The photos are taken on 12 June 1964, the day of the verdict in the Rivonia Trial. Lionel Shapiro took the photos whilst studying at Wits and doing pictures once a week for the student paper. Nelson Mandela leaving court in a prison van, protestors, Winnie Mandela and Mandela's mother.
The collection consists of 4 photographs - LS001: Winnie Mandela and Mandela's mother, Nosekeni leaving court; LS002: June Mlangeni leaving the court; LS003: The trialists leaving court after the sentencing in a prison van. Mandela is the first person on the let in the van; and LS004: A supporter outside the court with placard "We are proud of our leaders".
The Rivonia Trial, arguably the most significant political trial in South African history, generated a vast archive, ranging from the official court records to media coverage of the trial. This database, and the records audit on which it is built, constitutes a first step towards documenting the archive. The need for the database was determined by the fragmentary and scattered nature of the archive.
Following Nelson Mandela’s sentencing on 7 November 1962, the Pretoria Magistrates Court issued a warrant committing him to prison for five years. He had been convicted and sentenced that day to three years for on charges of “inciting to trespass laws” (to strike) and two for leaving South Africa without a passport. It was stipulated that the two sentences were to run consecutively. The second Warrant of Committal was issued by the Transvaal Provincial Division of the Supreme Court of South Africa on June 12, 1964, the same day the judge handed down a sentence of life imprisonment for Mr Mandela and his colleagues, who was convicted on four counts of sabotage in the Rivonia Trial. The first two counts were for contravening Section 21(1) of the General Laws Amendment Act (Sabotage Act) No. 76 of 1962; the third in contravention of Section 11(a), read with Sections 1 and 12 of Act No. 44 of 1950; and the fourth was for contravening Section 3(1) (6), read with Section 2 of Act No. 8 of 1953 (as amended).
The international movement of solidarity with the struggle for freedom in South Africa was arguably the biggest social movement the world has seen. Virtually every country in the world has a history of anti-apartheid activity, in diverse forms. In many countries, anti-apartheid activities were linked (formally or informally) with local struggles against oppression of many kinds. Most anti-apartheid movements (AAMs) did not restrict their activities to South Africa, but supported liberation movements in Southern Africa more broadly. Besides individual countries, a range of regional and international organisations added their voices to the struggles against apartheid.
What follows is an overview of some of the extant archival records of this extraordinary history. It is a first step towards a more comprehensive picture; it is at this point but a marker.
Hundreds of books have been written about the late Nelson Mandela in many countries and in many languages. Even more books have covered topics with him as a reference. Still more books, in virtually every genre and about most subjects, refer to him, his experiences and his leadership.
Nelson Mandela has been the subject of numerous documentaries, feature films and news specials. This list is not exhaustive. Any additions or comments would be gratefully received, please reach us via firstname.lastname@example.org. To see whether the NMF has copies of these films please check the NMF Film & Sound Collection.
The transcriptions contained within this collection encompass all of the roles that Mr Mandela filled both before and during his retirement. This is an ongoing exercise as we continually identify additional speeches made by Mr Mandela. Every speech is verified prior to accessioning.
The Nelson Mandela Tributes Database consists of tributes, and awards bestowed on the late Mr Nelson Mandela. It includes tributes, awards and honours he received while in prison, after his release, while he was President of South Africa, during his retirement and posthumously.
Material collected in the course of preparing the book “Mandela: The Authorised Portrait”: 54 typed interview transcripts; 55 cassette tapes; 9 digital audio mini disks (with interviews); 7 3.5" floppy disks (transcripts), with data transferred to 1 CD. The interviews were carried out by Tim Couzens and Amina Frense in 2005.
Files of the legal firm Frank, Bernadt & Joffe concerning certain legal matters pertaining to its client, Mr. Nelson Mandela, between 1966 and 1990. These papers detail examples of his endeavours to secure rights for prisoners through challenging the legality of acts carried out by prison officers, his opposing of the state's attempt to have him struck off the role of attorneys, family-related matters, etc.
Documents accumulated by Sahm Venter from ca. 1984-2002 as part of her work as a journalist as well as a dedicated political activist during the struggle for liberation in South Africa. The documents have been categorised and arranged by the following subjects or formats: Personal papers Organisations / Community based organisations Court cases, Petitions and Appeals Speeches and writings Universities Publications.
23 interviews conducted by Anna Trapido in the making of her cookbook "Hunger for Freedom" a gastro-political biography of Mr. Mandela's journey from his boyhood through his life before and after his imprisonment, to the presidential banquets. It includes some personal and political anecdotes of people who were involved in one way or the other with Mr. Nelson Mandela. Transcripts of most interviews are available as printouts and electronic copies on CD.
Photographic slide shows produced by Peter Magubane, covering the 1970s - ca. 2000: A. Madiba: apartheid and resistance; with Nelson Mandela since his release with Winnie, Graca, the Sisulus, Oliver Tambo, inauguration, Tutu, rallies B. June 16th: Soweto uprising; with Brenda Fassie’s song Memesa C. 8115 Orlando West: mainly in and around the house; Winnie and the children
The collection is made up of copies of material from Motsamayi Mpho and his participation in the struggle for liberation in South Africa. The collection has the rare 1950s and early 60s collection of newspaper clippings amongst which is a photo of Nelson Mandela in Tunisia and Ethiopia. There are copies of private correspondence. The collection has been organised in the following categories: correspondence, Women's Anti pass Campaign, speeches, pamphlets and publications.
Photos of the preferred site dedication ceremony for the establishment of the Nelson Mandela Children’s Hospital on the occasion of the Nelson Mandela Children’s Fund (NMCF) Annual Children’s Celebration.
Manuscripts and transcripts of interviews of Rica Hodgson in the making of her autobiography, Foot Soldier for Freedom. Also includes copies of newsclippings and messages of condolence received by the Hodgson family on the death of Jack Hodgson.
Interview of Achmat Dangor, the CEO of the Nelson Mandela Foundation, for the e.TV program Inside Out on 1. The work of the Foundation 2. The Centre of Memory and Dialogue 3. The 7th Nelson Mandela Annual lecture 4. Nelson Mandela Day 5. 46664 6. Achmat Dangor's work as a writer.
This series consists of two letters smuggled out of Robben Island in 1977. Mac Maharaj gave them to Judge Thumba Pillay of legal firm of Pillay Seedat & Co. The letters are written by Nelson Mandela and Ahmed Kathrada, both of them wishing to appoint the firm to act on their behalf in legal proceedings against the Department of Prisons. Since the authorities refused contact with their attorneys, they had to use this "illegal" method to seek legal representation. The collection includes an envelope that Judge Pillay had posted addressed to his law firm. He did this in the event that the Security Police questioned him about how he received the letters, he would be able to prove that they were posted anonymously to him. A second donation of Judge Thumba Pillay contains correspondence and documents (mainly copies) pertaining to the case of Mandela vs Minister of Prisons.
Copies of Len Sak Cartoons in the Sowetan newspaper during the 3 years leading up to the elections in April 1994. Some of the cartoons were used for a virtual exhibition "The Cartoons of Len Sak 1990 to 1994".
Resolution of the Council of the District of Columbia declaring Wednesday, June 16, 1993 "South African Youth Day" in the District of Columbia, accompanied by proclamation of South African Youth Day in the city of Washington, D.C. by the Mayor of the District of Columbia.
Jack Swart was Mr Mandela's warder and chef from 7 Dec 1988 to 11 Feb 1990 at Victor Verster Prison. This collection includes notes by Mandela to Swart, correspondence, photographs, recipes and menus of the food Swart cooked for Mandela, and a manuscript of Swart's life story in Afrikaans. It includes a video clip of the drive from the Victor Verster House to the prison gates that Mandela would have taken on 11 Feb 1990 when he was released.
The collection consists of a report of 3 visits by Dr Jacques Moreillon as ICRC Delegate General for Africa to Robben Island (1973, 1974 and 1975) and his meetings with Nelson Mandela during and after his incarceration. It also includes a manuscript, “Moments with Madiba”; a letter to Mandela dated 25 April 2005; and a brief resume of Moreillon, dated 2009. The report and manuscript cover the period 1963-2004, focusing on 1973 onwards.
Mandela- and ANC-related materials from the former Anti-Apartheid Movements in the Netherlands. Included is a large collection of digital photos from the Solomon Mahlangu Freedom College (ANC) in Tanzania, as well as some other ‘ANC in exile’ photos, documents, t-shirts, and other memorabilia. The materials were created by the ANC, IDAF, and others.
Photograph of Nelson Mandela signing the President's Bible during his inauguration, 10 May 1994, Union Buildings, Pretoria, South Africa. Zenani Mandela stands behind him, as well as FW de Klerk and his wife. Signed by photographer William A. Br[?] (illegible).
The collections consists of documents, memorial booklets, pamphlets, photographs and musical sheets of struggle songs. It includes a letter signed by Walter Sisulu and appendices, from the National Action Council of the Congress of the People; several photographs taken during Nelson Mandela's trip through Africa in 1962, in Morroco.
Judge Richard Goldstone was appointed as chair of the Commission of Inquiry Regarding the Prevention of Public Violence and Intimidation in Ocotber 1991 by President F W de Klerk, to investigate political violence and intimidation that occurred between July 1991 and the 1994 general election that ended apartheid in South Africa. It became known as the Goldstone Commission.
Sita’s 1963 diary, with additional entries from 1962. Also includes leaflets: “The Group Areas Act & Mr. Nana Sita” (1964?), SA Indian Congress, London; and pamphlets: “I Accuse!” Speeches to court by Nelson Mandela, 1962-1963 trial (origin unknown); “South Africa’s Treason Trial” (1957), “Afrika!” Publications, Johannesburg.
Sita had concealed these documents in a cushion to avoid them being confiscate during raids by the security police at her family home. In 2008, Sita gifted the cushion to Mandela for his 90th birthday stating on an accompanying note that he will find the contents of the cushion interesting. When the gift was received, the cushioned was unstitched revealing the documents.
Digitised copies of audio interviews conducted by Sam Shakong with Jonas Gwangwa, family, friends, and colleagues for the biography Sam Shakong and Elinor Sisulu are preparing. The draft introduction to the book and several transcripts are included.
Includes 4 textual items: copy of article "Rivonia: The Story of Accused no. 11 by Bob Hepple, reprinted from Social Dynamics 30:1 (2004); Note by Hepple (papers listed in the note were not received); Document Rivonia Trial - Mandela's comment on evidence of Walter Sisulu and copy of letter by Sisulu to Hepple; Programme of ANC 70th anniversary concert, London. Includes Cantata in homage of Mandela.
The Nelson Mandela Annual Lecture Series invites prominent people to drive debate on significant social issues. The lecture series is an important event on the Foundation's calendar, and encourages people to enter into dialogue – often about difficult subjects – in order to address the challenges we face today.
This series is divided into 2 subseries: I: Nelson Mandela’s 3 passports, including his first legal passport, which was issued on 19 February 1990. II: A copy of the death certificate of Mandela’s mother, Fanny Nosekeni Mandela and 6 Methodist church membership cards (Sunday School).
This series consists of 28 notebooks, 11 folders of notes written on a variety of sheets of paper, in notebooks and diaries by Nelson Mandela. It also includes 2 diaries kept by his secretaries. It contains Nelson Mandela’s handwritten notes from the time of his release until his retirement from politics. There are also desk diaries from the Presidential period. It documents deliberations, personal thoughts, important meetings with heads of state, ANC meetings and communication with comrades, formal and informal discussion with people from all walks of life. Also included are notes received from other people by Mr Mandela.