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Resolution of Oakland City Council, 1990

  • ZA COM NMAP 2011/37
  • Series
  • 1990-02-20
Resolution of Oakland City Council reaffirming support for comprehensive sanctions against apartheid and declaring End Apartheid Week March 5-11, 1990.

Oakland City Council

International Solidarity - London 1988

  • ZA COM NMAP 2010/52
  • Series
  • 1988
Photographs of a protest by the City of London Anti-Apartheid Group and a pamphlet from Embargo/AAM 'Stop Apartheid - Boycott Shell'.

Thurley, Keith

Goldstone Commission of Inquiry Collection

  • ZA COM NMAP 2015/52
  • Series
  • 1991-1994
Judge Richard Goldstone was appointed as chair of the Commission of Inquiry Regarding the Prevention of Public Violence and Intimidation in Ocotber 1991 by President F W de Klerk, to investigate political violence and intimidation that occurred between July 1991 and the 1994 general election that ended apartheid in South Africa. It became known as the Goldstone Commission.

Goldstone, Richard Joseph

ANC Gifts Collection photos

  • ZA COM NMAP 2011/16
  • Series
  • Unknown
5 photo prints received from the ANC from their Gifts Collection, given to Madiba as a birthday present in 2006.
The photographers are unknown.

African National Congress (ANC)

Anthony Sampson

  • ZA COM ASColl
  • Collection

Sampson, Anthony

I am prepared to die : Nelson Mandela's statement from the dock at the opening of the defence case in the Rivonia Trial

  • ZA COM MR-S-010
  • Item
  • 20 April 1964
  • Part of Speeches

In this, the opening of the Defence case, Mandela states that his experiences in South Africa and his pride as an African underlie his actions. He details how and why Umkhonto we Sizwe was formed and what its strategies were. He also responds to the allegations of the State one by one and includes an explanation of both his ideological influences and his ideals.

Mandela, Nelson Rolihlahla

Lionel Shapiro Collection, 1964, Pretoria: [Set of 7 still images]

  • 1.1.3.2
  • Series
  • 1964-06-12

The photos are taken on 12 June 1964, the day of the verdict in the Rivonia Trial. Lionel Shapiro took the photos whilst studying at Wits and doing pictures once a week for the student paper. Nelson Mandela leaving court in a prison van, protestors, Winnie Mandela and Mandela's mother.

The collection consists of 4 photographs - LS001: Winnie Mandela and Mandela's mother, Nosekeni leaving court; LS002: June Mlangeni leaving the court; LS003: The trialists leaving court after the sentencing in a prison van. Mandela is the first person on the let in the van; and LS004: A supporter outside the court with placard "We are proud of our leaders".

Shapiro, Lionel

Rica Hodgson Collection

  • ZA COM NMAP 2009/90
  • Series
  • ca. 2010
Manuscripts and transcripts of interviews of Rica Hodgson in the making of her autobiography, Foot Soldier for Freedom. Also includes copies of newsclippings and messages of condolence received by the Hodgson family on the death of Jack Hodgson.

Hodgson, Rica

Warrant of Committal - 1964

This item consists of 1 Warrant of Committal issued to Nelson Mandela by the Supreme Court of South Africa. The warrant contains Nelson Mandela's fingerprints.

Supreme Court of South Africa

Warrant of Committal - 1962

This item consists of 1 Warrant of Committal issued to Nelson Mandela by the Magistrate's Court of South Africa. The warrant contains Nelson Mandela's fingerprints.

Magistrate's Court of South Africa

Himan Bernadt Collection

  • ZA COM NMAP 2009/13
  • Series
  • 1966 to 1990
Files of the legal firm Frank, Bernadt & Joffe concerning certain legal matters pertaining to its client, Mr. Nelson Mandela, between 1966 and 1990. These papers detail examples of his endeavours to secure rights for prisoners through challenging the legality of acts carried out by prison officers, his opposing of the state's attempt to have him struck off the role of attorneys, family-related matters, etc.

Bernadt, Himan

e.tv Interview of Achmat Dangor

  • ZA COM NMAP 2010/69
  • Series
  • 2010
Interview of Achmat Dangor, the CEO of the Nelson Mandela Foundation, for the e.TV program Inside Out on
1. The work of the Foundation
2. The Centre of Memory and Dialogue
3. The 7th Nelson Mandela Annual lecture
4. Nelson Mandela Day
5. 46664
6. Achmat Dangor's work as a writer.

Unknown

Len Sak Cartoons

  • ZA COM NMAP 2011/13
  • Series
  • 1991 to 1994
Copies of Len Sak Cartoons in the Sowetan newspaper during the 3 years leading up to the elections in April 1994. Some of the cartoons were used for a virtual exhibition "The Cartoons of Len Sak 1990 to 1994".

Sak, Len

Nelson Mandela Walk, Ryerson University

  • ZA COM MR-T-2185
  • Item
  • 2015-10-15
  • Part of Tributes

Nelson Mandela Walk dedicated on campus, recognising the special relationship Ryerson has with the late freedom fighter.

Ryerson University

Judge Thumba Pillay Collection

  • ZA COM NMAP 2010/9
  • Series
  • 1959-01-01 - 1979-12-31
This series consists of two letters smuggled out of Robben Island in 1977. Mac Maharaj gave them to Judge Thumba Pillay of legal firm of Pillay Seedat & Co. The letters are written by Nelson Mandela and Ahmed Kathrada, both of them wishing to appoint the firm to act on their behalf in legal proceedings against the Department of Prisons. Since the authorities refused contact with their attorneys, they had to use this "illegal" method to seek legal representation. The collection includes an envelope that Judge Pillay had posted addressed to his law firm. He did this in the event that the Security Police questioned him about how he received the letters, he would be able to prove that they were posted anonymously to him.
A second donation of Judge Thumba Pillay contains correspondence and documents (mainly copies) pertaining to the case of Mandela vs Minister of Prisons.

Mandela, Nelson Rolihlahla

Bob Hepple Collection

  • ZA COM NMAP-2013/1
  • Series
  • 1964
Includes 4 textual items: copy of article "Rivonia: The Story of Accused no. 11 by Bob Hepple, reprinted from Social Dynamics 30:1 (2004); Note by Hepple (papers listed in the note were not received); Document Rivonia Trial - Mandela's comment on evidence of Walter Sisulu and copy of letter by Sisulu to Hepple; Programme of ANC 70th anniversary concert, London. Includes Cantata in homage of Mandela.

Hepple, Bob

Warrants of Committal - Nelson Mandela

  • NMAP 2010/07
  • Series
  • 1962-11-07 - 1964-06-12
Following Nelson Mandela’s sentencing on 7 November 1962, the Pretoria Magistrates Court issued a warrant committing him to prison for five years.
He had been convicted and sentenced that day to three years for on charges of “inciting to trespass laws” (to strike) and two for leaving South Africa without a passport. It was stipulated that the two sentences were to run consecutively.
The second Warrant of Committal was issued by the Transvaal Provincial Division of the Supreme Court of South Africa on June 12, 1964, the same day the judge handed down a sentence of life imprisonment for Mr Mandela and his colleagues, who was convicted on four counts of sabotage in the Rivonia Trial.
The first two counts were for contravening Section 21(1) of the General Laws Amendment Act (Sabotage Act) No. 76 of 1962; the third in contravention of Section 11(a), read with Sections 1 and 12 of Act No. 44 of 1950; and the fourth was for contravening Section 3(1) (6), read with Section 2 of Act No. 8 of 1953 (as amended).

Supreme Court of South Africa

Luyolo Stengile Collection, 1938, Healdtown: [8 photographic prints]

Photos of Healdtown College. In the Class photograph are, among others: Nelson Mandela (back row, fifth from the right), Myrtle Workman (white woman), Rev. Arthur Wellington (next to Myrtle), Rev. S. M. Mokitimi (next to Wellington), Jane Methola (next to Mokitimi) and Gilbert Nzimani (behind Mokitimi).

Stengile, Luyolo

Nelson Mandela and P.W. Botha's secret meeting, South Africa: [Still image]

Nelson Mandela's secret meeting with President P.W. Botha. From l to r: General Williamsen, Nelson Mandela, Neil Barnard, Pres. Botha and Kobie Coetsee. Only photograph of the meeting that took place on 5 July 1989. Other people in the photo are General Johan Willemse (Commissioner of Prisons), Niel Barnard (Head of National Intelligence), and Hendrik "Kobie" Coetsee (Minister of Justice).

Ehlers, Ters

Jürgen Schadeberg series, 1950s, Johannesburg: [4 photographic prints]

Four prints depicting Nelson Mandela in his law office, standing behind his desk and with documents in his hand; Mandela with Ruth First at the ANC Conference in Bloemfontein, with ANC President JS Moroka and Yusuf Dadoo during the Defiance Campaign Trials, Mandela leaving court during the Treason Trial

Schadeberg, Jürgen

Zindzi Mandela reading her father's speech in Jabulani Stadium, 1985.02.10, Soweto: [Still image]

Nelson Mandela's daughter Zindzi Mandela reads out his father's rejection letter, the 'My father says' speech, to a mass gathering in Jabulani Stadium, Soweto. This was when the then State President PW Botha offered Nelson Mandela his freedom on condition that he 'unconditionally rejected violence as a political weapon'.

Zwi, Morris

Mayibuye Archives, 1940s-1960s, South Africa: [Set of 52 still images]

Collection of historical photographs held by the Mayibuye Archives: Yusuf Dadoo and Joe Slovo in a march in London, 1963, in response to increasing repression against apartheid in South Africa and the arrest of Nelson Mandela and other comrades; Mandela with members of the National Liberation Front of Algeria in 1962; Mandela posing for a photo with Batshaka Cele, a relative of Winnie Madikizela Mandela.

Mayibuye Archives

Kholvad House ,1953, Johannesburg: [Set of 4 still images]

Photographs were taken on the rooftop of flat number 13 Kholvad House, 27 Market Street, Johannesburg. The group photo is with from L to R: Yusuf Cachalia (SAIC), DU Mistry (SAIC), Dan Tloome (SACTU/ANC), Goolam Pahad (SAIC), OR Tambo (ANC), David Bopape (Transvaal ANC), Molvi Cachalia (SAIC).

Shore, Herbert

The struggle is my life : Press statement issued on 26 June 1961

  • ZA COM MR-S-009
  • Item
  • 26 June 1961
  • Part of Speeches

This statement, issued after the positive response to a three day strike, announces a second phase in the fight against Verwoerd, a country-wide campaign of non-cooperation, and announces a National Convention. It also explains his decision, in accordance with the advice of the National Action Council, to carry on his political work underground rather than leaving the country or giving himself up for arrest to a government he did not recognise.

Mandela, Nelson Rolihlahla

Tributes

  • ZA COM MR-T
  • Record Group
The Nelson Mandela Tributes Database consists of tributes, and awards bestowed on the late Mr Nelson Mandela. It includes tributes, awards and honours he received while in prison, after his release, while he was President of South Africa, during his retirement and posthumously.

Nelson Mandela Foundation (NMF)

Anti-Apartheid Movement Archives

  • ZA COM MR-AAO
  • Record Group

The international movement of solidarity with the struggle for freedom in South Africa was arguably the biggest social movement the world has seen. Virtually every country in the world has a history of anti-apartheid activity, in diverse forms. In many countries, anti-apartheid activities were linked (formally or informally) with local struggles against oppression of many kinds. Most anti-apartheid movements (AAMs) did not restrict their activities to South Africa, but supported liberation movements in Southern Africa more broadly. Besides individual countries, a range of regional and international organisations added their voices to the struggles against apartheid.

What follows is an overview of some of the extant archival records of this extraordinary history. It is a first step towards a more comprehensive picture; it is at this point but a marker.

World University Service - Denmark [Solidaritet og Bistand]

The World University Service Denmark (WUS-D) started in 1966 as part of WUS International. It became independent in 1970. It started its solidarity activities in 1966 and became a member of the Anti-Apartheid Committee. It supported the liberation movements in Southern Africa. It distributed funds to the South African Committee for Higher Education (SACHED) and other bursary programmes. WUS continues its activities now as IBIS.

World Campaign against Military and Nuclear Collaboration with South Africa

The World Campaign started in 1977/78 on the initiative of the AAM and the patronage of President Julius Nyerere of Tanzania, and was supported by the Special Committee of the UN. It monitored and strengthened the arms embargo against South Africa and exposed military collaborations. It worked closely with the special committee. In the 1980s, it lobbied for expulsion of South Africa from the International Atomic Energy Authority (IAEA). Abdul Minty was the Director from 1979 to 1994.

Broadcasters for Radio Freedom [Omroep voor Radio Freedom]

The OvRF started in 1982 on the initiative of the AABN and mobilised people in the broadcasting sector to support Radio Freedom, the radio station of the ANC. Their aim being to raise financial support to train and equip several broadcasting stations for Radio Freedom. The organisation operated until 1995.

World Gold Commission

The World Gold Commission (WGC) was founded in 1988 to promote worldwide sanctions against South African gold sales. It received financial support from the UN Centre Against Apartheid and was backed by the AAM and the liberation movements. It was active in information dissemination and the presentation of evidence to international bodies.

William Julius Henry 'Joe' Harris : [Part 2]

WJH (Joe) Harris was a carpenter and member of the Queensland branch of the Building Workers' Industrial Union of Australia. He became a freelance journalist writing on the history of the labour movement. He played an active role in, amongst others, the campaign against the South African Springbok Rugby tour.

William Julius Henry 'Joe' Harris : [Part 3]

WJH (Joe) Harris was a carpenter and member of the Queensland branch of the Building Workers' Industrial Union of Australia. He became a freelance journalist writing on the history of the labour movement. He played an active role in, amongst others, the campaign against the South African Springbok Rugby tour.

Women against Apartheid - Frankfurt [Frauen gegen Apartheid - Frankfurt] : [Part 1]

This was a local organisation of women in Frankfurt which formed part of the national Women against Apartheid organisation. Its activities included a boycott campaign against the Krugerrand gold coin and campaigns against banks making loans to South Africa. It also participated in the Outspan fruit boycott, and worked in schools.

Women’s Union of the Dutch Labour Party [Vrouwenbond Partij van de Arbeid] : [Part 2]

The Women’s Union started its activities in 1946 as the women’s union of the political party PvdA. In 1969 the Women's Union changed its name to Women's Contact. It was renamed the Red Women (Rooie Vrouwen) in 1975. They participated in campaigns of the national AAMs as well as Amnesty International Netherlands.

Washington Office on Africa

The Washington Office on Africa (WOA) was founded in 1972 to support the movement for freedom from white-minority rule in southern Africa. It was initially sponsored by five organisations including the American Committee on Africa. It grew out of the Washington Office of the American Committee on Africa, which was established in 1967. Churches and labour unions supported the organisation to work with the Congress on Southern Africa legislation. The Washington Office on Africa Educational Fund (WOAEF) was established as the educational division of WOA.

We and Them Foundation [Stichting Wij en Zij]

The We and Them Foundation was founded in 1982 by the International Development Cooperation of the Federation of Dutch Trade Unions (FNV). Besides direct support to trade unions in South Africa, the foundation also participated in campaigns of the national AAMs. It changed its name to FNV Mondiaal in 1997.

Women’s Union of the Dutch Labour Party [Vrouwenbond Partij van de Arbeid] : [Part 1]

The Women’s Union started its activities in 1946 as the women’s union of the political party PvdA. In 1969 the Women's Union changed its name to Women's Contact. It was renamed the Red Women (Rooie Vrouwen) in 1975. They participated in campaigns of the national AAMs as well as Amnesty International Netherlands.

William Julius Henry 'Joe' Harris : [Part 1]

WJH (Joe) Harris was a carpenter and member of the Queensland branch of the Building Workers' Industrial Union of Australia. He became a freelance journalist writing on the history of the labour movement. He played an active role in, amongst others, the campaign against the South African Springbok Rugby tour.

Women against Apartheid - Frankfurt [Frauen gegen Apartheid - Frankfurt] : [Part 2]

This was a local organisation of women in Frankfurt which formed part of the national Women against Apartheid organisation. Its activities included a boycott campaign against the Krugerrand gold coin and campaigns against banks making loans to South Africa. It also participated in the Outspan fruit boycott, and worked in schools.

Working Group Woman, Church, Twothirds World [Werkgroep Vrouw, Kerk, Tweederde Wereld]

VKW was founded in 1976 by representatives from Christian women’s organisations and continued to operate till 1991. It was a solidarity organisation with women in developing countries and encouraged women in the Netherlands to be active for change. It had a special working group on South Africa and worked especially on practical support to women’s organisations in South Africa and boycott campaigns.

Women's International League for Peace and Freedom, New Zealand Section

In December 1916, a New Zealand branch of WILPF was established in Auckland. Branches in other cities were soon organised. In 1981 WILPF NZ organised a Women Against the Tour march in Auckland. Seven hundred people took part and 550 signed a petition, urging that the South African rugby team’s tour of NZ be cancelled. WILPF NZ members also took part in protests held when the tour went ahead. In 1989 the section’s name was officially changed to WILPF Aotearoa.

Working Group Kairos [Werkgroep Kairos] (Kairos Study Group) : [Part 1]

The Working Group Kairos was founded in 1970 in support of the Christian Institute in South Africa. Its main focus was on human rights violations and to raise support for sanctions and disinvestments and campaigned against Shell. It worked especially in the Christian community in the Netherlands and was instrumental in the foundation of the Shipping Research Bureau (SRB). It was renamed Stichting Kairos (Kairos Foundation), date unknown.

Working Group Kairos [Werkgroep Kairos] (Kairos Study Group) : [Part 2]

The Working Group Kairos was founded in 1970 in support of the Christian Institute in South Africa. Its main focus was on human rights violations and to raise support for sanctions and disinvestments and campaigned against Shell. It worked especially in the Christian community in the Netherlands and was instrumental in the foundation of the Shipping Research Bureau (SRB). It was renamed Stichting Kairos (Kairos Foundation), date unknown.

Working Group Kairos [Werkgroep Kairos] (Kairos Study Group) : [Part 3]

The Working Group Kairos was founded in 1970 in support of the Christian Institute in South Africa. Its main focus was on human rights violations and to raise support for sanctions and disinvestments and campaigned against Shell. It worked especially in the Christian community in the Netherlands and was instrumental in the foundation of the Shipping Research Bureau (SRB). It was renamed Stichting Kairos (Kairos Foundation), date unknown.

United Nations

The UN is an international organisation that aims to facilitate cooperation in international law, security, economic development, social progress, human rights and achieving world peace. It was founded in 1945 and replaced the League of Nations. It has been concerned with the issue of racial discrimination since its beginning and racism became an important item on the United Nations agenda after African nations attained independence and after the Sharpeville massacre in South Africa in 1960. The Assembly adopted the Declaration on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (1963), which led to the International Convention in 1965. It proclaimed the International Year for Action to Combat Racial Discrimination in 1971 and the three Decades for Action to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination in 1973. Besides the specialised agencies on apartheid, several other agencies of the UN were also involved in anti-apartheid and solidarity activities.

United Nations Centre against Apartheid : [Part 2]

The Centre against Apartheid started in 1976 in the UN Secretariat under the name Unit on Apartheid. Its role was to promote publicity against Apartheid and it worked under the guidance of the Special Committee and in cooperation with the Department of Public Information. During its existence, it published hundreds of posters, audio materials and documentary films. It organised art competitions and exhibitions. It had radio broadcasts to South Africa in several languages. It worked closely together with the liberation movements and the AAMs. Many of the documents published by the Centre were written by members of liberation movements and the AAMs.

United Nations Special Committee against Apartheid

The Special Committee against Apartheid was set up in 1962 and operated till 1994. Initially named the Special Committee on the Policies of Apartheid of the Government of the Republic of South Africa, the name was shortened in 1971 to Special Committee on Apartheid and changed again in 1974 to Special Committee against Apartheid. One of its main roles was to secure effective, mandatory sanctions against South Africa. It worked closely together with the OAU, the liberation movements and the AAMs.

United Nations Centre against Apartheid : [Part 3]

The Centre against Apartheid started in 1976 in the UN Secretariat under the name Unit on Apartheid. Its role was to promote publicity against Apartheid and it worked under the guidance of the Special Committee and in cooperation with the Department of Public Information. During its existence, it published hundreds of posters, audio materials and documentary films. It organised art competitions and exhibitions. It had radio broadcasts to South Africa in several languages. It worked closely together with the liberation movements and the AAMs. Many of the documents published by the Centre were written by members of liberation movements and the AAMs.

United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees

The UNHCR is the UN agency for the protection and care of refugees. It started to operate in 1950, based on the Geneva Refugee Convention. Besides playing a role in improving the status of refugees through international agreements and measures at national level, it also works at a practical level. It supported various anti-apartheid liberation movements.
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