page ZA COM NMOP-2012/17-4 - Letter to Kofi Annan [un004.jpg]

Identity area

Reference code



Letter to Kofi Annan [un004.jpg]


  • 2001-08-05 - ? (Creation)

Level of description


Extent and medium

1 typed page

Context area

Name of creator

(18 July 1918-5 December 2013)

Biographical history

Archival history

Immediate source of acquisition or transfer

Content and structure area

Scope and content

Page 2 of 2 of a letter written by Nelson Mandela to Kofi Annan, Secretary General of the United Nations re the Burundi Peace Mission.

Appraisal, destruction and scheduling


System of arrangement

Conditions of access and use area

Conditions governing access

Access by permission of the Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory

Conditions governing reproduction

Copyright held by the Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory

Language of material

  • English

Script of material

Language and script notes

Physical characteristics and technical requirements

Finding aids

Allied materials area

Existence and location of originals

Existence and location of copies

Related units of description

Related descriptions

Notes area


According to the meeting the envisaged contingency would only be implemented after the following two conditions have been met;-

1. A ceasefire agreement has been signed by all parties to the conflict.
2. A political leader, acceptable to all parties in Burundi, had been

As pointed out above, a political leader has now been chosen by 14 out of 19 signatories for the first phase of the Transitional Government.

The question of a ceasefire is more complicated and it may take a fairly long time before it is achieved, if at all. We have, however, two highly competent and hardworking leaders who are dealing with the matter. But we should by no means underestimate the immense problems which might make a solution difficult to attain.

In this regard it might be necessary for international or regional organisations to adjust the principles they have carefully and correctly formulated in the past for the purpose of either peace keeping or peace enforcement. Bearing in mind the senseless slaughter of innocent and defenceless civilians in Burundi, it might well be that this is one instance where flexibility would be justified.
For an International or regional organisation to insist on the signing of a ceasefire before intervention might mean in effect that adherence to rules is regarded as more important than stopping the carnage of innocent civilians.

You will recall, Secretary-General, that the 1999 Lusaka Summit called upon Mr Jean-Bosco Ndayikengurukiye of the F.D.D. to disarm. Two years since then Jean Bosco has not only failed to respond but still operates from the Democratic Republic of Congo. There is some indication that we are going to get better co-operation in this regard from the other Hutu armed group, the F.N.L.

However tragic events might be in any particular country, no foreign armed force should be allowed to intervene without the sanction of the Security Council. It is in this spirit that we draw your attention to the urgency of the matter.

We are confident that your wisdom and enormous experience in these matters will enable us to solve the whole problem of security, not only for the leaders who want to return, but also for the Burundi civilians.

We wish you good health and strength.


N R Mandela
Burundi Facilitator

Alternative identifier(s)

Access points

Subject access points

Place access points

Name access points

Genre access points

Description control area

Description identifier

Institution identifier

Rules and/or conventions used


Level of detail

Dates of creation revision deletion




Accession area

Related subjects

Related people and organizations

Related genres

Related places