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Zwelakhe Simon Xamlashe

Collection of film and video recordings consisting of distribution prints and master materials (negatives, rushes, sound tracks and trims). The subjects covered include:
Nelson Mandela's early views on the objectives of the ANC and the liberation struggle. The reception given to Mandela's rejection of the regime's offer of conditional release, read by his daughter Zindzi to a vast gathering in Soweto on 10 February 1985. Commentary from activists and family members, including Winnie Mandela. Prison conditions on Robben Island including Mandela's cell, the daily routine of hard labour, diet in prison, isolation and Mandela's transfer to Pollsmoor Prison in 1985. The impact of international campaigns for the release of Mandela, including footage of the Free Mandela Campaign Concert held at Wembley Stadium in celebration of his 70th birthday.
The collection also includes interviews with Nelson Mandela, Winnie Mandela, Andrew Masondo, Jacob Zuma, Indres Naidoo, Philip Mathews, Mary Benson, Barbara Harmel and Barry Feinberg.
It consists of both completed productions and raw footage.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

Zwelakhe Simon Xamlashe

Xamlashe, Zwelakhe Simon Writings
re: Involvement in the liberation struggle and imprisonment on Robben Island. Correspondence from Walter Sisulu's office May 1993 A tribute to Nelson Mandela.

Xamlashe, Zwelakhe Simon

Zohra Ebrahim

ANC discussion documents including a bill of rights for a new South Africa (1990). Towards technology policy for South Africa. Draft resolution on the ANC economic policy for National conference May 1991. Social Welfare policy discussion paper (June 1991). Statement of the Deputy President of the ANC Nelson Mandela at the opening of the National conference (July 1991), Transfer of power to the people for a democratic future 2-6 July 1991programme. Statements to the conference for the political prisoners in Pretoria local prison etc. Rally speech by Joe Slovo, at Lentegeur, Mitchell's Plain 29 April 1990. Statement by N. Mandela at Obstacles meeting Cape Town, May 2 1990. COSATU secretarial report 14-15 May 1988. UDF national conference 1-3 March document. Cape Town local government and housing workshop 18-21 Oct 1990 Summary booklets
Three BBC videos

Ebrahim, Zohra

Zindzi Mandela

File on Zindzi Mandela (1984-1987)
Correspondence on
Monies advanced to her (E. Moosa)
Memo re: police questioning of William Dibetle (1985)
Passport application (Ismail Ayob and Associates)
Winnie Mandela application for interdict against SA police
Correspondence and memoranda, charge sheet re: Charges brought against Zindzi for
travelling to and from Swaziland with a forged document (1982) mostly legal correspondence
Legal correspondence re: Raid in Mandela home (1982) (Ayob)
Application for restraining order against Patrick Moshidi (1984) including statement by Zindzi.
Affidavit by Winnie Mandela, Azhar Cachlia and Ntozakhe Sishuba in this regard.
Letter to Zami by Ismail Ayob (16 August 1984) on a number of matters including an article in
Guardian newspaper, monies sent to Nelson Mandela, Dr Asvat having a story published by
Alister Sparks (saying that the clinic run by Winnie was manned by Azapo); message for
Zwelakhe Sisulu to contact Winnie an application by Winnie to move to Johannesburg;
Winnie's nomination for the Politiken and Dagens Nyheters Freedom Prize; monies disbursed to
family members; education of the children. Speech of acceptance of the prize prepared for Zeni to be given in Copenhagen (1984).

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

Yousuf Karsh fonds

The file consists of portraits of Mr. Nelson Mandela, South African political leader.
One photograph, entitled Nelson Mandela, photographed in Ottawa, appeared in Karsh exhibition in London entitled, Faces of the 20th Century, exhibition was held at Canada House from the 13 May 1998 to the 28 August 28 1998. Statements made by Nelson Mandela and other ANC prominent people and ANC departments.

Karsh, Yousuf

World University Service - Denmark [Solidaritet og Bistand]

The World University Service Denmark (WUS-D) started in 1966 as part of WUS International. It became independent in 1970. It started its solidarity activities in 1966 and became a member of the Anti-Apartheid Committee. It supported the liberation movements in Southern Africa. It distributed funds to the South African Committee for Higher Education (SACHED) and other bursary programmes. WUS continues its activities now as IBIS.

World Leaders

World leaders including George Bush Yasser Arafat, Brian Mulroney, Boris Yeltsin, Pope John Paul II, Lech Wales and Nelson Mandela.

Pijet, Andre

World Gold Commission

The World Gold Commission (WGC) was founded in 1988 to promote worldwide sanctions against South African gold sales. It received financial support from the UN Centre Against Apartheid and was backed by the AAM and the liberation movements. It was active in information dissemination and the presentation of evidence to international bodies.

World Council of Churches

Nelson Mandela's visit to the World Council of Churches in Geneva Program details the introduction of Nelson Mandela's, his life, mentions guests including Castro, Emilio Nelson Mandela visit to WCC, Nelson Mandela symbol of freedom struggle; Links between support, solidarity.

Western Province Council of Churches official archives

World Council of Churches

Newspaper article on Nelson Mandela " Fight Aids like Apartheid" Times December 1 - 2003 " Stop Aids nonsense" Mandela tells Mbeki's government to halt debates and fight the war" Sunday Times 17 February 2002 Visit to World Council of Churches 8 June 1990. Thanks to the role of the World Council of Churches in the anti- apartheid struggle. Religious anecdote/ Mandela Nelson. Introduction to Winnie Mandela's speech/ Thabo Mbeki. Talk about jail, exile and the role of the World Council of Churches for political prisoners. Sanctions against apartheid regime. Help to the political prisoners and exiles.

World Council of Churches

World Council of Churches

World day on prayer for South Africa, 16 June 1986 ; South Africa 1987-1988; South Africa 1990; South Africa- Part I Nelson Mandela visit; Part II African National Congress.

World Council of Churches

World Council of Churches

Nelson Mandela addresses crowds of supporters and tells them that "as long as the main pillars of
apartheid are still in place " pressure for economic sanctions against South Africa need to be
maintained. Actuality crowd at arrival of Mr. Nelson Mandela.

Taskforce on the Churches and Social Responsibity

World Council of Churches

General correspondence about the World Council of Churches policy special fund grants,
especially in South Africa. Contains a memorandum from Nelson Mandela to FW De Klerk

World Council of Churches

World Conference on Religion and Peace

Collection of the conference on religion and peace includes a text of Mandela’s speech with religious leaders on the morals summit and attendance list.

South African Congress of Trade Unions (SACTU)

World Campaign against Military and Nuclear Collaboration with South Africa

The World Campaign started in 1977/78 on the initiative of the AAM and the patronage of President Julius Nyerere of Tanzania, and was supported by the Special Committee of the UN. It monitored and strengthened the arms embargo against South Africa and exposed military collaborations. It worked closely with the special committee. In the 1980s, it lobbied for expulsion of South Africa from the International Atomic Energy Authority (IAEA). Abdul Minty was the Director from 1979 to 1994.

World Bank Group Archives Photographic Collection

A collection of images of Nelson Mandela's visit to the World Bank and his meeting with World Bank President Lewis T. Preston and other officials in 1991, as well as an image of Nelson Mandela with World Bank President James D. Wolfensohn during a visit in 1999/2000.

World Bank

Working Group Woman, Church, Twothirds World [Werkgroep Vrouw, Kerk, Tweederde Wereld]

VKW was founded in 1976 by representatives from Christian women’s organisations and continued to operate till 1991. It was a solidarity organisation with women in developing countries and encouraged women in the Netherlands to be active for change. It had a special working group on South Africa and worked especially on practical support to women’s organisations in South Africa and boycott campaigns.

Working Group Kairos [Werkgroep Kairos] (Kairos Study Group) : [Part 3]

The Working Group Kairos was founded in 1970 in support of the Christian Institute in South Africa. Its main focus was on human rights violations and to raise support for sanctions and disinvestments and campaigned against Shell. It worked especially in the Christian community in the Netherlands and was instrumental in the foundation of the Shipping Research Bureau (SRB). It was renamed Stichting Kairos (Kairos Foundation), date unknown.

Working Group Kairos [Werkgroep Kairos] (Kairos Study Group) : [Part 2]

The Working Group Kairos was founded in 1970 in support of the Christian Institute in South Africa. Its main focus was on human rights violations and to raise support for sanctions and disinvestments and campaigned against Shell. It worked especially in the Christian community in the Netherlands and was instrumental in the foundation of the Shipping Research Bureau (SRB). It was renamed Stichting Kairos (Kairos Foundation), date unknown.

Working Group Kairos [Werkgroep Kairos] (Kairos Study Group) : [Part 1]

The Working Group Kairos was founded in 1970 in support of the Christian Institute in South Africa. Its main focus was on human rights violations and to raise support for sanctions and disinvestments and campaigned against Shell. It worked especially in the Christian community in the Netherlands and was instrumental in the foundation of the Shipping Research Bureau (SRB). It was renamed Stichting Kairos (Kairos Foundation), date unknown.

Women’s Union of the Dutch Labour Party [Vrouwenbond Partij van de Arbeid] : [Part 2]

The Women’s Union started its activities in 1946 as the women’s union of the political party PvdA. In 1969 the Women's Union changed its name to Women's Contact. It was renamed the Red Women (Rooie Vrouwen) in 1975. They participated in campaigns of the national AAMs as well as Amnesty International Netherlands.

Women’s Union of the Dutch Labour Party [Vrouwenbond Partij van de Arbeid] : [Part 1]

The Women’s Union started its activities in 1946 as the women’s union of the political party PvdA. In 1969 the Women's Union changed its name to Women's Contact. It was renamed the Red Women (Rooie Vrouwen) in 1975. They participated in campaigns of the national AAMs as well as Amnesty International Netherlands.

Women's International League for Peace and Freedom, New Zealand Section

In December 1916, a New Zealand branch of WILPF was established in Auckland. Branches in other cities were soon organised. In 1981 WILPF NZ organised a Women Against the Tour march in Auckland. Seven hundred people took part and 550 signed a petition, urging that the South African rugby team’s tour of NZ be cancelled. WILPF NZ members also took part in protests held when the tour went ahead. In 1989 the section’s name was officially changed to WILPF Aotearoa.

Women against Apartheid - Frankfurt [Frauen gegen Apartheid - Frankfurt] : [Part 2]

This was a local organisation of women in Frankfurt which formed part of the national Women against Apartheid organisation. Its activities included a boycott campaign against the Krugerrand gold coin and campaigns against banks making loans to South Africa. It also participated in the Outspan fruit boycott, and worked in schools.

Women against Apartheid - Frankfurt [Frauen gegen Apartheid - Frankfurt] : [Part 1]

This was a local organisation of women in Frankfurt which formed part of the national Women against Apartheid organisation. Its activities included a boycott campaign against the Krugerrand gold coin and campaigns against banks making loans to South Africa. It also participated in the Outspan fruit boycott, and worked in schools.

Wolfie Kodesh Personal Papers

Collection of documents and photographs, including a photocopy of a biographical profile of Nelson Mandela written by Wolfie Kodesh.
Other subjects include:
The meeting between Nelson Mandela and Oliver Tambo's in Stockholm, Sweden (1990). The full text of Nelson Mandela's response to the conditional offer of freedom made in parliament by the State President PW Botha. Statement issued by Ismail Ayob, on behalf of Nelson Mandela, on the protection of Nelson Mandela's name from being abused, Nelson Mandela Freedom at 70 campaign. The full text of Nelson Mandela's speech at the Grand Parade in Cape Town on the day of his release from prison in 1990

Kodesh, Wolfie

Witwatersrand Local Division of the Supreme Court (Johannesburg)

Refused bail application after arrests for high treason. Lionel Forman, Dorothy Stanley, Reginald September, Nelson Mandela, GM Naicker and Lawrence Nkosi versus the Attorney General of the Transvaal.

Witwatersrand Local Division of the Supreme Court (Johannesburg)

Wits Convocation

A biographical file that includes documentation concerning Nelson Mandela's nomination for chancellorship of the University of the Witwatersrand in 1982. There are forms signed by the nominees, as well as an acceptance of the nomination, signed by Mr. Nelson Mandela.

University of the Witwatersrand

Winnie Mandela

Legal correspondence (Ismail Ayob and Associates) 1 (1989)
Financial income and expenditure ( Ayob and Associates (1990) including Mandela family
disbursements. Charges against Winnie Mandela for contravening her banning order and replying to affidavits. Affidavits against Winnie Mandela re: The contravention of her banning order and replying
affidavits.
Court judgments
Invoices by Ismail Ayob Associates, for acting on behalf of Winnie's behalf.
Letter to Thabo (28 September 1991) by Horst Kleinschmidt re: The trial of Winnie Mandela
and more specifically the claims made by Ismail Ayob.
Correspondence to IDAF from Ayob re: above( 4 September 1991)
Correspondence from IDAF ( Horst Kleinschmidt to Ayob) (2nd September 1991)
Correspondence from Ayob to Pennington's re: monies received ( Aug 16 1991)
Statement of account (Ayob) 1990
Mandela trial files 1986, including
Jugdement against Winnie Mandela ( contravention of banning order)
Affidavit by Winnie Mandela. Affidavits by others

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

Winnie Mandela

Correspondence re: Zindzi Mandela's admission to the University of Swaziland, 1981. Correspondence re: Channelling monies to Winnie Mandela. Correspondence re: disbursement in the State versus N.W. Mandela. Correspondence re: State vs. Zolile Sishuba and Winnie Mandela 1978
Correspondents are Ismail Ayob and Associated Messrs Miller and Co Merrs. Cole & Cole
Correspondence mainly on fees and includes copies of charge sheets and affidavits
File Mandela and Motlana vs. Matlare
Correspondence summons judgment etc. in respect of defamation uttered by Dr. Matlare to the
Collie Commission of inquiry during 1977. (1981). File Mandela, W banning order
Correspondence, charge sheets, etc. re: Winnie Mandela's banning orders and the contravention
of her banning orders, 1981. Key correspondents include Ismail Ayob and Associates and Merrs
Miller & Co.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

Winnie Mandela

Winnie Mandela, wife of the jailed ANC leader and comments on what she stands for - Interview

Winne Mandela

Mandela, Files
Ismail Ayob and partners, disbursement re: Mandela family (1990). Charges against Winnie Mandela for kidnapping (counts 1-4); and assaults with intent to do grievous bodily harm (counts5-8) as well as witnesses (includes Paul Verryn, Martin Cornell). Ayob Invoices

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

Willie Hofmeyr

UDF News, newsletter of the Western Cape region January 1990, Defiance campaign, Release Mandela campaign pamphlets, stickers and guidelines: Stoffel will not silence us issued by the Save the press campaign, Boycott the All Blacks, do not support racist sport.

Hofmeyr, Willie

William Julius Henry 'Joe' Harris : [Part 3]

WJH (Joe) Harris was a carpenter and member of the Queensland branch of the Building Workers' Industrial Union of Australia. He became a freelance journalist writing on the history of the labour movement. He played an active role in, amongst others, the campaign against the South African Springbok Rugby tour.

William Julius Henry 'Joe' Harris : [Part 2]

WJH (Joe) Harris was a carpenter and member of the Queensland branch of the Building Workers' Industrial Union of Australia. He became a freelance journalist writing on the history of the labour movement. He played an active role in, amongst others, the campaign against the South African Springbok Rugby tour.

William Julius Henry 'Joe' Harris : [Part 1]

WJH (Joe) Harris was a carpenter and member of the Queensland branch of the Building Workers' Industrial Union of Australia. He became a freelance journalist writing on the history of the labour movement. He played an active role in, amongst others, the campaign against the South African Springbok Rugby tour.

We and Them Foundation [Stichting Wij en Zij]

The We and Them Foundation was founded in 1982 by the International Development Cooperation of the Federation of Dutch Trade Unions (FNV). Besides direct support to trade unions in South Africa, the foundation also participated in campaigns of the national AAMs. It changed its name to FNV Mondiaal in 1997.

Washington Office on Africa

The Washington Office on Africa (WOA) was founded in 1972 to support the movement for freedom from white-minority rule in southern Africa. It was initially sponsored by five organisations including the American Committee on Africa. It grew out of the Washington Office of the American Committee on Africa, which was established in 1967. Churches and labour unions supported the organisation to work with the Congress on Southern Africa legislation. The Washington Office on Africa Educational Fund (WOAEF) was established as the educational division of WOA.

War Resisters’ International

The WRI was established in 1921 as an organisation against war. Its members refuse to support war or preparations for war in various forms, such as refusing to engage in military service, pay taxes to support the military, etc. It is fundamentally committed to nonviolent action as a form of social struggle. WRI has provided training in nonviolence and held a number of international conferences. WRI was involved with solidarity work with the End Conscription Campaign and the Conscientious Objectors Support Group, which was formally affiliated with WRI.

Walter Sisulu Papers

Walter Sisulu papers
Walter Sisulu's office as the deputy president of the ANC. Memorandum from CODESA negotiations. ANC address by Nelson Mandela and correspondence.

Sisulu, Walter Max Ulyate

Walter Sisulu Papers

These papers are from Walter Sisulu's office when he was the Deputy President of the ANC. Includes: memorandum from CODESA negotiations, ANC address by Nelson Mandela, correspondence. Although this collection contains material from after Sisulu was released, it has been included as it speaks to the post-prison involvement of one of the Trial's main accused.

Sisulu, Walter Max Ulyate

Wales Anti-Apartheid Movement : [Part 2]

The Welsh Committee of the British Anti-Apartheid Movement (AAM) was established in 1981 and adopted the name The Wales Anti-Apartheid Movement (WAAM). WAAM operated as a national movement in Wales, with a clear Welsh identity. It was dissolved in 1994 following the first democratic elections in South Africa and its assets were transferred to Action for Southern Africa (ACTSA) Wales, which continues to campaign and work for peace and democracy in Southern Africa.

Wales Anti-Apartheid Movement : [Part 1]

The Welsh Committee of the British Anti-Apartheid Movement (AAM) was established in 1981 and adopted the name The Wales Anti-Apartheid Movement (WAAM). WAAM operated as a national movement in Wales, with a clear Welsh identity. It was dissolved in 1994 following the first democratic elections in South Africa and its assets were transferred to Action for Southern Africa (ACTSA) Wales, which continues to campaign and work for peace and democracy in Southern Africa.

Voices from Robben Island

16 mm Film with separated sound, unedited footage of interviews with former Robben Island prisoners. The footage used in the making of the documentary, "Voices from Robben Island." Interviewees include Nelson Mandela, Walter Sisulu, Ahmed Kathrada, Andrew Mlangeni, Govan Mbeki, Mac Maharaj, Neville Alexander, Eddie Daniels Kwedie Mkallipi, Jacob Zuma, Seth Mazibuko, Terror Lekota, James Gregory, Mike Green, Sisulu's and Mlangenis visiting the island,Wild Sounds buzz, Wedding cake, Maqoma burial, and Steve Tshwete. Also includes scenes of prison life on Robben Island, and interviews with warders.

Schadeberg, Jürgen

Vasson Mukesh

Documents and press cuttings relating to student struggles in the early 1980's. Focuses strongly
on the Azanian Students Organisation. The news cuttings also report on the student struggles in
the Bantustans. They also refer to the differences between AZASO and AZAPO and the
cooperation between AZASO and COSAS. Newscuttings on the Mpondo revolt of 1960. A draft thesis and related research material exploring the power relations in Pondoland during the revolt. This collection gives a focused analysis of the changing face role of the chieftaincy & tribal
authoritarianism in the former Transkei. The focus is on Flagstaff & Lusikisiki. Two unrelated items in the collection are i) Mass Democratic movement statement on Winnie Mandela and ANC 1949 Programme of action.

Vasson, Mukesh

Vanderbilt University Archive

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on channels such as ABC, CBC, CNN and NBC. Includes footage and reports on Robben Island:
The opening of Robben Island as a national museum and tourist destination, and visits to the Island by Nelson Mandela. The declaration of Robben Island as a national monument by Nelson Mandela. President Bill Clinton’s visit to Robben Island, accompanied by Mr. Nelson Mandela. Millennium celebrations at Robben Island, with Nelson Mandela passing a candle to Thabo Mbeki.

ABC

Vanderbilt University Archive

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on channels such as ABC, CBC, CNN, and NBC. Includes footage and reports on Nelson Mandela's health:
Nelson Mandela’s hospitalisation, and Winnie Mandela's attempts to obtain a court order for the family doctor to examine him (1985). The South African government's denial of Nelson Mandela's hospitalisation, despite videotapes to the contrary (1986). Nelson Mandela being diagnosed with tuberculosis, and a message from Nelson Mandela about being hospitalised and health. Predictions of the dire repercussions if Nelson Mandela dies in prison, and calls for release based on health grounds. Winnie and Zindzi Mandela shown leaving the hospital in Cape Town. Comments from the family attorney, Ismail Ayob, and the family doctor, Nthato Motlana (1988). Nelson Mandela’s recovery from minor surgery (1990). Nelson Mandela being diagnosed with prostate cancer (2001).

ABC

Vanderbilt University Archive

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on channels such as ABC, CBC, CNN, NBC and Nightline. Includes footage and reports covering the impending and actual release of Nelson Mandela from prison:
Winnie Mandela, Walter Sisulu, Dullah Omar, Allan Boesak and Archbishop Desmond Tutu talking about the impending release of Nelson Mandela. Comments from Pik Botha, Foreign Affairs Minister. Pressure being placed on the South African government by anti-apartheid lobby groups for Nelson Mandela’s release. Meetings between Nelson Mandela and FW De Klerk in which the issue of Nelson Mandela’s possible release was discussed. F W De Klerk’s announcement in Parliament of Nelson Mandela's release from prison. Nelson Mandela’s first moments of freedom after spending 27 years in prison, and his speech at a welcome home rally held on the Grand Parade in Cape Town. Celebrations across South Africa. The reactions of South African and international leaders, across the political spectrum, to the news of Nelson Mandela’s release from prison. Celebrations on subsequent anniversaries of Nelson Mandela’s release.

ABC

Vanderbilt University Archive

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on channels such as ABC, CBC, CNN, NBC and Nightline. Includes footage and reports on:
Nelson Mandela and Walter Sisulu’s long-term political imprisonment. The possibility of the release of Govan Mbeki, Nelson Mandela’s fellow comrade, Rivonia Trials and political prisoner. Moving of Nelson Mandela to Victor Verster Prison. Visits to Nelson Mandela by Winnie Mandela and other family members. The possible role played by the CIA in Nelson Mandela’s 1962 arrest. Nelson Mandela talking to television reporters about his prison years. A recording of Nelson Mandela’s Statement from the Dock at the Rivonia Trial.

ABC

Vanderbilt University Archive

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on channels such as ABC, CBC, CNN, NBC and Nightline. Includes footage and reports on the following:
South Africa's first democratic elections. A statement from Nelson Mandela about setting a date for first democratic the elections. An offer of compromise by Nelson Mandela to groups campaigning against the elections. An agreement by Nelson Mandela and Mangosuthu Buthelezi to pursue international arbitration to resolve their differences around the elections. Scenes of Nelson Mandela campaigning in the former ‘homeland’ of Bophuthatswana, and in other provinces of South Africa. An African National Congress (ANC) election campaign rally held on the 34th anniversary of the Sharpeville massacre. Election debates between Nelson Mandela and FW De Klerk. Calls made by Nelson Mandela for peace, at the height of pre-election violence.
The roles of Nelson Mandela and FW De Klerk in South Africa’s political transition. The fears of the white right wing and the Inkatha Freedom Party, of an ANC-controlled government. Assurances from Nelson Mandela to the South African stock exchange of economic stability in the event of an ANC election victory. Nelson Mandela’s prediction of a landslide victory for the ANC in the 1994 elections. Election campaign scenes shown from strife-torn areas, and comments by Nelson Mandela on the violence. Scenes shown from Soweto on the first day of voting, with people queuing to vote. An interview with Nelson Mandela about expected changes after the elections. Scenes of Nelson Mandela casting his vote. Nelson Mandela’s announcement that there will be a Government of National Unity. Comments by Nelson Mandela on meeting the expectations of both black and white South Africans after the elections. Comments from Pallo Jordan on how a Nelson Mandela-presidency will benefit the poor. Scenes shown of the ballots being counted, and Nelson Mandela’s reaction to the election results. The official results of the elections, with an ANC victory. Nelson Mandela’s inauguration ceremony as the first democratically elected President of South Africa. Scenes of celebrations in South Africa. Nelson Mandela’s allocation of a cabinet seat to Mangosuthu Buthelezi.

ABC

Vanderbilt University Archive

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on channels such as CBS and CNN. Includes footage and reports on the 50th anniversary of the United Nations, with scenes shown of South African President Nelson Mandela and his address to the General Assembly in which he says that the United Nations must reassess its role.

CBS

Vanderbilt University Archive

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on channels such as CBS, CNN, ABC and NBC. Includes footage and reports of honours conferred on Nelson Mandela:
Celebrations in South Africa of the tenth anniversary of Nelson Mandela's release from prison. The awarding of the Congressional Gold Medal to Nelson Mandela by US President Bill Clinton. The conferment of an honorary degree on Nelson Mandela by Harvard University. The awarding of the Nobel Peace Prize to Nelson Mandela and F W De Klerk. A referendum in Boston calling for a separate city encompassing black neighbourhoods. Stevie Wonder’s acceptance of an Oscar award in honour of Nelson Mandela.

ABC

Vanderbilt University Archive

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on news channels such as CNN, NBC, ABC, CBS and Nightline. Includes footage and reports on political violence in South Africa in the early 1990s period:
The threat to political stability in South Africa from right wing Afrikaners and Inkatha. Inkatha reportedly blocking Nelson Mandela and a peace delegation from entering Thokoza township. Details of conflict between African National Congress (ANC) and Inkatha supporters. Nelson Mandela campaigning for the first democratic elections in the strife-torn areas of Kwa- Zulu-Natal. Living conditions and political / pre-election violence in the KwaZulu-Natal region. The opposition of Inkatha leaders, King Goodwill Zwelithini and Mangosuthu Buthelezi, to the 1994 election. Emergency meetings held between Nelson Mandela, FW De Klerk, King Goodwill Zwelethini and Mangosuthu Buthelezi. The declaration of a State of Emergency in KwaZulu-Natal. The Inkatha march through the streets of central Johannesburg, which ended in a street battle with ANC supporters. Comments by Nelson Mandela on an investigatory report that white police in South Africa were supporting violence against the ANC by Inkatha. Comments by Nelson Mandela on deaths in Bophuthatswana following violence in the region. Violence in the townships of Alexandra, Tembisa, Thokoza, Phola Park, Swannieville, Sebokeng, Kwa- Thema and Katlehong, and visits by Nelson Mandela to townships in an attempt to stop the violence. The storming of the World Trade Centre in Johannesburg by white extremists, the site of negotiations on ending apartheid. Meetings between Nelson Mandela and Buthelezi. The assassination of ANC leader, Chris Hani, and police investigations of right wing plots to murder Nelson Mandela, Winnie Mandela and Joe Slovo. The Boipatong massacre in the Ciskei, and tributes by Nelson Mandela to the victims of the massacre.

ABC

Vanderbilt University Archive

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on channels such as ABC, CBC, CNN, NBC and Nightline. Includes footage and reports on the following:
Reports of the Reagan Administration’s support of the release of Nelson Mandela from prison. President Reagan’s attitude towards Nelson Mandela and his views on negotiations with the African National Congress (ANC). Senator Edward Kennedy’s tour of South Africa, which included a meeting with Winnie Mandela. A report that the CIA was instrumental in Nelson Mandela’s arrest. Oliver Tambo and Nelson Mandela as leaders of the ANC. US Congress delegation visit to South Africa, and meeting with Foreign Minister Pik Botha, and their request to visit Nelson Mandela not permitted. The impact of economic sanctions against South Africa, with Nelson Mandela mentioned. US Secretary of State George Shultz’s visit to South Africa, and an explanation by him on US policy towards South Africa, including a demand for the release of Nelson Mandela. Anti-apartheid demonstrations in New York, with calls for the release of Nelson Mandela. Nelson Mandela’s visit to the US after his release from prison. Nelson Mandela reported as being inspired by the American ideal.
The amount of money raised for the ANC during Mandela’s US visit. Visits by Nelson Mandela to Oakland, Los Angeles, Miami, Atlanta, Boston and New York City. Nelson Mandela addressing the US Congress. The meeting of Nelson Mandela with President Bush at the White House, and reportedly urging President Bush to maintain economic sanctions against South Africa. Remarks by Nelson Mandela about Libyan leader Muammar Kadhafi, Palestinian Liberation Organisation Leader Yasser Arafat and Cuban leader Fidel Castro. Senator Edward Kennedy with Nelson Mandela. People commenting on what Nelson Mandela symbolises. The meeting of Nelson Mandela with Secretary of State James Baker and other national leaders.
Comments by George Bush on Nelson Mandela's release from prison. A celebration of Independence Day in the US, where President Bill Clinton awards medals to Nelson Mandela and FW De Klerk. Nelson Mandela speaking about the challenge in Africa for the US. Statements by President Mandela and President Clinton during Nelson Mandela’s first official visit to the US and the welcoming ceremony at the White House. President Nelson Mandela’s address to a joint session of Congress. Mandela’s meeting with Louis Farrakhan US Vice President Al Gore’s visit to South Africa, and his meeting with Nelson Mandela. Hillary Clinton’s visit to South Africa with scenes shown from Robben Island. Bill Clinton’s visit to South Africa, and his meetings with Nelson Mandela. The White House reception held for Nelson Mandela in the latter part of his Presidency. The awarding of the Congressional Gold Medal to Nelson Mandela by Clinton. A statement by Mandela that Muammar el-Kadhafi has promised to turn over the suspects in the bombing of Pan AM Flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland. Nelson Mandela commenting on the relationship between the US and Iraq, saying that no country should be allowed to take the law into their own hands. Statements by Nelson Mandela that President Bush is undermining the United Nations.

ABC

Vanderbilt University Archive

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on channels such as ABC, CNN and NBC. Includes footage and reports on the South African Truth and Reconciliation Commission:
Nelson Mandela's acceptance of the final report of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, and his comments on the future. A plan to assassinate Nelson Mandela by Daan Goosen, using biological weapons. FW De Klerk's apology to the Truth and Reconciliation Commission for the Apartheid regime, in which he recalled the release of Nelson Mandela. The initial proposal by Nelson Mandela to set up a Truth and Reconciliation Commission.

ABC

Vanderbilt University Archive

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on channels such as NBC, CNN and ABC. Includes footage and reports on sporting events and occasions:
Nelson Mandela's return to Robben Island for the Olympic torch relay (2004). Nelson Mandela's being called to testify in court concerning allegations of racism and corruption in the South African Rugby Football Union (1998). Mandela's support for the Cape Town Olympic Bid (2004). Scenes from South Africa's hosting of the 1996 rugby world cup, and Nelson Mandela's welcome to participating countries. Scenes of Nelson Mandela and Fidel Castro at the 1992 Olympic games.

ABC

Vanderbilt University Archive

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on news channels such as CNN, NBC and CBS. Includes footage and reports on HIV/AIDS:
Nelson Mandela addressing international AIDS conferences in Bangkok, Thailand (2004) and Durban, South Africa (2000). Nelson Mandela addressing the crowd at the 466/64 international AIDS awareness concert held in Cape Town, South Africa (2003). Request by Nelson Mandela for easier access to anti-retroviral treatment for AIDS patients (2002). Nelson Mandela speaking about the death of Nkosi Johnson (2001). Comments by Nelson Mandela on the seriousness of AIDS in response to a United Nations report on the extent of AIDS in Southern Africa (1998). Comments by Nelson Mandela on the impact of poverty and the conflict in KwaZulu-Natal province of South Africa, with scenes of AIDS orphan (1996).

CNN

Vanderbilt University Archive

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on channels such as ABC, CNN and NBC. Includes footage and reports on the following:
Bastille Day in Paris, France commemorating the French Revolution, with scenes of Nelson Mandela visiting France. The death of Princess Diana and President Nelson Mandela’s remembrances of her. A statement by President Mandela at a Commonwealth meeting, supporting Muammar Kadhafi’s position that PAN AM 103-suspected bombers should be tried in a neutral country. Scenes of Prince Charles with President Nelson Mandela during a visit by Prince Charles to South Africa.

ABC

Vanderbilt University Archive

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on channels such as ABC, CBC, CNN, and NBC. Includes footage and reports on the following:
The South African government ban on birthday celebrations honouring Nelson Mandela. Senator Edward Kennedy’s meeting with Winnie Mandela. Nelson Mandela observing his birthday in prison. Riot police breaking up birthday gatherings. Scenes of a celebratory march in London in honour of Nelson Mandela’s 70th birthday. Nelson Mandela's 80th birthday celebrations in South Africa, and the announcement of his marriage to Graca Machel. Birthday tributes to Nelson Mandela on his 85th birthday.

ABC

Vanderbilt University Archive

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on channels such as ABC, CBC, CNN, NBC and Nightline. Includes footage and reports on the following:
The possibility of Nelson Mandela's release from prison. Calls for Mandela's release from prison, including calls made by the US Secretary of State George Shultz, the US National Security Advisor Robert McFarlane, and white South African business leaders. PW Botha’s insistence on conditions for Mandela's release. Commentary by Allan Boesak on the "political necessity" of Nelson Mandela's release. Nelson Mandela’s refusal of the offer of conditional release, and his response read on his behalf by his daughter, Zindzi, to a mass gathering in Soweto. The possibility of Nelson Mandela being freed for exile in Zambia. Possible conditions of Nelson Mandela’s release, said to include a prisoner exchange with Angola for South African commando Wynand Du Toit, and freedom for Russian prisoners Andrei Sakharov and Anatoly Shcharansky. The release of Govan Mbeki, Zephania Mothopeng and Harry Gwala and possible implications for Nelson Mandela’s release. The release of Walter Sisulu and six other anti-apartheid leaders, and the implications of this for Nelson Mandela’s release.

ABC

Vanderbilt University Archive

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on news channels such as CNN, NBC, ABC, CBS and Nightline. Includes footage and reports on South Africa's transition to democracy:
Talks between Nelson Mandela and FW De Klerk about the terms for a democratic election in South Africa, both prior to and after Mandela’s release from prison. De Klerk’s offer to negotiate with the African National Congress (ANC) if it would renounce violence. The statement by Nelson Mandela in 1989, urging the government to negotiate with the ANC Reactions inside South Africa to the 1989 meeting between Nelson Mandela and PW Botha, with commentary from Helen Suzman, Archbishop Desmond Tutu, Ismail Ayob and Reverend Frank Chikane. Talks about power sharing between the ANC and the apartheid government. The ANC's suspension of armed struggle, following talks with the South African government. Nelson Mandela being urged by De Klerk to drop the South African Communist Party (SACP) leader Joe Slovo, from the ANC negotiating team. A statement from De Klerk that he will reject ANC demands for outright majority rule. The possibility of peace talks between Nelson Mandela and Mangosuthu Buthelezi, and Buthelezi’s reactions to agreements made between Nelson Mandela and De Klerk. Strains in the relationship between the ANC and the South African government because of continuing political violence. Scenes of political violence such as the Boipatong Massacre (1992) and conflict between Inkatha and the ANC. The ANC’s announcement to withdraw from negotiations, and the resumption of talks. The broader political situation in South Africa.

ABC

Vanderbilt University Archive

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on channels such as ABC, CBC, CNN, NBC and Nightline. Includes footage and reports on the following:
The Anti-Apartheid struggle being waged by the African National Congress (ANC), and Nelson Mandela's role. The history of the ANC and Nelson Mandela’s early leadership role. Nelson Mandela’s role in the development of the Freedom Charter.
Scenes of Nelson Mandela and Oliver Tambo attending the first ANC national conference held in South Africa after the ANC unbanning. A statement by Mangosuthu Buthelezi about Nelson Mandela’s position on the use of violence as a political means. Anti-apartheid speeches made by Nelson Mandela in the immediate aftermath of his release from prison. Commentary by Nelson Mandela on malpractices of the ANC in prison camps in exile. The election of Nelson Mandela as the ANC Deputy President. Nelson Mandela travelling to Zambia to meet with the ANC leadership there, soon after his release from prison. Nelson Mandela meeting Palestinian Liberation Organisation (PLO) leader, Yasser Arafat, and Zambian President, Kenneth Kaunda. Interviews by Ted Koppel with Nelson Mandela. Nelson Mandela’s call for the continuation of economic sanctions against South Africa, at the ANC national conference, 1991. Nelson Mandela's election to the presidency of the ANC. Nelson Mandela leading marches in Soweto and Pretoria, as part of an ANC mass action campaign. Nelson Mandela attending the funerals of five assassinated ANC activists. The election of Nelson Mandela’s successor to the ANC presidency. The ANC's suspension of armed struggle.

ABC

Vanderbilt University Archive

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on channels such as ABC, CBC, CNN, NBC and Nightline. Includes footage and reports on the following:
Nelson Mandela's relations with African countries. International condemnation of South African apartheid government raids against Zambia, Zimbabwe and Botswana. Nelson Mandela’s attendance of independence celebrations in Namibia. The execution of nine Nigerian political activists, including Ken Saro-Wiwa, condemned by Nelson Mandela and other world leaders. A meeting of African leaders, including Nelson Mandela, in Kenya to discuss the Rwandan Refugee Crisis.
The role of South Africa and the United States in peace talks in Zaire. Scenes of Nelson Mandela with Zairean rebel leader, Laurent Kabila.
An invitation from President Mandela for the Zairean President, Mobutu Sese Seko to meet with rebel leader, Laurent Kabila. Kabila’s decision to withdraw from peace talks. Comments by Nelson Mandela on the talks and scenes from the meeting. A request by Nelson Mandela for US military support for peacekeeping in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). A visit by Nelson Mandela to Libya, showing scenes of him with Libyan leader, Muammar Gadhaffi. Nelson Mandela’s role as mediator in the Burundi crisis, and visits to the United Nations to discuss the crisis. Scenes of Nelson Mandela as facilitator in peace meetings relating to the Burundi crisis. An appeal by Nelson Mandela for the release of four journalists who were arrested in Liberia.

ABC

Vanderbilt University Archive

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on channels such as ABC, CBC, CNN, NBC and Nightline. Includes footage and reports on Nelson Mandela's political imprisonment:
Reports on Nelson Mandela and Walter Sisulu. The possibility of Govan Mbeki being released from prison. Nelson Mandela's relocation to Victor Verster Prison. Visits to Nelson Mandela by Winnie Mandela and other family members. The possible role played by the Central Intelligence Agency in the Nelson Mandela’s 1962 arrest. Interviews with Nelson Mandela about his prison years. A recording of Nelson Mandela’ statement from the Dock at the Rivonia Trial.

ABC

Vanderbilt University Archive

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on channels such as ABC, CBC, CNN, NBC and Nightline. Includes footage and reports on the following:
The Mandela family. The arrest of Winnie Mandela for contravening her banning orders by returning to her house in Soweto. Visits by Winnie Mandela to Nelson Mandela in prison. The funeral of one of Nelson Mandela’s cousins in the Transkei. Winnie Mandela reported to have won the legal battle to have government bans on her lifted. The attack on the Mandela house in Soweto, with comments from Reverend Frank Chikane. The Mandela United Football Club, acting as bodyguards for Winnie Mandela. Nelson Mandela’s advice to Winnie Mandela about the kidnapping charges against her. Rumours of a rift between Nelson and Winnie Mandela. Nelson Mandela shown accompanying Winnie Mandela to court. A guilty verdict against Winnie Mandela and her sentencing. The announcement that Nelson and Winnie Mandela are separating. The reaction of Nelson and Winnie Mandela to the reduction of her prison sentence by the appeal court. Nelson Mandela moving out of Soweto into a Johannesburg suburb. A raid on the home of Winnie Mandela as part of a campaign against government corruption, and Nelson Mandela reportedly firing Winnie Mandela from the cabinet. The marital divorce of Nelson and Winnie Mandela. Scenes of Nelson Mandela’s sister-in-law tending her cornfields. Nelson Mandela’s relationship with Graca Machel. The wedding of Nelson Mandela and Graca Machel. The death of Nelson Mandela’s son, Makgatho Mandela, because of AIDS.

ABC

Vanderbilt University Archive

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on channels such as ABC, CBC, CNN, and NBC. Includes footage and reports on international relations:
Nelson Mandela’s meeting with Pope John Paul II in Rome. Nelson Mandela raising funds in Canada for South African education, and scenes shown talking to Canadian students. Nelson Mandela speaking to the Canadian Parliament, asking for the maintenance of sanctions against South Africa, 1990. Reports of a visit by President Mandela to Israel. A visit by former President Mandela to the Middle East, with scenes shown together with Yasser Arafat. Haitian President Jean-Bertrand Aristide meeting with President Nelson Mandela. Pope John Paul II’s visit to South Africa, and meeting with President Nelson Mandela. A visit by the Taiwanese Foreign Minister John Chang to South Africa, and his meeting with President Mandela. Mandela’s address to the World Conference Against Racism, held in South Africa. Nelson Mandela being presented with an award as one of the extraordinary world figures of the 20th century.

ABC

Vanderbilt University Archive

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on channels such as ABC, CBS and NBC. Includes footage and reports on:
The preparations for the mass march to Pollsmoor Prison in Cape Town, where Nelson Mandela was being held as prisoner at the time. The anticipation of police violence and mass arrests at the march. Police warnings against the march. The decline in the South African economy attributed to the planned march. The arrest of Reverend Allan Boesak, one of the key march organizers and international condemnation of his arrest. Police brutality on the day of the march.

ABC

Vanderbilt University Archive

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on channels such as ABC, CNN and NBC. Includes footage and reports on the following:
Nelson Mandela's retirement from the South African government. Nelson Mandela’s retirement as President of the African National Congress (ANC) at the ANC's annual congress. Nelson Mandela’s last State of the Nation address, as South African President. The views of Nadine Gordimer and Archbishop Desmond Tutu on Nelson Mandela’s contribution to the South African nation.

ABC

Vanderbilt Television News Archive

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on channels such as ABC, CBC, CNN, NBC and Nightline. The archive only started recording US national news in 1968 so it doesn't cover the arrests and Rivonia Trial but rather material indirectly related to Rivonia through the Trialists.
Includes footage and reports on:
-Nelson Mandela's political imprisonment
-Reports on Mandela and Walter Sisulu
-The possibility of Govan Mbeki being released from prison.
-Mandela's relocation to Victor Verster Prison
-Visits to Mandela by Winnie Mandela and other family members
-The possible role played by the Central Intelligence Agency in Mandela’s 1962 arrest
-Interviews with Mandela about his prison years
-A recording of Mandela’s Statement from the Dock at the Rivonia Trial

Uppsala Africa Group

The UAG grew out of the Uppsala South Africa Committee (USAK) which was started in 1963 by the Uppsala Student Union. It reorganised itself in 1968 and became UAG which operated till 1994. It developed into a general membership organisations which also supported the armed struggle.

University of the Western Cape, Robben Island Museum / Mayibuye Archives

The archives of the Robben Island Museum are housed at and managed by the UWC/RIM Mayibuye Archives. Some are located on the island, but the bulk is at the UWC Campus in Belville, Cape Town. The archives hold a large collection of artifacts, documents, photographs, artworks, personal papers and audio-visual materials. Although the emphasis is on South African organisations and people, many AAMs (national and international) and other international anti-apartheid organisations are represented in the collection. The IDAF, for example, deposited its entire archive at UWC/RIM Mayibuye.

University of Witwatersrand Student Representative Council, Resource Centre

Records belonging to the National Union of South African Students 1933 -1992. Includes document sent to the university from Nelson Mandela, 9 December 1949- Crisis at Wits, M.D.M. Statement on Winnie Mandela 1989, Release Mandela Campaign, Free-NUSAS welcomes Nelson Mandela home pamphlets, Speeches delivered by Nelson Mandela, including the Rivonia Treason trial

University of the Witwatersrand

United Nations Special Committee on Policies of Apartheid

Letter/leaflet dated 13 August 1963 from the African National Congress in reply to the South African police statement that the African National Congress has been smashed. Enclosure mentions that the ANC is Alive, demands that South African leaders must be freed- free Mandela, free Sisulu, free Mbeki, free Sobukwe, free Kathrada. Deals with the Treason trial, the Rivonia trial includes Newsclippings from the Guardian, London and the Observer.

United Nations Special Committe on Policies of Apartheid

United Nations Special Committee on Policies of Apartheid

Leaflet issued by the African National Congress in South Africa in reply to the South African police statement that the African National Congress has been smashed. Enclosure mentions that the ANC is alive and demands the release of South African leaders- Free Mandela, Free Sisulu, Free Mbeki, Free Sobukwe, Free Kathrada. Also mention the Treason and the Rivonia trail.

AABN

United Nations Special Committee on Policies of Apartheid

The statement made by Dennis Brutus, director of campaign for the Release of Political Prisoners in South Africa at the eighty fifth meeting of the special committee on 27th February 1967. Statement describes the prison conditions and the segregated section in Robben Island where he worked in the leadership section with Nelson Mandela and other political prisoners sentenced to life.

United Nations

United Nations Special Committee against Apartheid

The Special Committee against Apartheid was set up in 1962 and operated till 1994. Initially named the Special Committee on the Policies of Apartheid of the Government of the Republic of South Africa, the name was shortened in 1971 to Special Committee on Apartheid and changed again in 1974 to Special Committee against Apartheid. One of its main roles was to secure effective, mandatory sanctions against South Africa. It worked closely together with the OAU, the liberation movements and the AAMs.

United Nations Photographic Library

Collection of photographs taken during Nelson Mandela's visits to the United Nations. Scenes covered include:
Nelson Mandela arriving at the United Nations (UN) to address the Special Committee Against Apartheid in the General Assembly (1990). Addresses to the UN General Assembly. Meetings with Secretary-General Javier Perez De Cuellar (1990 - 1991). Meetings with Secretary-General Boutros-Boutros Ghali (1992 - 1994). Nelson Mandela addressing press conferences at the UN Headquarters (1993 - 1994). Nelson Mandela addressing Heads of State attending the 49th session of the UN General Assembly (1994). Mandela's attendance of the 50th anniversary of the UN (1995. Nelson Mandela's attendance of the 53rd session of the General Assembly (1998). Nelson Mandela, as facilitator of the Burundi Peace Process, visiting the UN to brief the Security Council on the situation in Burundi.
Featured together with Nelson Mandela are:
Security Council President Mortar Ouane (Mali) and General Assembly President Harri Holkeri (Finland). Dumisani Khumalo, Permanent Representative of South Africa to the UN; Mayor David Dinkins of New York City. US boxers and boxing officials Mike Tyson, Jose Suleiman, Sugar Ray Leonard and Joe Frazier; Samir Sanbar, Assistant Secretary-General and Lakhdar Brahimi, formerly the Secretary-General's Special Representative for South Africa; Ibrahim Gambari, chairman of the Special Committee Against Apartheid; and Winnie Mandela.

United Nations

United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees

The UNHCR is the UN agency for the protection and care of refugees. It started to operate in 1950, based on the Geneva Refugee Convention. Besides playing a role in improving the status of refugees through international agreements and measures at national level, it also works at a practical level. It supported various anti-apartheid liberation movements.

United Nations Centre against Apartheid : [Part 4]

The Centre against Apartheid started in 1976 in the UN Secretariat under the name Unit on Apartheid. Its role was to promote publicity against Apartheid and it worked under the guidance of the Special Committee and in cooperation with the Department of Public Information. During its existence, it published hundreds of posters, audio materials and documentary films. It organised art competitions and exhibitions. It had radio broadcasts to South Africa in several languages. It worked closely together with the liberation movements and the AAMs. Many of the documents published by the Centre were written by members of liberation movements and the AAMs.

United Nations Centre against Apartheid : [Part 3]

The Centre against Apartheid started in 1976 in the UN Secretariat under the name Unit on Apartheid. Its role was to promote publicity against Apartheid and it worked under the guidance of the Special Committee and in cooperation with the Department of Public Information. During its existence, it published hundreds of posters, audio materials and documentary films. It organised art competitions and exhibitions. It had radio broadcasts to South Africa in several languages. It worked closely together with the liberation movements and the AAMs. Many of the documents published by the Centre were written by members of liberation movements and the AAMs.

United Nations Centre against Apartheid : [Part 2]

The Centre against Apartheid started in 1976 in the UN Secretariat under the name Unit on Apartheid. Its role was to promote publicity against Apartheid and it worked under the guidance of the Special Committee and in cooperation with the Department of Public Information. During its existence, it published hundreds of posters, audio materials and documentary films. It organised art competitions and exhibitions. It had radio broadcasts to South Africa in several languages. It worked closely together with the liberation movements and the AAMs. Many of the documents published by the Centre were written by members of liberation movements and the AAMs.

United Nations Centre against Apartheid : [Part 1]

The Centre against Apartheid started in 1976 in the UN Secretariat under the name Unit on Apartheid. Its role was to promote publicity against Apartheid and it worked under the guidance of the Special Committee and in cooperation with the Department of Public Information. During its existence, it published hundreds of posters, audio materials and documentary films. It organised art competitions and exhibitions. It had radio broadcasts to South Africa in several languages. It worked closely together with the liberation movements and the AAMs. Many of the documents published by the Centre were written by members of liberation movements and the AAMs.

United Nations

The UN is an international organisation that aims to facilitate cooperation in international law, security, economic development, social progress, human rights and achieving world peace. It was founded in 1945 and replaced the League of Nations. It has been concerned with the issue of racial discrimination since its beginning and racism became an important item on the United Nations agenda after African nations attained independence and after the Sharpeville massacre in South Africa in 1960. The Assembly adopted the Declaration on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (1963), which led to the International Convention in 1965. It proclaimed the International Year for Action to Combat Racial Discrimination in 1971 and the three Decades for Action to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination in 1973. Besides the specialised agencies on apartheid, several other agencies of the UN were also involved in anti-apartheid and solidarity activities.

United Democratic Front (UDF)

United Democratic Front (UDF) Papers, 1956- Freedom Charter 1983; Release Mandela Campaign;
Western Cape Region

United Democratic Front (UDF)

Umkhonto we Sizwe

Collection of photographs of Nelson Mandela meeting Umkhonto we Sizwe cadres in African National Congress (ANC) camps, after his release from prison. Nelson and Winnie Mandela are featured in the photographs, and are wearing military uniforms.

Umkhonto weSizwe (MK)

Umkhonto we Sizwe

Umkhonto we Sizwe
Publication: Submit or fight: 30 years of Umkhonto we Sizwe/the history of the people's army/
Published by the political Education Section of the ANC, 29pp.
Newsletters - Umkhonto we Sizwe 30 fighting years 16 December 1961- 16 December 1991/
Issued by the ANC department of information and publicity, Marshalltown.
Umkhonto we Sizwe born of born of the people issued by ANC Lusaka- Statement of the NEC of the ANC delivered by President O R Tambo on heroes day, December 16 1986 on the 25th anniversary of MK.
Dawn / Journal of Umkhonto we Sizwe Souvenir Issue/ 25th anniversary of MK 56pp.
Photographs: released Robben Island political prisoners April 1991 including Ashley Forbes,
Vincent Diba, Nikko Pedro, Anwa Dramat, Mabulala Nene, Meyiwa, Mxolisi Petane, Joseph Ngoma; Nelson Mandela in MK camps [1990]

Umkhonto weSizwe (MK)

Umhlobo Wenene

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on programmes such as Apha Naphaya. Includes reports and interviews concerning:
The final report of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission. The 12th Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) summit held in Durban, South Africa, and the election of Nelson Mandela as the President of NAM. Nelson Mandela's final State of the Nation address to the South African parliament. The opening of the Nelson Mandela National Museum in Mthatha. The awarding of the World Methodist Peace Award to Mandela. Mandela's views on George W. Bush's undermining of the United Nations. Nelson Mandela's 85th birthday celebrations and his retirement from public life. A tribute by Nelson Mandela to Walter Sisulu. The World Aids conference in Durban in 2000 and Cape Town in 2004. The announcement of South Africa, as the winning country for the 2010 world cup soccer bid.
Languages: isiXhosa and English

South African Broadcasting Corporation [DO NOT USE]

Umhlobo Wenene

Records of the State vs. Nelson Mandela and nine others (Walter Sisulu, Dennis Goldberg, Govan Mbeki, Ahmed Kathrada, Lionel Bernstein, Raymond Mhlaba, James Kantor, Elias Motsoaledi and Andrew Mlangeni).

UK: Protest Against South African Sabotage Trial Sentence - Petition for United Nations

Reuters programme from 15 June 1964 re Mr Butler, Britain's Foreign Secretary, telling that the South African government were aware of British government's objection to the Rivonia Trial but that the matter should not be taken further while there was still a question about whether they would appeal. Also re petition to the UN calling for release of all political prisoners in South Africa.

ITN Source represents the footage libraries of Reuters (including historic newsreel collections), ITN, ITV Productions, Fox News and Fox Movietone, Channel 9 News, UTV, Asian News International and other specialist collections.

Reuters

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