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Afravision / Video News Services

Unedited video footage of speeches and interviews delivered by Nelson Mandela after his release
from prison, as well as appearances at different events.
The collection includes coverage and reports on:
Mandela's isolation during the 1989 prisoner hunger strike, Celebrations of his release from prison, held at Soweto, Bisho, Durban, Port Elizabeth and Cape Town. The 48th National Conference of the African National Congress (ANC) Press briefings on various issues, such as the Inkathagate.
Mandela's address to the nation on the assassination of Chris Hani, Freedom Charter rally at Kliptown, Convention for a Democratic South Africa (CODESA).Congress of South African Trade Union (COSATU) congresses, Boipatong massacre. Interviews conducted for a five-part documentary series on the history of the ANC Ulibambe lingashoni - Hold Up The Sun

Video News Services

African National Congress Norway Mission

Records of the African National Congress Norway mission.
The records include correspondence, news clippings, statements and photographs concerning:
The Nelson Mandela 70th birthday concert; Congratulatory messages on Mandela’s release from prison; Nelson Mandela’s visits to Norway, and the work of the Mandela Reception Committee (1990 - 1992). The Nelson Mandela Memorial Coin (1991). The awarding of the Nobel Peace Prize to Nelson Mandela (1993).
Speeches delivered by Nelson Mandela during his visits to Scandinavian countries
Mandela Nelson -visit to Norway 1992
Athens Medical Centre: Correspondence - Invitation to Mandela to visit Greece

African National Congress (ANC) Norway Mission

African National Congress Senegal Mission

Records of the African National Congress Senegal Mission.
The records includes documentation concerning the Nelson Mandela International Reception Committee, and an original invitation to Nelson Mandela from the president-elect of Mali. Correspondence with Dakar president Holding Kebe. Full text of Nelson Mandela address to the people on the day of his release from prison 11th February 1990
Document de Mandela

African National Congress (ANC) Senegal Mission

Madiba -1990

Radio South Africa actuality of the state president of South Africa Mr Willem de Klerk who announces the release of political prisoner Mr Nelson Mandela from the Victor Verster prison near Paarl.

RECORDBC1990021

SABC Sound Archives

Radio Suid-Afrika

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on programmes such as Monitor, Spitstyd and Kaleidoscope. Includes reports and interviews on the following:
Biographical history of Nelson Mandela. The release of Nelson Mandela from prison, and reactions of political leaders in parliament to the news of his release. Statements and addresses by Nelson Mandela to the US congress. Nelson Mandela's visit to West Germany. African National Congress (ANC) policies. The ANC's first national congress held in South Africa after it's unbanning. The South African negotiation process, the CODESA talks and the Government of National Unity. The relationship between the ANC and the South African Communist Party. Political violence in the 1990s, including the Boipatong massacre.

South African Broadcasting Corporation [DO NOT USE]

Radio Sesotho

Programmes broadcast on Radio Sesotho.
Subjects include Nelson Mandela's release from prison and his inauguration as the first democratically elected President of South Africa.
Language: Sesotho

South African Broadcasting Corporation [DO NOT USE]

Vanderbilt University Archive

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on channels such as ABC, CBC, CNN, NBC and Nightline. Includes footage and reports covering the impending and actual release of Nelson Mandela from prison:
Winnie Mandela, Walter Sisulu, Dullah Omar, Allan Boesak and Archbishop Desmond Tutu talking about the impending release of Nelson Mandela. Comments from Pik Botha, Foreign Affairs Minister. Pressure being placed on the South African government by anti-apartheid lobby groups for Nelson Mandela’s release. Meetings between Nelson Mandela and FW De Klerk in which the issue of Nelson Mandela’s possible release was discussed. F W De Klerk’s announcement in Parliament of Nelson Mandela's release from prison. Nelson Mandela’s first moments of freedom after spending 27 years in prison, and his speech at a welcome home rally held on the Grand Parade in Cape Town. Celebrations across South Africa. The reactions of South African and international leaders, across the political spectrum, to the news of Nelson Mandela’s release from prison. Celebrations on subsequent anniversaries of Nelson Mandela’s release.

ABC

Vanderbilt University Archive

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on channels such as ABC, CBC, CNN, NBC and Nightline. Includes footage and reports on:
Nelson Mandela and Walter Sisulu’s long-term political imprisonment. The possibility of the release of Govan Mbeki, Nelson Mandela’s fellow comrade, Rivonia Trials and political prisoner. Moving of Nelson Mandela to Victor Verster Prison. Visits to Nelson Mandela by Winnie Mandela and other family members. The possible role played by the CIA in Nelson Mandela’s 1962 arrest. Nelson Mandela talking to television reporters about his prison years. A recording of Nelson Mandela’s Statement from the Dock at the Rivonia Trial.

ABC

G. Robert Vincent Voice Library

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on ABC, CBS, CNN, C-Span and PBS. Includes:
FW De Klerk's announcement of the release of Nelson Mandela from prison. Reactions by US political leaders to the news of Nelson Mandela's release from prison. Interviews with Makaziwe Mandela, Sydney Mufamadi, Patrick Lekota and the others, at the time when journalists await the release of Mandela from Victor Verster Prison.
Speeches delivered by Nelson Mandela to supporters in Cape Town and Soweto, after his release.
The conferment of the Freedom of the City of New York to Nelson Mandela by Mayor David Dinkins.
Mandela's speeches to joint sessions of the US Congress, and to the United Nations Security Council.
Mandela's visit to the White House after his election as the first democratically elected President of South Africa.
An interview with Nelson Mandela conducted prior to his arrest and imprisonment. Mandela talking about his 27 years of imprisonment.

ABC

NIZA Memorabilia Collection

Collection of anti-apartheid memorabilia produced by, amongst other organisations, the ANC, International Defence and Aid Fund, Netherlands Institute for Southern Africa and the Anti-Apartheid Movement. Includes t-shirts and wall hangings.

Netherlands Institute for Southern Africa (NIZA)

Norwegian Labour Movement Archives and Library: Photographic Collection

Collection of photographs of Nelson Mandela's visits to Norway. Includes images of Nelson Mandela inside the Norwegian parliament, street scenes, and the awarding of the Nobel Peace Prize to Mandela and De Klerk. There are images of both Nelson Mandela and FW De Klerk addressing the audience, as well as photographs of family members and close friends in attendance, including Zenani Mandela and Pik Botha. There are also images of anti-De Klerk protesters outside.
Photographs are by Terje Akerhaug, Stein Marienborg and Arne Ove Bergo.

Norwegian Labour Movement

Govan Mbeki Papers

A collection consisting primarily of 35mm colour transparencies, covering:
International and South African campaigns for the release of Nelson Mandela. Celebrations of Mandela's release from prison. Photographs taken immediately after Mandela's release from prison. Mandela's re-union with Oliver Tambo during his visit to Sweden (1991). Mandela's family home in Qunu. Photographs with Winnie Mandela, Oliver Tambo, Adelaide Tambo, Archbishop Trevor Huddleston and Douglas Hurd. Performers (Johnny Clegg, David Serame, The Manhattans, Jonas Gwangwa and Hugh Masekela) at the Free Mandela / 70th birthday celebration concert, held at Wembley Stadium (1988).
Mandela at the Wembley concert that celebrated his release from prison (1990). Portraits of Mandela.
Photographers include Paul Weinberg, Gordon Metz, Order Elias on and Anna Zieminski.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

Wolfie Kodesh Personal Papers

Collection of documents and photographs, including a photocopy of a biographical profile of Nelson Mandela written by Wolfie Kodesh.
Other subjects include:
The meeting between Nelson Mandela and Oliver Tambo's in Stockholm, Sweden (1990). The full text of Nelson Mandela's response to the conditional offer of freedom made in parliament by the State President PW Botha. Statement issued by Ismail Ayob, on behalf of Nelson Mandela, on the protection of Nelson Mandela's name from being abused, Nelson Mandela Freedom at 70 campaign. The full text of Nelson Mandela's speech at the Grand Parade in Cape Town on the day of his release from prison in 1990

Kodesh, Wolfie

Mandela -196+

Radio South Africa- Interview
Radio Today- Dr M Buthelezi, Mr. F.W. De Klerk
Report by Manas Tsungu on a meeting between the State President of South Africa, Mr. FW
De Klerk and chief Mangosuthu Buthelezi of Kwa Zulu with actuality of the two leaders who refer to
the issue of negotiations and the possible release of Nelson Mandela.

RECORDBC 19891130

South African Broadcasting Corporation [DO NOT USE]

Vanderbilt University Archive

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on channels such as CBS, CNN, ABC and NBC. Includes footage and reports of honours conferred on Nelson Mandela:
Celebrations in South Africa of the tenth anniversary of Nelson Mandela's release from prison. The awarding of the Congressional Gold Medal to Nelson Mandela by US President Bill Clinton. The conferment of an honorary degree on Nelson Mandela by Harvard University. The awarding of the Nobel Peace Prize to Nelson Mandela and F W De Klerk. A referendum in Boston calling for a separate city encompassing black neighbourhoods. Stevie Wonder’s acceptance of an Oscar award in honour of Nelson Mandela.

ABC

Vanderbilt University Archive

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on channels such as ABC, CBC, CNN, NBC and Nightline. Includes footage and reports on the following:
Reports of the Reagan Administration’s support of the release of Nelson Mandela from prison. President Reagan’s attitude towards Nelson Mandela and his views on negotiations with the African National Congress (ANC). Senator Edward Kennedy’s tour of South Africa, which included a meeting with Winnie Mandela. A report that the CIA was instrumental in Nelson Mandela’s arrest. Oliver Tambo and Nelson Mandela as leaders of the ANC. US Congress delegation visit to South Africa, and meeting with Foreign Minister Pik Botha, and their request to visit Nelson Mandela not permitted. The impact of economic sanctions against South Africa, with Nelson Mandela mentioned. US Secretary of State George Shultz’s visit to South Africa, and an explanation by him on US policy towards South Africa, including a demand for the release of Nelson Mandela. Anti-apartheid demonstrations in New York, with calls for the release of Nelson Mandela. Nelson Mandela’s visit to the US after his release from prison. Nelson Mandela reported as being inspired by the American ideal.
The amount of money raised for the ANC during Mandela’s US visit. Visits by Nelson Mandela to Oakland, Los Angeles, Miami, Atlanta, Boston and New York City. Nelson Mandela addressing the US Congress. The meeting of Nelson Mandela with President Bush at the White House, and reportedly urging President Bush to maintain economic sanctions against South Africa. Remarks by Nelson Mandela about Libyan leader Muammar Kadhafi, Palestinian Liberation Organisation Leader Yasser Arafat and Cuban leader Fidel Castro. Senator Edward Kennedy with Nelson Mandela. People commenting on what Nelson Mandela symbolises. The meeting of Nelson Mandela with Secretary of State James Baker and other national leaders.
Comments by George Bush on Nelson Mandela's release from prison. A celebration of Independence Day in the US, where President Bill Clinton awards medals to Nelson Mandela and FW De Klerk. Nelson Mandela speaking about the challenge in Africa for the US. Statements by President Mandela and President Clinton during Nelson Mandela’s first official visit to the US and the welcoming ceremony at the White House. President Nelson Mandela’s address to a joint session of Congress. Mandela’s meeting with Louis Farrakhan US Vice President Al Gore’s visit to South Africa, and his meeting with Nelson Mandela. Hillary Clinton’s visit to South Africa with scenes shown from Robben Island. Bill Clinton’s visit to South Africa, and his meetings with Nelson Mandela. The White House reception held for Nelson Mandela in the latter part of his Presidency. The awarding of the Congressional Gold Medal to Nelson Mandela by Clinton. A statement by Mandela that Muammar el-Kadhafi has promised to turn over the suspects in the bombing of Pan AM Flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland. Nelson Mandela commenting on the relationship between the US and Iraq, saying that no country should be allowed to take the law into their own hands. Statements by Nelson Mandela that President Bush is undermining the United Nations.

ABC

Komitee Zuidelijk Afrika Photograph Collection

Collection of photographs documenting Nelson Mandela's release from prison, and his visit to the Netherlands in June 1990. Includes images of celebrations in honour of Nelson Mandela's release from prison in February 1990 attended by Dennis Goldberg, as well as Nelson Mandela addressing meetings and greeting supporters in Amsterdam (June 1990).

Komitee Zuidelijk Afrika

NIZA Photograph Collection

"Solidarity with South Africa" demonstration held in Amsterdam in 1976, with demonstrators carrying placards of Nelson Mandela. Nelson and Winnie Mandela being greeted by thousands of supporters in Leidseplein, Amsterdam in June 1990. Nelson Mandela addressing the crowd at Leidseplein, Amsterdam as well as other images of Nelson Mandela's visit to Amsterdam in 1990.
Photographers include Hans van der Bogaard, Roel Rozenburg and Marja Sonneveld.

Netherlands Institute for Southern Africa (NIZA)

NIZA Photograph Collection

Photographs of a young ANC supporter wearing a "Welcome Home Nelson Mandela" t-shirt, and of an ANC election billboard with Nelson Mandela's image. Photographers are Joost Hartog and Jan Stegeman.

Netherlands Institute for Southern Africa (NIZA)

Irish Anti-Apartheid Movement

Correspondence, reports, campaign documents, press statements and speeches on Irish Anti-Apartheid Movement campaigns for the release of Nelson Mandela. Calls made by the Irish government for Nelson Mandela's release from prison. The unveiling of a Mandela sculpture in Merrion Square, Dublin, and the conferment of the Freedom of the City of Dublin to Mandela.
70th birthday tributes. Preparations for Nelson Mandela's release from prison in 1990 and the organising of a celebration rally in Ireland. Nelson Mandela’s visit to Dublin in 1991.
Correspondents includes Dr. Kader Asmal and Louise Asmal, ES Reddy, Ismail Ayob, Ruth Mompati, Sipho Pityana, Frank Aiken (Ireland Minister of External Affairs), Senator George O’Brien, Barry Desmond ,Honorary Secretary, Anti-apartheid Movement) and President Alhaji Shehu Shagari of Nigeria.

Irish Anti-Apartheid Movement (IAAM)

African National Congress French Mission Records

Records of the African National Congress French Mission. The records include:
Correspondence, news clippings, pamphlets, petitions and statements concerning campaigns in France for Nelson Mandela’s release from prison (1985 - 1989). Correspondence and news clippings concerning international awards and tributes conferred on Mandela, such as the Nobel Peace Prize. And the inauguration of Boulevard Nelson Mandela, some of these were conferred in absentia and presented to the assassinated ANC activist, Dulcie September. Correspondence and lists concerning honorary citizenships conferred on Mandela (1985 - 1989). News clippings in the run up to, and reporting Mandela’s release from prison. The collection includes some of the original certificates awarded in (1985 - 1993).
- Leaflets and copies of photographs (1960s -1990s).
- Miscellaneous correspondence concerning Mandela (1990).
- Awards to Nelson Mandela
- Mandela, Nelson and Winnie
- Mandela Nelson 1990
- Mandela Libre Comitre Francaise
- Mandela - declaration
- Mandela Parle ANC Paris
- Humanite liberate pour Mandela
- List of noble peace prize nominees leaflets

African National Congress (ANC) French Mission

African National Congress Netherlands Mission Records

Records of the African National Congress Netherlands Mission. The collection includes:
Correspondence, invitations, programmes, reports, news clippings and speeches concerning Nelson Mandela’s visits to the Netherlands (1990 - 1994). News clippings, newsletters, memoranda and pamphlets of the Nelson Mandela International Reception Committee (1989 - 1990). The death of ANC President, Oliver Tambo, and the statement delivered by Nelson Mandela at the funeral. The full text of Mandela’s rejection of PW Botha’s offer of conditional release in 1989, and a speech delivered by Mandela to the Finance Week Breakfast Club, 1991
ANC election campaign fund-raising materials.
Memoranda from Mandela to FW De Klerk (1992).
Various news clippings on Mandela (1988 - 1990).
Mandela visit to the Netherlands

African National Congress (ANC) Netherlands Mission

African National Congress Washington Mission Records

Records of the African National Congress Washington Mission. The records include:
Campaign materials, leaflets and news clippings produced by the United States-based Lawyers Campaign to Free Nelson Mandela (1986 - 1989). Correspondence concerning the Nelson Mandela Scholarship initiative at Brockport State University. The list of correspondents include Lindiwe Mabuza and Vernon Molefe (1989). Various international tributes to Mandela after his release from prison in 1990. Media requests from various United States media organisations to interview Mandela during his visit to the United States (1990). Correspondence and memoranda between Mandela and FW De Klerk. Subjects covered include violence, negotiations, the security forces, Koevoet and Battalion 32, the Goldstone Commission of Enquiry, regional government and the influence of Marxism/Leninism within the ANC (1992). Correspondence between Mandela and Jimmy Carter, Stevie Wonder and Bill Cosby (1990). Correspondence concerning Mandela from different regions of the United States, most were written during his tenure as president of the ANC (1988 - 1993). Statements, speeches and articles delivered by Mandela, including the Heinz Foundation lecture delivered at the University of Pittsburgh, statements delivered to the United Nations, an address to the US Congress in June 1990, and the announcement of his separation from Winnie Mandela (1990 - 1993). Correspondence between Mandela and De Klerk concerning the South African situation (1992). Correspondence, programmes, notes, briefing documents, financial reports, itineraries and speeches concerning Mandela’s 1990 and 1993 tours to the United States, in which the Mandela Reception Committee played a central role. The tours included visits to Atlanta, Boston, Los Angeles, Miami, New York, Oakland, Washington, D.C., Chicago and Philadelphia (1990 - 1993).
Photographs of Nelson Mandela together with Jesse Jackson (1990).
The lyrics of songs composed in honour of Mandela, during his 1990 United States visit.
News clippings, correspondence and entries for a Nelson Mandela Essay Contest in New Haven (1990).
Biographical material.
Miscellaneous correspondence and news clippings.
Mandela to Stevie Wonder and Bill Cosby
Office of the president
Mandela Tours:- Atlanta, Boston , Los Angele, Miami Oakland, Chicago
Trip projects; Mandela welcoming committee; Mandela freedom fund
Luthuli: Mandela lecture series

African National Congress (ANC) Washington Mission

Mandela -196+

Class actuality- Release of Nelson Mandela. Concept actuality supplied by the parliamentary team of the State president, Mr. P.W. Botha speaking in the house of assembly about the possible release of
Nelson Mandela.

RECORDBC 19850201

SABC Sound Archives

Madiba -1990

Radio RSA English service actuality special live transmission of the release of Mr Nelson Mandela from the Victor Verster prison near Paarl comments by Kathy Fitch- singing cheering crowd- Comments by Clarence Keyter actual release of Mr Nelson Mandela

RECORDBC 19900211

SABC Sound Archives

Madiba -1990

RSN actuality Mr Lucas Mangope saying his country will not consider rejoining South Africa. He also comments on the release of Mr Nelson Mandela and political developments in South Africa.

RECORDBC 19900219

SABC Sound Archives

Reminiscences of Helen Suzman: Oral History, 1984

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on Radio South Africa, on programmes such as Monitor, Radio Today, Woman's World and News Wrap. Includes reports on:
The perspectives of the Reagan administration on the anticipated release of Nelson Mandela. The outgoing president of the African National Congress (ANC) Youth League, Peter Mokaba. FW De Klerk's announcement of a date for the release of Nelson Mandela. Mandela's release from prison and his speech on the Grand Parade in Cape Town on the day of his release, as well as other mass gatherings held to welcome Nelson Mandela. Reactions of political leaders in parliament to the release of Mandela. Deadlines set for the release of all political prisoners. Reports on the first ANC conference after its unbanning, held in Durban in December 1990. Political violence in South African townships. Nelson Mandela calling for an end to rent and services boycotts in black townships. The ANC's view on the National Peace Accord. The approval of an interim constitution for South Africa. Tributes by Nelson Mandela to friends and comrades. ANC Economic policy.
The South African police, and it's submissions to the Truth and Reconciliation Commission. Mandela's attendance at international conferences. The results of the first democratic election. Mandela's election and inauguration as President of South Africa. Visits by international Heads of State, and Mandela addressing the US congress and the United Nations General Assembly. Mandela's farewell to formal South African politics. Thabo Mbeki's presidential inauguration speech.

South African Broadcasting Corporation [DO NOT USE]

Munghana Lomnene FM

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on Tiko A Xi Etleli. Includes reports and interviews on the following:
Nelson Mandela's release from Victor Verster prison in February 1990. Mandela's inauguration as President of South Africa in 1994. Christmas and New Year messages delivered by Nelson Mandela. Reconciliation and nation building. Speeches delivered at openings of the South African parliament. Freedom Day celebrations in 2000. The visit of the Indonesian President to South Africa in 1996. Honorary doctorates conferred on Nelson Mandela. The opening of the Nelson Mandela National Museum in Mthatha. Nelson Mandela's closing address at the World Aids Conference in Durban in 2000.
Languages: Xitsonga and English

South African Broadcasting Corporation [DO NOT USE]

Phala-Phala FM

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on programmes such as Ndevhetsini and Vhulombe. Includes reports on:
Nelson Mandela's speech at the Rivonia Trial in 1964, and his sentence to life imprisonment on Robben Island; Nelson Mandela's release from prison; Nelson Mandela's biographical history. Debate between Mandela and FW De Klerk in 1990. Tributes at the funerals of Chris Hani and Oliver Tambo. South Africa's political negotiations at CODESA 1 and 2. Nelson Mandela's acceptance of the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993. African National Congress (ANC) election victory in 1994. Nelson Mandela's presidential speeches at the Union Buildings in 1994 and at the second session of the first democratic parliament in South Africa. Progress review of the first 100 days in government of the ANC; The opening of South Africa's parliament by Nelson Mandela in 1995; South Africa's Government of National Unity. Adoption of the new South African constitution. Nelson Mandela's visit to the United Kingdom (UK) in 1996, and his address to the UK parliament. The visits of international Heads of State to South Africa, including Francois Mitterrand and King Karl Gustav XXI. Visits by Nelson Mandela to Mali, Togo, South-East Asia and the United States. The election of Nelson Mandela as the chairperson of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) in 1996. The opening of Reconstruction and Development Programme (RDP) houses in Soweto. The release of the final Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) report in 1996. Reports on the infighting within the ANC on Nelson Mandela's successor to lead the organisation. Nelson Mandela's resignation as ANC president in 1997. The farewell function for Nelson Mandela as President, and Thabo Mbeki's inauguration as President of South Africa in 1999.
Nelson Mandela opening the Nelson Mandela National Museum in Umtata. Visits by Nelson Mandela to South African schools. The South African general elections of 2004. Nelson Mandela's speech at the closing of the international AIDS conference in Durban in 2000, and addressing the international AIDS conference in Bangkok in 2004.
Languages: Venda and English

South African Broadcasting Corporation [DO NOT USE]

Dennis Brutus Papers

Collection of documents including correspondence, newsletters, pamphlets, press clippings, memoranda and media releases. The subjects covered include:
Biographical material on Nelson and Winnie Mandela. Robben Island. Nelson Mandela's health during his imprisonment, and calls for independent medical treatment.
Petitions and campaigns for Nelson Mandela's release from prison. US House Resolution 430 entitled, "The Mandela Freedom Resolution," submitted by Geo W. Crockett Jr., Hamilton Fish Jr., Claude Pepper and Jim Leach, calling for Nelson Mandela's release from prison.
Prison conditions.
The work of the International Anti-apartheid Movement, particularly the Free South Africa Movement (USA). International tributes, such as the Nelson Mandela bust on Trafalgar Square (London) and the statue at Merrion Square (Dublin). Honorary degrees conferred on Mandela. Seventieth birthday tributes. Nelson Mandela's release from prison in February 1990, and his visit to the US later that year. The International Reception Committee, established to welcome Nelson Mandela after his release from prison. Marches and rallies held in the US celebrating his release from prison. Nelson Mandela's address to the US Congress, and remarks made to newspaper editors and writers in the US on the new South Africa. Political negotiations, the future of sanctions, the reasons for his release from prison and the armed struggle.
Speeches, statements and articles by Mandela.
The list of correspondents includes Dennis Brutus, John Fiordelisi, Randall Robinson, Archbishop Trevor Huddleston and Geo W. Crockett Jr.
News clippings are from the Boston Sunday Globe, Chicago Sunday Times, Chicago Tribune, Ebony Magazine, New York Post, New York Times, State News and USA Today.

Brutus, Dennis

Vanderbilt University Archive

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on channels such as ABC, CBC, CNN, NBC and Nightline. Includes footage and reports on the following:
The possibility of Nelson Mandela's release from prison. Calls for Mandela's release from prison, including calls made by the US Secretary of State George Shultz, the US National Security Advisor Robert McFarlane, and white South African business leaders. PW Botha’s insistence on conditions for Mandela's release. Commentary by Allan Boesak on the "political necessity" of Nelson Mandela's release. Nelson Mandela’s refusal of the offer of conditional release, and his response read on his behalf by his daughter, Zindzi, to a mass gathering in Soweto. The possibility of Nelson Mandela being freed for exile in Zambia. Possible conditions of Nelson Mandela’s release, said to include a prisoner exchange with Angola for South African commando Wynand Du Toit, and freedom for Russian prisoners Andrei Sakharov and Anatoly Shcharansky. The release of Govan Mbeki, Zephania Mothopeng and Harry Gwala and possible implications for Nelson Mandela’s release. The release of Walter Sisulu and six other anti-apartheid leaders, and the implications of this for Nelson Mandela’s release.

ABC

Vanderbilt University Archive

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on news channels such as CNN, NBC, ABC, CBS and Nightline. Includes footage and reports on South Africa's transition to democracy:
Talks between Nelson Mandela and FW De Klerk about the terms for a democratic election in South Africa, both prior to and after Mandela’s release from prison. De Klerk’s offer to negotiate with the African National Congress (ANC) if it would renounce violence. The statement by Nelson Mandela in 1989, urging the government to negotiate with the ANC Reactions inside South Africa to the 1989 meeting between Nelson Mandela and PW Botha, with commentary from Helen Suzman, Archbishop Desmond Tutu, Ismail Ayob and Reverend Frank Chikane. Talks about power sharing between the ANC and the apartheid government. The ANC's suspension of armed struggle, following talks with the South African government. Nelson Mandela being urged by De Klerk to drop the South African Communist Party (SACP) leader Joe Slovo, from the ANC negotiating team. A statement from De Klerk that he will reject ANC demands for outright majority rule. The possibility of peace talks between Nelson Mandela and Mangosuthu Buthelezi, and Buthelezi’s reactions to agreements made between Nelson Mandela and De Klerk. Strains in the relationship between the ANC and the South African government because of continuing political violence. Scenes of political violence such as the Boipatong Massacre (1992) and conflict between Inkatha and the ANC. The ANC’s announcement to withdraw from negotiations, and the resumption of talks. The broader political situation in South Africa.

ABC

Association of Western European parliamentarians Against Apartheid (AWEPAA after 1993 AWEPA and African Europen Institute)

Materials documenting the work of the Washington Office on Africa, founded in 1972 to support freedom struggles in Southern Africa. Included in the collection are:
Tributes to Nelson Mandela, some of which commemorate his 65th birthday. US House Resolution 430 entitled the Mandela Freedom Resolution, calling for Mandela's release from prison, and the lifting of state imposed banning orders on Winnie Mandela.
Nelson Mandela's visit to the United States after his release from prison, the establishment of International Reception Committee to promote and co-ordinate activities during his visit to the United States.

Washington Office on Africa

South African Pressclips Collection

Collection of news clippings concerning the following:
Campaigns for Nelson Mandela’s release from prison (1980- 1989). Nelson Mandela and Robert J. Brown, Nelson Mandela being diagnosed with tuberculosis, his 70th birthday, and the Free Mandela Concert held at Wembley Stadium (1988). The Mandela family (1988- 1989). Nelson Mandela’s release from prison, and worldwide reaction to his release (1990). Speeches and statements by Nelson Mandela (1990-1991). Tours undertaken by Nelson Mandela, including visits to the USA, Canada, Europe, Africa, South America (Brazil, Spain, Cuba, Venezuela, Mexico), the Far East and Australia (1990 - 1991). Victor Verster prison, visits to Nelson Mandela at Victor Verster, and his meeting with PW Botha (1989).
Biographical profiles Nelson of Mandela.

Abe Berry Cartoon Collection

Collection of political cartoons produced by Abe Berry, former cartoonist for the Star Newspaper. Most of the cartoons were produced for the Star Newspaper and some for City Press. The cartoons cover Nelson Mandela in relation to subjects such as:
The South African 'Bantustan' system. Speculation about his release from prison. The Organisation of African Unity and the International Anti-Apartheid Movement. Free Mandela campaigns. The unbanning of the African National Congress and the South African Communist Party. Nelson Mandela's release from prison. Awards and honours conferred on Nelson Mandela including the naming of streets, schools and other public spaces in his honour.
The South African negotiation process.

Berry, Abe

Nelson Mandela International Reception Committee

Nelson Mandela International Reception Committee
File on Nelson Mandela International Reception Committee, 1990 including Hollingsworth, Malcolm
Frazer, Jim Cason (American Committee meetings (1990)
Statement of receipts and expenditure
Media strategies
International appeals for the intensification of the campaign for Mandela's release ( January 1990)
Declaration on the release of Mandela
IRC News including calls for release of Mandela after the release of other leaders
Advertising for a mass rally with Nelson Mandela in Stockholm, Sweden 1990

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

Solomon Mahlangu Directors Office

Solomon Mahlangu Directors Office consists of the records of the Solomon Mahlangu directors office consists of correspondence and messages of support from the SOMACFO community to Nelson Mandela upon his release.

African National Congress (ANC)

African National Congress Canada Mission

Records of the African National Congress Canada mission. The records include correspondence, memoranda, minutes, briefing notes, financial statements, discussion papers, photographs and video material. The subjects covered:
Calls for Nelson Mandela’s release from prison, including the Freedom at 70 campaign (1988).
Mandela’s release from prison, the first anniversary of his release, and documentation on the significance of his release from prison (1990 - 1991). Mandela birthday celebrations in Canada, and messages of goodwill sent to him (1990). Mandela’s visits to Canada and the USA (1990). The Nelson Mandela Reception Committee, the Nelson Mandela Fundraising Committee and the International Mandela Reception Committee (1990). Awards and honours conferred on Mandela, and various letters of tribute sent to him (1990 - 1993). The ANC-Mandela Support Coalition (1990 - 1991). The Nelson Mandela Fund (1990 - 1991). Speeches delivered by and on behalf of Mandela, including addresses during his 1990 visits to Canada and the United States, and during his visit to Zambia (1979 - 1990). The South African negotiation process, including memoranda between Mandela and FW De Klerk.

African National Congress (ANC) Canada Mission

Mandela -196+

Radio RSA Speech by Mrs Stella Sicgau expressing a wish that Mr Nelson Mandela is released after the recent release of Mr Govan Mbeki.

RECORDBC 19871210

SABC Sound Archives

Madiba -1990

Radio South Africa - Mr Nelson Mandela's first speech at the Parade shortly after his release from prison

RECORDBC 19900211

SABC Sound Archives

RSN

Programmes and programme segments. Includes reports and interviews on the following:
PW Botha's speech to the South African parliament about the possible release of Nelson Mandela. Nelson Mandela's release from prison in 1990. Nelson Mandela speaking at African National Congress (ANC) conferences and at various mass gatherings after his release from prison. ANC demands in order to resume political negotiations. Political prisoners on Robben Island. Nelson Mandela's meeting with South African traditional leaders. The signing of the National Peace Accord by Nelson Mandela and others.

South African Broadcasting Corporation [DO NOT USE]

Motsweding FM

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on programmes such as On Line - the Nation's Forum, Talk Show, Podi Ya Tsela, Current Affairs and Boresetse.
Includes reports and interviews on the following:
Nelson Mandela's arrest, imprisonment and release from prison. Nelson Mandela's call for the maintenance of sanctions against South Africa in 1990. Visits by Nelson Mandela to Robben Island.
The future role of all political and non-political parties in South Africa. Tours of African states undertaken by Nelson Mandela in 1990. Christmas messages by Nelson Mandela to the South African public. The acceptance of the Nobel Peace Prize by Nelson Mandela and FW De Klerk in 1993. The 1994 elections debate between Nelson Mandela and De Klerk, and reports on the first democratic election. Nelson Mandela's inauguration as President of South Africa. The amnesty cut-off date for the Truth and Reconciliation Commission. Nelson Mandela's meeting with the President of Brazil. The speech delivered by Nelson Mandela at the Non-Aligned Movement Summit held in Durban, South Africa in 1999. Openings of the South African parliament. Honorary doctorates conferred on Nelson Mandela. The future of the Heath Commission of Enquiry into corruption in South Africa.
Languages: English and Setswana

South African Broadcasting Corporation [DO NOT USE]

Ikwenkwezi

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on programmes such as Yiza Nendlebe and Ukuvulwa Kwe Palamende. Includes interviews and reports on:
Nelson Mandela's release from prison. Openings of the South African parliament by Nelson Mandela during his presidential years. Nelson Mandela and Bill Clinton addressing a press conference after bilateral talks in 1998. New Year messages by President Mandela to the South African public. Nelson Mandela's retirement from politics in 1998. South Africa's second and third democratic elections in 1999 and 2004 respectively, and the inauguration of Thabo Mbeki as President of South Africa. The South African Rugby Football Union (SARFU) enquiry in which Nelson Mandela was compelled to testify in court about the reasons for appointing a commission of enquiry.
Languages: Ndebele and English

South African Broadcasting Corporation [DO NOT USE]

National Public Broadcasting Archives

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on National Public Radio. Includes reports on the following:
Nelson Mandela’s release from prison, and his first public speech to a mass gathering on the Grand Parade in Cape Town. Comments by Nelson Mandela and Harold Wolpe on the importance of continued economic sanctions against South Africa. Comments by Randall Robinson of Transafrica who believes that Nelson Mandela’s release should not be seen as the ultimate solution to all of South Africa’s problems. The reaction of the African National Congress (ANC) to Nelson Mandela’s release, and reports on the future of South Africa in light of Nelson Mandela’s release from prison. Report on race relations in South Africa since 1962, in which Nelson Mandela is mentioned. Nelson Mandela’s role in political negotiations and in shaping the new South African government, including reports on various meetings with FW De Klerk. Nelson Mandela’s role in seeking a solution to political violence in South Africa, particularly in the KwaZulu-Natal region. Profiles of Nelson Mandela, including reports about his birthplace in the Transkei. The London rock concert held in honour of Nelson Mandela after his release from prison. Report that the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) was instrumental in the arrest of Nelson Mandela in 1962.
Nelson Mandela’s tour of the United States after his release from prison. Speeches delivered at the United Nations. Nelson Mandela’s meetings with Palestinian Liberation Organisation (PLO) leader, Yasser Arafat, and Libyan leader, Muammar Gadhafi. ANC’s use of armed struggle as a bargaining chip in negotiations. Meetings between President Bush and Nelson Mandela, and Nelson Mandela addresses the US Congress. Nelson Mandela’s views on the Irish Republican Army (IRA). Meetings between President Margaret Thatcher and Nelson Mandela. Political violence in South African townships during the South African transition process. The suspension of armed struggle by the ANC. The first ANC conference held inside South Africa’s borders in thirty years. Nelson Mandela’s election as president of the ANC. The marital separation of Nelson and Winnie Mandela. Re-writing of South Africa’s constitution. The ANC’s suspension of talks with the South African government because of the Boipatong massacre. Comments by Nelson Mandela on the Bisho Massacre. The resumption of talks between the ANC and the South African government on South Africa’s political future. Reaction to the news of Chris Hani’s assassination. The awarding of the Liberty Medal to Nelson Mandela and De Klerk by President Bill Clinton. Nelson Mandela calling for the lifting of sanctions. The awarding of the Nobel Peace Prize to Nelson Mandela and FW De Klerk. The ANC’s campaign for South Africa’s first democratic elections. Reports of voting in the historic 1994 elections. A chronology of South African history with Mandela mentioned. The election victory of the ANC and Nelson Mandela’s victory speech. Inauguration ceremony in which Nelson Mandela was sworn in as the first democratically elected President of South Africa. Nelson Mandela’s first State of the Nation address, and his first 100 days as President Nelson Mandela’s visit to the US as President of South Africa, encouraging investment. Reports on Nelson Mandela's biography, ‘Long Walk to Freedom.' The death of Joe Slovo and memorial tributes by Nelson Mandela.

National Public Radio

Anti-Apartheid Bewegung Nederland

Memoranda, correspondence, reports, messages of support, newsletters, news clippings, minutes of meetings, financial reports, statements, project evaluations, budgets and campaign materials of the AABN, include:
Activities of the AABN in their calls for the release of Nelson Mandela (1981 - 1982). Action by 1400 mayors from across the world, petitioning the release of Nelson Mandela and other political prisoners (1982). Campaigns for Nelson Mandela's release from prison (1985 - 1990). Nelson Mandela's visits to the Netherlands in March and June 1990. This includes notes on the policies of the Dutch government towards South Africa, as well as lists of delegates, the list of South Africans to meet Nelson Mandela at Schipol airport, itineraries and programmes. The Welcome Mandela Committee including its contacts and details of activities. These include both local and international activities in which the Committee was involved including a Welcome Mandela Festival (1989 - 1990). The 1989 political prisoner hunger strike on Robben Island, and a memorandum issued by prisoners. The full text of Nelson Mandela's speech on the Grand Parade in Cape Town on the day of his release from prison (1990). The Mandela International Reception Committee.
Reactions to the news of Nelson Mandela's release from prison.

Anti-Apartheid Beweging Nederland

NIZA Photograph Collection

An album of photographs of Nelson Mandela, including:
Portrait photographs of Nelson Mandela, many of which were taken by Eli Weinberg. There are photographs with Kaiser Matanzima, and of Nelson Mandela together with his son, Thembekile, as well as Nelson and Winnie Mandela on their wedding day. Includes photographs of Nelson Mandela wearing traditional beads, Mandela in boxing gear, at his law office, burning his pass, and in disguise while in hiding from the police as the "Black Pimpernel." (1950s - 1960s). Nelson Mandela after his acquittal at the treason trial, with Essop Pahad in the background. Nelson Mandela addressing the All-in-Africa Conference in Pietermaritzburg in 1961. Photographs are by Joe Gqabi. Photographs of Nelson Mandela with military officers in Algiers, and with Oliver Tambo in Addis Ababa, during his secret Africa trip in 1962. Nelson Mandela in Parliament Square, London, 1962. Photographs by Mary Benson. Nelson Mandela and Walter Sisulu on Robben Island in 1966.The concert in celebration of Mandela's 70th birthday. The 1988 artist's impression of Nelson Mandela.
Nelson Mandela's release from prison, including a scene of him addressing a mass gathering in Cape Town on the day of his release from prison. Also featured in these photographs are Winnie Mandela, Walter Sisulu and Cyril Ramaphosa. Photographers include Yunus Mohamed. Post-release portraits, some that originates from the International Defence and Aid Fund. Photographers include Pieter Boersma and Piet den Blanken. Nelson Mandela addressing meetings on his visit to the Netherlands in June 1990. Also featured in these photographs are Winnie Mandela and Thabo Mbeki. Photographers include Jan Stegeman, Pieter Boersma and Kadir van Lohuizen. Nelson Mandela being awarded an honorary doctorate at the University of the Western Cape. Featured in the photographs are Archbishop Desmond Tutu, Professor Jaap Durand and Professor Stanley Ridge. Photographs are by Rashid Lombard. Nelson Mandela alongside a mural in Cape Town. Photograph by the Cape Argus. Nelson Mandela on the platform with Tokyo Sexwale and others at an ANC election mass meeting held at the Kwamazizi Stadium, 12 March 1994. Photographs are by B. Bohler. Photographs of Winnie and Zindzi Mandela, including Winnie in traditional dress, her attendance of political funerals in South Africa in 1985, and Zindzi addressing the crowd at a mass gathering at Jabulani Stadium in 1985. Photographers include Alf Kumalo and Gideon Mendell.

Anti-Apartheid Beweging Nederland

Radio Freedom Audio Archive

Programmes and programme segments broadcast by Radio Freedom, the radio station of the African Audio interviews used in the Vara Radio (Netherlands) programme "Portrait of Mandela," including an excerpt of Nelson Mandela's 1961 interview conducted by an ITN journalist, and a copy of the completed documentary. Interviewees include Winnie Mandela, Allan Boesak, Archbishop Trevor Huddleston, Lord Bethell, Brian Bunting, Albert Dhlomo, Ben Turok and C Stork.

African National Congress (ANC)

Grassroots Community Newspaper Collection

Collection of photographs covering:
Nelson Mandela birthday tributes; Campaigns for Nelson Mandela's release from prison; The Cape Town celebration rally after Nelson Mandela's release from prison.
Photographers include Benny Gool, Rashid Lombard and Murray Michel.

Grassroots Community Newspaper

Desmond Tutu Personal Papers

Incoming and outgoing correspondence concerning Nelson Mandela. Includes:
Letter from Archbishop Trevor Huddleston requesting that Archbishop Tutu serve as a patron of the Nelson Mandela International Reception Committee (1990). Response from Archbishop Tutu’s office to Saka Acquaye (Ghana) about the separation of President Mandela and Mrs. Winnie Mandela’s (1994). Letter from A .Boraine about the possibility of Nelson Mandela’s release from prison (1985). Letter from the State President’s office concerning the Nobel Committee’s decision to award the 1993 Nobel Peace Prize to Mandela (1993). Correspondence from Archbishop Tutu to the Minister of Justice requesting permission to visit Robben Island and Pollsmoor prisoners (1987), and a request to visit Nelson Mandela at the Constantia berg Clinic (1988). Letter from Archbishop Tutu to the State President, in appreciation of Nelson Mandela’s release from prison (1990). Invitation to a United Nations Human Rights Day in honour of Nelson Mandela and FW De Klerk (1993).

Tutu, Desmond Mpilo

African National Congress German Mission Records

Records of the African National Congress German Mission. The collection has
An interview with Winnie Mandela by Africa Now concerning Nelson Mandela’s imprisonment, December 1982. Correspondence, memoranda, resolutions and working principles of the Release Mandela Campaign (RMC) (1980 - 1988). Letters to Mandela from children in Germany (1988). News clippings concerning Mandela (1985 -1990). Correspondence, memoranda and statements of the Mandela International Release Committee. Correspondence and programmes in relation to Mandela’s visits to Germany (1990 - 1993). Miscellaneous materials concerning international awards conferred on Mandela such as the Nehru Award, published speeches, statements and tributes (including 70th birthday tributes) and a statement by Oliver Tambo on the conferment of the Nehru Award on Mandela.
- News clippings, including reports of CIA involvement in Mandela’s arrest in 1962.
- Nelson Mandela concert in Hamburg
- Nelson Mandela exhibition on the struggle
- Speeches 1961- 1964

African National Congress (ANC) German Mission

African National Congress India Mission Records

Records of the African National Congress Indian Mission.
The collection includes:
Personal letters of support for Nelson Mandela from Indian schoolchildren, diplomats, clubs and organizations. Conference proceedings and resolutions relating to Mandela’s imprisonment and release, and the full text of Mandela’s address in Cape Town on the day of his release from prison. Correspondence, addresses and proceedings concerning awards conferred on Mandela. These include lists of awards, declarations and medals conferred on Mandela by organisations in India and elsewhere. Correspondence, texts of speeches, poetry and photographs concerning Mandela’s visit to India in October 1990.
Photographic albums created as tributes to Mandela by the Bluebells School in New Delhi, by the government of West Bengal to commemorate Mandela’s visit in 1990, and photographs of news clippings of the Treason and Rivonia Trials.
- Letters written to Nelson Mandela
- Awards presented to Nelson Mandela

African National Congress (ANC) India Mission

African National Congress Japan Mission

Records of the African National Congress Japan Mission.
The records include correspondence, messages, speeches and statements concerning Nelson Mandela’s release, his visits to Japan and Australia in 1990,
Receipt of the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993.

African National Congress (ANC) Japan Mission

Oliver Tambo Papers

The personal papers of Oliver Tambo. The collection includes:
News clippings from South African and international newspapers concerning the arrest of Nelson Mandela in 1962, his court appearances, and calls for his release from prison (1962 -1988). Correspondence concerning the PAFMECSA conference held in Ethiopia addressed to all member governments, a letter from the ANC London office concerning the arrests of Mandela and Walter Sisulu, and a cable from the Somali Minister of Foreign Affairs to Tambo re: Mandela’s arrest (1962). News clippings in the build up to and aftermath of Mandela’s release from prison (1990 - 1991). News clippings, programmes and itineraries concerning Mandela’s visits to the United States, the United Kingdom, Ireland, India, Japan, Malaysia, Australia, Geneva, Botswana and other countries (1990 - 1991).
Reports on campaigns for the release of political prisoners, including reports from Robben Island, and on Lord Nicholas Bethel's meeting with Mandela. Also includes a 1970 report by Mandela about prison conditions on Robben Island (1970 - 1989). Correspondence from Mandela, written from Pollsmoor Prison, to Oliver Tambo and a number of other individuals. Original letters to Tambo, as well as transcripts of letters written to Nthato Motlana, Mangosuthu Buthelezi, Sheila Weinberg and Desmond Tutu, amongst others. Also included is a letter of thanks to Mrs. Bhalla of the Indian Council for the 1979 Jawaharlal Nehru Award and a letter of sympathy on the death of Seretse Khama (1978 - 1989). Media reports concerning Mandela, including cables. Includes reports by Radio RSA, internal media monitoring, an African National Congress (ANC) statement on Mandela’s health, and of a visit to Mandela by Robert Brown (1985 - 1990). Correspondence, reports and messages concerning international support for Mandela’s release from prison. Subjects covered include tributes on his 60th and 70th birthdays, and awards and honours conferred on Mandela, particularly through the work of the British Anti-Apartheid Movement (1984).
Statements and correspondence concerning the assassination of Chris Hani (1993). Video recordings of various events before and after Mandela’s release from prison. These include the 1990 Free Mandela Concert at Wembley Stadium and Mandela’s 1990 visit to Lusaka (1988 - 1990).
Correspondence, lists and statements by Oliver Tambo concerning awards and honours conferred on Mandela. These include honorary degrees, Freedom of the City awards, artistic attributes and facilities named after Mandela. The correspondence is primarily between Oliver Tambo and heads of / representatives of awarding countries and institutions. The awards include the Simon Bolivar Prize, the naming of a road in Mandela’s honour in Botswana, and awards conferred by the Sandinista National Liberation Front of Nicaragua, the Jamaican Human Rights Organisation, the University of Carabobo of Venezuela, and the Karl Marx University of the German Democratic Republic (1983 - 1990). Correspondence and statements concerning international calls for, and, Mandela’s release from prison. These include correspondence about a resolution passed by the African Symposium on African Orality in Nigeria, and a statement by the president of the Republic of Senegal after Mandela’s release. Other correspondents include Senator Michael J Williams of Trinidad and Tobago, OJ Masire of the Palestinian Liberation Organisation (PLO), and the Communist Party of Sweden (1989 - 1990). Correspondence from Tambo to Mandela and to the Mandela family (1991 - 1992).

Speeches delivered in Mandela’s honour.
Drafts of plays and books written about Nelson Mandela, the drafts include No Easy Walk to Freedom, Nelson Mandela and the Rivonia Trial and What is to be done’.
Published and unpublished statements and speeches of Mandela, 1962 - 1991.
Correspondence and memoranda relating to the Nelson Mandela National Reception Committee (1989 - 1990).
Biographical

Tambo, Oliver Reginald