Forms part of archives of South African Institute of Race Relations. Photographs mainly from Drum Magazine relating to politics and political figures. Photographs related to Rivonia Trial are under 15 personalities: 2. Arthur Goldreich (bearded), 3. Goldreich with Abdulhay Jassat (29/9/63), 4. Goldreich with ? (possibly Harold Wolpe) as refugees in Francistown? 1963, 5a Arthur Goldreich, 5b-d Contact prints of Goldreich and others; 26. Trials: 6-7 Women demonstrating during the Rivonia Trial 1964.
Incomplete set of records of the State vs. Nelson Mandela and nine others. The collection includes charge sheets, the indictment, opening address, statements, evidence, evaluation of evidence and exhibits, including photographs, bail applications, sentencing. An important section of the collection relates to preparation of the defence. Also includes a VHS video (no soundtrack) of the cells and court room where the Rivonia Trial was held. This was filmed a long time after the trial. Its reference code is AD1844, D.
Missing volumes are: Volume 21: Walter Sisulu's Evidence (vol. 2); Volume 22: Walter Sisulu's Evidence (vol. 3); Volume 23: Walter Sisulu's Evidence (vol. 4); Volume 27: Denis Goldberg's Evidence; Volume 35: Exhibit: Plan of Liliesleaf and Rivonia. Incomplete: Volume 29: Elias Motsoaledi's Statement. It is not clear why these volumes are missing.
The records in this collection are the Defence set donated originally by Joel Joffe. They are part of the archives of the South African Institute of Race Relations (SAIRR).
Joel Joffe was one of the defence lawyers in the Rivonia Trial. This collection contains a copy of the book written by him on the Rivonia Trial, The Rivonia Story, accompanied by copies of documents in Nelson Mandela's handwriting. The documents include his application for remand in the Pretoria Regional Court on 15 October 1962, a typed account of his speech in the Pretoria Regional Court, first draft of his speech and notes to be used if he was sentenced to death.
Handwritten speeches and papers by Nelson Mandela for the Pretoria Regional Court Trial (1962) and the Rivonia Trial (1963-1964). The collection includes further notes by Nelson Mandela for his defence; the application for the remand of the trial; an application challenging the right of the court to try him and his preparatory notes. Rivonia Trial records are a typed copy of Mandela's statement from the dock (signed); final clause of statement from the dock (manuscript); notes that Mandela intended to use if he were sentenced to death when asked if he had anything to say (manuscript). There are copies of these in the Legal Resources Centre, Bram Fischer Library, Johannesburg.
Press summaries and bulletins of the Treason Trials' Defence Fund 1958-1961; press clippings on the Rivonia Trial (including on Nelson Mandela and Walter Sisulu) 1964, Abram Fischer 1965-1966, trial of 22 (including Winnie Mandela) 1969-1970, S Cooper and others 1975, Breyten Breytenbach 1977, Solomon Mahlangu 1977-1978; record of proceedings of W W Twala and Others in the Supreme Court of South Africa (Transvaal Provincial Division) 1978-1979 (pages 1-2554).
Benjamin Pogrund was a journalist. The collection includes correspondence, telexes, memoranda, press cuttings, printed items re the Rand Daily Mail, black rights and attitudes, riots, political prisoners, apartheid, the homelands, labour legislation, race relations, the Schlebusch Commission, treason trials, detentions, bannings, forced removals, labour, education and trade unions. See I3.1 for 2 files related to the Rivonia Trial: Index to witnesses and The State vs. Abram Fischer and Others.
Correspondence, diaries, articles, speeches, photographs, notes, press clippings and printed items relating to her years in parliament as an opposition MP. Subjects are detentions, bannings, restrictions, political prisoners, removals, homelands, urbanisation, labour, women, education, health and social welfare, politics, economics and Namibia. There is no direct reference to the Rivonia Trial but there are records related to prison conditions at Robben Island and Pretoria Central (where the trialists were incarcerated) in 1960s, 70s and 80s (Aa1.2.1, Aa4.1, Ab5). Records include correspondence with relevant authorities and Suzman's own personal notes from visits. Also newspaper report ten years since Rivonia Trial (Aa4.1), and other press cuttings re prison conditions (Aa9). Also correspondence with indirect references to Denis Goldberg (Ab1.1, Ab1.2).
Court records and other documents relating to trials in which Kuny (an advocate) was involved, including the Rivonia Trial where Denis Kuny was junior counsel. One box of Rivonia Trial material contains: A1.1 Indictments 1963 ; A1.2 Motion to quash the indictment 1963 ; A1.3 Defence requests for further particulars and the State's reply thereto; A1.4 Documents relating to Accused no 8 (James Kantor) including affidavit, request for particulars, petition, notes and a press cutting.
Memoranda and other documents on political trials, conscientious objection, detentions, repression and the ANC Constitutional Committee. Section P1 Political Trials contains reports and documents concerning political trials in South Africa, including amongst others: -Treason Trial (from: Political Science Quarterly) -Mandela speech from the Dock (Rivonia Trial 1964) -State vs. Dean of Johannesburg (1972) -The trial of the 13 (Ngkungwana and others) By Shauna Westcott -Ebrahim Ismail Ebrahim vs. the Apartheid State. By Rudi Boon -The Passtoors trial. By Willem C van Manen -Political Trials, South Africa 1976-1979. By Glenn Moss -Security and related Trials in SA July 1976-May 1977 (SAIRR) -Security Trials 1978 by Linda Ensor -Letter from Judge Didcott to John Dugard re Andrew Zondo -Delmas Trial 1980s -Upington (Paballelo) 1989 -‘The Sun Will Rise’ statements from the dock by SA political prisoners (Sobukwe, Mandela, Sisulu, Motsoaledi, Mlangeni, Mkwayi, Fischer, ja Toivo, Tuhadeleni, April, Lekota, Mokoape, Suttner, Sexwale, Tsiki, Ramokgadi, Seko, Nkosi, Mothlanthe) Ed Mary Benson, 1981 -Political trials seminar. 19-21 May 1989 -Political prisoner status: Namibia 1989/1990
Reports, pamphlets, minutes, publications, statements and photographs relating to NUSAS and SASPU, as well as miscellaneous information on various anti-apartheid and other organisations. A19.3 Publications and Media contain two items on Rivonia: A19.3.4: Rivonia - Tweny Years: A Resource Pack (published by ADAC) and A19.3.7: An Overview: Rivonia Trial (pamphlet).
Students' Resource Centre, University of the Witwaterand
Constitution, minutes, reports, resolutions, Treason Trial legal records, press statements, speeches, correspondence, press clippings, pamphlets, periodicals, notes, and items on the A.N.C. Youth League and the A.N.C. Women's League together with other organisations such as the All African Convention, All African People's Conference and the South African Congress of Democrats. Subjects are apartheid, African nationalism, passes, education, Freedom Charter and the activities of the ANC in exile. Forms part of the archives of the South African Institute of Race Relations. Two items relate to the Rivonia Trial under Fa: Policy statements by ANC and related organisations (1946-1973): Fa46 "Stand by our leaders" (1964, 1 p.Ts. Asking for a boycott for 12 June when Rivonia Trialists will be sentenced) and Fa47 "The message of Rivonia" (1964, 1p. Ts.).
Correspondence, memoranda, reports, minutes, interviews, photographs and posters relating to the following organisations: Black Sash, Detainees' Parents Support Committee, End Conscription Campaign, Institute for a Democratic Alternative in South Africa, Jews for Social Justice, Johannesburg Democratic Action Committee, Mass Democratic Movement, National Education Union of South Africa, National Education Crisis Committee, NUSAS and the United Democratic Front. Subjects are Namibia, education, trade unions, women, detentions, protest theatre and the Black liberation struggle. B. Political Organisations include Mandela's statement from the dock at the Rivonia Trial (B11.8.3).
Minutes, correspondence, memoranda, printed items (including the Garment Worker), press clippings and photographs relating to the Garment Workers Union and its predecessor, the Witwatersrand Tailors Association. One paragraph in one item mentions the Rivonia Trial in Bba2.2.11 General correspondence 1951-1973. It is contained in a letter written by Violet Weinberg to Anna Scheepers re Weinberg's dismissal from the Industrial Council for the Clothing Industry (August 1964). Weinberg voices disagreement with Scheepers on a number of political and union-related points. It is in this context that political developments like the Trial are mentioned.
This large collection of records of the Anglican Church contains, amongst other things, much about the Church’s confrontation with the State over the issue of apartheid, notably the effects of the Group Areas Act on black churches in white areas and the admission or all races to church schools. Other topics are conscientious objection and the refusal of young Anglicans, both lay and clerical, to serve in the South African Defence Force and the question of Namibia’s independence and the expulsion of Bishops Mize and Winter for promoting it. C85 Current legislation (1957 - 1978) includes: 1964 correspondence re death sentence and long imprisonment for those convicted in the Rivonia Trial.
The clippings relate to a great variety of subjects. Rivonia Trial material is under Political Trials 197.3 and 197.4. 197.3 has clippings from the Star and Rand Daily Mail Newspapers and subjects include: Harold Wolpe, details of the evidence being presented in the trial, Denis Goldberg and his alleged involvement in training camps, the independence of the judiciary, details of the case and the indictments. 197.4 has clippings mainly from the Star. Subjects include: sabotage and justifications for it, Joel Joffe leaving South Africa after the trial, the fact that the trialists would not appeal sentences, prison conditions, indemnity of Rivonia Trial witnesses, Bernstein leaving South Africa.
Includes interviews, political documents, political trial material, trade union documents and biographical files covering the political scene from 1964-1990. Many are photocopies. There is no Rivonia Trial material in the political trial material but there are biographies on the accused: Mandela (reel 91), Kathrada (reel 90), Sisulu (reel 96), Mbeki (reel 92), Wolpe (reel 98) and supplementary biographical files on Motsoaledi, Goldberg and Bernstein.
The Historical Papers archive at the William Cullen Library, University of the Witwatersrand, holds many collections of historical, political and cultural importance. Within these collections are materials relating to the international AAMs.
The records of Anglican church in South Africa includes: correspondence, circulars of amoung the letters there is the ANC letter to Mr. De Klerk, address by Nelson Mandela. Joint undertaking between Nelson Mandela and Mangosuthu Buthelezi on peace and the democratic process 1993. Documents on Nelson Mandela 1990 and correspondence between Archbishop Tutu and Pastor Ray Macauley on rights to enquire about Nelson Mandela's religious conviction.
Nelson Mandela’s charges of inciting workers to strike and for leaving South Africa without a valid travel document. Includes a request for further particulars and a reply, application for postponement, exhibits, the statement made by Nelson Mandela, correspondence and press cuttings. Mainly photocopies.
Sylvia Neame papers, in the collection there are three items on Nelson Mandela these include the letter Nelson Mandela wrote on the ICU, Release Mandela call, a copy of the letter from Nelson Mandela from prison during the Rivonia trial on the expulsion of Communists from the ICU.
Delmas Treason trial includes Nelson Mandela's response to P W Botha's conditional release offer. Publication with Nelson Mandela's biography. Notes on Release Mandela campaign by Curtis Nkondo. Release Mandela Campaign Meeting, Regina Mundi, 8 July 1984. UDF Meeting in honour of Bishop Tutu, and the reading of Nelson Mandela's message, Jabulani, 10 February 1985. RMC leaflet: invitation to prayer meeting in solidarity with Nelson Mandela and commemorating death of Luthuli. ANC pamphlet: Nelson Mandela will be 65 tomorrow, 18 July 1983. Newspaper clippings on Release Mandela Campaign.
Ballinger papers focussing on Anti- Apartheid and trade union struggles, in the collection there is correspondents Department of native Affairs Messrs Mandela and Tambo (Attorneys and the Native Commissioner (Zeerust) disputes between of the Bahurutse. Correspondence requesting help for Nelson Mandela Studying LLB at the University of the Witwatersrand.
Report and correspondence of the commission of inquiry on the demonstration of May 21 1991 in relation to the suspension of Winnie Mandela and the members of the women's league. ANC speeches, statements including the speech delivered by Nelson Mandela on his release on 11 February 1990.
Kairos collection ranges from the year 1970- 2002. In the collection there is a list of banned individuals, political prisoners, letter from Winnie to Mary Benson presented at the United nations, free Mandela and all the other political prisoners detention and trials
Collection of letters,events, and book chapters by Nadine Gordimer. The collection includes the White house dinner event attended by Nelson Mandela in October 1994 , correspondence on the chapter Beyond the Myth Mandela's mettle 1993, preparations for attendance to public events etc.
Minutes, correpsondence, press statements of the South African Campaign to ban landmines including an open letter to President Mandela and an appeal to President Nelson Mandela, statement on landmines by the Catholic Archbishop of Cape Town, South Africa’s position regarding landmines, Open Society Institute Landmine Project, conference on a landmine-free Africa in Kempton Park in May 1997.
Black Sash material has Black Sash activities includes Nelson Mandela Speaks', Mandela's speech on his release from prison :includes a tribute to the Black SASH. Treason trial, sanctions, Mandela, Tambo.
African National Congress papers 1928-1975. The collection correspondence from Organising Secretary, ANC Klerksdorp to Messrs. Mandela and Tambo, 9 November 1955, National Action Council: a review of the stay-at-home demonstration May 29th, 30th, 31st, 1961, travel expenses of officials and delegates and legal expenses due to Mandela and Tambo, attorneys and speech by Nelson Mandela Nelson cautions that the Youth League must not use schools as a platform for political organisation. Speech at the conclusion of his trial in Pretoria, 7 November 1962.
ANC presidents office material hasSpeeches and statements by ANC president Oliver Tambo includes a letters from Bobben Island and Pollsmoor by Nelson Mandela nd, 1978-1988, Nelson Mandela International tribute, Release Nelson Mandela and all the political prisoners campaign, Nelson Mandela's reply to PW Botha. Statement of the opening of the conference by Nelson Mandela.
Posters with Nelson Mandela images 1. Mandela for President 2.. Now is the Time, Ke Nako, Sekujalo 3. Mandela for President : The People's Choice 4. Message from Mandela 5. Happy Birthday (Nelson Mandela) Bagde with image of Nelson Mandela: Mandela for President
National Consultative Committee pamphlets set our leaders free. Memoranda and letters. Minutes. ANC Campaigns - potato boycott. SACTU Stay at home 1961. Multi racial Conference; Anti - Union Festival Committee; Honor Luthuli Committee; Treason Trial. Defence Fund, Human rights and Civil Liberties. All in Africa Conference - Letter from Nelson Mandela the Secretary of All in Africa Confererence 26 March 1961, National Action Council re National Convention to the Secretary SACOD Johannesburg 25 April 1961Personal papers includes treason trial documents- Microfilms
Jeremy Baskin collection is made up of workers related issues has material on speech by Nelson Mandela on the release and ado0cument presented by Mandela on violence and the armed struggle. Address to COSATU workshop. Records of the summit convened by President Nelson Mandela on Job creation.
The Ecumenical Monitoring programme was established to monitor South African events up to the National elections in 1994. In the collection there is a Joint Statement by Nelson Mandela and Mangosuthu Buthelezi at the Royal Hotel in March 1 1994.
Collection of papers built by Helen Joseph during her lifetime, these relate to her personal fight against apartheid. The collection has papers on her involvement in politics, the Human rights Welfare Committee, the 1956 Treason trial, banning banishment, house arrests relationship with Nelson Mandela and his family - Nelson and Winnie Mandela - Release Mandela Campaign
Rusty Bernstein's Papers includes personal correspondence to family and comrades, professional documentation relating to his career as an architect and inventor, and a large collection of writing, including drafts and material for his political biography Memory Against Forgetting as well as articles, essays and literature relating to prominent events in the liberation struggle (The 1946 Mine Workers Strike, The Freedom Charter and the Rivonia Trial). The collection also includes written material relating to his political career in the Communist Party and involvement with the ANC and as editor/contributor to journals like Fighting Talk and The African Communist and a lecture series given in Moscow to young militants of the ANC. Hilda Bernstein's papers include a series of journals dating from 1967 to 2001 and personal diaries written whilst in prison, and on travels throughout South Africa and Europe. A large part of the collection marks her involvement with women's rights and work for the ANC Women's League. There is also a considerable collection of art records documenting her career in London and Europe. The bulk of the collection is comprised of records relating to Hilda's extensive writings - books, articles and political literature. Of particular prominence is material collected for her most recent book The Rift, which captures the experiences of South African exiles. There is also a large collection of correspondence both personal and professional and political brochures relating to her position as City Councillor for the Communist Party in Johannesburg from 1943 to 1946.
The records kept by Hilda (viewed as 'evidence' of Hilda's activities) far outnumber those kept by Rusty. It would be misleading to presume that this is in any way a complete archive of the Bernstein's activities. On the contrary, there are large gaps. For example, there is very little in the collection relating directly to the Freedom Charter, in which Rusty played a major part in the organizing committee and was responsible for drafting the country-wide submissions that would become the Charter. Consideration should also be made for the possibility that Hilda is a more conscientious record keeper than Rusty was, or that due to persistent banning and arrest Rusty was forced to destroy evidence of his activities or resist the documentation of these activities. In truth, the reasons for the shape of this collection are too numerous and extensive to state. As it stands, the researcher can at best make this deduction - that Hilda's work and influence in the liberation struggle, particularly in the role assigned to woman, is vast and unique, and deserves attention beyond the shadow cast by Rusty's political career. In Hilda's case it is a matter of the biography that has yet to be written.
Family records, correspondence and letters relating to Isie Maisels work as an advocate ( Maisels led the defence at the Treason trial) correspondence includes letters from Albert Luthuli, Mandela and others thanking him for his defence.
A copy of the book written by Joel Joffe, the Rivonia Story, accompanied by copies of documents in Nelson Mandela's handwriting. The documents include his application for remand in the Pretoria Regional Court on 15 October 1962, and a typed account of his speech in the Pretoria Regional Court.
Handwritten speeches and papers by Nelson Mandela for the Pretoria Regional Court Trial (1962) and the Rivonia Trial (1963 - 1964). The collection includes further notes by Nelson Mandela for his defence. Application for the remand of the trial. Application challenging the right of the court to try him and his preparatory notes. Notes written by Nelson Mandela and intended to use if sentenced to death.
Papers of Lillian Masediba Ngoyi the collection is made up of Lillian Ngoyi's biography, Newsclippings and lots of correspondence that Mrs Ngoyi wrote to Mr. and Mrs. Allan in Switzerland among the letters expressing there are two letters referring to Mr. Nelson Mandela. In one letter Mrs. Ngoyi expresses pleasure that the South African authorities granted her permission to visit Nelson Mandela. The other letter is written while travelling in the train to Cape Town to meet Nelson Mandela, Mrs Ngoyi describes the scenery in detail and expresses the joy of being able to travel without any restrictions and further explains that he expects to be see Madiba on the 25th August 1973.
Incomplete set of records of the state vs. Nelson Mandela and nine others. The collection includes the indictment, opening address, statements, evidence, evaluation of evidence and exhibits including photographs. An important section of the collection relates to preparations of the defence. As well as Nelson Mandela, the accused include Dennis Goldberg, Govan Mbeki, Walter Sisulu, Ahmed Kathrada, Andrew Mlangeni, Raymond Mhlaba, James Kantor and Elias Motsoaledi.
Robert Sobukwe papers, in the collection there is a copy of the correspondence to the Commanding Officer Robben Island enclosing R100 books for Nelson Mandela and a publication with the title The South Africa Mandela - ANC dialogue euphoria.
South African Council of churches records include: Address by Arch Bishop Desmond Tutu calling for Mandela to be released, the Release Mandela Campaign, speeches by Nelson Mandela, memoranda sent by Brigalia Bam to Nelson Mandela on crime and violence, TRC minutes on crime and violence (meeting with President Mandela, moral leadership of the church and statements by Nelson Mandela on TRC.
SAIRR petitions, protests statements letters and condemnations regarding riots. The collection includes correspondence by Winnie Mandela as well correspondence with banned people and SAIRR participation in a petition by the Personal Liberties Defence Committee.
South African Broadcasting Corporation [DO NOT USE]
Anti-apartheid collection of news clippings, press releases, memoranda and printed items issued outside of South Africa. The subjects covered include Anti-Apartheid activities in various countries, particularly the work of the United Nations Special Committee against Apartheid, and its campaigns for the release of Nelson Mandela.
Peter Soal papers made up of speeches, press statements, and correspondence the collection includes the African National Congress material on the 75th anniversary speech( O. R. Tambo, interview with Chris Hani a record of understanding between F.W. De Klerk and Nelson Mandela, 1992 anti- ANC material.
SAIRR correspondence and memorabilia to and from the South African Institute of Race relations.. Correspondence includes New Age article of the letter by Ntsu Mokhehle to Nelson Mandela on the Attack 28 August 1961. Nelson Mandela correspondencewith Si De Villiers Graaf on the inauguration of the Republic
The collection includes correspondence, addresses/ statements, Appeal for Action Against Apartheid, Arrest of Nelson Mandela, Mandela -Wembley Concert, Nelson Mandela - Freedom at Seventy, Nelson Mandela 70thth Birthday Tribute to Nelson Mandela, Release of Nelson Mandela and the unbanning of the ANC, Nelson and Winnie Mandela, Nelson Mandela’s visits, tributes, prizes and awards to Nelson Mandela. Winnie Mandela footage and interviews, Winnie Mandela, Footage, interview s for BBC TV News affair
South African Institute of race Relations press clippings 1928 (1940-1970)-1985 the collection has material on the ANC, treason trial, and Rivonia trial. Correspondence with Mandela Family between 1954- 1962; 1964- 1984
Collection includes documentation concerning the following: Helen Suzman's visits to Robben Island and Victor Verster prisons (1967, 1982, and 1985). Reports on prison conditions at Robben Island, submitted by Nelson Mandela and Neville Alexander (1967). Law text books to be sent to Nelson Mandela (1974). Robben Island geographical information, conditions and treatment of prisoners. Lord Nicholas Bethell's interactions with Nelson Mandela. Includes documents about the possible release of Nelson Mandela.
Has documents on Mandela, Winnie Nomzano 1965- 1977 Record of an appeal against her conviction for breaking a banning order, (another copy at AD1901) and heads of argument, opinion, judgement, correspondence. 1970 (see also: 21) Various documents in connection with WN Mandela’s banning orders and house arrest. 1965-1971 Arrangements for WN Mandela to visit her husband on Robben Island 1970-71. Statement by a Financial Times journalist on a visit to Mrs Mandela in Brandfort 1977 Naidoo, Shantavothie 1 box 1969-1971. Documents relating to S Naidoo’s arrest for refusing to give evidence in the Trial of 22 (Ndou et al. Accused under the Suppression of Communism Act, later the Terrorism Act). Also records relating to the government’s refusal to grant her an exit permit. (See also AD1901)
SAIRR memoranda, circulars. Letters minutes addresses and printed items relating to subject of Apartheid, Race relations, socialism and communism, includes a file on correspondence with Allan Paton, Nelson Mandela, Dr Essellen, Patric Duncan, Prof Jabavu, Prof Du Plessies, Naidoo etc.
The papers of Alison Wessels Champion was known as AWG Champion he was one of the leaders of ICU and was also a member of the ANC. In the collection there is correspondence with Nelson Mandela in August 1950.
Collection consisting mainly of Nelson Mandela’s student records, including: Correspondence between Nelson Mandela and the University of the Witwatersrand registrar’s Office, as well as correspondence between the registrar’s office and the Secretary for Bantu Education concerning Mandela’s registration. Includes the 1952 suspension of Mandela’s registration as an LLB student (1952 - 1980). News clippings from various South African newspapers, covering subjects such as Mandela’s class of 1946 re-union at Wits University, a suspected bid to kill Mandela on Robben Island in 1969 and Mandela’s autobiography, Long Walk to Freedom. Correspondence programmes, speeches, invitations and photographs concerning the special graduation ceremony in which Mandela was awarded an honorary doctorate in law at the University of the Witwatersrand, September 1991. Also featured in the collection are photographs of Winnie Mandela, Oliver Tambo, Alfred Nzo, Jacob Zuma, Frene Ginwala, Mongane Wally Serote, Gertrude Shope, Peter Mokaba, Yusuf and Amina Cachalia. Correspondence, extracts of speeches, news clippings and photographs concerning the special re-union of Mandela’s class of 1946, held in his honour. A speech delivered by Mandela on the installation of Professor Colin Bundy as Vice Chancellor of the university.
Records belonging to the National Union of South African Students 1933 -1992. Includes document sent to the university from Nelson Mandela, 9 December 1949- Crisis at Wits, M.D.M. Statement on Winnie Mandela 1989, Release Mandela Campaign, Free-NUSAS welcomes Nelson Mandela home pamphlets, Speeches delivered by Nelson Mandela, including the Rivonia Treason trial
Correspondence to Nelson Mandela from Cameron 5 December re history of living with HIV & AIDS (accompanied by correspondence with Dr. Malegapuru Makgoba). Speech by Nelson Mandela during the centenary celebrations of the Rhodes Trust 02 July 2003 (accompanied by a BBC news internet article)