page 290 - Long Walk Original Manuscript [LWOM_290.jpg]

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NMPP-PC-NMPP-PC-2012/14-chapter 9-290

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Long Walk Original Manuscript [LWOM_290.jpg]

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  • 1976 - (Creation)

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page

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1 page

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(18 July 1918-5 December 2013)

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radically from ours.

The trial groaned on for another 7 months with the defence leading evidence. Professor Matthews was another star witness for the defence. As a man who had studied in the United States and England, lectured for many years at Fort Hare, served on the Native Representative Council and met the then premier General Smuts as well as other leading statemen in the United States, Europe and Africa, and who had served on a Royal Commission in East Africa, he spoke like a patriarch to his family and easily disposed of otherwise awkward questions from the Crown. Often he would tell the prosecutor: "What you really want me to say is that that speech which you allege is violent represents the policy of my organisation. I am not going to say that". Or words to that effect. On other occasions he would say: "You are now elevating junior members to positions of leadership just because you want their speeches to be regarded as policy statements. I am the leader of the ANC in the Cape, not these young men. It is my speeches that lay down policy, not theirs".

The indictment laid the primary responsability for the alleged conspiracy to overthrow the State by violence and to establish a Soviet State on the ANC, with the result that the defence concentrated mainly on explaining its policy and all but three of the defence witnesses were its members. The old man Bhengu from Ladysmith, Masabalala Yengwa, Mkhalipi, Jane Motsabi, Florence Ntombela, Milner Ntsangani and Robert Resha were praised by both the accused and counsel for the clear outspoken manner in which they explained the policy of the organisation and the future South Africa for which we fight. Adding to the evidence of Chief Luthuli, Professor Matthews, Moulvi

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