Showing 718 results

Subjects
Subjects term Scope note Results
Freedom Charter
  • A statement of the principles of the Congress Alliance, adopted at the Congress of the People in Kliptown, Soweto, on 26 June 1955. The Congress Alliance rallied thousands of volunteers across South Africa to record the demands of the people. The Freedom Charter espoused equal rights for all South Africans regardless of race, land reform, improved working and living conditions, the fair distribution of wealth, compulsory education and fairer laws. The Freedom Charter was a powerful tool used in the fight against apartheid.
4
Government of National Unity
  • The government of South Africa between 27 April 1994 and 3 February 1997 under the leadership of the ANC and according to the terms of clause 88 (2) of the interim constitution of South Africa, which required that any party holding twenty or more seats in the National Assembly could claim one or more cabinet portfolios and enter the government. The National Party and the IFP obtained cabinet positions for their leaders and MPs. F. W. de Klerk took his National Party out of the GNU on 3 June 1996, citing the exclusion of joint decision-making from the final constitution, and the National Party’s lack of influence on government policy.
8
Harare Declaration
  • In 1989, as conditions for negotiations ripened, the ANC formulated proposals s for a political settlement and for negotiations aimed at resolving the conflict. Adopted in turn by the Front-Line States; the Organisation of Africa Unity and finally the United Nations.
0
Ingonyama Trust Act
  • Established by the apartheid parliament on the eve of the 1994 elections, the Trust manages land in the areas of the former KwaZulu bantustan, constituting almost a third of KwaZulu-Natal province. Its mandate is to hold land for ‘the benefit of the members of the tribes and communities’ living on the land. Aspects of its administration have proved controversial, including actions seen as diminishing the rights of people occupying land
0
Non-aligned movement 1
Parliament
  • After the 1994 election and during the period the country lived under an Interim constitution, Parliament consisted of the National Assembly and a Senate which was replaced in 1997 by the National Council of Provinces when the new constitution was introduced.
10
Ready to Govern, 1992
  • At its National Conference in May 1992, as the first democratic election approached, the ANC debated and adopted a document setting out policy perspectives ‘Ready to govern: ANC policy guidelines for a democratic South Africa’
0
Record of Understanding 1
Renamo
  • Formed in 1976 as an anti-Communist rebel group in Mozambique, it fought the ruling Frelimo with the backing of the neighbouring white-minority regimes of colonial Rhodesia and apartheid South Africa which supplied it with arms. Following a 1992 peace accord it took part in elections in 1994, becoming the country’s official opposition party.
0
Rivonia Trial
  • Trial between 1963 and 1964 in which ten leading members of the Congress Alliance were charged with sabotage and faced the death penalty. Named after the suburb of Rivonia, Johannesburg, where six members of the MK High Command were arrested at their hideout, Liliesleaf Farm, on 11 July 1963. Incriminating documents, including a proposal for a guerrilla insurgency named Operation Mayibuye, were seized. Mandela, who was already serving a sentence for incitement and leaving South Africa illegally, was implicated, and his notes on guerrilla warfare and his diary from his trip through Africa in 1962 were also seized. Rather than being cross-examined as a witness, Mandela made a statement from the dock on 20 April 1964. This became his famous ‘I am prepared to die’ speech. On 11 June 1964 eight of the accused were convicted by Justice Quartus de Wet at the Palace of Justice in Pretoria, and the next day were sentenced to life imprisonment.
219
Rugby World Cup 0
Sharpeville Massacre
  • Confrontation in the township of Sharpeville, Gauteng Province. On 21 March 1960, sixty-nine unarmed anti-pass protesters were shot dead by police and over 180 were injured. The PAC organised demonstration attracted between 5,000 and 7,000 protesters. This day is now commemorated annually in South Africa as a public holiday: Human Rights Day.
0
State of Emergency, 1960 0
Suppression of Communism Act, No. 44, 1950
  • Act passed 26 June 1950, in which the state banned the SACP and any activities it deemed communist, defining ‘communism’ in such broad terms that anyone protesting against apartheid would be in breach of the act.
0
Urban Bantu Councils
  • The Urban Bantu Councils were part of the apartheid system. They were established outside the bantustans in areas where Africans were denied rights beyond election to the councils. They were assigned limited administrative duties but deprived of sustainable income as ‘African’ areas had little taxable economic activity. Boycott of council elections sustained over many years and hostility from communities rendered them ineffective.
0
Voortrekkers
  • White, mainly Dutch-speaking, farmers, tradesmen and squatters who in the 1830s migrated inland and into Natal from from the British-ruled Cape colony, and established the white republics of the Transvaal and Orange Free State. Voortrekkers translates to pioneers.
0
Religious Organisations; Business 1
Award of merit 1
Mass action 1
Unemployment 0
Drought 0
Harassment 0
Values 0
Bantu Education 0
Black Consciousness 1
Lekgotla 0
Election Campaign 2
Right-wing Afrikaners 0
Interim Constitution of South Africa, 1994 - 1997 0
Business Against Crime 0
National Crime Prevention Strategy 0
amaZulu 0
Operation Mayibuye, 1963 0
Educational Institutions 0
Macro-economic policy 0
Dialogue Programme 187
Aboriginal peoples

Use for: Inuit

0
Nelson Mandela Centenary Programme

Use for: Nelson Mandela 100, NM100

11
NMF Staff 24
NMF CEO 9
NMF Board 4
Zimbabwe General Election, 1980 0
Amadelakufa 0
Apartheid

Use for: Apartheid regime

31
Anti-apartheid people: national 18
Anti-apartheid organisation: national 134
Anti-apartheid organisation: local 48
Anti-apartheid organisation: international 24
Church organisation: national 13
Anti-apartheid organisation: regional 3
Aid/development organisation: national 11
Anti-apartheid people: local 1
Trade union organisation: national 6
Aid/development organisation: international 5
Church organisation: international 5
Political organisation: national 7
Political organisation: local 5
Anti-apartheid people: international 7
Trade union organisation: international 5
Trade union organisation: local 2
National anti-apartheid movement 1
Political people: local 1
Trade union people: national 1
Women's organisation: local 2
Women's organisation: national 1
Launches 29
Historical 32
Annual Lectures 99
Nelson Mandela International Day 203
Community opinions 0
Anti-apartheid resources 37
Human geography named after Mandela (7) 248
Awards from Civil Society and Business (3) 268
Patronages 108
Other Awards from Educational Institutions and related 30
Awards from Students 2
Civic honours from political organisations 26
Awards, tributes and honours (66) 1
Patronages and Memberships (4) 135
Awards related to Arts, Culture and Sports 22
Flora, Fauna and Science related named after Mandela (3) 19
Freedom of Cities 60
Honorary citizenships 34
National Honours 62
Awards from Educational Institutions and related (6) 190
Honorary Doctorates 172
Other Human geography named after Mandela 3
Civic honours and related (12) 3
Other Civic Honours and related 80
Educational Institutions and related named after Mandela (5) 108
Awards, Events and Organisations named after Mandela (4) 56
Award of recognition 221
Arts, Culture and Sports related named after/dedicated to Mandela (7) 250
Tributes from Civil Society and Business (2) 15
Tributes from business 48
Business 6
Flora named after Mandela 10
Science dedicated to Mandela 2
Fauna named after Mandela 8
Arts and Culture named after/dedicated to Mandela (6) 23
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