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Robben Island
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NMF_Smuggled_Letter_2_002.jpg

This item consists of a letter written by Nelson Mandela to the legal firm of Seedat Pillay & Co. that was smuggled out of Robben Island Prison. Mandela wished to appoint the firm to act on his behalf in legal proceedings against the Department of Prisons. Since the authorities refused to allow him contact with his attorneys, he had to use this "illegal" method to seek legal representation.

Mandela, Nelson Rolihlahla

Mandela’s unpublished autobiographical manuscript written on Robben Island

Electronic files (MS Word - converted to PDF and jpeg) of Nelson Mandela's original autobiography written on Robben Island. It covers his life story from birth to about 1976. It was intended that the manuscript be published to mark Mr Mandela's 60th birthday in 1978 and help draw attention to the freedom struggle. The ANC leadership decided not to publish it. It later formed the basis for Mr Mandela's autobiography "Long Walk to Freedom".

Mandela, Nelson Rolihlahla

NMF_Desk_Calender_3_058

1 page of a printed desk calendar with handwritten notes covering the year of 1979. The calendar was used as a diary by Nelson Mandela while in prison and contains entries concerning matters such as visits, dreams, films, books, personal health and politics.

Mandela, Nelson Rolihlahla

Ligwalagwala

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on the radio programme, Letiphuma Embiteni. Includes reports and interviews on:
Nelson Mandela's family life and his imprisonment on Robben Island. The USAID donation of R35 million to the Nelson Mandela Children's Fund, for its HIV/AIDS programme. The World Aids Conference held in Durban, South Africa, 2000. The Middle East peace talks, 2000. The politics of George W. Bush.
Languages: Swazi and English

South African Broadcasting Corporation [DO NOT USE]

Vanderbilt University Archive

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on channels such as ABC, CBC, CNN and NBC. Includes footage and reports on Robben Island:
The opening of Robben Island as a national museum and tourist destination, and visits to the Island by Nelson Mandela. The declaration of Robben Island as a national monument by Nelson Mandela. President Bill Clinton’s visit to Robben Island, accompanied by Mr. Nelson Mandela. Millennium celebrations at Robben Island, with Nelson Mandela passing a candle to Thabo Mbeki.

ABC

National Public Broadcasting Archives

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on National Public Radio. Includes reports on the following:
Disagreement in South Africa over apartheid crimes. Judges at South Africa’s new Constitutional Court being sworn in by Nelson Mandela. Winnie Mandela being fired from the cabinet of the South African government. Local government elections in South Africa. Nelson Mandela calling for sanctions against Nigeria, in the light of political executions. Openings of the South African parliament. The marital divorce of Nelson and Winnie Mandela. South Africa’s adoption of a new constitution and Nelson Mandela signing of the new constitution into law. Nelson Mandela’s involvement in the Zairian peace talks. FW De Klerk’s resignation from the National Party. Nelson Mandela stepping down as the president of the African National Congress (ANC). President Bill Clinton’s visit to South Africa, and his visit with Nelson Mandela to Robben Island. Reports that Mandela was the target of a poison plot. Nelson Mandela’s 80th birthday celebrations and his marriage to Graca Machel. The awarding of the Congressional Gold Medal to Nelson Mandela. Addresses by Nelson Mandela to the United Nations. The final report of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission. Preparations for the 1999 South African general elections. Nelson Mandela’s final speech to the South African Parliament, before his retirement from politics. Political profiles of Nelson Mandela. The inauguration of Thabo Mbeki as the new President of South Africa.

National Public Radio

Norwegian Action Against Apartheid

Correspondence, memoranda, newsletters, pamphlets, reports, publications and other campaign materials concerning:
The World Campaign for the Release of South African Political Prisoners (1964 - 1967). The Rivonia Trial, and a call to save South Africa's resistance leaders, including Nelson Mandela, from the death penalty. Nelson Mandela's statement from the dock at the Rivonia Trial, translated into Norwegian.
Amnesty International reports on prison conditions in South Africa (1965).

Norwegian Action Against Apartheid

Legassick, Martin

Martin Legassick- photocopy of an encoded letter [1967] with an attached list of prisoners from
Robben Island in the period 1963-1965.

Legassick, Martin

Masemola, Japhta

Statement to police by former Robben Island political prisoner, Japhta Masemola dated 22-04-1963
and photographs.

Masemola, Japhta

Robben Island General Recreational Committee Archive

Documents created by the General Recreational Committee that represented political prisoners on Robben Island. These include a handwritten transcript of a document by Nelson Mandela motivating that the African National Congress (ANC) and the government reach a negotiated political settlement.

-There is also a message from Mandela (during the period of his imprisonment) to Oliver Tambo.

Robben Island General Recreational Committee

Records of the Rivonia Treason Trial

Incomplete set of records of the state vs. Nelson Mandela and nine others. The collection includes the indictment, opening address, statements, evidence, evaluation of evidence and exhibits including photographs. An important section of the collection relates to preparations of the defence. As well as Nelson Mandela, the accused include Dennis Goldberg, Govan Mbeki, Walter Sisulu, Ahmed Kathrada, Andrew Mlangeni, Raymond Mhlaba, James Kantor and Elias Motsoaledi.

Sylvia Neame Papers

The personal papers of Dr. Sylvia Neame, including a statement delivered by Mary Benson to the Ad Hoc Working Group on Human Rights on Nelson Mandela’s imprisonment and Robben Island prison conditions. The collection also includes biographies of ANC leaders, published statements, articles and news clippings concerning Mandela

Neame, Sylvia

The Nationalist (Tanzanian newspaper)

1964, Race war in S.A. imminent
S Africa accuses UThant of partiality. Churches urged to act on South Africa. Widespread police raids follow Job bombing. ANC praises Mwalimu's stand on South Africa. Freedom leader asks for S.A. action including the release of Nelson Mandela, South African issue, South African police resume raids on Cape Town Homes increased prison repression on political prisoners. We regret to announce their deaths, Vuyisile Mini, Wilson Khayingo, Zinakile Mkaba ( Dulcie et decorum) Hanged in Pretoria.

Nationalist

Himan Bernadt Collection

  • ZA COM NMAP 2009/13
  • Series
  • 1966 to 1990
Files of the legal firm Frank, Bernadt & Joffe concerning certain legal matters pertaining to its client, Mr. Nelson Mandela, between 1966 and 1990. These papers detail examples of his endeavours to secure rights for prisoners through challenging the legality of acts carried out by prison officers, his opposing of the state's attempt to have him struck off the role of attorneys, family-related matters, etc.

Bernadt, Himan

Jacques Moreillon Collection

  • ZA COM NMAP 2012/57
  • Series
  • ca. 2004-2009
The collection consists of a report of 3 visits by Dr Jacques Moreillon as ICRC Delegate General for Africa to Robben Island (1973, 1974 and 1975) and his meetings with Nelson Mandela during and after his incarceration. It also includes a manuscript, “Moments with Madiba”; a letter to Mandela dated 25 April 2005; and a brief resume of Moreillon, dated 2009. The report and manuscript cover the period 1963-2004, focusing on 1973 onwards.

Moreillon, Jacques

NMF_Smuggled_Letter_1_001.jpg

This item consists of an envelope addressed to the legal firm of Pillay Seedat & Co. For security reasons, Judge Pillay had a family member mail an empty envelope to the firm. This precaution was taken to protect Mac Maharaj and Judge Pillay in the event of an interrogation by Security Police. The Judge could then say that he had received the documents from an unknown source through the post.

Pillay, Thumba

NMF_Smuggled_Letter_2_003.jpg

This item consists of a letter written by Nelson Mandela to the legal firm of Seedat Pillay & Co. that was smuggled out of Robben Island Prison. Mandela wished to appoint the firm to act on his behalf in legal proceedings against the Department of Prisons. Since the authorities refused to allow him contact with his attorneys, he had to use this "illegal" method to seek legal representation.

Mandela, Nelson Rolihlahla

NMF_Smuggled_Letter_2_004.jpg

This item consists of a letter written by Nelson Mandela to the legal firm of Seedat Pillay & Co. that was smuggled out of Robben Island Prison. Mandela wished to appoint the firm to act on his behalf in legal proceedings against the Department of Prisons. Since the authorities refused to allow him contact with his attorneys, he had to use this "illegal" method to seek legal representation.

Mandela, Nelson Rolihlahla

NMF_Smuggled_Letter_2_005.jpg

This item consists of a letter written by Nelson Mandela to the legal firm of Seedat Pillay & Co. that was smuggled out of Robben Island Prison. Mandela wished to appoint the firm to act on his behalf in legal proceedings against the Department of Prisons. Since the authorities refused to allow him contact with his attorneys, he had to use this "illegal" method to seek legal representation.

Mandela, Nelson Rolihlahla

NMF_Smuggled_Letter_2_006.jpg

This item consists of a letter written by Nelson Mandela to the legal firm of Seedat Pillay & Co. that was smuggled out of Robben Island Prison. Mandela wished to appoint the firm to act on his behalf in legal proceedings against the Department of Prisons. Since the authorities refused to allow him contact with his attorneys, he had to use this "illegal" method to seek legal representation.

Mandela, Nelson Rolihlahla

NMF_Smuggled_Letter_2_009.jpg

This item consists of a letter written by Nelson Mandela to the legal firm of Seedat Pillay & Co. that was smuggled out of Robben Island Prison. Mandela wished to appoint the firm to act on his behalf in legal proceedings against the Department of Prisons. Since the authorities refused to allow him contact with his attorneys, he had to use this "illegal" method to seek legal representation.

Mandela, Nelson Rolihlahla

Vanderbilt University Archive

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on channels such as ABC, CBC, CNN, NBC and Nightline. Includes footage and reports on the following:
Reports of the Reagan Administration’s support of the release of Nelson Mandela from prison. President Reagan’s attitude towards Nelson Mandela and his views on negotiations with the African National Congress (ANC). Senator Edward Kennedy’s tour of South Africa, which included a meeting with Winnie Mandela. A report that the CIA was instrumental in Nelson Mandela’s arrest. Oliver Tambo and Nelson Mandela as leaders of the ANC. US Congress delegation visit to South Africa, and meeting with Foreign Minister Pik Botha, and their request to visit Nelson Mandela not permitted. The impact of economic sanctions against South Africa, with Nelson Mandela mentioned. US Secretary of State George Shultz’s visit to South Africa, and an explanation by him on US policy towards South Africa, including a demand for the release of Nelson Mandela. Anti-apartheid demonstrations in New York, with calls for the release of Nelson Mandela. Nelson Mandela’s visit to the US after his release from prison. Nelson Mandela reported as being inspired by the American ideal.
The amount of money raised for the ANC during Mandela’s US visit. Visits by Nelson Mandela to Oakland, Los Angeles, Miami, Atlanta, Boston and New York City. Nelson Mandela addressing the US Congress. The meeting of Nelson Mandela with President Bush at the White House, and reportedly urging President Bush to maintain economic sanctions against South Africa. Remarks by Nelson Mandela about Libyan leader Muammar Kadhafi, Palestinian Liberation Organisation Leader Yasser Arafat and Cuban leader Fidel Castro. Senator Edward Kennedy with Nelson Mandela. People commenting on what Nelson Mandela symbolises. The meeting of Nelson Mandela with Secretary of State James Baker and other national leaders.
Comments by George Bush on Nelson Mandela's release from prison. A celebration of Independence Day in the US, where President Bill Clinton awards medals to Nelson Mandela and FW De Klerk. Nelson Mandela speaking about the challenge in Africa for the US. Statements by President Mandela and President Clinton during Nelson Mandela’s first official visit to the US and the welcoming ceremony at the White House. President Nelson Mandela’s address to a joint session of Congress. Mandela’s meeting with Louis Farrakhan US Vice President Al Gore’s visit to South Africa, and his meeting with Nelson Mandela. Hillary Clinton’s visit to South Africa with scenes shown from Robben Island. Bill Clinton’s visit to South Africa, and his meetings with Nelson Mandela. The White House reception held for Nelson Mandela in the latter part of his Presidency. The awarding of the Congressional Gold Medal to Nelson Mandela by Clinton. A statement by Mandela that Muammar el-Kadhafi has promised to turn over the suspects in the bombing of Pan AM Flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland. Nelson Mandela commenting on the relationship between the US and Iraq, saying that no country should be allowed to take the law into their own hands. Statements by Nelson Mandela that President Bush is undermining the United Nations.

ABC

Vanderbilt University Archive

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on channels such as NBC, CNN and ABC. Includes footage and reports on sporting events and occasions:
Nelson Mandela's return to Robben Island for the Olympic torch relay (2004). Nelson Mandela's being called to testify in court concerning allegations of racism and corruption in the South African Rugby Football Union (1998). Mandela's support for the Cape Town Olympic Bid (2004). Scenes from South Africa's hosting of the 1996 rugby world cup, and Nelson Mandela's welcome to participating countries. Scenes of Nelson Mandela and Fidel Castro at the 1992 Olympic games.

ABC

Jurgen Schadeberg Photographic Archive

Collection of photographs of Nelson Mandela, including: An early photograph of Mandela in his law office that he shared with Oliver Tambo. Nelson Mandela at the Defiance Campaign Trial 1952.
Photographs taken during the Treason Trial 1956 -1961. Mandela’s return visit to his cell on Robben Island (1994).
Portraits of Mandela.
Featured alongside Mandela in the photographs are Moses Kotane, James Moroka, Yusuf Dadoo and Ruth First.

Schadeberg, Jürgen

Eddie Daniels 1981 Escape Plan

News cuttings, diagrams, notes and memoranda concerning a 1981 plan by Eddie Daniels to free Nelson Mandela from Robben Island. The collection also includes subsidiary material about a Bureau of State Security (BOSS) escape plan in 1969, reportedly part of a plot to assassinate Nelson Mandela.

Daniels, Eddie

Newspaper Clippings

Newspaper articles from The Irish Times, The Guardian, New York Herald Tribune reporting on the Rivonia or sabotage trial of 1962-1964. Includes newspaper clippings on the raids, the death and burial of Albert Luthuli in 1967.

Judge Thumba Pillay Collection

  • ZA COM NMAP 2010/9
  • Series
  • 1959-01-01 - 1979-12-31
This series consists of two letters smuggled out of Robben Island in 1977. Mac Maharaj gave them to Judge Thumba Pillay of legal firm of Pillay Seedat & Co. The letters are written by Nelson Mandela and Ahmed Kathrada, both of them wishing to appoint the firm to act on their behalf in legal proceedings against the Department of Prisons. Since the authorities refused contact with their attorneys, they had to use this "illegal" method to seek legal representation. The collection includes an envelope that Judge Pillay had posted addressed to his law firm. He did this in the event that the Security Police questioned him about how he received the letters, he would be able to prove that they were posted anonymously to him.
A second donation of Judge Thumba Pillay contains correspondence and documents (mainly copies) pertaining to the case of Mandela vs Minister of Prisons.

Mandela, Nelson Rolihlahla

Envelope

This item consists of an envelope addressed to the legal firm of Pillay Seedat & Co. For security reasons, Judge Pillay had a family member mail an empty envelope to the firm. This precaution was taken to protect Mac Maharaj and Judge Pillay in the event of an interrogation by Security Police. The Judge could then say that he had received the documents from an unknown source through the post.

Pillay, Thumba

NMF_Smuggled_Letter_2_007.jpg

This item consists of a letter written by Nelson Mandela to the legal firm of Seedat Pillay & Co. that was smuggled out of Robben Island Prison. Mandela wished to appoint the firm to act on his behalf in legal proceedings against the Department of Prisons. Since the authorities refused to allow him contact with his attorneys, he had to use this "illegal" method to seek legal representation.

Mandela, Nelson Rolihlahla

Smuggled Letter - Ahmed Kathrada

This item consists of a letter written by Ahmed Kathrada to the legal firm of Seedat Pillay & Co. that was smuggled out of Robben Island Prison. Kathrada wished to appoint the firm to act on his behalf in legal proceedings against the Department of Prisons. Since the authorities refused to allow him contact with his attorneys, he had to use this "illegal" method to seek legal representation.

NMF_Smuggled_Letter_3_001.jpg

This item consists of a letter written by Ahmed Kathrada to the legal firm of Seedat Pillay & Co. that was smuggled out of Robben Island Prison. Kathrada wished to appoint the firm to act on his behalf in legal proceedings against the Department of Prisons. Since the authorities refused to allow him contact with his attorneys, he had to use this "illegal" method to seek legal representation.

NMF_Smuggled_Letter_3_002.jpg

This item consists of a letter written by Ahmed Kathrada to the legal firm of Seedat Pillay & Co. that was smuggled out of Robben Island Prison. Kathrada wished to appoint the firm to act on his behalf in legal proceedings against the Department of Prisons. Since the authorities refused to allow him contact with his attorneys, he had to use this "illegal" method to seek legal representation.

Attention: Col. van Aarde

  • ZA COM NMPP-PC-NMPP-PC-2009/6-NMF_Dcard_V1_035
  • Item
  • 1969-07-22
  • Part of Prison Collection

This item consists of a letter of 1 page written by Mandela to the Commanding officer of Robben Island, Colonel van Aarde requesting permission to attend the funeral of his son, Thembekile.

Mandela, Nelson Rolihlahla

Proceedings of the launch of the exhibition Reflections on prison life and Nelson Mandela receiving his two personal Notebooks from an ex prison official Donald Card.

Proceedings of the launch of the exhibition Reflections in prison include Nelson Mandela receiving his two personal Notebooks that mysteriously went missing after a raid in Robben Island prison. Donald Card an ex-prison official in Robben Island at the time of the notebooks going missing returns them to Nelson Mandela at the Nelson Mandela Foundation offices in Johannesburg in 2004. Video recording of the proceedings of the launch of the exhibition Reflections in prison together with the return of the two of personal notebooks of that belonged to Nelson Mandela while he was serving a prison sentence in Robben Island. The two Notebooks mysteriously went missing after a raid at the prison.

Nelson Mandela Foundation (NMF)

Files of United Nations Secretary-General, U Thant

Files of the United Nations (UN) Secretary-General, U Thant, include:
Text of a statement by Achkar Marot, the representative of Guinea, to the UN, refers to Nelson Mandela's imprisonment on Robben Island. Response by the South African government to two articles published in the "UN Monthly Chronicle," which discusses the South African government's position on the Rivonia Trial, including Nelson Mandela's statement from the dock. The conclusion and recommendations of the International Seminar on Apartheid, Racial Discrimination and Colonialism in Southern Africa held in Kitwe, Zambia (1967). The conference recommended special campaigns around the incarceration of outstanding leaders such as Nelson Mandela, Walter Sisulu, Robert Sobukwe and Bram Fischer.

U Thant

Voices from Robben Island

16 mm Film with separated sound, unedited footage of interviews with former Robben Island prisoners. The footage used in the making of the documentary, "Voices from Robben Island." Interviewees include Nelson Mandela, Walter Sisulu, Ahmed Kathrada, Andrew Mlangeni, Govan Mbeki, Mac Maharaj, Neville Alexander, Eddie Daniels Kwedie Mkallipi, Jacob Zuma, Seth Mazibuko, Terror Lekota, James Gregory, Mike Green, Sisulu's and Mlangenis visiting the island,Wild Sounds buzz, Wedding cake, Maqoma burial, and Steve Tshwete. Also includes scenes of prison life on Robben Island, and interviews with warders.

Schadeberg, Jürgen

Episcopal Church People for Southern Africa

Collection of materials including:
News clippings on the situation in South Africa in 1991 regarding, among others, ANC National working committee nominations, reports of spies within the ANC. Discussion document on structures and principles of a constitution for a Democratic South Africa. Press statements by the ANC. Statements by Nelson Mandela and Oliver Tambo during an ANC national conference held between second and 7th July 1991 in Durban, South Africa. ANC resolutions on various issues including strategy and tactics, building the ANC, violence, negotiations, and foreign policy. Correspondence with Jennifer Davis of the Africa Fund.

Episcopal Church People for Southern Africa

National Archives United Kingdom

Closing case against Nelson Mandela (includes information that Mr. L.J. Blom-Cooper from Amnesty saw the magistrate leaving for lunch with the Security Branch in their car. This led to Nelson Mandela to call the magistrate to recuse himself from the trial but he refused. Confidential report from the British embassy. ( 26 October1962). Nelson Mandela's trial. Report from British embassy. Arrest of Nelson Mandela (including biographical details)
Report from the British embassy, Pretoria to the Foreign office, London.

British Embassy, Pretoria

South African Pressclips Collection

Collection of news clippings concerning the following:
Campaigns for Nelson Mandela’s release from prison (1980- 1989). Nelson Mandela and Robert J. Brown, Nelson Mandela being diagnosed with tuberculosis, his 70th birthday, and the Free Mandela Concert held at Wembley Stadium (1988). The Mandela family (1988- 1989). Nelson Mandela’s release from prison, and worldwide reaction to his release (1990). Speeches and statements by Nelson Mandela (1990-1991). Tours undertaken by Nelson Mandela, including visits to the USA, Canada, Europe, Africa, South America (Brazil, Spain, Cuba, Venezuela, Mexico), the Far East and Australia (1990 - 1991). Victor Verster prison, visits to Nelson Mandela at Victor Verster, and his meeting with PW Botha (1989).
Biographical profiles Nelson of Mandela.

Govan Mbeki Papers

The personal papers of Govan Mbeki, including:
Part one of the State’s concluding address at the Rivonia Trial. A memorandum concerning prison conditions on Robben Island. Nelson Mandela’s 1996 address to the British parliament. Supreme court: Govan Mbeki and Nelson Mandela
Mandela visit to Tanzania 1990

Mbeki, Govan Archibald Mvuyelwa

Dennis Brutus Papers

Collection of documents including correspondence, newsletters, pamphlets, press clippings, memoranda and media releases. The subjects covered include:
Biographical material on Nelson and Winnie Mandela. Robben Island. Nelson Mandela's health during his imprisonment, and calls for independent medical treatment.
Petitions and campaigns for Nelson Mandela's release from prison. US House Resolution 430 entitled, "The Mandela Freedom Resolution," submitted by Geo W. Crockett Jr., Hamilton Fish Jr., Claude Pepper and Jim Leach, calling for Nelson Mandela's release from prison.
Prison conditions.
The work of the International Anti-apartheid Movement, particularly the Free South Africa Movement (USA). International tributes, such as the Nelson Mandela bust on Trafalgar Square (London) and the statue at Merrion Square (Dublin). Honorary degrees conferred on Mandela. Seventieth birthday tributes. Nelson Mandela's release from prison in February 1990, and his visit to the US later that year. The International Reception Committee, established to welcome Nelson Mandela after his release from prison. Marches and rallies held in the US celebrating his release from prison. Nelson Mandela's address to the US Congress, and remarks made to newspaper editors and writers in the US on the new South Africa. Political negotiations, the future of sanctions, the reasons for his release from prison and the armed struggle.
Speeches, statements and articles by Mandela.
The list of correspondents includes Dennis Brutus, John Fiordelisi, Randall Robinson, Archbishop Trevor Huddleston and Geo W. Crockett Jr.
News clippings are from the Boston Sunday Globe, Chicago Sunday Times, Chicago Tribune, Ebony Magazine, New York Post, New York Times, State News and USA Today.

Brutus, Dennis

NMF_Smuggled_Letter_1_002.jpg

This item consists of an envelope addressed to the legal firm of Pillay Seedat & Co. For security reasons, Judge Pillay had a family member mail an empty envelope to the firm. This precaution was taken to protect Mac Maharaj and Judge Pillay in the event of an interrogation by Security Police. The Judge could then say that he had received the documents from an unknown source through the post.

Pillay, Thumba

Smuggled Letter - Nelson Mandela

This item consists of a letter written by Nelson Mandela to the legal firm of Seedat Pillay & Co. that was smuggled out of Robben Island Prison. Mandela wished to appoint the firm to act on his behalf in legal proceedings against the Department of Prisons. Since the authorities refused to allow him contact with his attorneys, he had to use this "illegal" method to seek legal representation.

Mandela, Nelson Rolihlahla

NMF_Smuggled_Letter_2_001.jpg

This item consists of a letter written by Nelson Mandela to the legal firm of Seedat Pillay & Co. that was smuggled out of Robben Island Prison. Mandela wished to appoint the firm to act on his behalf in legal proceedings against the Department of Prisons. Since the authorities refused to allow him contact with his attorneys, he had to use this "illegal" method to seek legal representation.

Mandela, Nelson Rolihlahla

NMF_Smuggled_Letter_2_008.jpg

This item consists of a letter written by Nelson Mandela to the legal firm of Seedat Pillay & Co. that was smuggled out of Robben Island Prison. Mandela wished to appoint the firm to act on his behalf in legal proceedings against the Department of Prisons. Since the authorities refused to allow him contact with his attorneys, he had to use this "illegal" method to seek legal representation.

Mandela, Nelson Rolihlahla

NMF_Smuggled_Letter_2_010.jpg

This item consists of a letter written by Nelson Mandela to the legal firm of Seedat Pillay & Co. that was smuggled out of Robben Island Prison. Mandela wished to appoint the firm to act on his behalf in legal proceedings against the Department of Prisons. Since the authorities refused to allow him contact with his attorneys, he had to use this "illegal" method to seek legal representation.

Mandela, Nelson Rolihlahla

Cleaning up Robben Island for International Costal Clean-up Day, 2016.09.17, Robben Island: [Set of 12 Images]

* The week of 12- 17 September 2016 was marked Clean-up & Recycle SA week, the aim of the week is to increase awareness in South Africans of the many benefits of recycling (socially, environmentally and economically) and the importance of a litter-free environment. As part of International Coastal Clean-up Day on Saturday 17th of September, PETCO partnered with Plastics
* SA and 140 enthusiastic volunteers to clean up Robben Island in memory of Nelson Mandela.

Unknown

Madiba -1990

RSN Actuality- Political prisoners concept actuality of the President of the ANC Mr Nelson Mandelawho referring to the prisoners who are still in Robben Island.

RECORDBC 19901009

SABC Sound Archives

Radio RSA: English Service

A recording of proceedings at the Rivonia Trial, the State versus Nelson Mandela and nine others, including the verdict and passing of sentences, as well as FW De Klerk's announcement of Nelson Mandela's release from prison in 1990.

South African Broadcasting Corporation [DO NOT USE]

RSN

Programmes and programme segments. Includes reports and interviews on the following:
PW Botha's speech to the South African parliament about the possible release of Nelson Mandela. Nelson Mandela's release from prison in 1990. Nelson Mandela speaking at African National Congress (ANC) conferences and at various mass gatherings after his release from prison. ANC demands in order to resume political negotiations. Political prisoners on Robben Island. Nelson Mandela's meeting with South African traditional leaders. The signing of the National Peace Accord by Nelson Mandela and others.

South African Broadcasting Corporation [DO NOT USE]

Motsweding FM

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on programmes such as On Line - the Nation's Forum, Talk Show, Podi Ya Tsela, Current Affairs and Boresetse.
Includes reports and interviews on the following:
Nelson Mandela's arrest, imprisonment and release from prison. Nelson Mandela's call for the maintenance of sanctions against South Africa in 1990. Visits by Nelson Mandela to Robben Island.
The future role of all political and non-political parties in South Africa. Tours of African states undertaken by Nelson Mandela in 1990. Christmas messages by Nelson Mandela to the South African public. The acceptance of the Nobel Peace Prize by Nelson Mandela and FW De Klerk in 1993. The 1994 elections debate between Nelson Mandela and De Klerk, and reports on the first democratic election. Nelson Mandela's inauguration as President of South Africa. The amnesty cut-off date for the Truth and Reconciliation Commission. Nelson Mandela's meeting with the President of Brazil. The speech delivered by Nelson Mandela at the Non-Aligned Movement Summit held in Durban, South Africa in 1999. Openings of the South African parliament. Honorary doctorates conferred on Nelson Mandela. The future of the Heath Commission of Enquiry into corruption in South Africa.
Languages: English and Setswana

South African Broadcasting Corporation [DO NOT USE]

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