mobilise public opinion in defence of people who are imprisoned because their ideas are unacceptable to the government in their country. One of their areas of work is campaigning for the release of political prisoners and actions against torture.
The Anti-Apartheid Movement Germany (AAB) operated from 1974 till 1994. It was formed on the initiative of the Mainz Working Group on Southern Africa (MAKSA). It was very active in the campaigns against the arms trade with South Africa, the release of Nelson Mandela, as well as the fruit, sport, Royal Dutch Shell and cultural boycott. It consisted of a network of local groups and worked with a variety of peace and religious organisations. In the late 1970s/early 1980s it used shareholders meetings (by buying shares) to pressurise banks not to deal with South Africa and pressured the Federal government to take an active anti-apartheid position. The AAB also participated in the Liaison Group. In May 1994 the AAB changed its name to Afrika-Süd Aktionsbündnis, which continued to carry out solidarity work with Southern Africa. Since the end of August 2001, Afrika-Süd Aktionsbündnis was dissolved and Koordination Südliches Afrika (KOSA, Co-ordination for Southern Africa) became the successor organisation.
The AAM Austria started in 1977 in response to the Soweto uprisings with a small group of people who lobbied the general public and government to take a stand against apartheid. It organised numerous boycott and solidarity campaigns, pushing the Austrian government to take a more anti-apartheid position. It gave direct support to the liberation movements. Besides solidarity with South Africa, the AAM also worked for Namibia. It was a member of the European anti-apartheid movements group. It dissolved in 1993 to continue as the Southern Africa Documentation and Cooperation Centre (SADOCC).
The Anglican Church of Canada took a very active stand against apartheid. In the late 1980s, Archbishop Ted Scott served on the Commonwealth of Nations ‘Eminent Persons Group’ which advocated the implementation of sanctions against South Africa.
Activities in Scotland started in the 1960s with AAM branches in Glasgow and Edinburgh, leading to the establishment of the Scottish Committee and opening an office in 1989. It was active in boycott campaigns, support to South African anti-apartheid organisations, the End Loans to South Africa campaigns and the call for comprehensive sanctions. It had a women’s subcommittee, youth desk and a trade union subcommittee as well as a Scottish Committee for Local Authority Action against Apartheid. It dissolved in 1994 and continued as Action for Southern Africa Scotland (ACTSA Scotland).
The AABN operated from 1961 till 1994 and was one of the major organisations in the Netherlands. It continued the work of the Comité Zuid-Afrika (CZA) and its solidarity with the liberation movements was unconditional. Besides campaigns focusing on boycott activities and political prisoners, it also organised grass roots based activities with practical solidarity through its committees dealing with education, women, culture, etc. It was instrumental in the formation of several specialist organisations. It was part of the Liaison Group. The AABN stopped operating in 1994 and continued as the Institute on Southern Africa (IZA) and merged with the KZA and the EMS in 1997 to form the Netherlands Institute on Southern Africa (NIZA). Since September 2007 NIZA has been associated with ActionAid International and is now operating as ActionAid.
The Association of West-European Parliamentarians for Action against Apartheid (AWEPAA) started in 1984 to mobilise politicians in European parliaments in the struggle against apartheid. Parliamentarians worked for effective sanction policies, they monitored the implementation and they sought to hold governments accountable for their policies. In 1993, AWEPAA was renamed the Association of European Parliamentarians for Africa (AWEPA).
The Campaign Against Racial Exploitation (CARE) was a national anti-racist umbrella organisation whose activities focused on anti-apartheid and Australian Aboriginal issues. It was formed in 1973 as the first national anti-apartheid and anti-racism network in Australia, at the suggestion of South African exile Neville Curtis, and formally launched in December 1974. CARE launched many campaigns, including those against South African company Rothmans, as well as Woolworths and Shell, and was prominent in sports boycotts.
The City of London Anti-Apartheid Group was a breakaway group of the national AAM, founded in 1982 by Norma Kitson, and allied to the Revolutionary Communist Group. City Group developed a close working relationship not only with the ANC and SWAPO, but also with the Pan-Africanist Congress (PAC), AZAPO, and Black Consciousness supporters. In 1985 City Group was expelled from the national AAM, and from 1986 - 1990 its supporters maintained a Non-Stop Picket outside the South African Embassy in Trafalgar Square calling for the release of Nelson Mandela. The City Group archives provide an opportunity to understand a different perspective on the international anti-apartheid movement.
DAF Netherlands was established in 1965. It came out of the Comité Zuid-Afrika (founded in 1960), was affiliated to the IDAF, and was disbanded in 1991. It concentrated on fundraising for the defence of political prisoners and support to their families in South Africa. It also published informational materials.
This women’s group of the Protestant churches started its activities in 1977 with a boycott of South African fruit and established Frauen gegen Apartheid. It operated till 1993. It also campaigned against the Krugerrand and bank loans. For 15 years, they organised a vigil every Thursday in front of the South African Consulate.
The KZA existed from 1976 till 1996. It continued the work of the Angola Committee which started in 1961 in support of the liberation movements in the Portuguese colonies. It fundraised for material support to the liberation movements. One of its big campaigns was the oil boycott, mainly directed against (Royal Dutch) Shell. It bought shares in order to be able to attend shareholders meetings where it could pressure Shell to withdraw from South Africa. It initiated the formation of the Shipping Research Bureau, together with Kairos, and was part of the Liaison Group. The KZA merged with the AABN and the EMF in 1997 to form NIZA.
IDAF started in 1956 as Christian Action, later becoming the British Defence and Aid Fund which started its work with the 1956 Treason Trial in South Africa. IDAF became an international organisation in 1965. The South African Defence and Aid Fund was banned in 1966. Over the years, many national affiliates and branches were set-up. It smuggled millions of pounds into South Africa to defend thousands of political activists and provided aid to their families. It paid lawyers to defend political detainees and provided financial support families of political prisoners. It published numerous books and films on repression in South Africa.
The International Defence and Aid Fund for Southern Africa Canada (IDAF Canada) operated from 1980-1990. It focused mainly on raising funds to support political prisoners and their families in South Africa and Namibia. US-IDAF executive director Kenneth N. Carstens was instrumental in the establishment of the Canadian IDAF.
The Irish AAM was established in 1964 and functioned till 1994. It was co-founded by Kader Asmal (who later became a South African MP and cabinet member) and started with sport, cultural, economic and academic boycotts and grew into an organisation that was active in all areas of anti-apartheid and solidarity. It gave direct support to the liberation movements and worked closely with the ANC. It continues to be active as the Ireland South Africa Association.
Karel Roskam was a radio journalist with the progressive broadcaster Vara. He was also a member of Omroep voor Radio Freedom. He produced numerous radio programmes and interviewed many people during the period 1961-1992.
In the Netherlands, as in several other countries, municipalities became active against apartheid in the second half of the 1980s. Their activities were especially directed towards consumer boycott campaigns and they worked with the national AAMs.
NAMA started in 1963 as an association of youth, Christian and humanitarian organisations, doing a lot of education-related work. It merged with the Crisis Fund for South Africa, the national affiliate of IDAF, in 1967.
OSPAAAL was established following the Tricontinental Conference held in Havana, January 1966, to promote "solidarity with the Third World people's struggles, claims and most precious desires". The organisation supported struggles against colonialism and apartheid, and notably produced a large number of brightly coloured propaganda posters to promote its cause.
The South African Non-Racial Olympic Committee (SAN-ROC) was formed in South Africa in 1962. SAN-ROC began operating from London when one of its founders, Dennis Brutus, went into exile in 1966. In 1970 Brutus moved to the United States, and SAN-ROC was then based in both the United States and the United Kingdom. Forerunners were the Committee for International Recognition, formed by non-racial sportsmen in 1955, and succeeded by the South African Sports Association (SASA) in 1958. SAN-ROC played a major role in South Africa being excluded from the Olympic Games in 1966, and from the entire Olympic movement in 1970.
The SKSSAA was the state organisation through which a lot of the Soviet support to the liberation movements was channelled. SKSSAA was active internationally in the struggle against apartheid in South Africa. SKSSAA provided the African National Congress in exile with material resources, such as food, clothes and vehicles. The SKSSAA and other Soviet NGOs received South Africans in need of medical treatment, and arranged stays for them at Soviet hospitals. The organisation also coordinated activities for South African students in the Soviet Union. In 1992 the organisation was renamed Society of Afro-Asian Peoples' Solidarity and Co-operation.
The Task Force on Churches and Corporate Responsibility (TCCR) was established in 1975 as a coalition of Canadian Churches. It worked towards social responsibility in Canadian based corporations and financial institutions. It supported the South African Council of Churches (SACC) proposal for a code of business ethics for companies operating in South Africa. It campaigned strongly to end loans to the apartheid regime and approached shareholders to accomplish this. In 2001, TCCR became part of KAIROS Canada.
The Centre against Apartheid started in 1976 in the UN Secretariat under the name Unit on Apartheid. Its role was to promote publicity against Apartheid and it worked under the guidance of the Special Committee and in cooperation with the Department of Public Information. During its existence, it published hundreds of posters, audio materials and documentary films. It organised art competitions and exhibitions. It had radio broadcasts to South Africa in several languages. It worked closely together with the liberation movements and the AAMs. Many of the documents published by the Centre were written by members of liberation movements and the AAMs.
UNESCO was founded in 1945 as a specialised agency of the UN. Besides working at a practical level it also played an important role in the international political arena. It gave material and political support to the liberation movements. It organised numerous conferences to highlight the situation in South Africa.
The archives of the Robben Island Museum are housed at and managed by the UWC/RIM Mayibuye Archives. Some are located on the island, but the bulk is at the UWC Campus in Belville, Cape Town. The archives hold a large collection of artifacts, documents, photographs, artworks, personal papers and audio-visual materials. Although the emphasis is on South African organisations and people, many AAMs (national and international) and other international anti-apartheid organisations are represented in the collection. The IDAF, for example, deposited its entire archive at UWC/RIM Mayibuye.
This was a local organisation of women in Frankfurt which formed part of the national Women against Apartheid organisation. Its activities included a boycott campaign against the Krugerrand gold coin and campaigns against banks making loans to South Africa. It also participated in the Outspan fruit boycott, and worked in schools.
The Working Group Kairos was founded in 1970 in support of the Christian Institute in South Africa. Its main focus was on human rights violations and to raise support for sanctions and disinvestments and campaigned against Shell. It worked especially in the Christian community in the Netherlands and was instrumental in the foundation of the Shipping Research Bureau (SRB). It was renamed Stichting Kairos (Kairos Foundation), date unknown.
The OvRF started in 1982 on the initiative of the AABN and mobilised people in the broadcasting sector to support Radio Freedom, the radio station of the ANC. Their aim being to raise financial support to train and equip several broadcasting stations for Radio Freedom. The organisation operated until 1995.
Congress of Democrats papers donated by Ben Turok Minutes of meetings of the Johannesburg Regional Committee 1961-1962 National Consultative Committee 1961-1962 National Executive Committee 1961-1962 Transvaal Region 1962 National Consultative committee constitution Documents relating to the South African National Convention 1961 Johannesburg City Council, South African Congress of Trade Unions Jewish Community, Political Education and workers compensation Correspondence, memoranda, press statements, financial records of the congress of democrats Newsletters including congress bulletins, counter attack: Bulletin of the South African congress of democrats, The emergent African Middle class, Combat Fighting Talk etc. Publications re Chief Albert Luthuli, Bantustans, the Pondo Revolt Pamphlets relating to amongst other subjects, the sabotage bill, Sharpeville, stay at home education etc. Passports belonging to Ben Turok Other general documents
ICRC including Letter from Canon Collins to ICRC in 1964, requesting an inspection of Robben Island prison conditions after reports of ill- treatment. Summary of the report of the ICRC visit to prisons in S.A, 1966, issued by the World Campaign for the Release of Political Prisoners.- Correspondence re: ICRC visit.
File: Rivonia Trial correspondence, statements, finance, etc Correspondence by Bram Fischer to Canon Collins and vice versa re: the guilty verdict and responding the messages of sympathy. List of Robben Island clients as at 11 October 1989 with prison numbers. File Rivonia Trial 1963-1964 Walter Sisulu statement on which his evidence was led with handwritten annotations. Press clippings Walter Sisulu: extracts of evidence : Examination by Mr. Fischer. Notes made by Govan Mbeki regarding his interrogation whilst under 90 day detention. Ahmed Kathrada: extract of evidence examination by Mr. Berrnage. Lionel Bernstein extracts of some evidence: cross examination by Percy Yuter. Pamphlet entitled " My fight is for all:" Mandela tells court of ANC objectives" extracts of Mandela's statement from the dock as printed by the Rand Daily Mail Johannesburg) File: Collins2/6 mainly concerning the Rivonia Trial (1964) including: Handwritten notes. Correspondence from Freda Nuell, J Hadebe, Conon Collins, E.S. Reddy, Hugh Lewin, Joel Joffe Raymond Kunene, Rica Hogdson, Typescript- biography of Nelson Mandela, Draft articles concerning the imprisonment of Mandela and the Rivonia Trialists, Rivonia Trial - statements of accounts and annexure of monies received, Decision by Trialists not to appeal against their sentence, Statements against the Rivonia Trial sentences by Conon Collins and others, Christian Action article entitled " Mandela: a message from prison" Press statements on the sentence issued by the Africa Bureau and by Canon Collins Correspondence on the sentencing Typescript of Mandela statement from the dock " Why I am ready to die" with original annotations Articles on the Rivonia Trial Statement issued by Mr. Tom Kellosk at a press conference called by Christian Action January 15 1964 on the Rivonia Trial. Statement by Canon Collins on behalf of Christian Action. Anti- Apartheid Movement profile of Mandela and reproductive extracts from his statement from the dock Notes for adverts and letters re: Rivonia Trial Includes typescripts of draft articles on the Rivonia Trial some of them written by E.S. (Solly ) Sachs A pamphlet titled the " message of Rivonia"
Communist party of South Africa, SACP, Young Communist League of South Africa,, Herenigde National Party van SA, Liberal party of SA, National party of SA, Progressive party of SA, United party of SA, Labour party of SA, labour extra parliamentary organisations. Simons, Jack and Ray Microfilm
Publications and papers of Neville Alexander ANC election manual, handbooks, policy guides, candidates brochure including Nelson Mandela ANC pamphlets re- workers, voter issues, anti Nat propaganda, meetings, students individual support, general. National party policy guides, brochures, comic/magazine, general campaign pamphlets. Democratic party constitution, policies, manifesto, youth and workers issues, general mobilising pamphlets. Independent electoral commission monitors packages including handbook for monitors, electoral act, incident report sheets, government gazette, employment contract act. Publication and papers from voter education and elections training units (VEETU), Matla Trust Street law, Black Sash, MPD, Call of Islam, Justice and Peace, Dove, UWC SRC, COSATU, ANC Bonteheuwel Branch. Project Vote training manuals and voting times.
Collection of news clippings concerning the following: Campaigns for Nelson Mandela’s release from prison (1980- 1989). Nelson Mandela and Robert J. Brown, Nelson Mandela being diagnosed with tuberculosis, his 70th birthday, and the Free Mandela Concert held at Wembley Stadium (1988). The Mandela family (1988- 1989). Nelson Mandela’s release from prison, and worldwide reaction to his release (1990). Speeches and statements by Nelson Mandela (1990-1991). Tours undertaken by Nelson Mandela, including visits to the USA, Canada, Europe, Africa, South America (Brazil, Spain, Cuba, Venezuela, Mexico), the Far East and Australia (1990 - 1991). Victor Verster prison, visits to Nelson Mandela at Victor Verster, and his meeting with PW Botha (1989). Biographical profiles Nelson of Mandela.
Scrapbook containing Newsclippings dated May-October 1961. Includes clippings related to the South African politics, reported in international newspapers such as the Guardian, Daily Herald, New York Tribune, Financial Times, Observer, Daily Telegraph and Evening Standard.
Programmes and programme segments broadcast by Radio Freedom, the radio station of the African Audio interviews used in the Vara Radio (Netherlands) programme "Portrait of Mandela," including an excerpt of Nelson Mandela's 1961 interview conducted by an ITN journalist, and a copy of the completed documentary. Interviewees include Winnie Mandela, Allan Boesak, Archbishop Trevor Huddleston, Lord Bethell, Brian Bunting, Albert Dhlomo, Ben Turok and C Stork.
Audio recording of an African National Congress (ANC) rally held at the Cape Town Civic Centre, on the 13th of September 1993. The speakers include Nelson Mandela, Allan Boesak, Salie Manie and Melanie Verwoerd.
Collection of political cartoons produced by Abe Berry, former cartoonist for the Star Newspaper. Most of the cartoons were produced for the Star Newspaper and some for City Press. The cartoons cover Nelson Mandela in relation to subjects such as: The South African 'Bantustan' system. Speculation about his release from prison. The Organisation of African Unity and the International Anti-Apartheid Movement. Free Mandela campaigns. The unbanning of the African National Congress and the South African Communist Party. Nelson Mandela's release from prison. Awards and honours conferred on Nelson Mandela including the naming of streets, schools and other public spaces in his honour. The South African negotiation process.
Association of Western European parliamentarians Against Apartheid (AWEPAA). Renamed ‘The Association of European Parliamentarians for Africa’ (AWEPA) in 1993 Papers and publications, 1985-1994. Reports on Namibia Publications relating to South Africa destabilization of the neighbouring countries including Angola and Mozambique Media issues relating to South Africa including censorship Publications relating to children under Apartheid AWEPAA news bulletins
Association of West European Parliamentarians for Action against Apartheid (AWEPAA)
Correspondence from Paul Joseph to Yusuf Dadoo, photocopies of letters from Adelaide and Paul Joseph to Nelson Mandela, and the statement of the African National Congress National Executive Committee on Nelson Mandela's 60th birthday.
Brian Bunting Papers 1930's -1980's. SACP and ANC history. Includes correspondence, news cuttings, papers, bound volumes of the Guardian (1937-1948), New Age (1956-1957) pamphlets. Material collected for the Moses Kotane biography.
Correspondence, pamphlets, newsletters, publications and press statements concerning the following: The Rivonia Trial, including a summarized version of Nelson Mandela’s defence statement at the trial and the script of a radio broadcast on the Rivonia Trial (36 min.) (1964 - 1975). The World Campaign for the Release of South African Political Prisoners, and a summary of support for the campaign (1964). The persecution of Winnie Mandela (1971). Political prisoners in South Africa (1975). The Treason Trial, including schedules C and D of the indictment, a list of the accused and their association with certain speeches, gatherings and publications (1956 - 1961). Biographical profiles of Nelson Mandela, Govan Mbeki, Andrew Mlangeni, Raymond Mhlaba, Dennis Goldberg, Walter Sisulu, Lionel Bernstein, Elias Motsoaledi and Ahmed Kathrada. Appeals for the release of Nelson Mandela including an appeal to the people of South Africa smuggled out from Robben Island, with an introduction from Oliver Tambo (1980). A copy of the international declaration for the release of Nelson Mandela, initiated by Archbishop Trevor Huddleston, as well as a list of signatories to the declaration (1981). The Sunday Post campaign for Nelson Mandela’s release(1980 - 1981). United Nations notes on the Release Mandela Campaign, a statement by Chief Albert Luthuli on the sentencing of the Rivonia Trialists (1964), extracts from an address by H.E. Mr. B Akporode Clark to non-governmental organisations at UN headquarters (1980), biographical profiles on Nelson Mandela, and the Free South African Political Prisoners Campaign (1980). A survey of events and actions in honour of and for the release of Nelson Mandela, prepared by the British Anti-Apartheid Movement, October 1984. Observances of Nelson Mandela’s 60th birthday (1978). The collection also consists of bound volumes of Spark, Guardian and New Age newspapers, for which Brian Bunting served as editor. They include newspaper reports on Nelson Mandela’s 1962 Africa trip showing photographs of Nelson Mandela together with Oliver Tambo in Algeria, Nelson Mandela’s tour of Algerian army camps and headquarters together with Robert Resha, Nelson Mandela meeting with Tunisian government representatives, and Nelson Mandela together with Colonel Tadenesse Biru in Ethiopia.
News cuttings, diagrams, notes and memoranda concerning a 1981 plan by Eddie Daniels to free Nelson Mandela from Robben Island. The collection also includes subsidiary material about a Bureau of State Security (BOSS) escape plan in 1969, reportedly part of a plot to assassinate Nelson Mandela.
Letter by Bram Fischer to comrades and friends smuggled from prison (1970) photocopy. What I did was right. Statement from the dock by Abraham Fischer, Q.C. in the Supreme Court. Court Pretoria March 28 1966 (photocopy) 32pp.
Dr Yusuf Mohammed Dadoo Papers donated by Brian Bunting. Papers from years in exile in London. Papers reflect activity in the South African national liberation movement. Strong with regards to the SACP and ANC and also cover the World Peace Council, SACTU and the Anti- Apartheid movement, as well as Indians in South Africa. Correspondence (handwritten and typed) Minutes of meetings, printed material, financial documents literary works including manuscripts and speeches.
Pamphlets, newsletters and memoranda of the Release Mandela Campaign (RMC) and the Nelson Mandela Reception Committee concerning: Launch of the Release Mandela Campaign. Reports from the Release Mandela Campaign. Organising of the 1985 mass march to Pollsmoor Prison. Welcoming home of Govan Mbeki after his release from prison.
Eddie Daniels papers and publications Collection consists of a letter written by Alan Paton providing a sketch of Eddie Daniels and a motivation for his release from prison granting an exit permit from South Africa, 21 February 1967 [photocopy]. Publication used by Eddie Daniels during his imprisonment on the Island.
Lionel and Sadie Forman, Congress alliance documents: Freedom Charter Johannesburg Congress of the people; Pamphlets. Lionel and Sadie Forman, Personal papers includes treason trial documents- Microfilms
J.J. Fagan papers- Documents related to Robben Island, including a photocopy of chapter 20 entitled Robben Island from the book " Brushes with the law" by Judge Marius Diemont; a copy of a document "Summary of complaints" referred to on page 229 of the book; personal notes of Judge Fagan, made during Robben Island visit on 08.02.1975; copy of letter written to Commissioner of Prisons following the visit and referred to page 229; photograph taken during visit.
Collection of photographs covering: Nelson Mandela birthday tributes; Campaigns for Nelson Mandela's release from prison; The Cape Town celebration rally after Nelson Mandela's release from prison. Photographers include Benny Gool, Rashid Lombard and Murray Michel.
UDF News, newsletter of the Western Cape region January 1990, Defiance campaign, Release Mandela campaign pamphlets, stickers and guidelines: Stoffel will not silence us issued by the Save the press campaign, Boycott the All Blacks, do not support racist sport.
Legal correspondence (Ismail Ayob and Associates) 1 (1989) Financial income and expenditure ( Ayob and Associates (1990) including Mandela family disbursements. Charges against Winnie Mandela for contravening her banning order and replying to affidavits. Affidavits against Winnie Mandela re: The contravention of her banning order and replying affidavits. Court judgments Invoices by Ismail Ayob Associates, for acting on behalf of Winnie's behalf. Letter to Thabo (28 September 1991) by Horst Kleinschmidt re: The trial of Winnie Mandela and more specifically the claims made by Ismail Ayob. Correspondence to IDAF from Ayob re: above( 4 September 1991) Correspondence from IDAF ( Horst Kleinschmidt to Ayob) (2nd September 1991) Correspondence from Ayob to Pennington's re: monies received ( Aug 16 1991) Statement of account (Ayob) 1990 Mandela trial files 1986, including Jugdement against Winnie Mandela ( contravention of banning order) Affidavit by Winnie Mandela. Affidavits by others
Treason Trial and other cases Notes on legislation involved in the trial. Fund-raising campaigns by the South African Legal Defence Committee under the auspices of Christian Action Correspondence include Canon Collins, Solly Sachs, Dr Guy Rout Defence Aid Fund summaries of income and expenditure Biographical information about judges in the trial, including Justice Rump, Justice Luxor, Justice Kennedy Lists of 61 released Detailed summaries of preparatory examinations Brief biographies of some of the accused including: Oliver Tambo, Z.K. Matthews, James Calata, Walter Sisulu, Nelson Mandela, W Conco, Leslie Masina, Chief Luthuli, Kesval Moonsamy, Dickson Fuyani, Billy Nair, Duma (Philemon) Nokwe, Wilton Mkwayi, Elloitt Mfaxa, Len Lee- Warden, Helen Joseph Florence Matomela "Difficulties and hardships as results of the arrests and the trial" - document Full list of accused persons Professions and status of the accused Statement by Canon Collins concerning the arrests of the Treason Trialists Excerpts from speeches made at an ANC meeting held on 7/4/1954, as reported for the prosecution by Detective Sergeant Mistake Mesilla Condition of the above: very fragile
Nelson Mandela's progress in obtaining study rights for prisoners on the Island, for which he estimated that approx. 400 men would require assistance at a cost of R15 000 per annum. There is correspondence written by Ismail Ayob and associates in the regard.1981. Correspondence from Ismail Ayob and Associates to Messrs Miller and Co. re: the signing of the Trust Deed for the Nelson Mandela Charitable Trust 1981. Ismail Ayob correspondence re: the awarding of a prize to Mandela in Austria 1982. Education of prisoners on Robben Island 1982.
Biographical notes on some of the people persecuted by the South African government for their opposition to the policies of apartheid, 30 May 1964. The list includes Nelson Mandela and other Rivonia Trialists.
Correspondence, charge sheets and other documentation concerning Winnie Mandela's banning orders and the contravention of her banning orders. Key correspondents include Ismail Ayob and Associates and Messrs Miller and Co.