page 2012/41-2 - Nelson Mandela's Warders (page 2) [Nelson Mandela's Warders_002.jpg]

Identity area

Reference code

ZA COM NMFP-2012/41-2012/41-2

Title

Nelson Mandela's Warders (page 2) [Nelson Mandela's Warders_002.jpg]

Date(s)

  • 2011 (Creation)

Level of description

page

Extent and medium

1 digital image
1050 KB

Context area

Name of creator

()

Biographical history

Archival history

Immediate source of acquisition or transfer

Verne Harris

Content and structure area

Scope and content

Page 2 of Nelson Mandela's Warders
Introduction

Appraisal, destruction and scheduling

Accruals

System of arrangement

Conditions of access and use area

Conditions governing access

Access by permission of the Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory

Conditions governing reproduction

Language of material

  • English

Script of material

Language and script notes

Physical characteristics and technical requirements

Finding aids

Allied materials area

Existence and location of originals

Existence and location of copies

Related units of description

Related descriptions

Notes area

Note

Introduction

In over 27 years of incarceration, Nelson Mandela was exposed to many prison officials. The most regular exposure was to warders. Three of the warders claimed to have developed particularly close relationships with Mandela: James Gregory, Christo Brand, and Jack Swart. All three were close to Mandela in the sense that at various times they were given special duties in relation to him, they read his correspondence, sat in on his family visits, sometimes spoke to him during the day. All three continued to have contact with him after his release from prison. Who are these three men? How close to Mandela were they? What are their stories?

During the prison years Gregory and Brand called Mandela either Nelson or Mandela. He always referred to them as Mr Gregory and Mr Brand. Jack Swart, who was with Mandela for his final thirteen months at Victor Verster Prison, called him Mandela (as opposed to Nelson, out of deference to his age) until he was instructed by his commanding officers to use the honorific. As with Brand and Gregory, Mandela always referred to Swart as Mr Swart. Swart had no problem switching to the formal address. He suspected that Mandela had originated the request and, because he was simply doing a job, he obeyed.

Today, when referring to Mandela, both Brand and Swart call him by his surname without the honorific, and sometimes by his first name. Neither uses Madiba, the clan name by which Mandela prefers to be addressed. There is no telling what James Gregory would have called Mandela today because Gregory died of cancer in 2003. In his 1995 autobiography, Goodbye Bafana, Gregory calls him Nelson. As in: ‘Good morning, Nelson, sleep well?’ (p355) Or ‘Well, Nelson, this is it, man. This is what you have waited for’ (p355) – which was part of a reported conversation between the

Alternative identifier(s)

Access points

Subject access points

Place access points

Name access points

Genre access points

Description control area

Description identifier

Institution identifier

Rules and/or conventions used

Status

Level of detail

Dates of creation revision deletion

Language(s)

Script(s)

Sources

Accession area

Related subjects

Related people and organizations

Related genres

Related places