Files of the United Nations (UN) Secretary-General, U Thant, including: Correspondence from U Thant to Mr. Souleymane Ould Cheikh Sidya (Chairman of the Afro-Asian Group and permanent representative to the UN) about the arrest of Nelson Mandela by the South African government and the response received by U Thant from the South African government that the matter essentially falls within the jurisdiction of the Republic of South Africa and that it is not accountable to the UN, 1962. Statements by anti-apartheid leaders about the racial policies of the South African government, including a statement by Nelson Mandela (quoted in the South African House of Assembly by Helen Suzman), Yusuf Dadoo and Duma Nokwe, 1963. Notes on the forthcoming discussion on the South Africa question in the Security Council by ES Reddy, including the expectation of death sentences for Nelson Mandela and other Rivonia Trialists, and the role of the UN beyond the Rivonia Trial, 1964. Notes on the Rivonia Trial, and a Security Council discussion on the South African question, with references to the adoption of the resolution on South African prisoners and the Rivonia Trial, a proposal for a separate emergency draft resolution on the Rivonia Trial, possible repercussions of death sentences in the Rivonia Trial, the advantages of adopting a resolution in advance of the sentences, the possibility of death sentences for Nelson Mandela, Walter Sisulu and at least three other accused, Nelson Mandela and Sisulu reported to be disinclined to appeal their sentences with the implication that the time available for external pressure would be limited, and the possibility of long prison terms, 1964. A memorandum from ES Reddy (Principal Secretary, UN Special Committee Against Apartheid) to Vladimir Suslov (Under-Secretary General for Political and Security Council Affairs), enclosing a copy of a statement made by Chief Albert Luthuli on the Rivonia Trial, to be released immediately after the sentencing of the Rivonia Trialists, 1964. A letter addressed to Mr. Matthys I. Botha, South African representative to the UN about the death sentences imposed on Vuyisile Mini, Zinakile Mkaba and Wilson Khayinga, and the threats of the same penalty being imposed on other political Trialists, 1964. A press statement issued by South African Prime Minister, HF Verwoerd concerning the sentences passed in the Rivonia Trial, 1964.
Collection of Nelson Mandela posters, most of which were produced by international anti-apartheid organisations. The posters cover campaigns for the release of Nelson Mandela and all South African political prisoners, Nelson Mandela birthday tributes, as well as profiles of the Rivonia Trialists. The collection also includes ANC election campaign posters.
Congressional record house CREST General CIA records on Nelson Mandela : What if alive in free Some Sections Omitted South Africa politics of racial reform. South Africa: Dynamics of black politics African National Congress of South Africa Organisation, Communist, Ties and short term prospects Prospects for South Africa; Stability reform and violence South Africa profile of an angry black ( Sections Omitted) Prospects for South Africa stability reform and violence Africa review Terrorism review Africa review South Africa: The Boipatong massacre and the reigning of the security forces South Africa weathering the storm National daily intelligence South Africa: Inkatha scandal may accelerate police restructuring South Africa's brokers ballots and bullets South Africa chronology Africa review: special issue: South Africa entering the 1990's
Collection of materials including: News clippings in English from newspapers in the US and UK concerning the situation in South Africa during the 1960's. Text of Nelson Mandela's Rivonia Trial speech published by Christian Action and printed by A G Bishop & Sons Ltd (Kent, UK). Draft resolutions by the Executive Council of Episcopal Church on the Church's financial involvement with American banks that are members of a consortium extending credit to the South African government . Two copies dated 1968 and 1969 of newsletters published by the Information Service of South Africa. Open letter from The World Student Christian Federation titled The Banks and Apartheid. Testimony of Reverend Robert Chapmen presented at the hearing of the Executive and Finance Committee of the Executive Council of the Episcopal Church in 1969.
People for Southern Collection of material including: News clippings on the situation in South Africa in the mid 1980s including violent incidences in different parts of South Africa, unrest in townships, riot police clashes with protesters, resistance campaigns by students, press statements condemning the apartheid system by both Zenani Mandela as well as Allan Boesak. Appeals to support for Winnie Mandela by the Episcopal Church Africa.
Correspondence, memoranda, campaign materials and lists. The collection includes: Correspondence between the Comite Zuid-Afrika and the African National Congress (ANC) London office concerning the Rivonia Trial and pressure being placed on the Dutch government to condemn the trial. Campaigns for the release of the Rivonia Trialists, and about 5000 political prisoners in South Africa. Open letter by the Anti-apartheid Movement, soliciting support from abroad for those under house arrest in South Africa, and encouraging that letters of support is sent to Nelson Mandela and Robert Sobukwe at Pretoria Central Prison (1962). The collection also includes: References to the Freedom Charter and the Congress of the People. List of South Africans under house arrest, together with the conditions of their five-year banning orders. They include Helen Joseph, Ahmed Kathrada, Walter Sisulu, Jack and Rica Hodgson, Jack Tarshish, Brian and Sonia Bunting, Roley Arenstein, Michael Harmel, Moses Kotane, Lionel Bernstein, Alfred Nzo, Thomas Nkobi, MacDonald Maseko, Duma Nokwe, Cecil Williams and Alex La Guma. Correspondence from Karel Roskam to Christian Action concerning the raising of funds in the Netherlands for the Defence and Aid Fund set up by Canon Collins (1959 - 1960).
Memoranda, correspondence, reports, messages of support, newsletters, news clippings, minutes of meetings, financial reports, statements, project evaluations, budgets and campaign materials of the AABN, include: Activities of the AABN in their calls for the release of Nelson Mandela (1981 - 1982). Action by 1400 mayors from across the world, petitioning the release of Nelson Mandela and other political prisoners (1982). Campaigns for Nelson Mandela's release from prison (1985 - 1990). Nelson Mandela's visits to the Netherlands in March and June 1990. This includes notes on the policies of the Dutch government towards South Africa, as well as lists of delegates, the list of South Africans to meet Nelson Mandela at Schipol airport, itineraries and programmes. The Welcome Mandela Committee including its contacts and details of activities. These include both local and international activities in which the Committee was involved including a Welcome Mandela Festival (1989 - 1990). The 1989 political prisoner hunger strike on Robben Island, and a memorandum issued by prisoners. The full text of Nelson Mandela's speech on the Grand Parade in Cape Town on the day of his release from prison (1990). The Mandela International Reception Committee. Reactions to the news of Nelson Mandela's release from prison.
An album of photographs of Nelson Mandela, including: Portrait photographs of Nelson Mandela, many of which were taken by Eli Weinberg. There are photographs with Kaiser Matanzima, and of Nelson Mandela together with his son, Thembekile, as well as Nelson and Winnie Mandela on their wedding day. Includes photographs of Nelson Mandela wearing traditional beads, Mandela in boxing gear, at his law office, burning his pass, and in disguise while in hiding from the police as the "Black Pimpernel." (1950s - 1960s). Nelson Mandela after his acquittal at the treason trial, with Essop Pahad in the background. Nelson Mandela addressing the All-in-Africa Conference in Pietermaritzburg in 1961. Photographs are by Joe Gqabi. Photographs of Nelson Mandela with military officers in Algiers, and with Oliver Tambo in Addis Ababa, during his secret Africa trip in 1962. Nelson Mandela in Parliament Square, London, 1962. Photographs by Mary Benson. Nelson Mandela and Walter Sisulu on Robben Island in 1966.The concert in celebration of Mandela's 70th birthday. The 1988 artist's impression of Nelson Mandela. Nelson Mandela's release from prison, including a scene of him addressing a mass gathering in Cape Town on the day of his release from prison. Also featured in these photographs are Winnie Mandela, Walter Sisulu and Cyril Ramaphosa. Photographers include Yunus Mohamed. Post-release portraits, some that originates from the International Defence and Aid Fund. Photographers include Pieter Boersma and Piet den Blanken. Nelson Mandela addressing meetings on his visit to the Netherlands in June 1990. Also featured in these photographs are Winnie Mandela and Thabo Mbeki. Photographers include Jan Stegeman, Pieter Boersma and Kadir van Lohuizen. Nelson Mandela being awarded an honorary doctorate at the University of the Western Cape. Featured in the photographs are Archbishop Desmond Tutu, Professor Jaap Durand and Professor Stanley Ridge. Photographs are by Rashid Lombard. Nelson Mandela alongside a mural in Cape Town. Photograph by the Cape Argus. Nelson Mandela on the platform with Tokyo Sexwale and others at an ANC election mass meeting held at the Kwamazizi Stadium, 12 March 1994. Photographs are by B. Bohler. Photographs of Winnie and Zindzi Mandela, including Winnie in traditional dress, her attendance of political funerals in South Africa in 1985, and Zindzi addressing the crowd at a mass gathering at Jabulani Stadium in 1985. Photographers include Alf Kumalo and Gideon Mendell.
Collection of photographs documenting Nelson Mandela's release from prison, and his visit to the Netherlands in June 1990. Includes images of celebrations in honour of Nelson Mandela's release from prison in February 1990 attended by Dennis Goldberg, as well as Nelson Mandela addressing meetings and greeting supporters in Amsterdam (June 1990).
Correspondence, reports, memoranda, speeches, news clippings, financial reports and other documentation concerning the KZAs support to the ANC's 1994 election campaign. Documentation on, and correspondence with, the ANC president Nelson Mandela. Subjects covered include: Nelson Mandela's visit to the Netherlands as part of an ANC fund-raising campaign (1994). Nelson Mandela's address at a forum organised by World Com, the Netherlands (1994). The campaign entitled 'Geef Zuid-Afrika Een Eerlike Kans' which raised more than R5.9 million for the ANC within the first few hours of the campaign (1993 - 1994).The itinerary of Nelson Mandela's visit to the Netherlands on the 17th and 18th February 1994.
"Solidarity with South Africa" demonstration held in Amsterdam in 1976, with demonstrators carrying placards of Nelson Mandela. Nelson and Winnie Mandela being greeted by thousands of supporters in Leidseplein, Amsterdam in June 1990. Nelson Mandela addressing the crowd at Leidseplein, Amsterdam as well as other images of Nelson Mandela's visit to Amsterdam in 1990. Photographers include Hans van der Bogaard, Roel Rozenburg and Marja Sonneveld.
Collection of anti-apartheid memorabilia produced by, amongst other organisations, the ANC, International Defence and Aid Fund, Netherlands Institute for Southern Africa and the Anti-Apartheid Movement. Includes t-shirts and wall hangings.
Correspondence, minutes of meetings, conference resolutions, reports, press statements, pamphlets and news clippings, concerning Zenani Mandela's visit to Oslo in 1985, and the continued imprisonment of Nelson Mandela and other South African political leaders.
International Solidarity Committee of the Norwegian Labour Movement
Correspondence, memoranda, newsletters, pamphlets, reports, publications and other campaign materials concerning: The World Campaign for the Release of South African Political Prisoners (1964 - 1967). The Rivonia Trial, and a call to save South Africa's resistance leaders, including Nelson Mandela, from the death penalty. Nelson Mandela's statement from the dock at the Rivonia Trial, translated into Norwegian. Amnesty International reports on prison conditions in South Africa (1965).
Collection of photographs of Nelson Mandela's visits to Norway. Includes images of Nelson Mandela inside the Norwegian parliament, street scenes, and the awarding of the Nobel Peace Prize to Mandela and De Klerk. There are images of both Nelson Mandela and FW De Klerk addressing the audience, as well as photographs of family members and close friends in attendance, including Zenani Mandela and Pik Botha. There are also images of anti-De Klerk protesters outside. Photographs are by Terje Akerhaug, Stein Marienborg and Arne Ove Bergo.
This collection includes documentation concerning the following: Biographies of the Rivonia Trialists. A statement issued by the national executive of the ANC on February 16 1990, in the wake of decisions to unban political organisations, and the impending release of Nelson Mandela. The talks between the ANC and the South African government in 1990, documented in the Pretoria Minute. Festival held in Oslo, celebrating Nelson Mandela's release from prison. Nelson Mandela's visit to Oslo in 1992. Includes correspondence between the International Solidarity Committee of the Norwegian Labour Movement and the ANC Norway Mission. Statement by Nelson Mandela on being awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993. Birthday greetings (1993). Includes correspondence, minutes of meetings, reports, press statements, pamphlets and news clippings..
Collection of news clippings, mostly in Norwegian, that covers the following: Arrests in South Africa during the 1952 Defiance Campaign. The 1956 treason trial. Nelson Mandela in hiding as the "Black Pimpernel" (1964). Historical profiles of Nelson Mandela. The Rivonia Trial, with references to Nelson Mandela and Percy Yutar (1964), and reports on Nelson Mandela and others found guilty on charges of sabotage. A telegram sent to Verwoerd by 21 Norwegian youth organisations, in protest against the life sentences imposed on Nelson Mandela and other prisoners. Reactions to the Rivonia Trial verdict by the Foreign Minister of Great Britain, Richard Butler, as well as a statement by Verwoerd that Nelson Mandela and his men are in the category of spies, and that they have a communist plan to take over the world. The arrest of Nelson Mandela's advocate, Bram Fischer. Zenani Mandela's visit to Oslo in 1985, with biographical profiles of Nelson Mandela.
Files of the United Nations (UN) Secretary-General, U Thant, including: The charter of the Organisation of African Unity (OAU), with a resolution on apartheid and racial discrimination, calling for the immediate release of Nelson Mandela, Robert Sobukwe and all other South African political prisoners, 1963. News clippings from the New York Times, with reports on the torture of South African detainees, including reports on the detention of Winnie Mandela and an application to protect her from threats by the South African police, 1970. UN Security Council and OAU resolutions and declarations on decolonisation and apartheid, many of which call for the release of all South African political prisoners, 1964 - 1971. Correspondence between the UN and OAU.
Files of the United Nations (UN) Secretary-General, U Thant, including: The General Assembly Resolution 1761 (XVII) of November 1962, requesting that the South African government abandon all arbitrary trials and release all political prisoners. The General Assembly Resolution A/RES/1881 (XVIII) on the policies of apartheid of the government of South Africa, with reference to reports of the upcoming Rivonia Trial, with the possibility of death sentences for a large number of prisoners, 1963. Notes on the question of apartheid in South Africa, including a review of recent UN proceedings that call for the release of all political prisoners, 1964. Security Council resolutions calling for the release of all political prisoners, 1963 - 1964. Security Council resolution S/5761, calling for the ending of the [Rivonia Trial], and the granting of amnesty to all political prisoners and detainees, particularly the defendants in the Rivonia Trial, 1964.
Files of the United Nations (UN) Secretary-General, U Thant, include: UN press statement calling for the abandonment of the Rivonia Trial and the release of leaders such as Nelson Mandela and Walter Sisulu. Letter from Chief Albert Luthuli, President of the African National Congress, sent to the UN Secretary-General, U Thant, about the South African crisis. Albert Luthuli's letter refers the Rivonia Trial and the danger that some or all of the accused could be given the death sentence, and requests that the UN help to save the lives of the Rivonia Trialists. Statement by the UN Special Committee against Apartheid, with reference to the Rivonia Trialists. A record of the 1128th meeting of the UN Security Council, with commentary from Mr. such, the Chinese representative, saying that the Rivonia accused are "on their way to becoming apartheid martyrs." International Committee for the Red Cross (ICRC) memorandum about relief for the victims of political persecution in South Africa, with reference to the ongoing Rivonia Trial of Nelson Mandela, Walter Sisulu and others.
Files of the United Nations (UN) Secretary-General, U Thant, including: UN Security Council resolutions on decolonisation and apartheid, many of which call for the release of all South African political prisoners, 1964 - 1965. UN Special Committee Against Apartheid recommendations to the Security Council, including calls for the release of all political prisoners, 1962 - 1969. A report to the Secretary-General by the Expert Group on South Africa, with reference to opposition to South Africa being constituted as a republic, and Nelson Mandela's role in the call for a nationwide stay-at-home strike as a means of protest. Nelson Mandela's renewal of the call for a national convention, following the call made at the All in Africa Conference of African Leaders (Pietermaritzburg, 1961), and a quote by Nelson Mandela against racism from his 1962 trial, 1961 - 1964. The text of a letter from Mary Benson to the UN Special Committee Against Apartheid enclosing a statement made by Abram Fischer, Q.C., with reference to the Defiance Campaign, Congress of the People, Treason Trial, Nelson Mandela in hiding, the formation of Umkhonto we Sizwe, the purchasing of the Lilliesleaf Farm and the Rivonia Trial, 1966.
Files of the United Nations (UN) Secretary-General, U Thant, include: Text of a statement by Achkar Marot, the representative of Guinea, to the UN, refers to Nelson Mandela's imprisonment on Robben Island. Response by the South African government to two articles published in the "UN Monthly Chronicle," which discusses the South African government's position on the Rivonia Trial, including Nelson Mandela's statement from the dock. The conclusion and recommendations of the International Seminar on Apartheid, Racial Discrimination and Colonialism in Southern Africa held in Kitwe, Zambia (1967). The conference recommended special campaigns around the incarceration of outstanding leaders such as Nelson Mandela, Walter Sisulu, Robert Sobukwe and Bram Fischer.
Collection of photographs taken during Nelson Mandela's visits to the United Nations. Scenes covered include: Nelson Mandela arriving at the United Nations (UN) to address the Special Committee Against Apartheid in the General Assembly (1990). Addresses to the UN General Assembly. Meetings with Secretary-General Javier Perez De Cuellar (1990 - 1991). Meetings with Secretary-General Boutros-Boutros Ghali (1992 - 1994). Nelson Mandela addressing press conferences at the UN Headquarters (1993 - 1994). Nelson Mandela addressing Heads of State attending the 49th session of the UN General Assembly (1994). Mandela's attendance of the 50th anniversary of the UN (1995. Nelson Mandela's attendance of the 53rd session of the General Assembly (1998). Nelson Mandela, as facilitator of the Burundi Peace Process, visiting the UN to brief the Security Council on the situation in Burundi. Featured together with Nelson Mandela are: Security Council President Mortar Ouane (Mali) and General Assembly President Harri Holkeri (Finland). Dumisani Khumalo, Permanent Representative of South Africa to the UN; Mayor David Dinkins of New York City. US boxers and boxing officials Mike Tyson, Jose Suleiman, Sugar Ray Leonard and Joe Frazier; Samir Sanbar, Assistant Secretary-General and Lakhdar Brahimi, formerly the Secretary-General's Special Representative for South Africa; Ibrahim Gambari, chairman of the Special Committee Against Apartheid; and Winnie Mandela.
Materials documenting the work of the Washington Office on Africa, founded in 1972 to support freedom struggles in Southern Africa. Included in the collection are: Tributes to Nelson Mandela, some of which commemorate his 65th birthday. US House Resolution 430 entitled the Mandela Freedom Resolution, calling for Mandela's release from prison, and the lifting of state imposed banning orders on Winnie Mandela. Nelson Mandela's visit to the United States after his release from prison, the establishment of International Reception Committee to promote and co-ordinate activities during his visit to the United States.
Programmes and programme segments broadcast on National Public Radio. Includes reports on: Speculation on the possible release of Nelson Mandela from prison. Nelson Mandela’s views on the South African apartheid government. PW Botha’s offer to Nelson Mandela of conditional release, and Nelson Mandela’s rejection of the offer, communicated to the outside world by his daughter, Zindzi, at a mass gathering in Soweto. The firebombing of the Nelson Mandela home in Soweto. Meeting between Steven Solarz and PW Botha. The arrest of United Democratic Front (UDF) leader, Allan Boesak, ahead of a planned march to Pollsmoor Prison calling for the release of Nelson Mandela. Reports on the Pollsmoor March. Profiles of Nelson Mandela and the Mandela family. Profiles of the African National Congress (ANC), in which Mandela is mentioned. Scrapping of the pass laws in South Africa. Release Mandela Campaign, in which Aubrey Mokena, one of the campaign’s key organizers, is mentioned. Nelson Mandela’s calls for South African government negotiations with the ANC. UK Foreign Minister, Geoffrey Howe’s visit to South Africa and meeting with PW Botha. Zenani Mandela’s visit to the United States for a birthday commemoration in honour of Martin Luther King Jr. Twenty- fifth anniversary of Mandela’s imprisonment. Reports of a 1960 speech by Nelson Mandela on the reasons for the armed struggle. Free Mandela concert held at Wembley Stadium, London, in commemoration of his 70th birthday, and other commemorative events. Nelson Mandela’s hospitalisation because of tuberculosis. Reports on meetings between Nelson Mandela and PW Botha, and of his ‘secret’ negotiations with the South African government. Freeing of Walter Sisulu, Ahmed Kathrada and other long-serving political prisoners. Reports on the imminent closure of Kapitan, one of Nelson Mandela’s favourite restaurants since the 1950s. Legalisation of the ANC, and announcement of other reforms by FW De Klerk.
Collection of materials including: Correspondence on "Free Mandela" appeals from the Committee of Southern Africa and responses from the US Department of State. Correspondence on "Free Mandela" appeals from Centre against Apartheid. Correspondence "Free Mandela" appeals from Africa Resource Center (CA, USA). Correspondence "Free Mandela" appeals from General Theological Seminary (NY, USA. Correspondence from The Episcopal Churchmen for Southern Africa (NY, USA) sent to among others, the US President advocating for freeing of South African and Namibia political prisoners. Several leaflet copies of the "Free Mandela" campaign. Text of Nelson Mandela's Rivonia Trial speech published by Christian Action and printed by A G Bishop & Sons Ltd (Kent, UK). News clippings on the situation in South Africa in the early 1980s including strike action by labour unions, condemnation of the government by church organizations, Mrs. Helen Suzman's visit of Robben Island and meeting Mr. Nelson Mandela and Mr. Andimba Toivo Ja Toivo, restricted family visits by Winnie Mandela, free Mandela campaigns conducted both in South Africa and around the world,
Collection of documents including correspondence, newsletters, pamphlets, press clippings, memoranda and media releases. The subjects covered include: Biographical material on Nelson and Winnie Mandela. Robben Island. Nelson Mandela's health during his imprisonment, and calls for independent medical treatment. Petitions and campaigns for Nelson Mandela's release from prison. US House Resolution 430 entitled, "The Mandela Freedom Resolution," submitted by Geo W. Crockett Jr., Hamilton Fish Jr., Claude Pepper and Jim Leach, calling for Nelson Mandela's release from prison. Prison conditions. The work of the International Anti-apartheid Movement, particularly the Free South Africa Movement (USA). International tributes, such as the Nelson Mandela bust on Trafalgar Square (London) and the statue at Merrion Square (Dublin). Honorary degrees conferred on Mandela. Seventieth birthday tributes. Nelson Mandela's release from prison in February 1990, and his visit to the US later that year. The International Reception Committee, established to welcome Nelson Mandela after his release from prison. Marches and rallies held in the US celebrating his release from prison. Nelson Mandela's address to the US Congress, and remarks made to newspaper editors and writers in the US on the new South Africa. Political negotiations, the future of sanctions, the reasons for his release from prison and the armed struggle. Speeches, statements and articles by Mandela. The list of correspondents includes Dennis Brutus, John Fiordelisi, Randall Robinson, Archbishop Trevor Huddleston and Geo W. Crockett Jr. News clippings are from the Boston Sunday Globe, Chicago Sunday Times, Chicago Tribune, Ebony Magazine, New York Post, New York Times, State News and USA Today.
Flyers and programme brochure for a tribute to Nelson and Winnie Mandela organised by the Friends of Nelson and Winnie Mandela [United Black Appeal], held at the Abyssian Baptist Church, November 25 1985. Also includes a letter of thanks from Winnie Mandela to Arlene W. Oxford, in which the death of Samora Machel is mentioned.
Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture (Photographs and Prints Division)
Photographs taken during Nelson Mandela's visit to New York in 1990. The photos depict scenes of Reverend Jesse Jackson, New Jersey Governor Jim Florio and Congressman Charles Rangel during Mandela's arrival in New York City. Manhattan Boro President Ruth Messenger, New York Governor Mario Cuomo, Reverend Jesse Jackson and Congressman Charles Rangel. Randall Robinson of Tran Africa together with Reverend Jackson.
Programmes and programme segments broadcast on channels such as ABC, CBC, CNN, and NBC. Includes footage and reports on the following: The South African government ban on birthday celebrations honouring Nelson Mandela. Senator Edward Kennedy’s meeting with Winnie Mandela. Nelson Mandela observing his birthday in prison. Riot police breaking up birthday gatherings. Scenes of a celebratory march in London in honour of Nelson Mandela’s 70th birthday. Nelson Mandela's 80th birthday celebrations in South Africa, and the announcement of his marriage to Graca Machel. Birthday tributes to Nelson Mandela on his 85th birthday.
Programmes and programme segments broadcast on channels such as ABC, CBC, CNN, NBC and Nightline. Includes footage and reports on the following: Reports of the Reagan Administration’s support of the release of Nelson Mandela from prison. President Reagan’s attitude towards Nelson Mandela and his views on negotiations with the African National Congress (ANC). Senator Edward Kennedy’s tour of South Africa, which included a meeting with Winnie Mandela. A report that the CIA was instrumental in Nelson Mandela’s arrest. Oliver Tambo and Nelson Mandela as leaders of the ANC. US Congress delegation visit to South Africa, and meeting with Foreign Minister Pik Botha, and their request to visit Nelson Mandela not permitted. The impact of economic sanctions against South Africa, with Nelson Mandela mentioned. US Secretary of State George Shultz’s visit to South Africa, and an explanation by him on US policy towards South Africa, including a demand for the release of Nelson Mandela. Anti-apartheid demonstrations in New York, with calls for the release of Nelson Mandela. Nelson Mandela’s visit to the US after his release from prison. Nelson Mandela reported as being inspired by the American ideal. The amount of money raised for the ANC during Mandela’s US visit. Visits by Nelson Mandela to Oakland, Los Angeles, Miami, Atlanta, Boston and New York City. Nelson Mandela addressing the US Congress. The meeting of Nelson Mandela with President Bush at the White House, and reportedly urging President Bush to maintain economic sanctions against South Africa. Remarks by Nelson Mandela about Libyan leader Muammar Kadhafi, Palestinian Liberation Organisation Leader Yasser Arafat and Cuban leader Fidel Castro. Senator Edward Kennedy with Nelson Mandela. People commenting on what Nelson Mandela symbolises. The meeting of Nelson Mandela with Secretary of State James Baker and other national leaders. Comments by George Bush on Nelson Mandela's release from prison. A celebration of Independence Day in the US, where President Bill Clinton awards medals to Nelson Mandela and FW De Klerk. Nelson Mandela speaking about the challenge in Africa for the US. Statements by President Mandela and President Clinton during Nelson Mandela’s first official visit to the US and the welcoming ceremony at the White House. President Nelson Mandela’s address to a joint session of Congress. Mandela’s meeting with Louis Farrakhan US Vice President Al Gore’s visit to South Africa, and his meeting with Nelson Mandela. Hillary Clinton’s visit to South Africa with scenes shown from Robben Island. Bill Clinton’s visit to South Africa, and his meetings with Nelson Mandela. The White House reception held for Nelson Mandela in the latter part of his Presidency. The awarding of the Congressional Gold Medal to Nelson Mandela by Clinton. A statement by Mandela that Muammar el-Kadhafi has promised to turn over the suspects in the bombing of Pan AM Flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland. Nelson Mandela commenting on the relationship between the US and Iraq, saying that no country should be allowed to take the law into their own hands. Statements by Nelson Mandela that President Bush is undermining the United Nations.
Anti-apartheid collection of news clippings, press releases, memoranda and printed items issued outside of South Africa. The subjects covered include Anti-Apartheid activities in various countries, particularly the work of the United Nations Special Committee against Apartheid, and its campaigns for the release of Nelson Mandela.
Records of the African National Congress (ANC) New York Mission. The collection includes Correspondence to and from Nelson Mandela. Portraits of ANC leaders, including Mandela. Biographical material. Schedules and itineraries concerning Mandela’s visit to New York. Tributes to Mandela. Speeches delivered by Mandela, including his speech at the funeral of Oliver Tambo. Nelson Mandela speeches Photographs The size of the whole collection is 44 boxes and approximately 9 folders have material on Nelson Mandela.
Records of the African National Congress Canada mission. The records include correspondence, memoranda, minutes, briefing notes, financial statements, discussion papers, photographs and video material. The subjects covered: Calls for Nelson Mandela’s release from prison, including the Freedom at 70 campaign (1988). Mandela’s release from prison, the first anniversary of his release, and documentation on the significance of his release from prison (1990 - 1991). Mandela birthday celebrations in Canada, and messages of goodwill sent to him (1990). Mandela’s visits to Canada and the USA (1990). The Nelson Mandela Reception Committee, the Nelson Mandela Fundraising Committee and the International Mandela Reception Committee (1990). Awards and honours conferred on Mandela, and various letters of tribute sent to him (1990 - 1993). The ANC-Mandela Support Coalition (1990 - 1991). The Nelson Mandela Fund (1990 - 1991). Speeches delivered by and on behalf of Mandela, including addresses during his 1990 visits to Canada and the United States, and during his visit to Zambia (1979 - 1990). The South African negotiation process, including memoranda between Mandela and FW De Klerk.
Records of the African National Congress French Mission. The records include: Correspondence, news clippings, pamphlets, petitions and statements concerning campaigns in France for Nelson Mandela’s release from prison (1985 - 1989). Correspondence and news clippings concerning international awards and tributes conferred on Mandela, such as the Nobel Peace Prize. And the inauguration of Boulevard Nelson Mandela, some of these were conferred in absentia and presented to the assassinated ANC activist, Dulcie September. Correspondence and lists concerning honorary citizenships conferred on Mandela (1985 - 1989). News clippings in the run up to, and reporting Mandela’s release from prison. The collection includes some of the original certificates awarded in (1985 - 1993). - Leaflets and copies of photographs (1960s -1990s). - Miscellaneous correspondence concerning Mandela (1990). - Awards to Nelson Mandela - Mandela, Nelson and Winnie - Mandela Nelson 1990 - Mandela Libre Comitre Francaise - Mandela - declaration - Mandela Parle ANC Paris - Humanite liberate pour Mandela - List of noble peace prize nominees leaflets
Records of the African National Congress German Mission. The collection has An interview with Winnie Mandela by Africa Now concerning Nelson Mandela’s imprisonment, December 1982. Correspondence, memoranda, resolutions and working principles of the Release Mandela Campaign (RMC) (1980 - 1988). Letters to Mandela from children in Germany (1988). News clippings concerning Mandela (1985 -1990). Correspondence, memoranda and statements of the Mandela International Release Committee. Correspondence and programmes in relation to Mandela’s visits to Germany (1990 - 1993). Miscellaneous materials concerning international awards conferred on Mandela such as the Nehru Award, published speeches, statements and tributes (including 70th birthday tributes) and a statement by Oliver Tambo on the conferment of the Nehru Award on Mandela. - News clippings, including reports of CIA involvement in Mandela’s arrest in 1962. - Nelson Mandela concert in Hamburg - Nelson Mandela exhibition on the struggle - Speeches 1961- 1964
Records of the African National Congress Indian Mission. The collection includes: Personal letters of support for Nelson Mandela from Indian schoolchildren, diplomats, clubs and organizations. Conference proceedings and resolutions relating to Mandela’s imprisonment and release, and the full text of Mandela’s address in Cape Town on the day of his release from prison. Correspondence, addresses and proceedings concerning awards conferred on Mandela. These include lists of awards, declarations and medals conferred on Mandela by organisations in India and elsewhere. Correspondence, texts of speeches, poetry and photographs concerning Mandela’s visit to India in October 1990. Photographic albums created as tributes to Mandela by the Bluebells School in New Delhi, by the government of West Bengal to commemorate Mandela’s visit in 1990, and photographs of news clippings of the Treason and Rivonia Trials. - Letters written to Nelson Mandela - Awards presented to Nelson Mandela
Records of the African National Congress Italian Mission. The records include correspondence, news clippings and reports that cover international calls for Nelson Mandela’s release from prison, and international awards bestowed on him such as the Freedom of the City of Rome and the Freedom of the City of Pordenone.
Records of the African National Congress Japan Mission. The records include correspondence, messages, speeches and statements concerning Nelson Mandela’s release, his visits to Japan and Australia in 1990, Receipt of the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993.
Records of the African National Congress London mission. The records include correspondence, news clippings, speeches, statements and photographs concerning: Nelson Mandela-visits to the United Kingdom (1990 - 1993). The life of Zindzi Mandela. Talks between Nelson Mandela and Mangosuthu Buthelezi (1993). Mandela’s visits to the United Nations. Mandela’s inauguration as President of South Africa (1994).
Records of the African National Congress Netherlands Mission. The collection includes: Correspondence, invitations, programmes, reports, news clippings and speeches concerning Nelson Mandela’s visits to the Netherlands (1990 - 1994). News clippings, newsletters, memoranda and pamphlets of the Nelson Mandela International Reception Committee (1989 - 1990). The death of ANC President, Oliver Tambo, and the statement delivered by Nelson Mandela at the funeral. The full text of Mandela’s rejection of PW Botha’s offer of conditional release in 1989, and a speech delivered by Mandela to the Finance Week Breakfast Club, 1991 ANC election campaign fund-raising materials. Memoranda from Mandela to FW De Klerk (1992). Various news clippings on Mandela (1988 - 1990). Mandela visit to the Netherlands
African National Congress (ANC) Netherlands Mission
Records of the African National Congress Norway mission. The records include correspondence, news clippings, statements and photographs concerning: The Nelson Mandela 70th birthday concert; Congratulatory messages on Mandela’s release from prison; Nelson Mandela’s visits to Norway, and the work of the Mandela Reception Committee (1990 - 1992). The Nelson Mandela Memorial Coin (1991). The awarding of the Nobel Peace Prize to Nelson Mandela (1993). Speeches delivered by Nelson Mandela during his visits to Scandinavian countries Mandela Nelson -visit to Norway 1992 Athens Medical Centre: Correspondence - Invitation to Mandela to visit Greece
Records of the African National Congress Senegal Mission. The records includes documentation concerning the Nelson Mandela International Reception Committee, and an original invitation to Nelson Mandela from the president-elect of Mali. Correspondence with Dakar president Holding Kebe. Full text of Nelson Mandela address to the people on the day of his release from prison 11th February 1990 Document de Mandela
Records of the African National Congress Washington Mission. The records include: Campaign materials, leaflets and news clippings produced by the United States-based Lawyers Campaign to Free Nelson Mandela (1986 - 1989). Correspondence concerning the Nelson Mandela Scholarship initiative at Brockport State University. The list of correspondents include Lindiwe Mabuza and Vernon Molefe (1989). Various international tributes to Mandela after his release from prison in 1990. Media requests from various United States media organisations to interview Mandela during his visit to the United States (1990). Correspondence and memoranda between Mandela and FW De Klerk. Subjects covered include violence, negotiations, the security forces, Koevoet and Battalion 32, the Goldstone Commission of Enquiry, regional government and the influence of Marxism/Leninism within the ANC (1992). Correspondence between Mandela and Jimmy Carter, Stevie Wonder and Bill Cosby (1990). Correspondence concerning Mandela from different regions of the United States, most were written during his tenure as president of the ANC (1988 - 1993). Statements, speeches and articles delivered by Mandela, including the Heinz Foundation lecture delivered at the University of Pittsburgh, statements delivered to the United Nations, an address to the US Congress in June 1990, and the announcement of his separation from Winnie Mandela (1990 - 1993). Correspondence between Mandela and De Klerk concerning the South African situation (1992). Correspondence, programmes, notes, briefing documents, financial reports, itineraries and speeches concerning Mandela’s 1990 and 1993 tours to the United States, in which the Mandela Reception Committee played a central role. The tours included visits to Atlanta, Boston, Los Angeles, Miami, New York, Oakland, Washington, D.C., Chicago and Philadelphia (1990 - 1993). Photographs of Nelson Mandela together with Jesse Jackson (1990). The lyrics of songs composed in honour of Mandela, during his 1990 United States visit. News clippings, correspondence and entries for a Nelson Mandela Essay Contest in New Haven (1990). Biographical material. Miscellaneous correspondence and news clippings. Mandela to Stevie Wonder and Bill Cosby Office of the president Mandela Tours:- Atlanta, Boston , Los Angele, Miami Oakland, Chicago Trip projects; Mandela welcoming committee; Mandela freedom fund Luthuli: Mandela lecture series
African National Congress (ANC) Washington Mission
Records of the African National Congress mission in Zimbabwe The records include correspondence and photographs on: The Nelson Mandela Freedom at 70 campaign; The conferment of the Freedom of the City of Kabwe on Mandela; Nelson Mandela's visit to Zimbabwe; Correspondence from President Mugabe, after Nelson Mandela's release from prison. Free Mandela campaign (photographs) Mandela N.R - Interview
The personal papers of Oliver Tambo. The collection includes: News clippings from South African and international newspapers concerning the arrest of Nelson Mandela in 1962, his court appearances, and calls for his release from prison (1962 -1988). Correspondence concerning the PAFMECSA conference held in Ethiopia addressed to all member governments, a letter from the ANC London office concerning the arrests of Mandela and Walter Sisulu, and a cable from the Somali Minister of Foreign Affairs to Tambo re: Mandela’s arrest (1962). News clippings in the build up to and aftermath of Mandela’s release from prison (1990 - 1991). News clippings, programmes and itineraries concerning Mandela’s visits to the United States, the United Kingdom, Ireland, India, Japan, Malaysia, Australia, Geneva, Botswana and other countries (1990 - 1991). Reports on campaigns for the release of political prisoners, including reports from Robben Island, and on Lord Nicholas Bethel's meeting with Mandela. Also includes a 1970 report by Mandela about prison conditions on Robben Island (1970 - 1989). Correspondence from Mandela, written from Pollsmoor Prison, to Oliver Tambo and a number of other individuals. Original letters to Tambo, as well as transcripts of letters written to Nthato Motlana, Mangosuthu Buthelezi, Sheila Weinberg and Desmond Tutu, amongst others. Also included is a letter of thanks to Mrs. Bhalla of the Indian Council for the 1979 Jawaharlal Nehru Award and a letter of sympathy on the death of Seretse Khama (1978 - 1989). Media reports concerning Mandela, including cables. Includes reports by Radio RSA, internal media monitoring, an African National Congress (ANC) statement on Mandela’s health, and of a visit to Mandela by Robert Brown (1985 - 1990). Correspondence, reports and messages concerning international support for Mandela’s release from prison. Subjects covered include tributes on his 60th and 70th birthdays, and awards and honours conferred on Mandela, particularly through the work of the British Anti-Apartheid Movement (1984). Statements and correspondence concerning the assassination of Chris Hani (1993). Video recordings of various events before and after Mandela’s release from prison. These include the 1990 Free Mandela Concert at Wembley Stadium and Mandela’s 1990 visit to Lusaka (1988 - 1990). Correspondence, lists and statements by Oliver Tambo concerning awards and honours conferred on Mandela. These include honorary degrees, Freedom of the City awards, artistic attributes and facilities named after Mandela. The correspondence is primarily between Oliver Tambo and heads of / representatives of awarding countries and institutions. The awards include the Simon Bolivar Prize, the naming of a road in Mandela’s honour in Botswana, and awards conferred by the Sandinista National Liberation Front of Nicaragua, the Jamaican Human Rights Organisation, the University of Carabobo of Venezuela, and the Karl Marx University of the German Democratic Republic (1983 - 1990). Correspondence and statements concerning international calls for, and, Mandela’s release from prison. These include correspondence about a resolution passed by the African Symposium on African Orality in Nigeria, and a statement by the president of the Republic of Senegal after Mandela’s release. Other correspondents include Senator Michael J Williams of Trinidad and Tobago, OJ Masire of the Palestinian Liberation Organisation (PLO), and the Communist Party of Sweden (1989 - 1990). Correspondence from Tambo to Mandela and to the Mandela family (1991 - 1992).
Speeches delivered in Mandela’s honour. Drafts of plays and books written about Nelson Mandela, the drafts include No Easy Walk to Freedom, Nelson Mandela and the Rivonia Trial and What is to be done’. Published and unpublished statements and speeches of Mandela, 1962 - 1991. Correspondence and memoranda relating to the Nelson Mandela National Reception Committee (1989 - 1990). Biographical
Collection of political cartoons produced by Abe Berry, former cartoonist for the Star Newspaper. Most of the cartoons were produced for the Star Newspaper and some for City Press. The cartoons cover Nelson Mandela in relation to subjects such as: The South African 'Bantustan' system. Speculation about his release from prison. The Organisation of African Unity and the International Anti-Apartheid Movement. Free Mandela campaigns. The unbanning of the African National Congress and the South African Communist Party. Nelson Mandela's release from prison. Awards and honours conferred on Nelson Mandela including the naming of streets, schools and other public spaces in his honour. The South African negotiation process.
Correspondence, pamphlets, newsletters, publications and press statements concerning the following: The Rivonia Trial, including a summarized version of Nelson Mandela’s defence statement at the trial and the script of a radio broadcast on the Rivonia Trial (36 min.) (1964 - 1975). The World Campaign for the Release of South African Political Prisoners, and a summary of support for the campaign (1964). The persecution of Winnie Mandela (1971). Political prisoners in South Africa (1975). The Treason Trial, including schedules C and D of the indictment, a list of the accused and their association with certain speeches, gatherings and publications (1956 - 1961). Biographical profiles of Nelson Mandela, Govan Mbeki, Andrew Mlangeni, Raymond Mhlaba, Dennis Goldberg, Walter Sisulu, Lionel Bernstein, Elias Motsoaledi and Ahmed Kathrada. Appeals for the release of Nelson Mandela including an appeal to the people of South Africa smuggled out from Robben Island, with an introduction from Oliver Tambo (1980). A copy of the international declaration for the release of Nelson Mandela, initiated by Archbishop Trevor Huddleston, as well as a list of signatories to the declaration (1981). The Sunday Post campaign for Nelson Mandela’s release(1980 - 1981). United Nations notes on the Release Mandela Campaign, a statement by Chief Albert Luthuli on the sentencing of the Rivonia Trialists (1964), extracts from an address by H.E. Mr. B Akporode Clark to non-governmental organisations at UN headquarters (1980), biographical profiles on Nelson Mandela, and the Free South African Political Prisoners Campaign (1980). A survey of events and actions in honour of and for the release of Nelson Mandela, prepared by the British Anti-Apartheid Movement, October 1984. Observances of Nelson Mandela’s 60th birthday (1978). The collection also consists of bound volumes of Spark, Guardian and New Age newspapers, for which Brian Bunting served as editor. They include newspaper reports on Nelson Mandela’s 1962 Africa trip showing photographs of Nelson Mandela together with Oliver Tambo in Algeria, Nelson Mandela’s tour of Algerian army camps and headquarters together with Robert Resha, Nelson Mandela meeting with Tunisian government representatives, and Nelson Mandela together with Colonel Tadenesse Biru in Ethiopia.
Collection of film and video recordings consisting of distribution prints and master materials (negatives, rushes, sound tracks and trims). The subjects covered include: Nelson Mandela's early views on the objectives of the ANC and the liberation struggle. The reception given to Mandela's rejection of the regime's offer of conditional release, read by his daughter Zindzi to a vast gathering in Soweto on 10 February 1985. Commentary from activists and family members, including Winnie Mandela. Prison conditions on Robben Island including Mandela's cell, the daily routine of hard labour, diet in prison, isolation and Mandela's transfer to Pollsmoor Prison in 1985. The impact of international campaigns for the release of Mandela, including footage of the Free Mandela Campaign Concert held at Wembley Stadium in celebration of his 70th birthday. The collection also includes interviews with Nelson Mandela, Winnie Mandela, Andrew Masondo, Jacob Zuma, Indres Naidoo, Philip Mathews, Mary Benson, Barbara Harmel and Barry Feinberg. It consists of both completed productions and raw footage.
Audio recording of an African National Congress (ANC) rally held at the Cape Town Civic Centre on the 13th of September 1993. The speakers included Nelson Mandela, Allan Boesak, Salie Manie and Melanie Verwoerd.
A collection consisting primarily of 35mm colour transparencies, covering: International and South African campaigns for the release of Nelson Mandela. Celebrations of Mandela's release from prison. Photographs taken immediately after Mandela's release from prison. Mandela's re-union with Oliver Tambo during his visit to Sweden (1991). Mandela's family home in Qunu. Photographs with Winnie Mandela, Oliver Tambo, Adelaide Tambo, Archbishop Trevor Huddleston and Douglas Hurd. Performers (Johnny Clegg, David Serame, The Manhattans, Jonas Gwangwa and Hugh Masekela) at the Free Mandela / 70th birthday celebration concert, held at Wembley Stadium (1988). Mandela at the Wembley concert that celebrated his release from prison (1990). Portraits of Mandela. Photographers include Paul Weinberg, Gordon Metz, Order Elias on and Anna Zieminski.
Correspondence, minutes of meetings, media strategies, pamphlets, newsletters, statements and news-clippings concerning: Nelson Mandela’s 60th birthday, The Nelson Mandela International Reception committee convened by Archbishop Trevor Huddleston, Political imprisonment in South Africa, Helen Suzman’s visit to Mandela (1983) Legal action by Mandela against the Minister of Prisons (1981) Legal work undertaken on behalf of the Mandela family. The Rivonia Trial. Honours conferred on Nelson Mandela. Correspondents include Ismail Ayob, Helen Suzman, and the law firm Frank, Bernadt and Joffe.
Correspondence, reports, campaign documents, press statements and speeches on Irish Anti-Apartheid Movement campaigns for the release of Nelson Mandela. Calls made by the Irish government for Nelson Mandela's release from prison. The unveiling of a Mandela sculpture in Merrion Square, Dublin, and the conferment of the Freedom of the City of Dublin to Mandela. 70th birthday tributes. Preparations for Nelson Mandela's release from prison in 1990 and the organising of a celebration rally in Ireland. Nelson Mandela’s visit to Dublin in 1991. Correspondents includes Dr. Kader Asmal and Louise Asmal, ES Reddy, Ismail Ayob, Ruth Mompati, Sipho Pityana, Frank Aiken (Ireland Minister of External Affairs), Senator George O’Brien, Barry Desmond ,Honorary Secretary, Anti-apartheid Movement) and President Alhaji Shehu Shagari of Nigeria.
Correspondence, pamphlets and messages of support concerning the Nelson Mandela 70th birthday campaign, most of which were produced by the Anti-Apartheid Movement (AAM). The collection includes pamphlets publicising the Mandela Freedom Ride, as well as messages sent to the African National Congress (ANC) on the occasion of Mandela's 70th birthday from the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Turkey and the Central Committee of the Workers Party of Turkey. There is also correspondence concerning the organising of a tree planting ceremony by the Dumbarton District Council to commemorate Nelson Mandela’s birthday.
Collection of documents and photographs, including a photocopy of a biographical profile of Nelson Mandela written by Wolfie Kodesh. Other subjects include: The meeting between Nelson Mandela and Oliver Tambo's in Stockholm, Sweden (1990). The full text of Nelson Mandela's response to the conditional offer of freedom made in parliament by the State President PW Botha. Statement issued by Ismail Ayob, on behalf of Nelson Mandela, on the protection of Nelson Mandela's name from being abused, Nelson Mandela Freedom at 70 campaign. The full text of Nelson Mandela's speech at the Grand Parade in Cape Town on the day of his release from prison in 1990
Incoming and outgoing correspondence concerning Nelson Mandela. Includes: Letter from Archbishop Trevor Huddleston requesting that Archbishop Tutu serve as a patron of the Nelson Mandela International Reception Committee (1990). Response from Archbishop Tutu’s office to Saka Acquaye (Ghana) about the separation of President Mandela and Mrs. Winnie Mandela’s (1994). Letter from A .Boraine about the possibility of Nelson Mandela’s release from prison (1985). Letter from the State President’s office concerning the Nobel Committee’s decision to award the 1993 Nobel Peace Prize to Mandela (1993). Correspondence from Archbishop Tutu to the Minister of Justice requesting permission to visit Robben Island and Pollsmoor prisoners (1987), and a request to visit Nelson Mandela at the Constantia berg Clinic (1988). Letter from Archbishop Tutu to the State President, in appreciation of Nelson Mandela’s release from prison (1990). Invitation to a United Nations Human Rights Day in honour of Nelson Mandela and FW De Klerk (1993).