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De Klerk, Frederik Willem
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  • NMPP-PC-NMPP-PC-2009/5.1-12-40
  • page
  • 1989-09-18 - 1989-09-24
  • Part of Prison Collection

1 page of a printed desk calendar with handwritten notes covering the year of 1989. The calendar was used as a diary by Nelson Mandela while in prison and contains entries concerning matters such as visits, dreams, films, books, personal health and politics.

Mandela, Nelson Rolihlahla


  • NMPP-PC-NMPP-PC-2009/5.1-12-52
  • page
  • 1989-12-11 - 1989-12-17
  • Part of Prison Collection

1 page of a printed desk calendar with handwritten notes covering the year of 1989. The calendar was used as a diary by Nelson Mandela while in prison and contains entries concerning matters such as visits, dreams, films, books, personal health and politics.

Mandela, Nelson Rolihlahla

Dialogue on the role of the European Union in Global Affairs, notably Africa, 2011.09.16, Houghton: [Set of 105 Images]

Dialogue held at the Nelson Mandela Foundation on the role of the European Union in global affairs, notably in its relations with Africa. The European Commission President Jose Manuel Barroso, former President F.W. De Klerk, and Prof. Njabulo Ndebele participated in the dialogue.

Davies, Lee

Agence France-Press (AFP), 1950s-1990s, South Africa: [Set of 11 Still Images]

Photographs of Nelson Mandela meeting the former South African rugby team, attending the second round of official talks, CODESA meetings, his release from prison as well as his inaugural as the first black President of South Africa. Photograph of Nelson Mandela signing the new Constitution of South Africa into law in 1996 and Cyril Ramaphosa holds it up, alongside Nelson Mandela.

Agence France-presse

APN, 1990s-2000s, South Africa: [Set of 19 Still Images]

Photographs of Winnie Madikizela- Mandela signing the divorce; Nelson Mandela signing South Africa's new constitution with Cyril Ramaphosa standing next to him looking on; Mandela attending meetings and negotiations; political marches by crowds; President Thabo Mbeki's presentation to the FIFA Executive Committee on South Africa's bid for 2010 Soccer Wold Cup in Switzerland.


Mandela attends the 'Presidents Cup' golf tournament, 2003.11.20, George; [set of 20 photographic prints]

Nelson Mandela attending the Presidents Cup. The 2003 Presidents Cup ventured to George. Gary Player led the International Team for the first time that year in a contest against Jack Nicklaus' United States Team. The host venue, The Links at Fancourt Hotel and Country Club Estate, saw the first tie in Presidents Cup history, and the Republic of South Africa President Thabo Mbeki served as the Honorary Chairman.


News night, 1989.08.14, South Africa: [News Recording]

News and commentary on the resignation of Mr PW Botha from his position as Nationalist party prime minister after he felt that the Cabinet does not respect his decisions. Botha was replaced by Mr FW De Klerk who then met with the Zambian president Mr Kenneth Kaunda. Interviews with Benjamin Pogrund, Prof Albert Venter, Prof Tom Young and Mr Murphy Morobe of the United Democratic Front.

British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC)

Ending the armed struggle [e15cCfTLFso]

In the latter part of his imprisonment Nelson Mandela made overtures towards the apartheid regime when he thought the time was right. He was not negotiating, but he was talking to them about the conditions for actual talks between the ruling National Party and the African National Congress. Once he was released from prison on 11 February 1990 he and his colleagues began meeting with the regime. This paved the way for the full-blown multi-party talks at the Convention for a Democratic South Africa (Codesa) which began on 20 December 1991 and ended in 1993 when the date for South Africa’s first democratic elections was announced. Here he talks about the ending of the armed struggle in August 1990.

Mandela, Nelson Rolihlahla

Violence in 1990 [f_3iV4ssICY]

Multi-party talks to end apartheid came undone more than once and usually it was because Nelson Mandela led his African National Congress team out of the negotiations in protest. These breakdowns usually were brought about by ongoing violence in the black communities, which Mr. Mandela and his colleagues believed had been caused by the apartheid regime’s collusion and orchestration in the violence. Here he talks about one such incident and an exchange he had with both President De Klerk and the police minister about it.

Mandela, Nelson Rolihlahla

Prisoner 913: The Release of Nelson Mandela

Stemmet and co-author Riaan de Villiers bring some of the most compelling secrets to light. Among others, it reveals that the covert collaboration between Mandela and the last NP government went way further than is generally known, and included an attempt by Mandela to broker a deal between the apartheid regime and the ANC in exile prior to his release. It also reveals that F.W. de Klerk made Mandela an offer that, if accepted, would have fundamentally changed the latter's role in the South African transition. Prisoner 913 casts new - often startling - light on the hidden dynamics behind one of the most important events in South Africa's political history."

de Villers, Riaan

Breakthrough: The Struggles and Secret Talks that Brought Apartheid South Africa to the Negotiating Table

Breakthrough sheds new light on the process that led to the formal negotiations. Focusing on the years before 1990, the book reveals the skirmishes that took place away from the public glare, as the principal adversaries engaged in a battle of positions that carved a pathway to the negotiating table. Drawing from material in the prison files of Nelson Mandela, minutes of the meetings of the ANC Constitutional Committee, the NWC and the NEC, notes about the Mells Park talks led by Professor Willie Esterhuyse and Thabo Mbeki, communications between Oliver Tambo and Operation Vula, the Kobie Coetsee Papers, the Broederbond archives and numerous other sources, the authors have pieced together a definitive account of these historic developments. While most accounts of South Africa's transition deal with what happened during the formal negotiations, Breakthrough demonstrates that an account of how the opposing parties reached the negotiating table in the first place is indispensable for an understanding of how South Africa broke free from a spiralling war and began the journey to democracy.

Maharaj, Mac