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South African Clothing and Textile Workers Union

Natal Joint Crisis Committee: Reports and correspondence relating to the violence in Natal and to the meeting aimed at reducing the violence : Correspondents include E. Barayi, Mangosuthu Buthelezi, John Copelyn, Arch Bishop Denis Hurley, A. Gumede, Nelson Mandela and Willies Mchunu.

Womens' National Coalition

South African Newspaper Collection

Collection of South African newspapers. Focus is newspapers from Johannesburg, Pretoria and surrounds. Collection includes coverage of the transfer of Mandela to Pretoria before the Trail, the arrests, Rivonia Trial, sentencing etc. Request relevant dates or publications. Newspapers which covered the trial extensively include Sunday Times, Pretoria News, Rand Daily Mail, Die Vaderland etc.

National Library of South Africa

South African Newspaper Collection

Collection of South African newspapers. More comprehensive than collection in Pretoria branch. Request relevant dates or publications to find coverage on Rivonia Trail.

National Library of South Africa

Mandela, H

Mandela, H Headman, location No 15, called Mvezo successor, Ntabezulu Mtirara

Supreme chief of the Tembu Jongintaba Dalindyebo with his wife, 1929.10.11, Eastern Cape: [Still Image]

Supreme chief of the Tembu Jongintaba Dalindyebo with his wife. He became Nelson Mandela’s guardian after the death of Mandela’s father. Nelson Mandela lived at the homestead of Jongintaba from the age of 9 until 16 and was raised together with Jongintaba's children.

Moravian Archives

E - Madiba-1993

Radio South Africa report by Alet Joubert on the Soweto Day Rally held at Orlando stadium. ANC president Nelson Mandela refers to the anger of the Youth and Cosas Groups.

RECORD BC 19930617

SABC Sound Archives

Luyolo Stengile Collection, 1938, Healdtown: [8 Photographic Prints]

Photos of Healdtown College. In the Class photograph are, among others: Nelson Mandela (back row, fifth from the right), Myrtle Workman (white woman), Rev. Arthur Wellington (next to Myrtle), Rev. S. M. Mokitimi (next to Wellington), Jane Methola (next to Mokitimi) and Gilbert Nzimani (behind Mokitimi).

Stengile, Luyolo

Presidential Address at the Annual Conference of the African National Congress Youth League

  • ZA COM MR-S-001
  • Item
  • December 1951
  • Part of Speeches

Occasion - Annual conference of the African National Congress Youth League
Summary - This address outlines the main threats in the world (imperialism, capitalism), in Africa (colonialism), and in South Africa (fascism). African Nationalism is seen as the response to these threats and the Youth League is seen as the guardian of this ideology. The Youth League should not continue to debate African Nationalism as an ideology but rather focus on how to mobilise the masses in a national struggle, how to respond to the Suppression of Communism Act and how to organise and discipline its members.

We Defy : 10,000 volunteers protest against 'unjust laws'

  • ZA COM MR-S-005
  • Item
  • Aug-52
  • Part of Speeches

Occasion -Statement of the Campaign's aims
Summary - This statement focuses on the support by masses of volunteers from all races for the first stages of the Defiance of Unjust Laws Campaign. It also reiterates the main aims of the Campaign: to oppose an unjust system and struggle for freedom for non-Europeans.

Mandela, Nelson Rolihlahla

Nelson Mandela

Nelson Mandela as prokureur in Johannesburg= Nelson Mandela as a lawyer in Johannesburg.
12cm X 17 cm

Denis Kuny Papers

Court records judgement in a matter Regina vs. N Mandela where Mandela was accused of promoting the aims of the defiance campaign and given a suspended sentence.

Kuny, Denis

Transvaal Provincial Division of the Supreme Court (Pretoria)

Ex parte application by Nelson Mandela for admission as an attorney in the Supreme Court of South Africa, Transvaal Provincial Division. The application includes:
A transcript from the University of South Africa (UNISA) confirming Mandela's completion of requirements for the Bachelor of Arts degree. An affidavit by Lazar Sidelsky declaring Mandela fully qualified to act as an attorney. Confirmation of Mandela's completion of the Attorneys Admission examinations.
Character references; Affidavits by Mandela confirming his date and place of birth and academic qualifications.
Certificates
The attorney's oath signed by Mandela.
A declaration by Justice Steyn of the Transvaal Provincial Division that Mandela is qualified to practice as an attorney.

Transvaal Provincial Division of the Supreme Court (Pretoria)

Africa, colonialism and war

  • ZA COM MR-S-002
  • Item
  • 1953-08-23
  • Part of Speeches

Occasion - Natal Peace Conference
Summary - Imperial powers exploit Africa for its raw materials, its strategic value as military bases and its cheap labour. Africa is used as an instrument of war and the first casualties are its people. There is a link between the struggle for peace and the struggle against colonialism in Africa.

Mandela, Nelson Rolihlahla

No Easy Walk to Freedom

  • ZA COM MR-S-003
  • Item
  • 1953-09-21
  • Part of Speeches

Occasion - Presidential address to the ANC (Transvaal) Congress
Summary - The political climate has changed from the successes of the Campaign for the Defiance of Unjust Laws of 1952 and the ANC must be prepared with a new approach and with a strong and disciplined membership. The new approach is called the "M" Plan and calls for active recruitment and action at the grassroots level. This will enable the ANC to function without calling attention to itself. There is no place in the ANC for those opposed to the "M" Plan.

Mandela, Nelson Rolihlahla

Kholvad House ,1953, Johannesburg: [Set of 4 still images]

Photographs were taken on the rooftop of flat number 13 Kholvad House, 27 Market Street, Johannesburg. The group photo is with from L to R: Yusuf Cachalia (SAIC), DU Mistry (SAIC), Dan Tloome (SACTU/ANC), Goolam Pahad (SAIC), OR Tambo (ANC), David Bopape (Transvaal ANC), Molvi Cachalia (SAIC).

Shore, Herbert

Mandela Tambo

Illiquid case payment: Mandela Tambo versus Lucretia.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers

Treason Trial and other cases
Notes on legislation involved in the trial.
Fund-raising campaigns by the South African Legal Defence Committee under the auspices of
Christian Action
Correspondence include Canon Collins, Solly Sachs, Dr Guy Rout
Defence Aid Fund summaries of income and expenditure
Biographical information about judges in the trial, including Justice Rump, Justice Luxor, Justice
Kennedy
Lists of 61 released
Detailed summaries of preparatory examinations
Brief biographies of some of the accused including: Oliver Tambo, Z.K. Matthews, James Calata,
Walter Sisulu, Nelson Mandela, W Conco, Leslie Masina, Chief Luthuli, Kesval Moonsamy, Dickson
Fuyani, Billy Nair, Duma (Philemon) Nokwe, Wilton Mkwayi, Elloitt Mfaxa, Len Lee- Warden, Helen Joseph Florence Matomela
"Difficulties and hardships as results of the arrests and the trial" - document
Full list of accused persons
Professions and status of the accused
Statement by Canon Collins concerning the arrests of the Treason Trialists
Excerpts from speeches made at an ANC meeting held on 7/4/1954, as reported for the
prosecution by Detective Sergeant Mistake Mesilla
Condition of the above: very fragile

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

Transvaal Provincial Division of the Supreme Court (Pretoria)

Ex parte application of the Incorporated Law Society of the Transvaal versus Nelson Rholihlahla Mandela, for the removal of Mandela's name from the list of attorneys, based on his involvement in the Defiance Campaign and other political activities.

Transvaal Provincial Division of the Supreme Court (Pretoria)

Herbert Shore Collection

Collection of colour photographs of the African National Congress / Congress Alliance leaders, including Nelson Mandela, Oliver Tambo, Ahmed Kathrada, Moses Kotane, Yusuf Dadoo and Dan Tloome, gathered on the roof of Kathrada's flat at Kholvad House in Johannesburg during the 1950s.

Shore, Herbert

Archbishop Trevor Huddleston

Engraved Freedom Charter - original presented to Archbishop Huddleston at the Congress of the
People in Kliptown.

Huddleston, Trevor

Opposed Bail Application

Correspondence on the opposed bail application Lionel Forman, Dorothy Stanley, Reginald September, Nelson Mandela, G.M Naicker and Lawrence Nkosi versus the Attorney General.

Witwatersrand Local Division of the Supreme Court (Johannesburg)

Witwatersrand Local Division of the Supreme Court (Johannesburg)

Refused bail application after arrests for high treason. Lionel Forman, Dorothy Stanley, Reginald September, Nelson Mandela, GM Naicker and Lawrence Nkosi versus the Attorney General of the Transvaal.

Witwatersrand Local Division of the Supreme Court (Johannesburg)

Jürgen Schadeberg series, 1950s, Johannesburg: [4 photographic prints]

Four prints depicting Nelson Mandela in his law office, standing behind his desk and with documents in his hand; Mandela with Ruth First at the ANC Conference in Bloemfontein, with ANC President JS Moroka and Yusuf Dadoo during the Defiance Campaign Trials, Mandela leaving court during the Treason Trial

Schadeberg, Jürgen

Harold and Annemarie Wolpe Papers

Donated by Annemarie Wolpe.
-Mostly newscuttings scrapbooks, albums and folders re Harold Wolpe's escape, Annemarie's arrest, Kantor's arrest and refused bail application, family reaction to arrests, Kantor's acquittal etc. Also cuttings re Rivonia Trial generally.
-Documents including escape story, pamphlets, articles, manuscript of Annemarie's book "The Long Way Home", documents re the Wolpe's becoming citizens of the UK, Harold Wolpe's academic papers, Annemarie Wolpe's prison file.

These papers do not necessarily form a collection discrete from other Liliesleaf Farm collections but have been listed as such for ease of reference. Also see entries for James Kantor Papers, Liliesleaf Farm Audio-Visual Collection, Liliesleaf Farm Artefact Collection, Liliesleaf Farm/Rivonia Trial Research Collection, Percy Yutar Papers.

Untitled

Toni Strassburg Papers

  • ZA UWCRIMA MR-RT-064
  • Collection
  • 1950 - 1960
  • Part of Rivonia Trial

One folder of press cuttings on Treason Trial, bannings and arrests, and Rivonia Trial. Rivonia Trial reports in New York Times and South African newspapers. Also article on Bernstein escape after rearrest after acquittal and escape of Wolpe and Goldreich.

Strassburg, Toni

A. B. Xuma

A.B. Xuma Papers amoung the papers there is a list of ANC list of youth league office bearers. Correspondence form the Youth League.

Xuma, A.B.

South African Institute of Race Relations

SAIRR memoranda, circulars. Letters minutes addresses and printed items relating to subject of Apartheid, Race relations, socialism and communism, includes a file on correspondence with Allan Paton, Nelson Mandela, Dr Essellen, Patric Duncan, Prof Jabavu, Prof Du Plessies, Naidoo etc.

South African Institute of Race Relations

Mandela and Tambo

Photograph of a document from the company Mandela and Tambo attorneys at law requesting the lifting of restriction on Nelson Mandela to enable him to appear on behalf of a client in Hammanskraal Native Commissioner's court. 9 x 12cm

[Unknown]

Extracts from Nelson Mandela's Testimony at the Treason Trial 1956-60

  • ZA COM MR-S-006
  • Item
  • 1960
  • Part of Speeches

Extracts from the testimony by Mandela in 1960, responding as spokesman for the accused to questions from the bench, the prosecution and the defence lawyers on the content of ANC documents and question of violent intent on the part of those on trial.

Mandela, Nelson Rolihlahla

James Kantor Papers

There are legal documents relating to the Rivonia Trial and to Kantor's law firm, personal papers, correspondence and notes from prison, and research and manuscripts for his book. The papers are not fully sorted or listed but some are in numbered folders. They do not necessarily form a collection discrete from other Liliesleaf Farm collections but have been listed as such for ease of reference. Also see entries for Harold and Annemarie Wolpe Papers, Liliesleaf Farm Audio-Visual Collection, Liliesleaf Farm Artefact Collection, Liliesleaf Farm/Rivonia Trial Research Collection.

Legal papers from the Trial include cross examination of Makda in the Rivonia Trial, charges, request by defence for further particulars, replies to request for further particulars by accused #9 and 10, motion to quash the indictment (with ms notes) 26 October 1963, bail application for Kantor and Yutar's reply, Annexure A to the indictment, Annexure B to the indictment, extract of evidence of Kantor. Also Yutar's reply to application to quash, bail application for Kantor and for Bernstein, judgment on bail application (p.1-90 and p.140-144 missing), comments on the evidence by Sergeant C D van Rensburg and Lieutenant Victor, statements by Berman, Fine, Greef, Tlale, Van Niekerk, Williams.

Financial statements from Kantor, Zwarenstein and Partners Law Firm. Payments shown by Kathrada, Wolpe, Hodgson, Ezra. Shows deposit for Liliesleaf Farm. Also other legal documents including transfer of Liliesleaf Farm in November 1961 from D B Fyfe to Novian Pty Limited. Also, a copy of letter from Kantor to staff at his law firm that he had to close it due to the Trial

Personal documents of James Kantor: passport, Defence Force Card, handwritten statement entitled "Details of my trip to Liliesleaf Farm" (5 pages with diagram of farm), personal history and career summary, correspondence (including from prison while being tried), will and other personal papers. Handwritten biographies of Trialists apparently written for Kantor while they were in prison during the trial (laminated), notes written in prison during the trial some on scraps of a chocolate box. One note reads: "Welcome! If that's the right word. What the hell are you doing here? You should be out defending us. Here's a pencil. Guard it with your life. It's worth its weight in gold"

Original typed manuscript for book "A Healthy Grave", various versions of this book some with manuscript additions sometimes called "The Reluctant Revolutionary", research for the book.

Articles: "Introduction to demolition and theory of explosives", newspaper clippings about Wolpe and Goldreich's escape.

These papers do not necessarily form a collection discrete from other Liliesleaf Farm collections but have been listed as such for ease of reference. Also see entries for Harold and Annemarie Wolpe Papers, Liliesleaf Farm Audio-Visual Collection, Liliesleaf Farm Artefact Collection, Liliesleaf Farm/Rivonia Trial Research Collection, Percy Yutar Papers.

Toni Strassburg

Press cuttings- 1960 State of emergency, Treason trail, Rivonia trial press cuttings re banning and house arrests: Hilda an Lionel Bernstein; Helen Joseph; Barbara Harmel; Michael Harmel;
Rica Hodgson; Jack Hodgson; Ann Nicholson; Brian Bunting; Roley Arenstein; Cecil Williams
Scrapbook containing miscellaneous news clippings mainly during the 1950's/ 60's period and
relating primarily to detentions
Toni Strassburg Papers, 1950-1960

Strassburg, Toni

General Strike : Statement by Nelson Mandela on behalf of the National Action Council following the stay-at-home in May 1961

  • ZA COM MR-S-008
  • Item
  • May 1961
  • Part of Speeches

The statement reviewed the successes and weaknesses of the three day stay-at-home in May 1961, as well as the responses to it from journalists, students, trade unions, and from opposing groups like the Pan-Africanist Congress. It also announced the policy of non-collaboration with the government and renewed the call for an intensified international boycott and the complete isolation of South Africa.

Mandela, Nelson Rolihlahla

Demonstrations against proclamation of Republic : Answers to questions by Drum

  • ZA COM MR-S-007
  • Item
  • May 1961
  • Part of Speeches

Occasion - Drum asked several non-European leaders for answers to three questions concerning the planned deomstrations. These were Mr. Mandela's answers.
Summary - The demonstrations will be peaceful and will include work stoppages, meetings and processions. The aim of the protest is to have grievances heard and, ideally, have a national convention to discuss a new constitution.

Mandela, Nelson Rolihlahla

Statement issued by the Honorary Secretary of the All-in-African National Action Council, 1961.06.05: [Set of 4 Images]

  • ZA COM NMPP 2010/51
  • page
  • 1961-06-05
Typed statement issued and signed by Nelson Mandela in his capacity as Secretary of the All-in-African National Action Council. The statement expresses disgust at the action of the authorities in closing the Fort Hare and Healdtown educational institutions, thereby victimising students for participating in a peaceful nation-wide protest (being a stay-away which was organised by the Council to coincide with South Africa's becoming a Republic on 31 May 1961).
Includes covering note and envelope.

Mandela, Nelson Rolihlahla

The struggle is my life : Press statement issued on 26 June 1961

  • ZA COM MR-S-009
  • Item
  • 26 June 1961
  • Part of Speeches

This statement, issued after the positive response to a three day strike, announces a second phase in the fight against Verwoerd, a country-wide campaign of non-cooperation, and announces a National Convention. It also explains his decision, in accordance with the advice of the National Action Council, to carry on his political work underground rather than leaving the country or giving himself up for arrest to a government he did not recognise.

Mandela, Nelson Rolihlahla

Mozambican order of arrest

  • ZA COM NMAP 2010/11
  • Series
  • 1961-10-27
Copies of documents of the Governor of Lourenço Marques, Mozambique, and one photo of Mandela, stuck on black cardboard.
In Portuguese. English translation available.

Unknown

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers

File: treason Trial Defence Fund press summary volumes 28-29
-Regular Bulletin giving a factual resume of the proceedings of the Treason Trial, issued by the
- Treason Trial Defence Fund.
- Treason Trial Defence Fund Press Summary Volumes 31-32
- Treason Trial Defence Fund Press Summary Volume 90 as above
- Treason Trial Defence Fund Press Summary Volume 95 as above
- Treason Trial Defence Fund Press Summary Volume 100 as above
- Treason Trial Defence Fund Press Summary Volume 123 as above

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers

Publications, booklets and pamphlets. These include the following titles: General strike : a report of the three day strike in South Africa ( May29, 30.31 1961) organised by Nelson Mandela (Secretary, National Action Council of South Africa)
Prisoners of Apartheid: a biographical list of political prisoners and banned persons in South Africa/
IDAF in cooperation with UN Centre Against Apartheid South African prisoners and the Red Cross Investigation: an examination by the International
Defence and Aid Fund with prisoners' testimony. Includes general recommendations of the ICRC
sent to the SA government 18 June 1964, the SA government reply, conditions at Leeuwkop,
Robben Island, Victor Verster, Vooruitsig Prison Kroonstad and other prisons, Robert Sobukwe on
Robben Island.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers

Correspondence and other documentation concerning the Treason Trial Defence Fund. Most of the documentation deals with the legal costs for the trial. It includes a letter of gratitude to the Treason Trial Defence Fund, on behalf of the Trialists by Ahmed Kathrada, a list of items up for auction in aid of the Treason Trial Defence Fund as well as a correspondence with those against whom charges were withdrawn. There are also Treason Trial Defence account for the year ended 31 March 1961 and balance sheets as at the date. Correspondents include IA Maisels Canon Collins, Neville D. Vandyke, Reverend AG Sidebotham, Mrs. JF Burnstall, Mary Turok, Freda Levson, Freda Nuell, Bram Fischer, Ros Ainsley, Jack Barnett, Harvey Mitchell, K. Hardie, and Edward Joseph.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers

Drafts and undated memoranda concerning the 1956 Treason Trial. These include full list of the accused, typescripts on the Treason Trial arrests (presumably for publishing) , Christian Action
appeals after arrests, a list of sponsors of the South African Defence Fund, statements by Canon
Collins and Bishop Ambrose Reeves on the ending of the Treason Trial, and article entitled
" Impressions of Johannesburg" written by a foreigner who visited Johannesburg to attend the trial.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers

Correspondence, notes, campaign materials, legal accounts and other documentation concerning the Treason Trial in which 156 members of the Congress Alliance were charged. These include a statement by Canon Collins concerning arrests of the treason Trialists, a document on the difficulties and hardships encountered as a result of arrests and the trial, notes on the legislation involved in the trial, detailed summaries of the preparatory examination, the full list of the 61 accused who were
acquitted after preparatory examination, the professions and status of the accused, Defence and
Aid Fund summaries of income and expenditure, and documentation concerning fund- raising
campaigns by the South African legal Defence Committee under the auspices of Christian Action.
There is also biographical information about the judges in the trial including justice Rumpff, Justice Ludorf and Justice Kennedy, as well as biographies of some of the accused, including Oliver Tambo,
Z.K. Matthews, James Calata, Walter Sisulu, Nelson Mandela, William Conco, Leslie Masina, Chief Albert Luthuli, Billy Nair, Duma Nokwe, Wilton Mkwayi, Helen Joseph and Florence Matomela.
Also included are excerpts from speeches made at an ANC meeting held on 7 April 1954, as reported for the prosecution by Detective Sergeant Matseke Malesela, Correspondents include
Canon John Collins, E S ( Solly ) Sachs and Dr Guy Ruth.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers

Pamphlets issued by Nelson Mandela on behalf of the All in African National Action Council, in
which he calls for a three day strike, in protest against the inauguration of South Africa as a republic.
These include appeals to the people of South West Africa to the student community and to members
of the Transkei an Territorial Authority.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

Nelson Mandela

Kop en skouers foto van gllimlaggende Nelson Mandela, hoogaangeskrewe leier van die ANC ( African National Congress) en stigterlid van Umkhonto we Sizwe= Head and shoulders photo of smiling Nelson Mandela, acclaimed leader of the ANC (African National Congress) and founder member of Umkhonto we Sizwe.
12cmX17 cm

The Treason Trial and other Trials

The Treason Trial. The State versus F Adams and others. In Special Criminal Court constituted in terms of government no. 1701 of 1958. The collection includes the Proceedings 1959 - 1961 (sixty-one volumes) Exhibits 1960 (three volumes)Reasons for Judgment 1961 (four volumes).

Newspaper Clippings

Scrapbook containing Newsclippings dated May-October 1961. Includes clippings related to the
South African politics, reported in international newspapers such as the Guardian, Daily Herald,
New York Tribune, Financial Times, Observer, Daily Telegraph and Evening Standard.

Lionel Forman Papers

Lionel Forman Papers made up of material from the South African treason trial,1959-1961
Indictment Vol 1 and 2, Indictment Vol..3 and incomplete Vol. 4525-4640, Preparatory examination, List of confiscated documents. Background article and notes

Forman, Lionel

Address by Nelson Mandela on Behalf of the ANC delegation to the conference of the Pan-African Freedom Movement of East and Central Africa : A land ruled by the gun

  • ZA COM MR-S-004
  • Item
  • 1962-02-03
  • Part of Speeches

Occasion - Address to the Conference of the Pan-African Freedom Movement of East and Central Africa
Summary - This address summaries the assistance that the international community, especially African states, has given to the freedom fighters in South Africa. It outlines the political and social situation in South Africa and the ANC's responses and move from policies of non-violence to the formation of Umkhonto we Sizwe. The people's resolve to fight is steadfast but the continued support of PAFMECA is crucial.

Mandela, Nelson Rolihlahla

Nelson Mandela Trial

Trial of Nelson Mandela, State versus Nelson Mandela, October 1962, in the Magistrate's Court for the regional division of Transvaal, Pretoria.

Supreme Court of South Africa

Congress of Democrats

Congress of Democrats papers donated by Ben Turok
Minutes of meetings of the Johannesburg Regional Committee 1961-1962
National Consultative Committee 1961-1962
National Executive Committee 1961-1962
Transvaal Region 1962
National Consultative committee constitution
Documents relating to the South African National Convention 1961
Johannesburg City Council, South African Congress of Trade Unions
Jewish Community, Political Education and workers compensation
Correspondence, memoranda, press statements, financial records of the congress of democrats
Newsletters including congress bulletins, counter attack: Bulletin of the South African congress
of democrats, The emergent African Middle class, Combat Fighting Talk etc.
Publications re Chief Albert Luthuli, Bantustans, the Pondo Revolt
Pamphlets relating to amongst other subjects, the sabotage bill, Sharpeville, stay at home education etc.
Passports belonging to Ben Turok
Other general documents

Turok, Ben

ANC Photographic Collection

Photographs of Nelson Mandela in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia prior to his arrest and imprisonment.

African National Congress (ANC)

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers

Correspondence concerning the State versus Nelson Mandela in1962. There is an original letter from Nelson Mandela during his incarceration at Pretoria Prison, to Canon Collins dated 5 November
1962, in which Nelson Mandela acknowledges the support received from Christian Action. Other subjects include the conduct of staff members of the Chief magistrates office during the trial and legal accounts. Correspondents include Canon John Collins, James Kantor, Harold Wolpe, Ruth Finkesltein and Alex Hepple.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers

Campaign materials, Newsclippings and press statement concerning the State versus Nelson
Mandela in 1962. These include letters to the editors of The Times (London) and The Guardian
newspapers concerning the imprisonment of Nelson Mandela and Walter Sisulu, reports on Nelson
Mandela's five-year prison sentence, press statement issued by the Anti- Apartheid in August 1962
calling for messages of support to be sent to Nelson Mandela, and extracts from Canon Collins chairperson's report at the AGM of the Christian Action in November 1962, talking betrayal of Nelson Mandela, the remarkable " Black Pimpernel"

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

Congress of Democrats

Correspondence, minutes, regional and branch news, publications and reports of the Congress of Democrats
Subjects covered include:
Attempts to solicit support for a National Convention in opposition to the inauguration of South Africa
as a Republic. Nelson Mandela’s participation in the PAFMECSA conference in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia in 1962. Public meetings and demonstrations, protesting the arrest of Nelson Mandela in 1962. The inauguration of the Republic of South Africa. Biographical profiles of Nelson Mandela.

Turok, Ben

Trial- State vs. Nelson Mandela

Nelson Mandela’s charges of inciting workers to strike and for leaving South Africa without a valid travel document. Includes a request for further particulars and a reply, application for postponement, exhibits, the statement made by Nelson Mandela, correspondence and press cuttings. Mainly photocopies.

National Archives United Kingdom

Closing case against Nelson Mandela (includes information that Mr. L.J. Blom-Cooper from Amnesty saw the magistrate leaving for lunch with the Security Branch in their car. This led to Nelson Mandela to call the magistrate to recuse himself from the trial but he refused. Confidential report from the British embassy. ( 26 October1962). Nelson Mandela's trial. Report from British embassy. Arrest of Nelson Mandela (including biographical details)
Report from the British embassy, Pretoria to the Foreign office, London.

British Embassy, Pretoria

Eli Weinberg Collection

Collection of photographs covering Nelson Mandela's role in some of the major political events of the 1950s and early 1960s period. The collection has documents on Anti-pass law demonstrations and the Defiance Campaign. The collection also includes a series of photographs of the wedding of Nelson and Winnie Mandela, and various portraits of Nelson Mandela.

Weinberg, Eli

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers

Pamphlets calling for the release of the Rivonia Trialists (international)
Campaigns to save lives of the Rivonia Trialists- Anti Apartheid Movement
Original letter dated 5/11/1962 from Nelson Mandela to Canon Collins, acknowledging support
received from Christian Action. News clippings and campaign material re: Mandela's 5 year prison sentence. Nelson Mandela's testimony at his first trial, 1962 in which he talks extensively about his African trip. Copies and pamphlets calling for 3 day strike in 1961. Newsclippings from Observer, November 1962 re: Nelson Mandela's sentencing to 5 years in prison.
State versus Nelson Mandela 1962: main count particulars to the charge, list of publications,
documents and pamphlets presented as evidence, 1st alternative charge, 2nd alternative charge. Letter to the chief magistrate 16 October 1962 from Kantor Zwarenstein and partners re: conduct
by members of staff concerning State versus Nelson Mandela trial. Correspondence between Harold Wolpe and Canon Collins, October 1962 Correspondence with Canon Collins re: account in the Mandela trial. Correspondence include Ruth Finkelstein, Alex Hepple
Correspondence concerning the trial (Harold Wolpe)
Application for a remand of the trial for two weeks due to Adv. Slovo not being able to present because of his banning orders, 1962
Explanation of charge against Mandela
Extracts from Canon Collins chairperson's report at the AGM of Christian Action, November 1962, where he talks the betrayal of Nelson Mandela the remarkable Black Pimpernel Letters to the editor of the Times, London and the Guardian 1962 concerning the imprisonment of
Nelson Mandela and Walter Sisulu
Press statement issued by the Anti- Apartheid Movement August 1962 calling for messages of
support to be sent to Nelson Mandela.
Pamphlet with Mandela's call for a three day stay away, on behalf of the National Action Council
Draft biographical sketch of Nelson Mandela
All in African National Action Council- appeal to the people of South West Africa, written by Mandela
on behalf of NAC.
As above: appeal to students and scholars
As above: to members of the Transkei Territorial Authority

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers

Legal proceedings concerning the State versus Nelson Mandela in 1962. These material include an application for the remand of the trial due to Advocate Joe Slovo not being present because of his banning orders, the main count, an explanation of the charge against Nelson Mandela particulars to the charge, a list of publications, documents and pamphlets presented as evidence, the first alternative charge, the second alternative charge and Nelson Mandela's testimony in which he refers extensively to his Africa trip.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

Rivonia Trial: Quartus De Wet/Bram Fischer/Dr Percy Yutar

SABC English Service broadcast. Recordings of the proceedings during the Rivonia Trial. Includes recordings of Judge President Quartus De Wet, the prosecutor Dr Percy Yutar and counsel for the defence Bram Fischer. Mandela appears as Accused number 1. Dated 3 December 1963.

South African Broadcasting Corporation (SABC)

Mandela -196+

English Service Actuality Rivonia Trial- Quartu De Wet/ Bram Fischer/Dr Percy Yuter
Recordings of the proceedings during the Rivonia trial sabotage Trial with actuality by the Judge president Quartus De Wet, the public prosecutor, Percy Yuter and counsel for defence, Bram Fischer( State's case) Mandela appears as accused no.1.

RECORDBC 19631203

South African Broadcasting Corporation [DO NOT USE]

Masemola, Japhta

Statement to police by former Robben Island political prisoner, Japhta Masemola dated 22-04-1963
and photographs.

Masemola, Japhta

The Nationalist (Tanzanian newspaper)

1964, Race war in S.A. imminent
S Africa accuses UThant of partiality. Churches urged to act on South Africa. Widespread police raids follow Job bombing. ANC praises Mwalimu's stand on South Africa. Freedom leader asks for S.A. action including the release of Nelson Mandela, South African issue, South African police resume raids on Cape Town Homes increased prison repression on political prisoners. We regret to announce their deaths, Vuyisile Mini, Wilson Khayingo, Zinakile Mkaba ( Dulcie et decorum) Hanged in Pretoria.

Nationalist

Records of ANC Morogoro Office

Four publications relate to the Rivonia Trial:
-On Trial for Their Lives, Mary Benson, 1965
-Reasons for Plunging South Africa into Guerrilla Warfare, Walter Sisulu, 1964
-On Violence in South Africa, Ahmed Kathrada, 1964
(all Box 18, folder 167)
-An Afrikaner against Apartheid, Bram Fischer, 1966 (Box 8, folder 69)

African National Congress (ANC) Morogoro Office

Tanganyika Standard

Articles on South Africa in Tanzanian daily newspaper, 1963. Include the following related to the Rivonia Trial:
-Four escape S.A. police
-Escape trio on way
-Cell guards coshed in escape - police: SA. Exits watched
-Mystery fire at airport delays Goldreich's arrival in Dar
-Escapers due in second freedom flight
-Airline doubts over safety: EAA recalls rescue plane: flight to Mbeya
-Goldreich and Wolpe fly out: Stops in Federal territory avoided
-ANC fearful of another kidnap plot
-Goldreich and Wolpe "evil traitors"

Tanganyika Standard

National Intelligence Agency Archive

Inventory accessed contains one manuscript (bound photocopy in three parts) in Nelson Mandela's handwriting: "How to be a Good Communist; Dialectical Materialism; Political Economy". Preceding the manuscript are two pages from Mandela's Statement from the Dock (pages 45 and 46) and a photocopy of a sub-file indicating what the manuscript is about and that is was seizd at Rivonia.

There may be other records related to the Rivonia Trial in this archive

Untitled

Mandela -196+

English Service Class Actuality Program Rivonia Trial - A short summary of the Rivonia Trial case the verdict and the passing of sentences by Judge president Quartus de Wet.

RECORD BC 19640611

South African Broadcasting Corporation [DO NOT USE]

The Tanganyika Standard (Daily Newspaper in Tanzania )

Newspaper articles on South Africa 1963
Hard bargaining between western powers and South African States: Arms embargo on South Africa. Liberation a burden for all Africa, More arms support arms embargo to South Africa, End trading with South Africa Nyerere, South Africa urged to heed U.N. and strive for racial harmony: Uthant attacks apartheid, S.A. on brink of disaster, Four escape S.A. police, Escape trio on way, Cell guards coshed in escape - police: SA. Exits watched, Expel S. Africa call to U.N.: Arms blockade suggested, Mystery fire at airport delays Goldreich's arrival in Dar, Escapers due in second freedom flight, Airline doubts over safety: EAA recalls rescue plane: flight To Mbeya, Goldreich and Wolpe fly out: Stops in Federal territory avoided, ANC fearful of another kidnap plot, Beware of the avalanche South Africa told. The Hodgsons in Tanganyika and fighting on, Goldreich and Wolpe "evil traitors, Scandinavians give Verwoed a chance: Find alternative to apartheid. Daily Newspaper in Tanzania on South Africa.

Tanganyika Standard

PACSA Collection

PC 11/1/7/1
Rivonia Treason Trial 1963 - Biographies of the accused including Nelson R. Mandela

I am prepared to die : Nelson Mandela's statement from the dock at the opening of the defence case in the Rivonia Trial

  • ZA COM MR-S-010
  • Item
  • 20 April 1964
  • Part of Speeches

In this, the opening of the Defence case, Mandela states that his experiences in South Africa and his pride as an African underlie his actions. He details how and why Umkhonto we Sizwe was formed and what its strategies were. He also responds to the allegations of the State one by one and includes an explanation of both his ideological influences and his ideals.

Mandela, Nelson Rolihlahla

Lionel Shapiro Collection, 1964, Pretoria: [Set of 7 still images]

The photos are taken on 12 June 1964, the day of the verdict in the Rivonia Trial. Lionel Shapiro took the photos whilst studying at Wits and taking pictures once a week for the student paper. Nelson Mandela leaving court in a prison van, protestors, Winnie Mandela and Mandela's mother.

The collection consists of 4 photographs - LS001: Winnie Mandela and Mandela's mother, Nosekeni leaving court; LS002: June Mlangeni leaving the court; LS003: The trialists leaving court after the sentencing in a prison van. Mandela is the first person on the left in the van; and LS004: A supporter outside the court with placard "We are proud of our leaders".

Shapiro, Lionel

Rivonia Trial

UNISA bought the microfilm from CAMP (Cooperative Africana Microfilm Project). These were transferred from the Archives and Special Collections.

Reel FI4059:
-Starts on list of evidence and exhibits (incomplete)
-Charge
-First indictment
-Annexure B to Indictment: The defence request for further particulars and State's reply thereto Part I and II
-Notice of application to quash indictment (27 October 1963)
-Heads of argument re application to quash by Bram Fischer and Percy Yutar's reply
-Second indictment
-Annexure A to indictment: Particulars to the counts set out in the indictment
-Annexure C
-Annexure B
-Notice to quash (22 November 1963)
-Heads of argument
-Bail applications of Bernstein and Kantor and judgment on application
-Opening address by Percy Yutar
-Index to state witnesses and exhibits
-Statements by witnesses including, amongst others, Makda, Mtolo, Davids, Mashiloane, Sulliman, Jaantjies, Jelliman. Card
-Notes on state witnesses evidence taken by defence (volumes 1-4 and extra piece in volume 5). Incomplete.

Reel FI4060:
-Continuation of witness statements including Mtolo,
-Notes on state witnesses evidence taken by defence
-Record of state witnesses in regard to James Kantor: Makda, Gibson, Kleynhans, Cox, First, Fenn, van Rensburg
-Analysis of state evidence by defence
-Defence opening address and Nelson Mandela's (sic) Statement from the Dock
-Walter Sisulu's evidence volume 1 (p.1-155), volume 2 (p. 156-296)

Reel FI4061:
-Walter Sisulu's evidence volume 3 (p. 297-356), volume 4 (p. 357-464)
-Ahmed Kathrada's evidence
-Raymond Mhlaba's evidence
-Lionel Bernstein's evidence (with notes)
-Denis Goldberg's evidence and cross examination by Mr Krog
-Govan Mbeki's evidence (includes notes passed between defence (?) team

FI4062:
-Elias Motsoaledi's statement (4 pages)
-Andrew Mlangeni's statement
-Analysis of defence evidence and notes on argument
-Judgement
-Evidence in mitigation of sentence and judgement on sentence
-Photographs of Rivonia
-Index of accused and co-conspirators and photographs
-Plans of Mountain view and Liliesleaf Farm
-List of documents found by police in raids
-Statement prepared by Nelson Mandela in his handwriting
-Evidence prepared by Sisulu in his handwriting
-Handwritten statement prepared by Sisulu in event of receiving the death sentence

It appears that these microfilms are a defence set and, according to the archivist, the originals came from Joel Joffe. However, they are not identical to the defence set of trial records at Wits (AD1844). That set contains some material that these microfilm do not and this set contains some material that Wits' does not (most notably, Sisulu's evidence and Goldberg's evidence are both complete in UNISA's and not at Wits). The reason for the differences are not known.

Untitled

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers: South African Political Prisoners: The life we led 1963-1966

  • ZA UWCRIMA MR-RT-079
  • Collection
  • 1956 - 1964
  • Part of Rivonia Trial

Manuscript of "South African Political Prisoners: The Life We Led 1963-1966" by Mahlubi L Mrwetyana. Reference to Robben Island prison conditions including for Rivonia Trialists. File on Race Relations with completed questionnaires and extensive notes on prison conditions in South Africa 1956-1961; file with material on families; biographical notes on some of the persons persecuted by the government of the Republic of South Africa for their opposition to the policies of apartheid, 30 May 1964. The list includes Nelson Mandela and other Rivonia Trialists. The list is fairly extensive. File re IRC visits to South African prisons 1964; copies of the letter and reports sent to B J Vorster (Minister of Justice) by the ICRC, June 18 1964 re: conditions in South African prisons (Robben Island, State farm prison, Victor Verster, various police stations in Pretoria and Johannesburg, Pretoria Prison, Leeuwkop, Prison Vooruitsig, Kroonstad, Pretoria Prison, T B Hospital Sonderwater).

Not available for inspection at time of this audit.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

Criminal Court Case No. 253/1963 (The State versus N Mandela and Others)

  • ZA NARSSA MR-RT-093
  • Collection
  • 1963 - 1964
  • Part of Rivonia Trial

The records of the Supreme Court of South Africa (Transvaal Provincial Division) on the proceedings of the Rivonia Trial. Transferred to National Archives in 1994. Incomplete on transfer. Existent records are:

File cover with handwritten notes, including the sentences that were passed. The clerk of the court recorded the sentences that were passed together with the names of the accused on the cover of a file in blue ink.

Extracts of evidence by state witnesses (3 vols). These volumes include records by the attorney for the accused, Mr. B Fischer, applying for the postponement of the proceedings and the reply by Dr Yutar, the State’s main prosecutor. Further records include the verbatim transcriptions of evidence given by state witnesses.

Evidence for defence (1 vol.). Include verbatim transcriptions of evidence given by Ahmed Kathrada, Raymond Mhlaba, Lionel Bernstein and Govan Mbeki.

Rivonia Exhibits (1 vol.). The exhibits include documents seized by the police at Liliesleaf and deals with topics such as the Transkei; Operation Mayibuye; the new draft programme of the South African Communist Party (SACP); names and addresses of ANC and SACP members; a copy of Sibanye, a newsletter; documents discussing problems in the democratic movement, the Nationalists invasion scare, the general predictions for 1963; handwritten notes on freedom movements elsewhere in Africa; an article by E Rosenthal on General De Wet; a syllabus on the fundamental principles of Marxism; a pamphlet named 'A Call to the Youth'; a manual on rock blasting; the rules of the SACP; sketch of Tunisia; handwritten notes on the Kenya Youth Wing Organisations; SACP newsletter on the China/India border dispute; statement by the SACP on conditions in South Africa; document on the differences in the communist movement; invoices from Ace Auto electricians; press statement by Nelson Mandela on 26 June 1961.

State’s Concluding Address (4 vols). These volumes are divided into three parts. The first part deals with a factual analysis of documentary exhibits handed in, and of oral testimony given, by state witnesses. Part two deals with a factual analysis of the documentary exhibits handed in, and of the oral testimony given, by state witnesses (continued). The third part deals with the Rivonia exhibits.

Two volumes consisting of Judge’s remarks in passing sentence; the Attorney General for the Transvaal’s statement explaining which of the accused was found guilty of what offences; a part of the judgement and verbatim transcriptions of the court proceedings

Judgement (1 vol.).

Dictabelts covering the whole case (8 vols).

These records, together with the Prosecution Records received from Brenthurst Library, will at some stage become one group.

Department of Justice

The State versus Nelson Mandela and Nine Others

Partial record of the State versus Nelson Mandela and nine others. Contains: State's Concluding Address : Part 2: The persons who were parties to the conspiracy and the implementation thereof (OP12099), Part.4: A factual analysis of the defence case and of the further documentary exhibits produced in the course thereof (OP12100); and Judgment and Sentence (1 volume: OP12098).

Department of Justice

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers

Mandela Vigil St Paul's June 1964
Correspondence (June 1964) concerning the vigils held at St Paul's and outside the South African
embassy in London to coincide with the sentencing of the Rivonia Trialists. Correspondence include Canon Collins, Manuela Sykes, Dorothy Robison, Archbishop of Canterbury. Campaigns by Christian Action and the Anti- Apartheid Movement
Lists of suggested contacts in connection with the vigil.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

Ballinger Family Papers

Ballinger papers focussing on Anti- Apartheid and trade union struggles, in the collection there is correspondents Department of native Affairs Messrs Mandela and Tambo (Attorneys and the Native Commissioner (Zeerust) disputes between of the Bahurutse. Correspondence requesting help for Nelson Mandela Studying LLB at the University of the Witwatersrand.

Ballinger

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