Video recorded interview with Amina Cachalia, in which she discusses her political life and work in South Africa. Subjects covered in the interview include: Mrs. Cachalia's early political involvement. The founding of the Federation of South African Women, the women involved and its activities. The historic women's anti-pass march to the Union Buildings in Pretoria, 1956. The Federation of Transvaal Women and its leaders. The work of Albertina Sisulu. The work of the South African Indian Congress. Mrs. Cachalia's involvement in the 1952 Defiance Campaign, her imprisonment and subsequent banning. Friendship with Nelson Mandela, and the visit of Amina and Yusuf Cachalia to Nelson Mandela, 1988
Programmes and programme segments broadcast on channels such as ABC, CBC, CNN, NBC and Nightline. Includes footage and reports on the following: The possibility of Nelson Mandela's release from prison. Calls for Mandela's release from prison, including calls made by the US Secretary of State George Shultz, the US National Security Advisor Robert McFarlane, and white South African business leaders. PW Botha’s insistence on conditions for Mandela's release. Commentary by Allan Boesak on the "political necessity" of Nelson Mandela's release. Nelson Mandela’s refusal of the offer of conditional release, and his response read on his behalf by his daughter, Zindzi, to a mass gathering in Soweto. The possibility of Nelson Mandela being freed for exile in Zambia. Possible conditions of Nelson Mandela’s release, said to include a prisoner exchange with Angola for South African commando Wynand Du Toit, and freedom for Russian prisoners Andrei Sakharov and Anatoly Shcharansky. The release of Govan Mbeki, Zephania Mothopeng and Harry Gwala and possible implications for Nelson Mandela’s release. The release of Walter Sisulu and six other anti-apartheid leaders, and the implications of this for Nelson Mandela’s release.
Programmes and programme segments broadcast on news channels such as CNN, NBC, ABC, CBS and Nightline. Includes footage and reports on South Africa's transition to democracy: Talks between Nelson Mandela and FW De Klerk about the terms for a democratic election in South Africa, both prior to and after Mandela’s release from prison. De Klerk’s offer to negotiate with the African National Congress (ANC) if it would renounce violence. The statement by Nelson Mandela in 1989, urging the government to negotiate with the ANC Reactions inside South Africa to the 1989 meeting between Nelson Mandela and PW Botha, with commentary from Helen Suzman, Archbishop Desmond Tutu, Ismail Ayob and Reverend Frank Chikane. Talks about power sharing between the ANC and the apartheid government. The ANC's suspension of armed struggle, following talks with the South African government. Nelson Mandela being urged by De Klerk to drop the South African Communist Party (SACP) leader Joe Slovo, from the ANC negotiating team. A statement from De Klerk that he will reject ANC demands for outright majority rule. The possibility of peace talks between Nelson Mandela and Mangosuthu Buthelezi, and Buthelezi’s reactions to agreements made between Nelson Mandela and De Klerk. Strains in the relationship between the ANC and the South African government because of continuing political violence. Scenes of political violence such as the Boipatong Massacre (1992) and conflict between Inkatha and the ANC. The ANC’s announcement to withdraw from negotiations, and the resumption of talks. The broader political situation in South Africa.
Programmes and programme segments broadcast on channels such as ABC, CBC, CNN, NBC and Nightline. Includes footage and reports on the following: The Anti-Apartheid struggle being waged by the African National Congress (ANC), and Nelson Mandela's role. The history of the ANC and Nelson Mandela’s early leadership role. Nelson Mandela’s role in the development of the Freedom Charter. Scenes of Nelson Mandela and Oliver Tambo attending the first ANC national conference held in South Africa after the ANC unbanning. A statement by Mangosuthu Buthelezi about Nelson Mandela’s position on the use of violence as a political means. Anti-apartheid speeches made by Nelson Mandela in the immediate aftermath of his release from prison. Commentary by Nelson Mandela on malpractices of the ANC in prison camps in exile. The election of Nelson Mandela as the ANC Deputy President. Nelson Mandela travelling to Zambia to meet with the ANC leadership there, soon after his release from prison. Nelson Mandela meeting Palestinian Liberation Organisation (PLO) leader, Yasser Arafat, and Zambian President, Kenneth Kaunda. Interviews by Ted Koppel with Nelson Mandela. Nelson Mandela’s call for the continuation of economic sanctions against South Africa, at the ANC national conference, 1991. Nelson Mandela's election to the presidency of the ANC. Nelson Mandela leading marches in Soweto and Pretoria, as part of an ANC mass action campaign. Nelson Mandela attending the funerals of five assassinated ANC activists. The election of Nelson Mandela’s successor to the ANC presidency. The ANC's suspension of armed struggle.
Programmes and programme segments broadcast on news channels such as CNN, NBC, ABC, CBS and Nightline. Includes footage and reports on political violence in South Africa in the early 1990s period: The threat to political stability in South Africa from right wing Afrikaners and Inkatha. Inkatha reportedly blocking Nelson Mandela and a peace delegation from entering Thokoza township. Details of conflict between African National Congress (ANC) and Inkatha supporters. Nelson Mandela campaigning for the first democratic elections in the strife-torn areas of Kwa- Zulu-Natal. Living conditions and political / pre-election violence in the KwaZulu-Natal region. The opposition of Inkatha leaders, King Goodwill Zwelithini and Mangosuthu Buthelezi, to the 1994 election. Emergency meetings held between Nelson Mandela, FW De Klerk, King Goodwill Zwelethini and Mangosuthu Buthelezi. The declaration of a State of Emergency in KwaZulu-Natal. The Inkatha march through the streets of central Johannesburg, which ended in a street battle with ANC supporters. Comments by Nelson Mandela on an investigatory report that white police in South Africa were supporting violence against the ANC by Inkatha. Comments by Nelson Mandela on deaths in Bophuthatswana following violence in the region. Violence in the townships of Alexandra, Tembisa, Thokoza, Phola Park, Swannieville, Sebokeng, Kwa- Thema and Katlehong, and visits by Nelson Mandela to townships in an attempt to stop the violence. The storming of the World Trade Centre in Johannesburg by white extremists, the site of negotiations on ending apartheid. Meetings between Nelson Mandela and Buthelezi. The assassination of ANC leader, Chris Hani, and police investigations of right wing plots to murder Nelson Mandela, Winnie Mandela and Joe Slovo. The Boipatong massacre in the Ciskei, and tributes by Nelson Mandela to the victims of the massacre.
Programmes and programme segments broadcast on channels such as ABC, CBC, CNN, NBC and Nightline. Includes footage and reports covering the impending and actual release of Nelson Mandela from prison: Winnie Mandela, Walter Sisulu, Dullah Omar, Allan Boesak and Archbishop Desmond Tutu talking about the impending release of Nelson Mandela. Comments from Pik Botha, Foreign Affairs Minister. Pressure being placed on the South African government by anti-apartheid lobby groups for Nelson Mandela’s release. Meetings between Nelson Mandela and FW De Klerk in which the issue of Nelson Mandela’s possible release was discussed. F W De Klerk’s announcement in Parliament of Nelson Mandela's release from prison. Nelson Mandela’s first moments of freedom after spending 27 years in prison, and his speech at a welcome home rally held on the Grand Parade in Cape Town. Celebrations across South Africa. The reactions of South African and international leaders, across the political spectrum, to the news of Nelson Mandela’s release from prison. Celebrations on subsequent anniversaries of Nelson Mandela’s release.
Programmes and programme segments broadcast on channels such as ABC, CBC, CNN, NBC and Nightline. Includes footage and reports on: Nelson Mandela and Walter Sisulu’s long-term political imprisonment. The possibility of the release of Govan Mbeki, Nelson Mandela’s fellow comrade, Rivonia Trials and political prisoner. Moving of Nelson Mandela to Victor Verster Prison. Visits to Nelson Mandela by Winnie Mandela and other family members. The possible role played by the CIA in Nelson Mandela’s 1962 arrest. Nelson Mandela talking to television reporters about his prison years. A recording of Nelson Mandela’s Statement from the Dock at the Rivonia Trial.
Programmes and programme segments broadcast on channels such as ABC, CBC, CNN, NBC and Nightline. Includes footage and reports on the following: Nelson Mandela's relations with African countries. International condemnation of South African apartheid government raids against Zambia, Zimbabwe and Botswana. Nelson Mandela’s attendance of independence celebrations in Namibia. The execution of nine Nigerian political activists, including Ken Saro-Wiwa, condemned by Nelson Mandela and other world leaders. A meeting of African leaders, including Nelson Mandela, in Kenya to discuss the Rwandan Refugee Crisis. The role of South Africa and the United States in peace talks in Zaire. Scenes of Nelson Mandela with Zairean rebel leader, Laurent Kabila. An invitation from President Mandela for the Zairean President, Mobutu Sese Seko to meet with rebel leader, Laurent Kabila. Kabila’s decision to withdraw from peace talks. Comments by Nelson Mandela on the talks and scenes from the meeting. A request by Nelson Mandela for US military support for peacekeeping in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). A visit by Nelson Mandela to Libya, showing scenes of him with Libyan leader, Muammar Gadhaffi. Nelson Mandela’s role as mediator in the Burundi crisis, and visits to the United Nations to discuss the crisis. Scenes of Nelson Mandela as facilitator in peace meetings relating to the Burundi crisis. An appeal by Nelson Mandela for the release of four journalists who were arrested in Liberia.
Programmes and programme segments broadcast on channels such as ABC, CBC, CNN, NBC and Nightline. Includes footage and reports on the following: Reports of the Reagan Administration’s support of the release of Nelson Mandela from prison. President Reagan’s attitude towards Nelson Mandela and his views on negotiations with the African National Congress (ANC). Senator Edward Kennedy’s tour of South Africa, which included a meeting with Winnie Mandela. A report that the CIA was instrumental in Nelson Mandela’s arrest. Oliver Tambo and Nelson Mandela as leaders of the ANC. US Congress delegation visit to South Africa, and meeting with Foreign Minister Pik Botha, and their request to visit Nelson Mandela not permitted. The impact of economic sanctions against South Africa, with Nelson Mandela mentioned. US Secretary of State George Shultz’s visit to South Africa, and an explanation by him on US policy towards South Africa, including a demand for the release of Nelson Mandela. Anti-apartheid demonstrations in New York, with calls for the release of Nelson Mandela. Nelson Mandela’s visit to the US after his release from prison. Nelson Mandela reported as being inspired by the American ideal. The amount of money raised for the ANC during Mandela’s US visit. Visits by Nelson Mandela to Oakland, Los Angeles, Miami, Atlanta, Boston and New York City. Nelson Mandela addressing the US Congress. The meeting of Nelson Mandela with President Bush at the White House, and reportedly urging President Bush to maintain economic sanctions against South Africa. Remarks by Nelson Mandela about Libyan leader Muammar Kadhafi, Palestinian Liberation Organisation Leader Yasser Arafat and Cuban leader Fidel Castro. Senator Edward Kennedy with Nelson Mandela. People commenting on what Nelson Mandela symbolises. The meeting of Nelson Mandela with Secretary of State James Baker and other national leaders. Comments by George Bush on Nelson Mandela's release from prison. A celebration of Independence Day in the US, where President Bill Clinton awards medals to Nelson Mandela and FW De Klerk. Nelson Mandela speaking about the challenge in Africa for the US. Statements by President Mandela and President Clinton during Nelson Mandela’s first official visit to the US and the welcoming ceremony at the White House. President Nelson Mandela’s address to a joint session of Congress. Mandela’s meeting with Louis Farrakhan US Vice President Al Gore’s visit to South Africa, and his meeting with Nelson Mandela. Hillary Clinton’s visit to South Africa with scenes shown from Robben Island. Bill Clinton’s visit to South Africa, and his meetings with Nelson Mandela. The White House reception held for Nelson Mandela in the latter part of his Presidency. The awarding of the Congressional Gold Medal to Nelson Mandela by Clinton. A statement by Mandela that Muammar el-Kadhafi has promised to turn over the suspects in the bombing of Pan AM Flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland. Nelson Mandela commenting on the relationship between the US and Iraq, saying that no country should be allowed to take the law into their own hands. Statements by Nelson Mandela that President Bush is undermining the United Nations.
The personal papers of Oliver Tambo. The collection includes: News clippings from South African and international newspapers concerning the arrest of Nelson Mandela in 1962, his court appearances, and calls for his release from prison (1962 -1988). Correspondence concerning the PAFMECSA conference held in Ethiopia addressed to all member governments, a letter from the ANC London office concerning the arrests of Mandela and Walter Sisulu, and a cable from the Somali Minister of Foreign Affairs to Tambo re: Mandela’s arrest (1962). News clippings in the build up to and aftermath of Mandela’s release from prison (1990 - 1991). News clippings, programmes and itineraries concerning Mandela’s visits to the United States, the United Kingdom, Ireland, India, Japan, Malaysia, Australia, Geneva, Botswana and other countries (1990 - 1991). Reports on campaigns for the release of political prisoners, including reports from Robben Island, and on Lord Nicholas Bethel's meeting with Mandela. Also includes a 1970 report by Mandela about prison conditions on Robben Island (1970 - 1989). Correspondence from Mandela, written from Pollsmoor Prison, to Oliver Tambo and a number of other individuals. Original letters to Tambo, as well as transcripts of letters written to Nthato Motlana, Mangosuthu Buthelezi, Sheila Weinberg and Desmond Tutu, amongst others. Also included is a letter of thanks to Mrs. Bhalla of the Indian Council for the 1979 Jawaharlal Nehru Award and a letter of sympathy on the death of Seretse Khama (1978 - 1989). Media reports concerning Mandela, including cables. Includes reports by Radio RSA, internal media monitoring, an African National Congress (ANC) statement on Mandela’s health, and of a visit to Mandela by Robert Brown (1985 - 1990). Correspondence, reports and messages concerning international support for Mandela’s release from prison. Subjects covered include tributes on his 60th and 70th birthdays, and awards and honours conferred on Mandela, particularly through the work of the British Anti-Apartheid Movement (1984). Statements and correspondence concerning the assassination of Chris Hani (1993). Video recordings of various events before and after Mandela’s release from prison. These include the 1990 Free Mandela Concert at Wembley Stadium and Mandela’s 1990 visit to Lusaka (1988 - 1990). Correspondence, lists and statements by Oliver Tambo concerning awards and honours conferred on Mandela. These include honorary degrees, Freedom of the City awards, artistic attributes and facilities named after Mandela. The correspondence is primarily between Oliver Tambo and heads of / representatives of awarding countries and institutions. The awards include the Simon Bolivar Prize, the naming of a road in Mandela’s honour in Botswana, and awards conferred by the Sandinista National Liberation Front of Nicaragua, the Jamaican Human Rights Organisation, the University of Carabobo of Venezuela, and the Karl Marx University of the German Democratic Republic (1983 - 1990). Correspondence and statements concerning international calls for, and, Mandela’s release from prison. These include correspondence about a resolution passed by the African Symposium on African Orality in Nigeria, and a statement by the president of the Republic of Senegal after Mandela’s release. Other correspondents include Senator Michael J Williams of Trinidad and Tobago, OJ Masire of the Palestinian Liberation Organisation (PLO), and the Communist Party of Sweden (1989 - 1990). Correspondence from Tambo to Mandela and to the Mandela family (1991 - 1992).
Speeches delivered in Mandela’s honour. Drafts of plays and books written about Nelson Mandela, the drafts include No Easy Walk to Freedom, Nelson Mandela and the Rivonia Trial and What is to be done’. Published and unpublished statements and speeches of Mandela, 1962 - 1991. Correspondence and memoranda relating to the Nelson Mandela National Reception Committee (1989 - 1990). Biographical
Collection of film and video recordings consisting of distribution prints and master materials (negatives, rushes, sound tracks and trims). The subjects covered include: Nelson Mandela's early views on the objectives of the ANC and the liberation struggle. The reception given to Mandela's rejection of the regime's offer of conditional release, read by his daughter Zindzi to a vast gathering in Soweto on 10 February 1985. Commentary from activists and family members, including Winnie Mandela. Prison conditions on Robben Island including Mandela's cell, the daily routine of hard labour, diet in prison, isolation and Mandela's transfer to Pollsmoor Prison in 1985. The impact of international campaigns for the release of Mandela, including footage of the Free Mandela Campaign Concert held at Wembley Stadium in celebration of his 70th birthday. The collection also includes interviews with Nelson Mandela, Winnie Mandela, Andrew Masondo, Jacob Zuma, Indres Naidoo, Philip Mathews, Mary Benson, Barbara Harmel and Barry Feinberg. It consists of both completed productions and raw footage.