page 353 - Long Walk Original Manuscript [LWOM_353.jpg]

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NMPP-PC-NMPP-PC-2012/14-chapter 11-353


Long Walk Original Manuscript [LWOM_353.jpg]


  • 1976 - (Creation)

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1 page

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(18 July 1918-5 December 2013)

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Chapter Eleven:

The ANC has for the last 64 years been the premier African political organisation in South Africa striving to unite Africans around the demand for full democratic rights and advancement of African welfare in all fields. It has always been far ahead of all other African political organisations in the country in the size of its membership, influence both at home and abroad, in policy and activities. Like most national movements throughout the world that were founded before the October Revolution, it started as an organisation that laid stress on constitutional and conciliatory struggle and in the course of its evolution developed a militant outlook which it effectively uses in its fight for a new social order.

Throughout its history its leadership has been repeatedly hcallenged by new organisations one of whose main objects has been to oust it from its dominant position or to wrest the initiative from its hands, and who became its bitter critics when they discovered they were too weak to shake its firm hold on the people. Amongst these organisations were the Industrial and Commercial Workers Union, the All African Convention, the Cape African Voters Association, the African Democratic Party, the Unity Movement (NEUM) to which the AAC is affiliated and the ANC National minded Bloc. Some of these have long been forgotten and none of those that remain are a threat to the position of the ANC as the real mouthpiece of the African people in the country.

In 1959 there occurred four important developments which aroused considerable interest in the

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