Communist party of South Africa, SACP, Young Communist League of South Africa,, Herenigde National Party van SA, Liberal party of SA, National party of SA, Progressive party of SA, United party of SA, Labour party of SA, labour extra parliamentary organisations. Simons, Jack and Ray Microfilm
Brian Bunting Papers 1930's -1980's. SACP and ANC history. Includes correspondence, news cuttings, papers, bound volumes of the Guardian (1937-1948), New Age (1956-1957) pamphlets. Material collected for the Moses Kotane biography.
Dr Yusuf Mohammed Dadoo Papers donated by Brian Bunting. Papers from years in exile in London. Papers reflect activity in the South African national liberation movement. Strong with regards to the SACP and ANC and also cover the World Peace Council, SACTU and the Anti- Apartheid movement, as well as Indians in South Africa. Correspondence (handwritten and typed) Minutes of meetings, printed material, financial documents literary works including manuscripts and speeches.
SACP and ANC history. Includes correspondence, newspaper cuttings, papers, bound volumes of the Guardian (1937-1948), New Age (1957). Subject file on: "Rivonia and other political trials". 2.39.1 on Rivonia contains biographies of nine accused, press clippings from The Economist and Statist (June 1964), The AA Movement: Nelson Mandela, Focus on Resistance, Southern Africa Feature Service: The Rivonia trial, UN Unit on Apartheid notes and documents: The Rivonia Trial - ten years after, World Campaign for the release of South African political prisoners: The Men of Rivonia (press statement 12 June 1964).
Also newspaper clippings (1.38 box 88) on Rivonia and Fischer Trials; Government publications 5.2.2 has a copy of Nelson Mandela's speech at the Trial with notes and marking; Correspondence 11.4.2 includes letters by Govan Mbeki from 1970s to his family (not directly related to Rivonia) and 11.5 includes letters re Robben Island and former prisoners ((not directly related to Rivonia).
Karel Roskam was a radio journalist with the progressive broadcaster Vara. He was also a member of Omroep voor Radio Freedom. He produced numerous radio programmes and interviewed many people during the period 1961-1992.
This collection was built up by the London-based IDAF, which was the nerve centre of the international anti-apartheid information campaign from the 1960s, and its photographs have been used in countless publications and productions over the past three decades.
The photographs related to the Rivonia Trial are all black and white photographs. The photographers are largely unknown. Subjects include: -Scenes at the Rivonia Trial (LA55-33; LA271-2-4; LA272-2-1 and LA272-2-2: protestors with police; A42-6-1: protests on hearing verdict; A21-1-3: Winnie Mandela outside court; A14-4-1; A14-4-5; H10-2-1: Ruth First addressing post Rivonia rally; A1-3-1: Mandela's mother and Zinzi Mandela with Sheila Weinberg outside court; LA793-2-1: Joe Slovo and Yusuf Dadoo with placards during Trial; LA856-3-3: June Mlangeni wife of Andrew Mlangeni) -Photographs of all the Trialists (LA242-6-4; LA271-2-5) -Media reports (LA56-1, LA56-2) -Photographs of the accused (LA26-3 and LA271-4-5: Denis Goldberg in disguise; LA26-5 and LA271-4-2: Rusty Bernstein; LA26-6: Ahmed Kathrada in disguise; LA26-9 and LA271-5-3: James Kantor; LA271-2-1: Walter Sisulu in disguise; LA271-2-2: Nelson Mandela; LA271-3-2: Bob Hepple; LA271-3-3: Arthur Goldreich; LA271-4-1: Raymond Mhlaba; LA271-4-3: police photo of Ahmed Kathrada; LA271-4-4: police photo of Govan Mbeki; LA271-5-4: Elias Motsoaledi; LA271-5-5: Andrew Mlangeni; EW21-1-2 and EW21-2-1: portrait of Ahmed Kathrada) -Others involved or present (LA271-1-1: T B Vorster; LA271-1-2: Luit. Van Wyk; LA271-1-3: Dirker; LA271-1-4: Judge De Wet; LA271-1-5: Percy Yutar; LA271-3-1: Joe Slovo; LA271-7-5: security forces inspect Liliesleaf) -Rivonia/Liliesleaf Farm (LA271-5-2: map of Rivonia area; LA271-6-2: interior of Liliesleaf House; LA271-6-3: plan of Liliesleaf Farm; LA271-7-4: Radio transmitter found by security forces) -Miscellaneous (LA271-7-2: Mountainview house; LA271-7-3: Cover of 'Rivonia Masker AF!' book; LA272-1-1: petrol bomb; LA272-1-5: outline of Operation Mayibuye; LA272-1-2: diagram of weapon; LA272-1-3: weapons; LA272-1-4: diagram of hand grenade; LA272-2-3: letter of support to Sisulu from Canon Collins; LA272-2-4: house damaged by bomb blast; LA272-2-5: electricity pylons damaged by bomb blast)
UNESCO was founded in 1945 as a specialised agency of the UN. Besides working at a practical level it also played an important role in the international political arena. It gave material and political support to the liberation movements. It organised numerous conferences to highlight the situation in South Africa.
Correspondence, pamphlets, newsletters, publications and press statements concerning the following: The Rivonia Trial, including a summarized version of Nelson Mandela’s defence statement at the trial and the script of a radio broadcast on the Rivonia Trial (36 min.) (1964 - 1975). The World Campaign for the Release of South African Political Prisoners, and a summary of support for the campaign (1964). The persecution of Winnie Mandela (1971). Political prisoners in South Africa (1975). The Treason Trial, including schedules C and D of the indictment, a list of the accused and their association with certain speeches, gatherings and publications (1956 - 1961). Biographical profiles of Nelson Mandela, Govan Mbeki, Andrew Mlangeni, Raymond Mhlaba, Dennis Goldberg, Walter Sisulu, Lionel Bernstein, Elias Motsoaledi and Ahmed Kathrada. Appeals for the release of Nelson Mandela including an appeal to the people of South Africa smuggled out from Robben Island, with an introduction from Oliver Tambo (1980). A copy of the international declaration for the release of Nelson Mandela, initiated by Archbishop Trevor Huddleston, as well as a list of signatories to the declaration (1981). The Sunday Post campaign for Nelson Mandela’s release(1980 - 1981). United Nations notes on the Release Mandela Campaign, a statement by Chief Albert Luthuli on the sentencing of the Rivonia Trialists (1964), extracts from an address by H.E. Mr. B Akporode Clark to non-governmental organisations at UN headquarters (1980), biographical profiles on Nelson Mandela, and the Free South African Political Prisoners Campaign (1980). A survey of events and actions in honour of and for the release of Nelson Mandela, prepared by the British Anti-Apartheid Movement, October 1984. Observances of Nelson Mandela’s 60th birthday (1978). The collection also consists of bound volumes of Spark, Guardian and New Age newspapers, for which Brian Bunting served as editor. They include newspaper reports on Nelson Mandela’s 1962 Africa trip showing photographs of Nelson Mandela together with Oliver Tambo in Algeria, Nelson Mandela’s tour of Algerian army camps and headquarters together with Robert Resha, Nelson Mandela meeting with Tunisian government representatives, and Nelson Mandela together with Colonel Tadenesse Biru in Ethiopia.
Documents and press cuttings relating to student struggles in the early 1980's. Focuses strongly on the Azanian Students Organisation. The news cuttings also report on the student struggles in the Bantustans. They also refer to the differences between AZASO and AZAPO and the cooperation between AZASO and COSAS. Newscuttings on the Mpondo revolt of 1960. A draft thesis and related research material exploring the power relations in Pondoland during the revolt. This collection gives a focused analysis of the changing face role of the chieftaincy & tribal authoritarianism in the former Transkei. The focus is on Flagstaff & Lusikisiki. Two unrelated items in the collection are i) Mass Democratic movement statement on Winnie Mandela and ANC 1949 Programme of action.
One folder of press cuttings on Treason Trial, bannings and arrests, and Rivonia Trial. Rivonia Trial reports in New York Times and South African newspapers. Also article on Bernstein escape after rearrest after acquittal and escape of Wolpe and Goldreich.
Press cuttings- 1960 State of emergency, Treason trail, Rivonia trial press cuttings re banning and house arrests: Hilda an Lionel Bernstein; Helen Joseph; Barbara Harmel; Michael Harmel; Rica Hodgson; Jack Hodgson; Ann Nicholson; Brian Bunting; Roley Arenstein; Cecil Williams Scrapbook containing miscellaneous news clippings mainly during the 1950's/ 60's period and relating primarily to detentions Toni Strassburg Papers, 1950-1960
Collection of photographs covering Nelson Mandela's role in some of the major political events of the 1950s and early 1960s period. The collection has documents on Anti-pass law demonstrations and the Defiance Campaign. The collection also includes a series of photographs of the wedding of Nelson and Winnie Mandela, and various portraits of Nelson Mandela.
This collection is in two accessions. The first accession contains mainly prison correspondence, study materials from jail, other manuscripts and documents from Kathrada’s prison years, a large number of ANC and other documents from the years following his release, as well as a number of books and artefacts. There are microfilm copies of the prison letters. The only material related directly to the Rivonia Trial in this section is 11. 5, a copy of part of the Rivonia Trial record signed by Mandela, Sisulu, Kathrada and Motsoaledi given to them after their move to Pollsmoor Prison.
The second accession consists of prison artefacts, correspondence, documents and study materials from imprisonment (1964- 1989), as well as records from his release reflecting a number of the positions he held in public office and his various interests (1989-2002). There are only a few items from the period prior to his imprisonment. Records related to the Rivonia Trial are: A2.8: part of Rivonia Trial record (unsigned and unbound) with Robben Island Prison stamp on it (Judgement); A220.127.116.11: Letter to The Head of Prisons Pollsmoor Maximum Prison requesting permission to spend his 60th birthday with Rivonia Trial colleagues (4 August 1989) and follow-up letter (20 August 1989); and B3.6.3: Information re documentary called "Rivonia" from 1990s.
Treason Trial and other cases Notes on legislation involved in the trial. Fund-raising campaigns by the South African Legal Defence Committee under the auspices of Christian Action Correspondence include Canon Collins, Solly Sachs, Dr Guy Rout Defence Aid Fund summaries of income and expenditure Biographical information about judges in the trial, including Justice Rump, Justice Luxor, Justice Kennedy Lists of 61 released Detailed summaries of preparatory examinations Brief biographies of some of the accused including: Oliver Tambo, Z.K. Matthews, James Calata, Walter Sisulu, Nelson Mandela, W Conco, Leslie Masina, Chief Luthuli, Kesval Moonsamy, Dickson Fuyani, Billy Nair, Duma (Philemon) Nokwe, Wilton Mkwayi, Elloitt Mfaxa, Len Lee- Warden, Helen Joseph Florence Matomela "Difficulties and hardships as results of the arrests and the trial" - document Full list of accused persons Professions and status of the accused Statement by Canon Collins concerning the arrests of the Treason Trialists Excerpts from speeches made at an ANC meeting held on 7/4/1954, as reported for the prosecution by Detective Sergeant Mistake Mesilla Condition of the above: very fragile
Correspondence, notes, campaign materials, legal accounts and other documentation concerning the Treason Trial in which 156 members of the Congress Alliance were charged. These include a statement by Canon Collins concerning arrests of the treason Trialists, a document on the difficulties and hardships encountered as a result of arrests and the trial, notes on the legislation involved in the trial, detailed summaries of the preparatory examination, the full list of the 61 accused who were acquitted after preparatory examination, the professions and status of the accused, Defence and Aid Fund summaries of income and expenditure, and documentation concerning fund- raising campaigns by the South African legal Defence Committee under the auspices of Christian Action. There is also biographical information about the judges in the trial including justice Rumpff, Justice Ludorf and Justice Kennedy, as well as biographies of some of the accused, including Oliver Tambo, Z.K. Matthews, James Calata, Walter Sisulu, Nelson Mandela, William Conco, Leslie Masina, Chief Albert Luthuli, Billy Nair, Duma Nokwe, Wilton Mkwayi, Helen Joseph and Florence Matomela. Also included are excerpts from speeches made at an ANC meeting held on 7 April 1954, as reported for the prosecution by Detective Sergeant Matseke Malesela, Correspondents include Canon John Collins, E S ( Solly ) Sachs and Dr Guy Ruth.
Collection of prison artefacts, correspondence, documents and study materials from Ahmed Kathrada's imprisonment (1964- 1989), as well as records from his release reflecting a number of the positions he held in public office and his various interests (1989-2002). Few items from the period prior to his imprisonment. Records related to Nelson Mandela from the prison years include letters to prison officials or Government signed by a number of prisoners protesting on bad condition. Requests to prison officials to spend time with Mandela once transferred from Pollsmoor. Lists of purchases requested by prisoners, signed copy of the Rivonia trial record. References to Nelson Mandela in letters to friends and family, document re Marxism and the ANC introduction by Nelson Mandela in letters to friends and family; documents re Marxism. Records related to Nelson Mandela after their release includes the ANC (especially from conferences, NEC and NWC meetings from 1990's) records on honours and awards received by Mandela including the Nobel peace prize in 1993); records from Kathrada's role as Parliamentary counsellor in the office of the President (especially Mandela' state visit to India in1995) invitations for various events to Mandela or those held for him; newspaper clippings and publications on Mandela
Collection of colour photographs of the African National Congress / Congress Alliance leaders, including Nelson Mandela, Oliver Tambo, Ahmed Kathrada, Moses Kotane, Yusuf Dadoo and Dan Tloome, gathered on the roof of Kathrada's flat at Kholvad House in Johannesburg during the 1950s.
Collection of audio recordings, some of which were recorded by the London-based International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) for their documentary film productions. Rivonia Trial related material includes: -Mandela Statement (excerpts): Reading of excerpts from Nelson Mandela's Statement from the Dock at the Rivonia Trail used in the film Isitwalandwe (IDAF, 1980). Open-reel tape only. (MCA5-105). -Denis Goldberg Interview: Oral history interview with Denis Goldberg conducted by Wolfie Kodesh on 6/8/93. Includes detailed description of Rivonia Trial and experiences in prison over 22 years. 6 tapes and transcript. (MCA6-279). -Hazel Anne Goldreich Interview: Oral history interview with Hazel Anne Goldreich (owner of farm in Rivonia) conducted by Wolfie Kodesh on 24/8/93. 2 tapes. (MCA6-281). -Joel Joffe Interview: Oral history interview with Joel Joffe, lawyer for defence in Rivonia Trial, conducted by Wolfie Kodesh on 18/9/93. 2 tapes. (MCA6-292). -Walter Sisulu Interviews: Three series of interviews with Walter Sisulu conducted by Herbert Shore in September 1995, January 1996 and January 1997. Topics include the Defiance Campaign, Freedom Charter conference, split with the PAC, Rivonia Trial and Robben Island. 26 cassette tapes. (MCA18-098).
In the mid-1970s, an appeal by IDAF to the exiled community in the United Kingdom led to the gradual retrieval of outstanding amateur film footage - largely unedited 8mm and 16mm material of key events of South African political history. Most of these films and videos were banned in South Africa before 1990. A few relate to the Rivonia Trialists, after their release from prison: -Generations of resistance I: 1980, produced by United Nations, directed by Peter Davis, 56 min 16mm film. Contains section on the armed struggle and the Rivonia Trial (000766) -Mandela 70th birthday event, London: 1991, produced by IDAF, 20 min, 13/5 Betacam, 13/8 umatic low band time coded. Contains O R Tambo thanking Anti-Apartheid Movement on behalf of Rivonia prisoners. (000758) -Free Mandela: produced by IDAF, directed by Barry Feinberg, 20 min, 7/34 umatic BVU. Contains section on adoption of armed struggle and the Rivonia Trial. (000218).
Manuscript of "South African Political Prisoners: The Life We Led 1963-1966" by Mahlubi L Mrwetyana. Reference to Robben Island prison conditions including for Rivonia Trialists. File on Race Relations with completed questionnaires and extensive notes on prison conditions in South Africa 1956-1961; file with material on families; biographical notes on some of the persons persecuted by the government of the Republic of South Africa for their opposition to the policies of apartheid, 30 May 1964. The list includes Nelson Mandela and other Rivonia Trialists. The list is fairly extensive. File re IRC visits to South African prisons 1964; copies of the letter and reports sent to B J Vorster (Minister of Justice) by the ICRC, June 18 1964 re: conditions in South African prisons (Robben Island, State farm prison, Victor Verster, various police stations in Pretoria and Johannesburg, Pretoria Prison, Leeuwkop, Prison Vooruitsig, Kroonstad, Pretoria Prison, T B Hospital Sonderwater).
Not available for inspection at time of this audit.
The SKSSAA was the state organisation through which a lot of the Soviet support to the liberation movements was channelled. SKSSAA was active internationally in the struggle against apartheid in South Africa. SKSSAA provided the African National Congress in exile with material resources, such as food, clothes and vehicles. The SKSSAA and other Soviet NGOs received South Africans in need of medical treatment, and arranged stays for them at Soviet hospitals. The organisation also coordinated activities for South African students in the Soviet Union. In 1992 the organisation was renamed Society of Afro-Asian Peoples' Solidarity and Co-operation.
Drafts and undated memoranda concerning the 1956 Treason Trial. These include full list of the accused, typescripts on the Treason Trial arrests (presumably for publishing) , Christian Action appeals after arrests, a list of sponsors of the South African Defence Fund, statements by Canon Collins and Bishop Ambrose Reeves on the ending of the Treason Trial, and article entitled " Impressions of Johannesburg" written by a foreigner who visited Johannesburg to attend the trial.
Manuscript of South African Political Prisoners: The life we led 1963-1966 by Mahlubi L Mrwetyana with reference to Robben Island prison conditions File Race Relations with completed questionnaires and extensive notes on prison conditions in South Africa 1956-1961, File material on Families Biographical notes on some of the persons persecuted by the government of the Republic of South Africa for their opposition to the policies of apartheid, 30 May 1964. The list includes Nelson Mandela and other Rivonia Trialists. The list is fairly extensive. File IRC visits to SA prisons 1964 Copies of the letter and reports sent to B.J. Vorster (Minister of Justice) by the ICRC, June 18 1964 re: conditions in South African prisons (Robben Island State farm prison Victor Verster, Various police stations in Pretoria and Johannesburg, Pretoria Prison, Prison Leeuwkop, Prison Vooruitsig Kroonstad, Pretoria Prison, T.B. Hospital Sonderwater)
Drafts, Undated Memos, Treason Trial Defence Fund correspondence Brief biographies of some of the accused Court Judgment during the Treason Trial 1961 Rivonia Trial brief Rivonia Trial extracts of records Treason Trial case File: Treason trial (1957-1961) mainly correspondence that includes Letter of gratitude on behalf of the Trialists to the Treason Trial Defence Fund for support received signed by AMK [Kathrada] Correspondents include I.A. Maisels, Canon Collins, Neville D. Vandyk, Rev. A.G. Sidebotham, Mrs. J.F. Burstall, M. Turok, Freda Levson, Freda Nuell, Bram Fischer, (includes original letters) Ros Ainsley, Jack Barnett, Harvey Mitchell, K. Hardie, Edward Joseph. Most material deals with Treason Trial costs Items up for auction in aid of the Treason Trial Fund. Correspondence with names of those against whom charges have been withdrawn. File Treason Trial Defence Fund accounts for the year ended 31 March 1961 and balance sheet as at that date Bound Volume Preparatory examination in the matter of Regina versus 153 individuals on an allegation of high treason. Outline of crown case/ 18 000 word indictment? File Judgment as read out to court by the presiding judge Mr. Justice FLH Rumpff on Wednesday 29 March 1961. Brief Biographies of some of the accused File Treason Trial 1956-1961 drafts and undated memos includes: Full list of accused, Article entitled " Impressions of Johannesburg by a foreigner" Memoranda concerning the Treason trial Defence Fund, some of which were issued by Christian Action, List of sponsors of the South African Defence Fund, Statement by Canon Collins on the ending of the Treason Trial, Statement by Bishop Reeves on ending the Treason Trial, Typescript on Treason trial arrests, Christian Action special appeals after arrests.
Correspondence and other documentation concerning the Treason Trial Defence Fund. Most of the documentation deals with the legal costs for the trial. It includes a letter of gratitude to the Treason Trial Defence Fund, on behalf of the Trialists by Ahmed Kathrada, a list of items up for auction in aid of the Treason Trial Defence Fund as well as a correspondence with those against whom charges were withdrawn. There are also Treason Trial Defence account for the year ended 31 March 1961 and balance sheets as at the date. Correspondents include IA Maisels Canon Collins, Neville D. Vandyke, Reverend AG Sidebotham, Mrs. JF Burnstall, Mary Turok, Freda Levson, Freda Nuell, Bram Fischer, Ros Ainsley, Jack Barnett, Harvey Mitchell, K. Hardie, and Edward Joseph.
Congress of Democrats papers donated by Ben Turok Minutes of meetings of the Johannesburg Regional Committee 1961-1962 National Consultative Committee 1961-1962 National Executive Committee 1961-1962 Transvaal Region 1962 National Consultative committee constitution Documents relating to the South African National Convention 1961 Johannesburg City Council, South African Congress of Trade Unions Jewish Community, Political Education and workers compensation Correspondence, memoranda, press statements, financial records of the congress of democrats Newsletters including congress bulletins, counter attack: Bulletin of the South African congress of democrats, The emergent African Middle class, Combat Fighting Talk etc. Publications re Chief Albert Luthuli, Bantustans, the Pondo Revolt Pamphlets relating to amongst other subjects, the sabotage bill, Sharpeville, stay at home education etc. Passports belonging to Ben Turok Other general documents
File: treason Trial Defence Fund press summary volumes 28-29 -Regular Bulletin giving a factual resume of the proceedings of the Treason Trial, issued by the - Treason Trial Defence Fund. - Treason Trial Defence Fund Press Summary Volumes 31-32 - Treason Trial Defence Fund Press Summary Volume 90 as above - Treason Trial Defence Fund Press Summary Volume 95 as above - Treason Trial Defence Fund Press Summary Volume 100 as above - Treason Trial Defence Fund Press Summary Volume 123 as above
Prison letters and writings, unpublished manuscripts, and a proposal for documentary on Govan Mbeki (1992). There is no material directly related to the Rivonia Trial but this collection has been included as it provides insight into the life and personality of one of those involved in the Trial.
Nelson Mandela 70th birthday: pamphlets, correspondence, messages of support (International Anti- Apartheid Movement). Booklet: Your Bantu servant and you/ Johannesburg: Non- European Affairs Department 1962. Press clip re: forced removal. Photocopy of drawing re: June 16
Documentation including correspondence, affidavits, reports and statements. These include a 1960 petition by white male prisoners detained under emergency regulations at the Old Fort prison about unhygienic conditions, a list of banned women in South Africa , an affidavit by Bob Hepple (November 1965) concerning the abuse and torture of African prisoners at Pretoria local prison as witnessed by him in 1963, testimony delivered by Dennis Brutus to the UN special Committee on Apartheid (1967) concerning his political imprisonment and the conditions of political prisoners in South African prisons, statements by political prisoners on torture, the visit of South African prisons in 1967, and the documentation concerning the World Campaign for the Release of South African Political Prisoners. Correspondents include Sylvia Neame and Sonia Bunting.
Mandela, Nelson Papers Copies of 1960 MK/ANC flyers, signed by Nelson Mandela in 1993. Letter from the Borough of Middlesbrough welcoming his release and indicating support for the strengthening of international sanctions against the apartheid government, and for a non racial democracy in South Africa,11 June 1990.
Includes correspondence, minutes of meetings statement, briefings, press releases, press clippings, Amandla, publications.
Records related to Rivonia: 2.1.1. Minutes of meetings 1964: Contains reference to lobbying around Rivonia Trial 2.4. Dealings with Irish Press: Contains references to Rivonia Trial in statements and press conferences 31.1.1 Correspondence with ANC: Contains brief references to Rivonia Trial 39 Press cuttings 1963-1994: Cuttings are in date order and include cuttings from Irish press re arrests at Rivonia, escape of Wolpe and Goldreich and trial.
Publications, booklets and pamphlets. These include the following titles: General strike : a report of the three day strike in South Africa ( May29, 30.31 1961) organised by Nelson Mandela (Secretary, National Action Council of South Africa) Prisoners of Apartheid: a biographical list of political prisoners and banned persons in South Africa/ IDAF in cooperation with UN Centre Against Apartheid South African prisoners and the Red Cross Investigation: an examination by the International Defence and Aid Fund with prisoners' testimony. Includes general recommendations of the ICRC sent to the SA government 18 June 1964, the SA government reply, conditions at Leeuwkop, Robben Island, Victor Verster, Vooruitsig Prison Kroonstad and other prisons, Robert Sobukwe on Robben Island.
General strike: Report of the 3 day strike in South Africa (May 29, 30,31, 1961) by Nelson Mandela (Secretary, National Action Council of South Africa); prisoners of Apartheid a biographical list of political prisoners and banned persons in South Africa (IDAF in cooperation with UN Centre Against Apartheid); South African Prisons and the Red Cross Investigation and examination by the International Defence and Aid Fund with prisoners testimony. Includes general recommendations of the ICRC sent to the South African Government (18 June 1964), the SA government reply, conditions at Leeuwkop, Robben Island, Victor Verster, Vooruitsig Prison Kroonstad, and other prisons, Robert Sobukwe on Robben Island. Relates to Rivonia Trial in terms of conditions in prison for trialists once convicted.
Not available for inspection at time of this audit.
Audio recording of an African National Congress (ANC) rally held at the Cape Town Civic Centre on the 13th of September 1993. The speakers included Nelson Mandela, Allan Boesak, Salie Manie and Melanie Verwoerd.
Correspondence, minutes, regional and branch news, publications and reports of the Congress of Democrats Subjects covered include: Attempts to solicit support for a National Convention in opposition to the inauguration of South Africa as a Republic. Nelson Mandela’s participation in the PAFMECSA conference in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia in 1962. Public meetings and demonstrations, protesting the arrest of Nelson Mandela in 1962. The inauguration of the Republic of South Africa. Biographical profiles of Nelson Mandela.
Amnesty International was founded in 1961 in London as an independent organisation to mobilise public opinion in defence of people who are imprisoned because their ideas are unacceptable to the government in their country. One of their areas of work is campaigning for the release of political prisoners and actions against torture.
Pamphlets issued by Nelson Mandela on behalf of the All in African National Action Council, in which he calls for a three day strike, in protest against the inauguration of South Africa as a republic. These include appeals to the people of South West Africa to the student community and to members of the Transkei an Territorial Authority.
The AABN operated from 1961 till 1994 and was one of the major organisations in the Netherlands. It continued the work of the Comité Zuid-Afrika (CZA) and its solidarity with the liberation movements was unconditional. Besides campaigns focusing on boycott activities and political prisoners, it also organised grass roots based activities with practical solidarity through its committees dealing with education, women, culture, etc. It was instrumental in the formation of several specialist organisations. It was part of the Liaison Group. The AABN stopped operating in 1994 and continued as the Institute on Southern Africa (IZA) and merged with the KZA and the EMS in 1997 to form the Netherlands Institute on Southern Africa (NIZA). Since September 2007 NIZA has been associated with ActionAid International and is now operating as ActionAid.
Scrapbook containing Newsclippings dated May-October 1961. Includes clippings related to the South African politics, reported in international newspapers such as the Guardian, Daily Herald, New York Tribune, Financial Times, Observer, Daily Telegraph and Evening Standard.
Publications/ booklets /pamphlets General strike : report of the 3 day strike in South Africa ( May29, 30,31, 1961) by Nelson Mandela ( Secretary, National Action Council of South Africa) Prisoners of Apartheid a biographical list of political prisoners and banned persons in South Africa/ IDAF in cooperation with UN Centre Against Apartheid. South African Prisons and the Red Cross Investigation and examination by the International Defence and Aid Fund with prisoners testimony. Includes general recommendations of the ICRC sent to the South African Government 18 June 1964, the S.A. government reply, conditions at Leeuwkop, Robben Island, Victor Verster, Vooruitsig Prison Kroonstad, and other prisons, Robert Sobukwe on Robben Island.
Collection of film and video recordings consisting of distribution prints and master materials (negatives, rushes, sound tracks and trims). The subjects covered include: Nelson Mandela's early views on the objectives of the ANC and the liberation struggle. The reception given to Mandela's rejection of the regime's offer of conditional release, read by his daughter Zindzi to a vast gathering in Soweto on 10 February 1985. Commentary from activists and family members, including Winnie Mandela. Prison conditions on Robben Island including Mandela's cell, the daily routine of hard labour, diet in prison, isolation and Mandela's transfer to Pollsmoor Prison in 1985. The impact of international campaigns for the release of Mandela, including footage of the Free Mandela Campaign Concert held at Wembley Stadium in celebration of his 70th birthday. The collection also includes interviews with Nelson Mandela, Winnie Mandela, Andrew Masondo, Jacob Zuma, Indres Naidoo, Philip Mathews, Mary Benson, Barbara Harmel and Barry Feinberg. It consists of both completed productions and raw footage.
Correspondence concerning the State versus Nelson Mandela in1962. There is an original letter from Nelson Mandela during his incarceration at Pretoria Prison, to Canon Collins dated 5 November 1962, in which Nelson Mandela acknowledges the support received from Christian Action. Other subjects include the conduct of staff members of the Chief magistrates office during the trial and legal accounts. Correspondents include Canon John Collins, James Kantor, Harold Wolpe, Ruth Finkesltein and Alex Hepple.
Campaign materials, Newsclippings and press statement concerning the State versus Nelson Mandela in 1962. These include letters to the editors of The Times (London) and The Guardian newspapers concerning the imprisonment of Nelson Mandela and Walter Sisulu, reports on Nelson Mandela's five-year prison sentence, press statement issued by the Anti- Apartheid in August 1962 calling for messages of support to be sent to Nelson Mandela, and extracts from Canon Collins chairperson's report at the AGM of the Christian Action in November 1962, talking betrayal of Nelson Mandela, the remarkable " Black Pimpernel"
Collection of documents and photographs, including a photocopy of a biographical profile of Nelson Mandela written by Wolfie Kodesh. Other subjects include: The meeting between Nelson Mandela and Oliver Tambo's in Stockholm, Sweden (1990). The full text of Nelson Mandela's response to the conditional offer of freedom made in parliament by the State President PW Botha. Statement issued by Ismail Ayob, on behalf of Nelson Mandela, on the protection of Nelson Mandela's name from being abused, Nelson Mandela Freedom at 70 campaign. The full text of Nelson Mandela's speech at the Grand Parade in Cape Town on the day of his release from prison in 1990
Pamphlets (international) calling for the release of the Rivonia trialists; campaigns to save lives of the Rivonia Trialists by Anti Apartheid Movement; original letter dated 5/11/1962 from Nelson Mandela to Canon Collins, acknowledging support received from Christian Action. Also records related to 1962 trial of Mandela.
Not available for inspection at time of this audit.
The South African Non-Racial Olympic Committee (SAN-ROC) was formed in South Africa in 1962. SAN-ROC began operating from London when one of its founders, Dennis Brutus, went into exile in 1966. In 1970 Brutus moved to the United States, and SAN-ROC was then based in both the United States and the United Kingdom. Forerunners were the Committee for International Recognition, formed by non-racial sportsmen in 1955, and succeeded by the South African Sports Association (SASA) in 1958. SAN-ROC played a major role in South Africa being excluded from the Olympic Games in 1966, and from the entire Olympic movement in 1970.
Pamphlets calling for the release of the Rivonia Trialists (international) Campaigns to save lives of the Rivonia Trialists- Anti Apartheid Movement Original letter dated 5/11/1962 from Nelson Mandela to Canon Collins, acknowledging support received from Christian Action. News clippings and campaign material re: Mandela's 5 year prison sentence. Nelson Mandela's testimony at his first trial, 1962 in which he talks extensively about his African trip. Copies and pamphlets calling for 3 day strike in 1961. Newsclippings from Observer, November 1962 re: Nelson Mandela's sentencing to 5 years in prison. State versus Nelson Mandela 1962: main count particulars to the charge, list of publications, documents and pamphlets presented as evidence, 1st alternative charge, 2nd alternative charge. Letter to the chief magistrate 16 October 1962 from Kantor Zwarenstein and partners re: conduct by members of staff concerning State versus Nelson Mandela trial. Correspondence between Harold Wolpe and Canon Collins, October 1962 Correspondence with Canon Collins re: account in the Mandela trial. Correspondence include Ruth Finkelstein, Alex Hepple Correspondence concerning the trial (Harold Wolpe) Application for a remand of the trial for two weeks due to Adv. Slovo not being able to present because of his banning orders, 1962 Explanation of charge against Mandela Extracts from Canon Collins chairperson's report at the AGM of Christian Action, November 1962, where he talks the betrayal of Nelson Mandela the remarkable Black Pimpernel Letters to the editor of the Times, London and the Guardian 1962 concerning the imprisonment of Nelson Mandela and Walter Sisulu Press statement issued by the Anti- Apartheid Movement August 1962 calling for messages of support to be sent to Nelson Mandela. Pamphlet with Mandela's call for a three day stay away, on behalf of the National Action Council Draft biographical sketch of Nelson Mandela All in African National Action Council- appeal to the people of South West Africa, written by Mandela on behalf of NAC. As above: appeal to students and scholars As above: to members of the Transkei Territorial Authority
Legal proceedings concerning the State versus Nelson Mandela in 1962. These material include an application for the remand of the trial due to Advocate Joe Slovo not being present because of his banning orders, the main count, an explanation of the charge against Nelson Mandela particulars to the charge, a list of publications, documents and pamphlets presented as evidence, the first alternative charge, the second alternative charge and Nelson Mandela's testimony in which he refers extensively to his Africa trip.
File: Rivonia Trial correspondence, statements, finance, etc Correspondence by Bram Fischer to Canon Collins and vice versa re: the guilty verdict and responding the messages of sympathy. List of Robben Island clients as at 11 October 1989 with prison numbers. File Rivonia Trial 1963-1964 Walter Sisulu statement on which his evidence was led with handwritten annotations. Press clippings Walter Sisulu: extracts of evidence : Examination by Mr. Fischer. Notes made by Govan Mbeki regarding his interrogation whilst under 90 day detention. Ahmed Kathrada: extract of evidence examination by Mr. Berrnage. Lionel Bernstein extracts of some evidence: cross examination by Percy Yuter. Pamphlet entitled " My fight is for all:" Mandela tells court of ANC objectives" extracts of Mandela's statement from the dock as printed by the Rand Daily Mail Johannesburg) File: Collins2/6 mainly concerning the Rivonia Trial (1964) including: Handwritten notes. Correspondence from Freda Nuell, J Hadebe, Conon Collins, E.S. Reddy, Hugh Lewin, Joel Joffe Raymond Kunene, Rica Hogdson, Typescript- biography of Nelson Mandela, Draft articles concerning the imprisonment of Mandela and the Rivonia Trialists, Rivonia Trial - statements of accounts and annexure of monies received, Decision by Trialists not to appeal against their sentence, Statements against the Rivonia Trial sentences by Conon Collins and others, Christian Action article entitled " Mandela: a message from prison" Press statements on the sentence issued by the Africa Bureau and by Canon Collins Correspondence on the sentencing Typescript of Mandela statement from the dock " Why I am ready to die" with original annotations Articles on the Rivonia Trial Statement issued by Mr. Tom Kellosk at a press conference called by Christian Action January 15 1964 on the Rivonia Trial. Statement by Canon Collins on behalf of Christian Action. Anti- Apartheid Movement profile of Mandela and reproductive extracts from his statement from the dock Notes for adverts and letters re: Rivonia Trial Includes typescripts of draft articles on the Rivonia Trial some of them written by E.S. (Solly ) Sachs A pamphlet titled the " message of Rivonia"
NAMA started in 1963 as an association of youth, Christian and humanitarian organisations, doing a lot of education-related work. It merged with the Crisis Fund for South Africa, the national affiliate of IDAF, in 1967.
File: Rivonia Trial correspondence, statements, finance etc: -Correspondence by Bram Fischer to Canon Collins and vice versa re: the guilty verdict and responding to the messages of sympathy on death of Molly Fischer.
File: Rivonia Trial 1963-1964 -Walter Sisulu statement on which his evidence was led with handwritten annotations -Press clippings -Walter Sisulu: extracts of evidence: Examination by Bram Fischer and cross examination by Percy Yutar -Extracts of evidence by Govan Mbeki -Notes made by Govan Mbeki regarding his interrogation whilst under 90 day detention. -Ahmed Kathrada: extract of evidence examination by Vernon Berrange -Elias Motsoaledi statement at the Trial -Lionel Bernstein extracts of some evidence: cross examination by Percy Yuter -Pamphlet entitled " My fight is for all: Mandela tells court of ANC objectives" extracts of Mandela's statement from the dock as printed by the Rand Daily Mail
File: Collins2/6 mainly concerning the Rivonia Trial (1964): -Handwritten notes -Correspondence . Correspondence include Freda Nuell, J Hadebe, Canon Collins, E.S. Reddy, Hugh Lewin, Joel Joffe Raymond Kunene, Rica Hogdson -Typescript- biography of Nelson Mandela -Draft articles concerning the imprisonment of Mandela and the Rivonia Trialists -Rivonia Trial - statements of accounts and annexure of monies received -Decision by Trialists not to appeal against their sentence -Statements against the Rivonia Trial sentences by Canon Collins and others -Christian Action article entitled " Mandela: a message from prison" -Press statements on the sentence issued by the Africa Bureau and by Canon Collins -Correspondence concerning the sentencing -Typescript of Mandela statement from the dock " Why I am ready to die" with original annotations -Articles on the Rivonia Trial -Statement issued by Mr. Tom Kellosk at a press conference called by Christian Action January 15 1964 concerning the Rivonia Trial -Statement by Canon Collins on behalf of Christian Action -Anti- Apartheid Movement profile of Mandela and reproductive extracts from his statement from the dock -Notes for adverts and letters re: Rivonia Trial
Also includes: -Typescripts of draft articles on the Rivonia Trial some of them written by E.S. (Solly) Sachs -A pamphlet entitled the " Message of Rivonia"
Not available for inspection at time of this audit.
Copies of legal proceedings of the Rivonia trial, the state versus Nelson Mandela and nine others. These include the statement by Walter Sisulu 's evidence led with original handwritten annotations, by Walter Sisulu, extracts of evidence (examination by Bram Fischer) extracts of the cross examination of Walter Sisulu by Percy Yuter, Govan Mbeki extracts of evidence (examination by Bram Fisher), Ahmed Kathrada extracts of evidence (examination by Vernon Berrange). Lionel Bernstein extracts of evidence (cross examination by Percy Yuter), Elias Motsoaledi's statement at the trial. The file also includes notes made by Govan Mbeki regarding his interrogation while under 90 day detention, a typescript of an article about the arrests at Rivonia and the start of the Rivonia trial that week (presumably published), news clippings on the trial and a pamphlet entitled " My fight is for all: Mandela tells court of ANC objectives" containing extracts of Nelson Mandela's statement from the dock as published by the Rand Daily Mail in Johannesburg. 1963-1964.
File: Prisons 2, includes 1963 List of banned women in South Africa Affidavit: Bob Hepple ( November 1965), in which he gives testimony to the abuse and torture of African prisoners, as witnessed by him at Pretoria local prison during his imprisonment in 1963 1960 petition by white male prisoners ay the Old Fort ( detained under emergency regulations) re: unhygienic conditions. Also a second petition about the outbreak of diarrheal. Sent to the Officer Commanding at the Fort Testimony of Dennis Brutus to the UN Special committee on Apartheid 27 February 1967, in which he speaks about his political imprisonment and the conditions of political prisoners in South African Prisons including his imprisonment in Robben Island. Correspondence and statements relating to the World Campaign for the Release of South African Political Prisoners including Nelson Mandela. Statements by political prisoners about torture. Mary Benson prison conditions Extensive information on prison conditions , and reports/ statement on inhumane treatment by former detainees and prisoners. The visits of South African judges to SA prisons, 1967. Correspondence and notes. Correspondents include Sylvia Neame and Sonia Bunting.
Small collection of 1 hanging file. Includes copies of 1960s Umkhonto we Sizwe and ANC flyers signed in 1993 by Mandela. Although not directly related to Rivonia Trial, material like this was evidence used by state against the accused in the trial.
The Irish AAM was established in 1964 and functioned till 1994. It was co-founded by Kader Asmal (who later became a South African MP and cabinet member) and started with sport, cultural, economic and academic boycotts and grew into an organisation that was active in all areas of anti-apartheid and solidarity. It gave direct support to the liberation movements and worked closely with the ANC. It continues to be active as the Ireland South Africa Association.
Mandela Vigil St Paul's June 1964 Correspondence (June 1964) concerning the vigils held at St Paul's and outside the South African embassy in London to coincide with the sentencing of the Rivonia Trialists. Correspondence include Canon Collins, Manuela Sykes, Dorothy Robison, Archbishop of Canterbury. Campaigns by Christian Action and the Anti- Apartheid Movement Lists of suggested contacts in connection with the vigil.
ICRC including Letter from Canon Collins to ICRC in 1964, requesting an inspection of Robben Island prison conditions after reports of ill- treatment. Summary of the report of the ICRC visit to prisons in S.A, 1966, issued by the World Campaign for the Release of Political Prisoners.- Correspondence re: ICRC visit.
Correspondence and reports concerning the International Committee for the Red Cross inspection of South African prisons. There is a letter from Canon Collins to the ICRC requesting an inspection of Robben Island prison (1964), as well as a summary of the ICRC report on the visit to prisons in South Africa (1966), issued by the World Campaign for the release of political prisoners. 1964-1966.
Correspondence, statements and financial documents concerning the Rivonia Trial. There is correspondence between Bram Fischer and Canon Collins about the guilty verdict, as well as Bram Fischer's responses to a message of sympathy from Cannon Collins on the death of Molly Fischer. Also included in this file is a list of Robben Island Prisoners as at 11 October 1989 with prison numbers.
Correspondence, reports, campaign documents, press statements and speeches on Irish Anti-Apartheid Movement campaigns for the release of Nelson Mandela. Calls made by the Irish government for Nelson Mandela's release from prison. The unveiling of a Mandela sculpture in Merrion Square, Dublin, and the conferment of the Freedom of the City of Dublin to Mandela. 70th birthday tributes. Preparations for Nelson Mandela's release from prison in 1990 and the organising of a celebration rally in Ireland. Nelson Mandela’s visit to Dublin in 1991. Correspondents includes Dr. Kader Asmal and Louise Asmal, ES Reddy, Ismail Ayob, Ruth Mompati, Sipho Pityana, Frank Aiken (Ireland Minister of External Affairs), Senator George O’Brien, Barry Desmond ,Honorary Secretary, Anti-apartheid Movement) and President Alhaji Shehu Shagari of Nigeria.
Correspondence (June 1964) concerning the vigils held at St Paul's and outside the South African embassy in London to coincide with the sentencing of the Rivonia trialists. Correspondents includes Canon Collins, Manuela Sykes, Dorothy Robison, Archbishop of Canterbury. Campaigns by Christian Action and the Anti- Apartheid Movement. Lists of suggested contacts in connection with the vigil.
Not available for inspection at time of this audit.
Part of International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers. Biographical notes on some of the people persecuted by the South African government for their opposition to the policies of apartheid, 30 May 1964. The list includes Nelson Mandela and other Rivonia trialists.
Biographical notes on some of the people persecuted by the South African government for their opposition to the policies of apartheid, 30 May 1964. The list includes Nelson Mandela and other Rivonia Trialists.
Copies of the letter and reports sent to JB Vorster ( Minister of Justice), by the International Committee for the Red Cross, June 18 1964, concerning conditions in South African prisons (Robben Island, Victor Verster, various police stations in Pretoria and Johannesburg, Pretoria Prison Leeuwkop, Kroonstad and Sonderwater TB Hospital)
Correspondence concerning vigils to be held at St Paul's Cathedral and outside of the South African embassy in London, coinciding with the sentencing of the Rivonia Trialists. These campaigns were led by Christian Action and the Anti- Apartheid Movement. Correspondents include Canon John Collins, Manuel Sykes, Dorothy Robinson and the Archbishop of Canterbury. There is also a list of suggested contacts in connection with the vigil.
Correspondence, drafts articles, press statements, handwritten notes, cables campaign material and other documentation concerning the Rivonia Trial. These include correspondence concerning the sentencing, reports on decision by the Trialists to appeal against their sentences, typescripts of draft articles on the imprisonment of Nelson Mandela and the Rivonia Trialists some of which are written by E.S. ( Solly) Sachs, articles on the Rivonia Trial, biographical profiles of Nelson Mandela issued by the Anti- Apartheid Movement, statement issued by Canon John Collins, Toll Kellock and others by the Africa bureau, a typescript of Nelson Mandela statement from the dock, " Why I am ready to die" with original annotations, a Christian Action article entitled " Mandela a message from prison" notes for adverts and letters concerning the Rivonia Trial, a pamphlet entitled " The message of Rivonia" and statements of accounts and annexure of monies received in relation to the Rivonia Trial. Correspondents include Freda Nuell, J Hadebe,, Canon Collins, E.S. Reddy, Hugh Lewin, Joel Joffe, Raymond Kunene and Rica Hodgson.
IDAF started in 1956 as Christian Action, later becoming the British Defence and Aid Fund which started its work with the 1956 Treason Trial in South Africa. IDAF became an international organisation in 1965. The South African Defence and Aid Fund was banned in 1966. Over the years, many national affiliates and branches were set-up. It smuggled millions of pounds into South Africa to defend thousands of political activists and provided aid to their families. It paid lawyers to defend political detainees and provided financial support families of political prisoners. It published numerous books and films on repression in South Africa.
DAF Netherlands was established in 1965. It came out of the Comité Zuid-Afrika (founded in 1960), was affiliated to the IDAF, and was disbanded in 1991. It concentrated on fundraising for the defence of political prisoners and support to their families in South Africa. It also published informational materials.
Statements, memoranda and reports concerning the campaign for the release of imprisoned politicians in South Africa. These include a statement delivered by Canon John Collins at the Kitwe United Nations Seminar in which he makes reference to the imprisonment of leaders of the South African liberation movement including Nelson Mandela, Walter Sisulu and [Gordon Makgothi] 1966- 1967.
Statement for the Kitwe United Nations Seminar by Canon L. John Collins (President of IDAF) in which he makes reference to the imprisonment of leaders of the SA liberation movement including Nelson Mandela, Walter Sisulu, Raymond Mhlaba and Gordon Makgothi (1966) Memoranda re the campaign for the release of imprisoned politicians in South Africa, January 1977. Handwritten progress report and typescript concerning Robben Island prison campaign, October 1966.
Items recorded and maintained by the prisoners, including internal correspondence, minutes of meetings, reports and discussion papers, orders for equipment as well as other miscellaneous material. Sports activities the organisation and maintenance of such activities in Robben Island. The education of prisoners by prisoners, including formal education (primary and secondary schooling) political education and the Mrabulo materials.
Letter by Bram Fischer to comrades and friends smuggled from prison (1970) photocopy. What I did was right. Statement from the dock by Abraham Fischer, Q.C. in the Supreme Court. Court Pretoria March 28 1966 (photocopy) 32pp.
OSPAAAL was established following the Tricontinental Conference held in Havana, January 1966, to promote "solidarity with the Third World people's struggles, claims and most precious desires". The organisation supported struggles against colonialism and apartheid, and notably produced a large number of brightly coloured propaganda posters to promote its cause.
Correspondence, memoranda. Notes and affidavits concerning political imprisonment in South Africa, as well as details of campaigns by the World Campaign for the release of South African political prisoners.
News cuttings, diagrams, notes and memoranda concerning a 1981 plan by Eddie Daniels to free Nelson Mandela from Robben Island. The collection also includes subsidiary material about a Bureau of State Security (BOSS) escape plan in 1969, reportedly part of a plot to assassinate Nelson Mandela.
The Task Force on Churches and Corporate Responsibility (TCCR) was established in 1975 as a coalition of Canadian Churches. It worked towards social responsibility in Canadian based corporations and financial institutions. It supported the South African Council of Churches (SACC) proposal for a code of business ethics for companies operating in South Africa. It campaigned strongly to end loans to the apartheid regime and approached shareholders to accomplish this. In 2001, TCCR became part of KAIROS Canada.
Papers Petition signed by political prisoners addressed to the Officer Commanding Robben Island prison RE: Prison regulations, censorship of books and publications, censorship of letters and visits. Access to the library, warder prisoner relationships, contradictory instructions, on work days, Medical treatment, hot water, music, film shows summary punishment, threats, etc, Photocopy
The Working Group Kairos was founded in 1970 in support of the Christian Institute in South Africa. Its main focus was on human rights violations and to raise support for sanctions and disinvestments and campaigned against Shell. It worked especially in the Christian community in the Netherlands and was instrumental in the foundation of the Shipping Research Bureau (SRB). It was renamed Stichting Kairos (Kairos Foundation), date unknown.