- 1976 - (Creation)
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and men patronising them were beaten up and furniture and drinking utensils destroyed. In the Ngutu district chiefs who were government stooges were assasinated and their homes burned down. It was during this period that 11 policemen were killed and the Corporation buses boycotted.
The Natal branch of the ANC distributed 100,000 leaflets throughout the province calling a public meeting in Durban to enable the people to express their grievances. It was an unusual meeting and attracted a record crowd of townsmen and countrymen and gave the average Congressman a clear picture of the multiplicity of problems facing our people in the rural areas and showed what we could achieve with better organisation, more initiative and bold leadership.
The whole anti pass demonstrations, the disturbances that took place over a wide area, and particularly the death of some chiefs and destruction of property, inspired fear on the part of the wavering elements that would otherwise have collaborated with the enemy. The political situation not only strengthened the ANC in its fight against racial discrimination but particularly gave impetus to the struggle against Bantu Authorities in the rural areas. The pot was boiling over, hope was rising and the enemy was anxious.
Soon after the first batch of women had been arrested in Johannesburg Zami told me that she would join the Orlando group to the pass office the next day. I welcomed the decision and warmly complimented her for her courage. But I warned her of the seriousness of the step she was about to take stressing that it would radically change her entire life. By African standards she came from a